May 25, 2024

The Significance of Safe Betting Sites

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 11:21 am

Gambling has actually always been a preferred form of enjoyment, however with the increase of on-line gambling, it has actually ended up being more available than ever. Nevertheless, with this ease comes the requirement for care. It is critical to choose safe betting sites that prioritize the protection and health of their users. In this short article, we will certainly check out why safe betting websites are essential and exactly how to determine them.

The Dangers of Unsafe Gaming Sites

Dangerous gaming sites can posture severe dangers to players, both financially and in regards to individual information protection. Here are a few of the risks related to using these sites:

1. Illegal Practices: Some deceitful gambling websites may participate in illegal tasks, such as setting up games or controling payouts. This can lead to significant financial losses for gamers who trust these websites.

2. Lack of Security: Unsafe wagering websites may not have sufficient security actions in place to secure the individual and financial information of their individuals. This places gamers in danger of identification theft and fraud.

3. Trouble Betting: Several hazardous gaming sites do not have liable casino online sms pay gambling procedures in place. This can enable and encourage addictive betting actions, causing destructive repercussions for gamers and their loved ones.

  • Financial destroy
  • Mental health and wellness concerns
  • Relationship issues

4. Poor Customer Assistance: Risky gambling websites typically lack trustworthy client support, making it challenging for players to deal with any type of problems or concerns they may have.

Features of Safe Gaming Sites

Since we recognize the risks related to harmful betting websites, allow’s explore the features that specify risk-free betting platforms:

1. Licensing and Regulation: Safe gambling sites are accredited and regulated by trustworthy authorities. These licenses make sure that the website operates fairly, sticking to stringent requirements of fairness and player defense.

2. SSL Encryption: Safeguard wagering sites use SSL file encryption to shield customers’ individual and financial info. This file encryption technology makes certain that delicate information is transferred securely and can not be accessed by unauthorized individuals.

3. Justice: Safe betting websites give reasonable and unbiased video games. They make use of Random Number Generators (RNGs) to guarantee that video game end results are entirely random and can not be controlled.

4. Responsible Gaming Steps: These websites have accountable gaming steps in position to promote a safe and healthy betting atmosphere. This consists of functions such as self-exclusion options, deposit restrictions, and sources for trouble wagering assistance.

Just How to Recognize fortune 88 slots Safe Gambling Sites

Recognizing secure betting sites can be tough, as there are many systems offered. However, there are specific indicators that can aid you make a notified choice:

  • 1. Reputation: Research study the credibility of the wagering website. Seek reviews and endorsements from other gamers to evaluate their experiences.
  • 2. Licensing Information: Check if the website is qualified and managed by a reliable authority. This details is generally discovered in the footer of the web site.
  • 3. Protect Settlement Choices: Safe gambling websites offer a variety of protected payment options. Look for relied on payment carriers, such as PayPal or major charge card.
  • 4. Personal privacy Policy: Review the website’s personal privacy plan to understand just how they deal with and secure user information. Search for clear explanations on data storage, sharing, and protection measures.
  • 5. Liable Betting Devices: Safe wagering sites supply tools and resources for liable gambling. Look for functions like self-exclusion, down payment limits, and web links to issue betting assistance companies.

Verdict

When participating in on the internet gaming, it is vital to pick secure gambling sites that prioritize gamer protection and well-being. These sites provide fair play, protected purchases, and responsible betting steps. By recognizing risk-free betting websites and staying clear of the threats connected with unsafe platforms, players can take pleasure in the enjoyment of gambling while minimizing prospective harm.

Remember to gamble responsibly and seek assistance if you or somebody you know is experiencing gambling-related difficulties.

Disclaimer: This write-up is for informative objectives just and does not constitute lawful or monetary advice. Gaming might have legal limitations in specific territories. Please seek advice from a legal professional if you have problems about the legality of online gaming in your location.

The Best PayPal Gambling Enterprises: An Overview to Safe and Secure Online Gaming

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 11:20 am

On the internet gambling has ended up being increasingly popular for many years, providing players the convenience and excitement of playing their favorite casino site games from the comfort of their own homes. With numerous on the internet casino sites to select from, it is necessary to discover a reliable and credible platform that guarantees a smooth video gaming experience. This is where PayPal casinos are available in. In this overview, we will certainly discover the benefits of utilizing PayPal as a settlement method, the leading PayPal gambling enterprises readily available, and exactly how to get going with online bet 30 casino gambling using PayPal.

Why Select PayPal Gambling Establishments?

PayPal is one of one of the most preferred and widely acknowledged on the internet settlement techniques globally, providing a protected and convenient means to make deals. Right here are some reasons you need to think about utilizing PayPal at on the internet casinos:

  • Safety: PayPal utilizes advanced encryption technology to ensure the security of your financial information. Your sensitive data is protected and not shared with 3rd parties.
  • Comfort: With PayPal, you can make instant deposits and withdrawals at on-line casino sites without the demand to enter your bank card or banking details each time.
  • Extensively Accepted: PayPal is approved by a a great deal of on the internet casino sites worldwide, offering you with a wide variety of choices to pick from.
  • Fast Transactions: Down payments and withdrawals with PayPal are processed swiftly, permitting you to enjoy your earnings without unneeded hold-ups.

Leading PayPal Gambling Establishments

When it comes to finding the most effective PayPal casinos, it’s vital to consider elements such as video game range, credibility, client support, and bonuses. Here are a few of the leading PayPal casino sites worth checking out:

  • 1. Casino site A: With a wide choice of video games, charitable incentives, and a straightforward interface, Casino site A is a leading option for on the internet gamblers. They provide smooth PayPal transactions for both down payments and withdrawals, making sure an easy video gaming experience.
  • 2. Online casino B: Understood for their superb client service and fast payments, Casino site B is a respectable PayPal casino. They provide a variety of prominent video games and attractive bonus offers, making them a favored amongst players.
  • 3. Gambling establishment C: Online casino C stands out for its comprehensive collection of slot video games and live casino options. They have a strong reputation for fair play and punctual repayments, making it a trusted choice for PayPal individuals.

These are just a few examples of the leading PayPal casino sites available, and there are many more options to check out. Remember to check the details terms of each online casino before joining to ensure they satisfy your preferences and demands.

Getting Started with Online Gaming Making Use Of PayPal

If you’re new to on the internet betting or have not utilized PayPal as a repayment method in the past, right here’s a step-by-step guide to aid you start:

  1. Produce a PayPal Account: See the PayPal web site and enroll in slotostars login a complimentary account by providing your personal and financial info. Guarantee that your PayPal account is confirmed before utilizing it for online deals.
  2. Choose a PayPal Casino Site: Research study and select a trustworthy online gambling establishment that approves PayPal as a payment approach. Take into consideration aspects such as video game selection, perks, and consumer evaluations.
  3. Register an Account: Sign up for an account at the chosen PayPal online casino by offering the needed details. This typically includes your name, e-mail address, and a password.
  4. Link your PayPal Account: When signed up, browse to the repayment or cashier section of the gambling establishment’s internet site and select PayPal as your recommended settlement approach. Connect your PayPal account by following the on-screen guidelines.
  5. Make a Deposit: Get in the wanted down payment amount, ensuring that you meet any kind of minimal down payment needs. Verify the transaction and your funds will certainly be promptly readily available for you to start playing.
  6. Withdraw Your Payouts: When you prepare to withdraw your winnings, most likely to the withdrawal area of the casino’s internet site and choose PayPal as your preferred withdrawal approach. Get in the amount you want to take out and verify the purchase.

Conclusion

PayPal online casinos provide a safe and secure and hassle-free way to appreciate on-line gaming. With their innovative security procedures, rapid transactions, and widespread acceptance, PayPal online casinos are a prominent option among players worldwide. When selecting a PayPal gambling establishment, take into consideration variables such as game variety, credibility, and client assistance to find the most effective platform for your video gaming needs. Adhere to the detailed overview to start with online betting using PayPal and start an amazing and rewarding gaming experience from the convenience of your own home.

Please note:

While we make every effort to offer accurate and updated information, it is very important to keep in mind that the accessibility of PayPal gambling enterprises and their terms and conditions might vary. Constantly inspect the certain information of each gambling establishment and consult your local regulations regarding online gaming before participating.

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 10:43 am

How to Find the Best Online Slots

The most popular online slots are the best if you’re trying an exciting new slot. These slots will have exciting bonus rounds as well as amazing features. They should give you a rush immediately you begin play aposta aviatoring and, when you’re lucky enough they’ll even give you the chance to win a massive prize. Read the reviews of other players to determine the top slot machines. This should aid you in choosing the best one for you.

Many people play progressive jackpot slots and they’re easy to comprehend. The jackpot is among the most important elements of a great slot, since it offers players the chance to win thousands of pounds. What makes a slot great? In addition to being fun to play, the jackpot needs to be big enough to be worth playing for. For starters, you’ll want to find websites that offer a variety of deposit and withdrawal methods.

When you are choosing a slot online Experience is also crucial. While some sites have been around for a long time while others are still evolving each day. They need to be sure that they are secure with your personal information and use excellent security practices in place. You should always avoid casinos that aren’t experienced, as these are typically scams that target unsuspecting players. It is essential to play only on legitimate websites if you wish to play the most enjoyable games.

Simple navigation is the key to the best online slots. If you’re looking for an efficient and easy method to navigate the website the search bar could be the perfect solution. A search bar makes it simple to find a slot which is something that many websites do not have. Whatever your preference, an easy-to-use interface is vital when playing online. A search bar is a fantastic feature for playing online slots.

The most lucrative RTP slots are the most lucrative. The most popular games have the highest chances of winning. But, you cannot guarantee that you’ll win at every spin but you can increase your chances of winning by examining the websites of casinos which offer the most popular spaceman bet games. This means you’ll be more likely to find the very best slots for you. You’ll also be able to determine which ones are most popular.

There are many types of slot machines you can play. You can pick the one you like. This will make sure that you are playing the best online slot machines in the long term. There are a variety of slots that offer bonuses and are enjoyable to play. There are numerous games to play and you’ll never be bored. You’ll have a lot of fun playing the top online slot machines. After you’ve selected your preferred slot, be sure to play it for a while.

If you are deciding on an online slot, be sure to check the RTP. A good RTP means that the game will pay out the same amount to everyone. The higher the RTP, the more money you’ll earn. It’s important to consider the RTP, which is the rate at which the game generates profit. You should carefully study the terms and conditions of each casino you’re interested in in order to discover the most lucrative slots.

When selecting a slot machine, you must be aware of other aspects other than the bonus and payout. The layout is essential. It can be difficult to choose the best online slot game when you don’t know how to play. The top slots come with more features and are more enjoyable to play. A reliable site for slot games can be adapted. You can play the same game on multiple websites, you can also play them on your mobile device.

Also, it is important to be aware that the top online slots come with the highest paylines. The maximum payout is the maximum amount a slot will pay for the winning combination that happens on all reels with the highest bet. You should choose the paylines that are most appropriate for your budget, depending on the game’s developer. A greater number of paylines increases the chance of winning. A game with low volatility also pay out less often.

Online Port Reviews: An Ultimate Guide

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 10:43 am

Online ports have actually come to be progressively prominent for many years, with thousands of new video games being launched on a monthly basis. With a lot of options to select from, it can be frustrating to make a decision which slot game to play. This is where on-line port testimonials been available in convenient.

What are Online Slot grandrushcasino Reviews?

Online port evaluations are detailed evaluations of slot games created by specialists in the sector. These evaluations offer players with vital info regarding the game, such as its style, functions, reward rounds, RTP (Go Back To Gamer), volatility, and more. By reviewing evaluations, gamers can get a much better understanding of what to expect from a certain slot game before playing.

Online slot testimonials are offered on numerous web sites, forums, and blog sites devoted to online betting. These evaluations can aid gamers make notified decisions on which video games to play based upon their choices and playing design.

  • Style: The theme of a port game can differ from traditional fruits to old worlds to popular television programs and movies.
  • Functions: Slot games can include numerous attributes such as wild signs, scatter signs, free spins, multipliers, and bonus offer rounds.
  • RTP: The RTP percent shows the academic return players can anticipate from a slot video game gradually. A greater RTP usually suggests much better probabilities of winning.
  • Volatility: Volatility refers to the risk degree of a slot video game. Reduced volatility video games supply regular yet tiny victories, while high volatility video games have fewer however bigger success.

Why are Online Slot Reviews Important?

Checking out online port reviews can be useful for players in a betnacional aviator number of methods. Firstly, reviews help players discover brand-new video games they may not have become aware of before. With countless port games offered, it can be testing to discover hidden treasures without the assistance of testimonials.

Second of all, online port evaluations supply gamers with understandings into the gameplay, features, and possible payouts of a video game. This information can assist gamers establish if a game straightens with their preferences and playing design.

Last but not least, online slot testimonials commonly consist of pointers and techniques on just how to take full advantage of wins and maximize incentive rounds. By complying with the guidance of seasoned players and professionals, beginners can improve their opportunities of winning while playing on the internet slots.

Where to Discover Trusted Online Slot Reviews

When trying to find on-line port testimonials, it’s essential to discover reliable resources that give exact and unbiased details. Several of the best locations to find dependable evaluations consist of:

  • Online Online Casino Websites: Lots of online gambling enterprises provide testimonials of the slot games they include on their platforms. These testimonials are commonly created by experienced gamers and can provide useful insights.
  • Slot Testimonial Sites: There are dedicated web sites that focus on assessing port video games. These sites have teams of specialists who check and review brand-new games to aid gamers make informed decisions.
  • Online Forums and Communities: Joining online betting online forums and neighborhoods can additionally be a terrific way to locate honest and impartial evaluations from fellow players. These platforms usually have conversations and referrals on the best slot video games to play.

Verdict

Online slot reviews are a very useful resource for players wanting to check out the globe of on-line gambling. By checking out evaluations, gamers can discover new games, discover their features and possible payments, and enhance their total gaming experience. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a newbie to on the internet slots, integrating evaluations right into your gaming routine can assist you make more informed decisions and boost your chances of winning.

Pleased rotating and good luck!

Reduce Cholesterol Degrees Naturally: Effective Methods for a Much Healthier Heart

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 7:33 am

High cholesterol levels have actually been connected to a raised threat of heart problem, a leading cause of death worldwide. Thankfully, there are several effective strategies to help reduce cholesterol degrees and preserve a healthy and balanced heart. This write-up lays out several of the best means to lower cholesterol naturally, without the need for medication or intrusive procedures.

1. Adopt a Heart-Healthy Diet Regimen

The very first step towards minimizing cholesterol levels is to make nutritional adjustments that advertise heart health and wellness. Concentrate on integrating the complying with foods into your day-to-day meals:

  • Fruits and vegetables: These are rich in fiber, anti-oxidants, and essential vitamins that assist lower cholesterol levels.
  • Entire grains: Opt for whole grains like oats, brown rice, and quinoa, which are high in soluble fiber understood to reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
  • Healthy fats: Consist of sources of healthy and balanced fats such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil, as they normalife asli dan palsu can aid boost HDL cholesterol degrees (the “excellent” cholesterol).
  • Fatty fish: Include fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines to your diet regimen, as they consist of omega-3 fats that have actually been shown to lower cholesterol.
  • Legumes: Integrate beans, lentils, and chickpeas into your meals for their high fiber content and ability to decrease cholesterol degrees.

On the other hand, it is very important to restrict or stay clear of the usage of the following:

  • Saturated fats: Reduce your intake of hydrogenated fats located in fatty meats, full-fat milk items, and fried foods, as they can raise LDL cholesterol degrees.
  • Trans fats: Avoid foods which contain trans fats, such as processed snacks, baked products, and margarine, as they not only increase LDL cholesterol yet likewise reduced HDL cholesterol.
  • Extremely refined foods: Choose entire, unrefined foods as long as possible, as refined foods usually consist of undesirable fats, sugarcoated, and improved carbohydrates that can negatively affect cholesterol degrees.

2. Routine Exercise

Participating in regular physical activity is essential for preserving healthy cholesterol levels. Go for at least 150 mins of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week. Some effective activities include vigorous strolling, biking, swimming, and jogging. Furthermore, including strength training works out into your routine can assist increase HDL cholesterol levels.

Workout not only helps lower LDL cholesterol degrees yet additionally enhances cardiovascular wellness, reduces blood pressure, and advertises weight loss or maintenance. Beginning with little actions, gradually boosting the intensity and period of your exercises to accomplish the wanted cholesterol-lowering impacts.

3. Keep a Healthy And Balanced Weight

Being overweight cardiobalance recensioni negative or overweight can significantly raise cholesterol levels and the threat of cardiovascular disease. Losing excess weight is an effective means to boost cholesterol degrees and general heart health and wellness. Losing just 5-10% of your body weight can result in significant renovations in cholesterol accounts.

Taking on a heart-healthy diet regimen and taking part in normal physical activity, as discussed earlier, are key elements in attaining and maintaining a healthy weight. In addition, taking care of tension degrees and obtaining enough sleep additionally contribute in weight monitoring and heart health and wellness.

4. Limitation Alcohol Consumption

While modest alcohol consumption, especially red wine, has actually been related to a mild boost in HDL cholesterol levels, excessive drinking can have detrimental impacts on cholesterol degrees and total wellness. It’s important to restrict alcohol intake to modest amounts, specified as one beverage per day for ladies and up to two beverages per day for males.

Too much alcohol usage not only adds to high cholesterol degrees but likewise raises the threat of various other health problems, including liver illness, hypertension, and weight problems. It’s best to focus on other heart-healthy habits instead.

5. Quit Smoking

Cigarette smoking damages capillary, decreases HDL cholesterol, and advertises the buildup of fatty down payments in the arteries. Stopping cigarette smoking is one of one of the most impactful methods to improve cholesterol degrees and total heart wellness.

Look for assistance from healthcare experts or join cigarette smoking cessation programs to enhance your possibilities of effectively quitting. In time, your cholesterol levels will likely improve, and your danger of heart problem will progressively reduce.

Finally

Decreasing cholesterol levels is critical for keeping a healthy heart. By adopting a heart-healthy diet, engaging in routine physical activity, maintaining a healthy and balanced weight, limiting alcohol consumption, and stopping smoking, you can properly reduce cholesterol degrees and improve your total cardio wellness.

Remember, it’s necessary to talk to your doctor prior to making any substantial dietary or way of living adjustments, particularly if you have pre-existing wellness problems or are taking drug. Implement these techniques with uniformity and patience, and you’ll get on your way to a healthier heart.

How Long Should I Take Milk Thistle to Detoxification Liver?

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 7:32 am

Milk thistle, likewise referred to as Silybum marianum, is a flowering natural herb belonging to the Mediterranean area. For crystalix capsules review centuries, milk thistle has actually been utilized for its potential wellness benefits, particularly in sustaining liver health. It is believed to consist of a powerful antioxidant called silymarin, which can assist safeguard the liver from damages and aid in detoxification processes.

Individuals frequently ask yourself the length of time they must take milk thistle to detox their liver. While there is no one-size-fits-all answer, numerous factors enter into play when figuring out the duration of milk thistle supplements. In this post, we’ll discover these elements and provide some standards to aid you make an informed decision.

Specific Factors

One of the most vital factors to consider in determining for how long you must take milk thistle is your private health and wellness standing and liver problem. If you have an existing liver problem or are experiencing symptoms of liver damages, it is recommended to talk to a health care specialist prior to beginning any kind of detoxing program.

Additionally, the severity as well as period of your liver condition can affect the length of milk thistle supplements. For moderate liver concerns, a shorter duration of supplements might suffice. On the various other hand, if you have a chronic or much more severe condition, a longer idealis compresse dimagranti period may be required to achieve preferred outcomes.

It’s also vital to consider your overall wellness, way of life, as well as any type of medicines or supplements you may be taking. These factors can influence just how your liver replies to milk thistle and also the moment it takes to experience its benefits.

  • General Liver Health: If you have a healthy liver as well as are wanting to support its detoxing processes, a much shorter duration of milk thistle supplements, such as 4-8 weeks, might suffice.
  • Liver Damage or Condition: If you have an identified liver problem, it is recommended to consult with a health care expert for personalized assistance. The period of milk thistle supplementation may differ based upon the seriousness and type of liver illness.
  • Medications and Supplements: Certain drugs and also supplements can interact with milk thistle, affecting its efficacy. If you are taking any medications or supplements, consult with a medical care expert to establish the length of time you ought to take milk thistle.
  • Way of life Elements: Lifestyle elements such as alcohol usage, smoking, as well as direct exposure to toxic substances can affect liver health. If you take part in behaviors that can potentially damage your liver, a longer duration of milk thistle supplementation may be advantageous.

Research study as well as Evidence

While milk thistle has a lengthy history of traditional use, scientific research on its efficiency in liver detoxification is continuous. Some study suggests that milk thistle might have hepatoprotective buildings and can help sustain liver function.

Nonetheless, the optimal duration of milk thistle supplementation for liver detoxification is not yet well-established or standard. Studies have used differing durations, ranging from a few weeks to numerous months, with various does as well as solutions of milk thistle extract.

It is necessary to note that specific responses to milk thistle may differ. Some individuals may experience benefits within a relatively brief time, while others may need a more prolonged supplementation period. Monitoring liver enzyme degrees and speaking with a medical care professional are crucial in evaluating the performance of milk thistle and identifying the suitable period for your specific scenario.

  • Research Instance 1: A research study released in the journal Phytomedicine found that participants with non-alcoholic fatty liver condition that took milk thistle essence for 90 days experienced enhancements in liver enzymes and also lipid accounts.
  • Research Example 2: One more study released in the journal Liver International checked out the impacts of milk thistle on people with chronic liver disease C. The research participants took milk thistle remove for twelve month, and the results showed improvements in liver feature examinations.

These research studies highlight the potential benefits of milk thistle in specific liver conditions. Nonetheless, more research is needed to identify the optimum period of milk thistle supplements for detoxifying the liver as well as its lasting results.

Final thought

Milk thistle is a preferred natural solution understood for its potential liver-protective residential properties. While it is typically made use of for liver detoxification, the period of milk thistle supplements can vary based on individual variables such as liver wellness, existing liver conditions, medicines, and also way of living. Consulting with a health care expert is suggested to figure out the suitable duration for your specific situation.

Scientific study on milk thistle’s performance in liver cleansing is still advancing, and the optimal period of supplementation has not been definitively established. It is necessary to keep an eye on liver enzyme degrees and job carefully with a health care professional to analyze the performance of milk thistle and also adjust the period of supplements if required.

May 24, 2024

Mejores Casino sites Online que Aceptan Mastercard: Información Detallada y Útil

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 4:42 pm

Mastercard es uno de los métodos de pago más confiables y populares en el mundo. Con millones de usuarios en todo el globo, esta tarjeta de crédito ofrece una forma segura y conveniente de realizar transacciones en línea. Si eres un enthusiast a los juegos de azar en línea y estás buscando los mejores casino sites que aceptan Mastercard, estás en el lugar adecuado. En este artículo, te proporcionaremos información detallada y útil sobre los principales gambling enterprises on the internet que aceptan Mastercard como forma de pago.

¿ Qué hace a un casino site on-line el mejor?

Antes de sumergirnos en la lista de los mejores casino sites online que aceptan Mastercard, es importante entender qué hace a un gambling establishment en línea destacar por encima del resto.

1. Licencia y regulación: Un casino en línea de calidad debe tener una licencia válida y estar regulado por una autoridad de juego confiable. Esto garantiza la seguridad y la protección de los jugadores.

2. Variedad de juegos: Los mejores gambling establishments on-line ofrecen una amplia gama de juegos, incluyendo tragamonedas, blackjack, ruleta, póker y más. Cuanta más variedad de juegos haya, mejor.

3. Seguridad y protección: La seguridad de los jugadores es prehistoric. Los mejores casinos en línea utilizan tecnología de encriptación avanzada para proteger la información individual y financiera de los jugadores.

4. Bonos y promociones: Los casinos en línea más destacados ofrecen generosos bonos y promociones para atraer a nuevos jugadores y recompensar a los existentes. Estos bonos deben tener condiciones justas y transparentes.

5. Métodos de pago: Por supuesto, un buen gambling establishment online debe ofrecer una amplia variedad de métodos de pago, incluyendo Mastercard. Esto permite a los jugadores realizar depósitos y retiros de forma rápida y segura.

  • 6. Atención al cliente: Un buen servicio de atención pinasbet.com log in al cliente es esencial en cualquier online casino en línea. Los mejores gambling establishments tienen un equipo de soporte amigable y dispuesto a ayudar a los jugadores en cualquier momento.

Disadvantage estos criterios en mente, a continuación te presentamos una lista de los mejores casinos on the internet que aceptan Mastercard.

1. Casino XYZ

Ubicado en el top de nuestra lista, Gambling establishment XYZ ofrece una amplia gama de juegos de azar en línea, desde tragamonedas hasta juegos de mesa clásicos como el blackjack y la ruleta. Este gambling establishment opera con licencia y está regulado por una autoridad de juego confiable, lo que garantiza un entorno seguro y justo para los jugadores. Además, Gambling enterprise XYZ ofrece bonos generosos y promociones emocionantes, incluyendo un bono de bienvenida para nuevos jugadores. Con un excelente equipo de atención al cliente y una variedad de métodos de pago, incluyendo Mastercard, este gambling establishment es una excelente opción para cualquier entusiasta de los juegos de azar.

2. Casino site ABC

Otro gambling establishment online destacado que acepta Mastercard como método de pago es Gambling enterprise ABC. Este online casino cuenta con una amplia selección de juegos de alta calidad, incluyendo tragamonedas de última generación y mesas de juego en vivo. Casino ABC también ofrece bonos atractivos y promociones regulares para mantener a sus jugadores emocionados. Disadvantage una interfaz intuitiva y fácil de usar, así como un servicio de atención al cliente de primera clase, este gambling enterprise te brinda una experiencia de juego inmejorable.

3. Online casino EFG

Si estás buscando una experiencia de juego excepcional, Online casino EFG es una excelente opción. Este online casino en línea ofrece una amplia variedad de juegos emocionantes, incluyendo tragamonedas progresivas, juegos de mesa y póker en vivo. Casino EFG es conocido por su excelente atención al cliente, brindando asistencia 24/7 a través de chat en vivo, correo electrónico y teléfono. Además, este gambling enterprise acepta Mastercard como método de pago, lo que facilita los depósitos y retiros.

Conclusión

En resumen, los mejores gambling enterprises online que aceptan Mastercard ofrecen una combinación perfecta de seguridad, variedad de juegos, bonos y promociones atractivas, métodos de pago convenientes y un servicio de atención al cliente confiable. Si eres un entusiasta de los juegos de azar en línea, te recomendamos probar Casino site XYZ, Casino ABC y Gambling enterprise EFG. Estos casinos cumplen play do it casino con los más altos estándares de calidad y te brindarán una experiencia de juego inolvidable.

Recuerda que siempre debes jugar de manera responsable y establecer un presupuesto adecuado para tus actividades de juego en línea.

PayPal Down Payment Gambling Enterprises: A Hassle-free and Protected Means to Gamble Online

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 4:42 pm

Online betting has actually ended up being significantly preferred in recent years, with numerous individuals worldwide enjoying the thrill of playing gambling establishment video games from the comfort of their own homes. One of the biggest concerns for online gamblers is the safety and security and protection of their money when making deposits and withdrawals. That’s where PayPal ice cassino down payment casino sites been available in– offering a hassle-free and safe and secure method to wager online.

PayPal is a leading on-line repayment cpu that allows users to send and get cash safely online. It is commonly acknowledged and trusted by millions of individuals worldwide, making it an optimal selection for online gambling enterprise deposits.

The Benefits of Using PayPal at Online Casinos

There are numerous advantages joka vip casino to making use of PayPal as a payment method at on the internet gambling establishments:

1. Protection: PayPal utilizes industry-leading security and fraud prevention tools to safeguard your financial info. When you make a down payment at a PayPal down payment gambling enterprise, you can be certain that your money is risk-free and safe.

2. Benefit: PayPal provides an user-friendly interface that makes it simple to down payment and withdraw funds from your gambling establishment account. You can link your PayPal account to your savings account or credit card, making it fast and hassle-free to transfer funds.

3. Speed: Deposits made with PayPal are processed promptly, indicating you can begin playing your favored casino site video games immediately. Withdrawals are also normally much faster contrasted to other payment methods, with funds commonly appearing in your PayPal account within 24-hour.

4. Personal privacy: When you make use of PayPal to make down payments at on the internet casino sites, your monetary details stay exclusive. The gambling enterprise only gets your PayPal email address, guaranteeing that your individual and monetary info is maintained private.

  • No requirement to go into delicate monetary information on the casino internet site
  • Defense versus fraud and unauthorized purchases
  • Protect and encrypted deals
  • Easy and quick down payments and withdrawals

5. Wide Acceptance: PayPal is accepted at a large range of on-line gambling establishments, offering you lots of alternatives to choose from. Whether you delight in ports, blackjack, roulette, or online poker, you’ll locate a PayPal down payment casino site that provides your favorite video games.

How to Make Use Of PayPal at Online Casinos

To use PayPal at an on the internet casino, comply with these easy steps:

1. Register for a PayPal account if you do not currently have one. The procedure is quick and very easy, needing basic individual and economic information.

2. Check out the cashier or banking area of your chosen on the internet gambling establishment and choose PayPal as your favored settlement method.

3. Go into the amount you wish to down payment and click ‘Send.’

4. You will certainly be redirected to the PayPal website to log in to your account and validate the purchase. As soon as confirmed, the funds will be quickly attributed to your casino site account.

5. To make a withdrawal, navigate to the cashier or financial section and pick PayPal as your withdrawal approach. Go into the quantity you wish to withdraw and confirm the purchase. The funds will certainly be transferred to your PayPal account within a few hours to 24 hours.

Selecting the Right PayPal Deposit Online Casino

When selecting a PayPal down payment casino, there are a few factors to consider:

  • Game option: Make certain that the gambling enterprise supplies a variety of video games that you appreciate playing.
  • Online reputation: Try to find on the internet gambling enterprises that have a great credibility and favorable testimonials from players.
  • Perks and promos: Check for generous welcome rewards and recurring promos that can improve your gaming experience.
  • Customer support: See to it the casino uses trusted client support, with numerous call techniques offered.

By thinking about these elements, you can discover a trustworthy and delightful PayPal deposit online casino.

To conclude

PayPal down payment casino sites provide a practical and protected method to bet online. With their durable protection actions, convenience of use, and vast approval, PayPal is a superb choice for online casino site down payments and withdrawals. Whether you’re a skilled gambler or brand-new to on-line casino sites, using PayPal can boost your gaming experience and provide you comfort.

So, why wait? Register for a PayPal account today and start delighting in the delights of online gaming in a risk-free and secure environment.

Free Slot Games Online

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 4:41 pm

Playing free vulkanvegas slot games online is a great way to test out different slot games from the same provider without taking on any risk of losing money. Many slot games offer different paylines and bonus features. When you play free online slot games you can pick the one that is most suitable for your (more…)

No Register Casinos: The Ultimate Overview to Immediate Play and Privacy

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 4:41 pm

Welcome to the world of no register casinos, where players can appreciate on-line gaming without the headache of producing an account. These ingenious systems offer a smooth and confidential video gaming experience, permitting gamers to 22 bet casino dive straight into the activity. In this thorough guide, we will certainly discover the benefits, functions, and ins and outs of no register casino sites, and exactly how they have actually revolutionized the on the internet gaming sector.

What are No Register Gambling establishments?

No register casino sites, likewise known as instantaneous play or pay-and-play casinos, give players with the opportunity to enjoy their favored casino video games gamdom españa without the demand to produce an account or offer personal details. These systems make use of innovative modern technology that enables players to deposit and play right away, without the traditional enrollment process.

Unlike traditional on the internet casinos that need gamers to go through an extensive enrollment procedure, including providing individual info and going through verification treatments, no register online casinos supply a smooth and convenient alternative. Players can make instant down payments utilizing their electronic banking qualifications and start playing within seconds.

The surge of no register gambling establishments can be credited to the increasing demand for privacy and protection amongst on the internet casino players. By eliminating the requirement for gamer enrollment, no register casino sites get rid of the risk of individual data breaches and identity burglary.

In addition, no register gambling enterprises provide an outstanding customer experience with fast and uninterrupted gameplay. By removing the need for account production, gamers can quickly access their favored games and delight in a problem-free gambling experience.

  • Instant deposits and withdrawals
  • Privacy protection
  • Rapid and continuous gameplay
  • No confirmation procedure
  • Practical and easy to use

Exactly how do No Register Casino Sites Function?

No register casinos operate by leveraging Trustly’s Pay N Play system, which assists in immediate down payments and withdrawals. To begin, gamers merely visit the online casino’s web site and make a down payment utilizing their electronic banking qualifications.

Trustly acts as the intermediary in between the gamer’s bank account and the on-line casino site, verifying the gamer’s identity and facilitating the transfer of funds. This removes the need for the casino site to collect personal info from the gamers.

When the player is ready to withdraw their profits, the procedure is equally as easy. The funds are quickly moved back to the gamer’s bank account, ensuring a smooth and effective experience.

The Benefits of Playing at No Register Gambling enterprises

There are several advantages to dipping into no register online casinos:

  • Immediate Accessibility: Without register online casinos, players can dive straight into the pc gaming action without the delays connected with account production and verification procedures.
  • Personal privacy and Security: No register gambling establishments prioritize player personal privacy by eliminating the need for personal info. This significantly reduces the threat of information breaches and identification burglary.
  • Rapid Down Payments and Withdrawals: With immediate banking, players can take pleasure in lightning-fast down payments and withdrawals, guaranteeing a smooth and effective gambling experience.
  • Smooth Individual Experience: No register gambling establishments use an user-friendly interface and structured gameplay, supplying an enjoyable and hassle-free gambling experience.

Are No Register Casinos Legal?

No register casinos run within the boundaries of the regulation in the countries where they are accredited. It’s vital for players to guarantee that the no register gambling establishment they select is appropriately managed and certified by a credible authority.

By picking accredited no register gambling enterprises, gamers can be certain that their civil liberties are safeguarded, and they are taking part in reasonable and clear pc gaming tasks.

Verdict

No register gambling establishments have transformed the on the internet gaming market by supplying gamers with instantaneous access to their favorite casino site video games without the need for account production. These platforms supply a safe and confidential betting experience, making sure gamer personal privacy and information defense. With their user-friendly interfaces and lightning-fast down payments and withdrawals, no register gambling establishments have come to be a favored choice for lots of on-line gamblers seeking convenience and efficiency.

However, it is vital for gamers to pick certified and regulated no register casino sites to assure a risk-free and reasonable pc gaming environment. By doing so, players can appreciate all the benefits of no register casinos while guaranteeing their rights are secured. So why wait? Experience the adventure of immediate play and privacy at a no register casino today!

Beste Mastercard Online Casino Sites: Your Guide to Safe and Convenient Betting

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 2:40 am

Welcome to our detailed guide on the very best online casino sites that accept Mastercard as a settlement approach. In this write-up, we will certainly check out the advantages and benefits of making use of Mastercard for on the internet betting, along with give you бинго казино with a listing of premier online casinos that accept this popular settlement option. Whether you are an experienced bettor or a beginner gamer, this overview will certainly help you browse the globe of on-line gambling enterprises effortlessly and self-confidence.

Why Select Mastercard for Online Gambling?

Mastercard is one of the most widely identified and approved settlement approaches in the world, making it a popular option for online gamblers. Here are a few of the key reasons you ought to consider using Mastercard for your on the internet gambling enterprise deals:

  • Security: Mastercard uses sophisticated safety and security steps, such as encryption and fraud discovery tools, to protect your personal and monetary info. This guarantees that your transactions are risk-free and secure.
  • Comfort: With Mastercard, you can make immediate deposits to your online casino account, permitting you to begin playing your favorite video games with no delays. Additionally, lots of on the internet casino sites likewise enable you to withdraw your payouts directly to your Mastercard, offering you an easy and convenient financial experience.
  • Wide Approval: Mastercard is accepted by a a great deal of on-line casino sites, offering you a wide range of alternatives to select from. Whether you like slot video games, table video games, or live dealer games, you can easily find a Mastercard online casino site that suits your preferences.
  • Benefits and Incentives: Some casino blackjack on-line gambling enterprises use special incentives and incentives for using Mastercard as a settlement technique. These can include welcome rewards, cashback deals, or totally free rotates, giving you with added worth for your money.

Leading Mastercard Online Online Casinos

Since you comprehend the advantages of making use of Mastercard for on-line gambling, let’s take a look at several of the best Mastercard online gambling establishments readily available:

  • Online casino X: With a substantial choice of video games from top software application suppliers and an user-friendly user interface, Gambling enterprise X is a popular selection among online casino players. This casino site accepts Mastercard for both deposits and withdrawals and offers a charitable welcome benefit for brand-new players.
  • Spin Casino: Rotate Gambling enterprise is recognized for its vast array of online casino video games, including slots, blackjack, and live roulette. It approves Mastercard for down payments and withdrawals and provides gamers with a smooth and pleasurable video gaming experience.
  • LeoVegas: LeoVegas is a mobile-friendly online gambling enterprise that provides a diverse selection of video games and an easy to use user interface. This gambling establishment approves Mastercard and provides gamers with fast and safe transactions.
  • 888 Gambling establishment: 888 Casino site is a trusted and respectable on the internet casino site that approves Mastercard for down payments and withdrawals. It uses a vast array of games, consisting of real-time dealer games, and supplies players with interesting promos and bonuses.

Tips for Making Use Of Mastercard at Online Gambling Enterprises

To make the most out of your online gaming experience with Mastercard, consider the complying with ideas:

  • Choose a credible gambling establishment: It is important to choose an on the internet gambling enterprise that is qualified and managed by a trusted authority. This ensures that your individual and economic information is secured and that the games are fair and clear.
  • Handle your money: Set an allocate your gambling activities and stay with it. Avoid chasing losses and never ever gamble with money that you can not afford to shed.
  • Read the terms: Before making a down payment or declaring an incentive, carefully checked out the terms and conditions of the on the internet gambling enterprise. Take notice of the betting requirements, withdrawal limitations, and any kind of various other constraints that might apply.
  • Monitor your deals: Frequently review your online gambling establishment purchases and look for any disparities. If you discover any kind of unauthorized fees or questionable activity, call your financial institution and the online casino promptly.

Final thought

Mastercard supplies on the internet bettors with a secure, practical, and commonly accepted repayment approach for their casino site transactions. By selecting one of the very best Mastercard online casino sites and following our suggestions for liable gambling, you can enjoy a seamless and pleasurable video gaming experience. Remember to wager properly and enjoy!

May 23, 2024

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 8:55 pm

Free Online Casino Games Slots – What Are They?

Free Casino Games Slots is mondial casino one of the games that are available at any online casino. It’s enjoyable to play and a excellent chance to win cash or other prizes. Although the odds of winning are slim when you play with real money, it increases your chances of winning. If you enjoy playing online slot machines and would like to win more, then you should play Free Casino Games Slots.

The game of Free Casino Games Slots is played on a slot machine where you spin reels. The number of spins you get depends on the outcome of previous spins. A winning pattern will be revealed when you follow it to the end. To beat the casinos, you need to locate a slot machine that has plenty of spins. Many online casinos allow players to play no-cost slot games. Sometimes the casinos charge a fee for this facility. The benefit is that you can play in all kinds of casinos without spending any money.

Online Casino Games Slots are a fantastic game to play online. The best way to locate the best casino games is to learn tips from experts or study the strategies of the pros. When you study the strategies, you can improve your chances of winning by playing online slot machines in a more efficient way. Because there are less chances of winning than playing in live casinos, the majority of players prefer playing in casinos online.

There are different kinds of free casino games slots, but the most popular are Penny Slot Machines and Blackjack. You also have free spins on video poker as well as other online slots. If you win with free spins you get a certain deposit bonus best muchbetter casino on that amount you won. This is another reason why online gambling is considered to be the best gambling option for casinos.

Sometimes when you win on one of these games, you will get a certain amount of free spins as well. This is another incentive that you can make use of to win. You can withdraw your winnings from the casino if you do not wish to make use of the bonus. There aren’t any restrictions on withdrawing funds from casinos.

Blackjack is among the games that you can play for free.play. You will need to purchase blackjack chips and blackjack cards. If you are a regular blackjack player you must be aware of the bonus and deposit bonus that casinos offer online casinos. There are numerous websites that offer free slot machines at casinos with exclusive bonuses.

There are two kinds of free online casino games slots: Blackjack and Video Poker. Video Poker is another game that is available in a variety of casino games online. It is also referred to as Stud Poker. When you play in Free Online Casino Games Slots, you play against the dealer and not against the computer. The majority of the time, you can pick between the three types of casino games: Roulette, Blackjack, and Video Poker. If you’re looking to win real money playing Free Online Casino Games Slots you must ensure that you do not spend all of your money at once.

You must read all the rules before playing any Free Online Casino Games slots. Follow the same rules for all games. In some cases, you might find that you don’t have enough money to pay for the spin and you lose your bet. There is also a possibility that you don’t have enough money to complete your Grand Ending. But, it is important to remember that casinos don’t offer any guarantees to let you lose your money. They allow you enough time to play. If you bet on the last spin, you might not be able finish your game.

The Ultimate Overview to Online Casino Free Play

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 8:54 pm

Are you looking to take pleasure in the thrill of online casino video games without risking your very own cash? Casino site totally free play provides the best option for players who want to experience the excitement of betting with no economic threat. In this extensive overview, we will certainly discover every little thing you require to know about gambling enterprise cost-free play, consisting of exactly how it works, where to find it, and the benefits of making the most of this deal.

What is Gambling Enterprise Free Play?

Gambling enterprise complimentary play is an advertising offer given by online casino sites that allows players to enjoy an option of games without making a down payment. This kind of promo usually can be found in the type of free rotates, perk cash money, or a mix of both. Gamers can utilize these free credit histories to play a selection of gambling establishment video games, including ports, table games, and a lot more.

One of the essential advantages of gambling enterprise complimentary play is that it offers players the chance to check out various games and explore the casino’s offerings without any economic dedication. This can be especially useful for new players that are seeking to acquaint themselves with the rules and gameplay of various casino site video games.

Additionally, online casino complimentary play can additionally be a fantastic means for experienced players to evaluate out new strategies or video game variations without risking their very own funds. Whether you are an amateur or an experienced player, gambling establishment free play can include an extra degree of enjoyment to your gaming experience.

  • Experiment with different games without risking your very own cash
  • Discover the online casino’s offerings and game option
  • Evaluate out new methods and video game variants

Where to Find Gambling Enterprise Free Play

There are numerous methods to discover gambling establishment free play offers, both online and in typical brick-and-mortar gambling enterprises. On-line casinos frequently supply cassino betano aviator free play promos as part of their welcome packages or continuous promotions. These offers might require players to sign up for an account or make a down payment, however they usually give a valuable chance to play for complimentary.

One more common method to find casino site totally free play is through loyalty programs or VIP clubs. Numerous gambling enterprises compensate their most devoted gamers with totally free play debts or other benefits as a means to show appreciation for their continued patronage. By taking part in these programs, players can unlock special benefits and accessibility to unique promotions.

Lastly, some online casinos host regular complimentary play events or events that use gamers the possibility to win complimentary credit reports or prizes. These events are a wonderful way to add some added enjoyment to your gaming experience and possibly leave with some added cash in your pocket.

The Benefits of Casino Free Play

There are various advantages to capitalizing on gambling establishment complimentary play deals. One of the primary benefits is the possibility to bet cost-free and test out new video games or techniques without risking your very own cash. This can be particularly helpful for gamers who are aiming to boost their abilities or check out various pc gaming options.

In addition, online casino complimentary play uses a risk-free way to appreciate the exhilaration of gaming with no financial consequences. Whether you are an informal gamer looking for some enjoyment or a major casino player honing your skills, totally free play promos provide a beneficial possibility to enjoy the excitement of casino games without any of the stress.

  • Play for complimentary and test out brand-new premierbet aviator video games or approaches
  • Delight in the enjoyment of gaming with no monetary risk
  • Discover different video gaming alternatives and enhance your abilities

In Conclusion

Gambling establishment complimentary play provides a useful possibility for gamers to appreciate the adventure of casino site games without risking their very own cash. Whether you are a brand-new player aiming to explore various video games or a knowledgeable gambler screening out new techniques, cost-free play promotions give a safe method to appreciate the enjoyment of gambling. By capitalizing on gambling enterprise cost-free play deals, you can improve your video gaming experience and possibly leave with some added cash in your pocket.

So why wait? Start playing for totally free today and see what casino site free play needs to offer!

Online Online Casinos That Accept Mastercard: A Comprehensive Overview

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 6:57 pm

If you appreciate playing casino site video games online, you’ll be pleased to know that numerous trustworthy on the internet gambling enterprises accept Mastercard as a settlement approach. Mastercard is among one of the most extensively accepted and acknowledged payment alternatives worldwide, making it hassle-free for players to money their accounts and take pleasure in a smooth video gaming experience. In this post, we will certainly check out the functions, benefits, and disadvantages of making use of Mastercard at on the internet casino sites, as well as give you with a checklist of a few of the best Mastercard-friendly online gambling enterprises readily available.

Why Choose Online Casinos That Accept Mastercard?

Making use of Mastercard at online casinos supplies a number of benefits for gamers:

1.Wide Acceptance: Mastercard is accepted at a large number of on the internet gambling establishments, giving players a vast array of alternatives to choose from.

2.Convenience: Mastercard purchases fast and practical, allowing players to conveniently transfer funds into their casino site accounts with no problems.

3.Protection: Mastercard employs advanced security steps such as encryption and fraud protection, ensuring that your individual and economic details stays secure.

4.Rewards and Advantages: Some Mastercard bank card use benefits, cashback, and various other benefits that can enhance your on the internet casino experience.

5.Quick Withdrawals: With Mastercard, you can usually take pleasure in faster withdrawal times compared to other payment approaches, allowing you to access your jackpots more quickly.

Top Online Online Casinos That Accept Mastercard

Here are some of the most effective online casinos that approve Mastercard:

  • 1. Gambling enterprise X: Casino X is a popular online casino that approves Mastercard and supplies a broad option of games, consisting of ports, table games, and live dealer alternatives.
  • 2. Rotate Online casino: Spin Casino site is a respectable on the internet casino recognized for its considerable video game collection, generous perks, and reputable client support. They additionally approve Mastercard for down payments and withdrawals.
  • 3. Royal Vegas: Royal Las vega is a well-established online casino site that approves Mastercard and provides a top-notch gaming experience. They offer a large variety of video games and eye-catching perks for brand-new and existing players.
  • 4. Jackpot City: Prize City is a highly related to on the internet gambling enterprise that accepts Mastercard and offers a thrilling pc gaming experience with its large range of ports, table games, and progressive jackpots.
  • 5. LeoVegas: LeoVegas is a mobile-friendly online casino that approves Mastercard. They are known for their impressive choice of video games, including real-time dealership choices, and their straightforward user interface.

These on the internet casino sites have a tried and tested performance history of giving a safe and pleasurable gaming environment for players, and they all accept Mastercard for very easy and safe and secure purchases.

How to Make Down Payments and Withdrawals Making Use Of Mastercard

Making down payments and withdrawals at online casino sites making use of Mastercard is a straightforward process:

1.Deposits: To make a down payment using Mastercard, visit to your on the internet casino site account and navigate to the cashier or financial section. Select Mastercard as your favored settlement technique, enter your card details, and select the amount you want to down payment. Confirm the transaction, and the funds will certainly be instantaneously attributed to your gambling establishment account.

2.Withdrawals: Withdrawing funds making use of Mastercard is normally refined in a similar fashion. Go to the casino’s withdrawal area, choose Mastercard as your withdrawal approach, go into the wanted quantity, and follow the guidelines provided. Withdrawal times might differ relying on the gambling establishment’s processing procedures.

Crucial Considerations When Utilizing Mastercard at Online Casinos

While utilizing Mastercard at on the internet casino sites has various benefits, there are a couple of essential factors to consider to keep in mind:

  • 1. Withdrawal Limitations: Some on-line gambling establishments may have withdrawal constraints when making use of Mastercard. Ensure to examine the terms and conditions or get in touch with consumer assistance to recognize the details withdrawal limitations.
  • 2. Schedule in Your Nation: While Mastercard is extensively approved, it might not be available for on the internet betting deals in specific nations because of regional regulations. Ensure that on the internet gaming with Mastercard is legal in your territory prior to continuing.
  • 3. Costs: Some on the internet casino sites might charge fees gonzo’s quest casino for down payments or withdrawals made using Mastercard. It is essential to review the gambling establishment’s financial policies to recognize any prospective fees connected with Mastercard purchases.
  • 4. Accountable Gambling: Constantly remember to wager responsibly and establish limitations on your deposits to ensure you stay within your budget.

Verdict

On-line casino sites that mobile casino deposit by phone bill canada accept Mastercard supply a hassle-free and safe means for gamers to appreciate their preferred gambling establishment games. With a large option of reliable online casino sites that approve Mastercard, players can gain from the convenience, safety and security, and benefits supplied by this prominent payment technique. However, it is critical to take into consideration withdrawal limitations, schedule, fees, and method liable gaming. By picking among the suggested online gambling enterprises pointed out in this article, you can have a delightful and carefree on the internet casino site experience with Mastercard.

Ideal Online Casino Sites That Accept Mastercard

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 6:56 pm

Are you a follower of on-line betting? Do you appreciate the excitement of playing gambling enterprise video games from the comfort of your very own home? If so, then you’ll be pleased to know that there are numerous on-line gambling enterprises that accept Mastercard as a type of repayment. In this article, we will discover the leading online casinos that accept Mastercard and offer you with all the details you need to make an enlightened choice regarding where to play.

Why Pick an Online Casino Site That Approves Mastercard?

Mastercard is just one of the most preferred and widely approved repayment methods on the planet. It supplies a safe and practical way to make on-line payments, including down payments and withdrawals at online gambling enterprises. By picking an on-line casino site that approves Mastercard, you can take pleasure in the complying with advantages:

  • Safe and Secure: Mastercard utilizes advanced security actions to safeguard your individual and economic details, guaranteeing that your purchases are risk-free and safe.
  • Convenience: With Mastercard, you can make instantaneous deposits and withdrawals at on-line casino sites, allowing you to start playing your preferred video games with no hold-ups.
  • Wide Approval: Mastercard is approved at thousands of online casinos worldwide, offering you a wide range of alternatives to select from.
  • Rewards and Rewards: Some on the internet casinos offer unique perks and motivations for making use of Mastercard as a repayment technique, providing you a lot more value for your money.

Leading Online Casino Sites That Accept Mastercard

Now that you understand the advantages of utilizing Mastercard as a payment approach, allow’s take a better take a look at some of the best online casino sites that approve Mastercard:

1. Online casino King: Gambling enterprise King is a credible online gambling establishment with a broad choice of games, consisting of ports, table video games, and live supplier games. They approve Mastercard for both deposits and withdrawals, and offer a generous welcome reward to brand-new players.

2. Spin Gambling enterprise: Rotate Casino is known for its top notch games and easy to use user interface. They approve Mastercard and supply a variety of banking options to make your online gaming experience as smooth as feasible.

3. Prize City Casino Site: Pot City Gambling establishment is a preferred option among on-line gamblers, many thanks to its comprehensive collection of video games and generous bonuses. They accept Mastercard and give a protected and enjoyable gaming atmosphere.

Exactly how to Make a Down Payment with Mastercard at an Online Gambling establishment?

Making a down payment with Mastercard at an on-line casino is a straightforward and straightforward procedure. Here’s a step-by-step overview to help you start:

  • Action 1: Enroll in an account at your selected on-line gambling enterprise.
  • Step 2: See the cashier section of the gambling enterprise.
  • Action 3: Select Mastercard as your preferred settlement technique.
  • Tip 4: Enter your card details, including the card number, expiry date, and CVV code.
  • Step 5: Go into the amount you desire to deposit and click the ‘Submit’ switch.
  • Step 6: Await the deal to be refined, and your funds will be credited to your casino account.

Final thought

If you’re searching for a secure and practical method to make on the internet gambling enterprise repayments, after that selecting an on the internet casino site that approves Mastercard is an eldorado online casino exceptional option. With its prevalent acceptance and safe transactions, Mastercard supplies a hassle-free experience for on-line bettors. Ensure to discover the leading on-line gambling enterprises stated in this write-up and enjoy a thrilling apple pay cash casino pc gaming experience right from your home.

How much time Should I Take Milk Thistle to Detox Liver?

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 3:02 pm

Milk thistle, additionally known as comprar varilux premium Silybum marianum, is a flowering natural herb belonging to the Mediterranean region. For centuries, milk thistle has been utilized for its prospective wellness advantages, particularly in supporting liver health. It is thought to contain a powerful antioxidant called silymarin, which can assist safeguard the liver from damage and help in detoxification procedures.

People frequently wonder how much time they ought to take milk thistle to detox their liver. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution, a number of elements enter play when identifying the period of milk thistle supplements. In this post, we’ll explore these elements as well as provide some guidelines to help you make an educated choice.

Individual Aspects

One of one of the most essential factors to consider in figuring out the length of time you ought to take milk thistle is your specific health condition as well as liver condition. If you have an existing liver condition or are experiencing signs of liver damage, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare specialist before beginning any cleansing program.

Furthermore, the severity as well as duration of your liver problem can affect the length of milk thistle supplements. For mild liver problems, a much shorter period of supplements may suffice. On the various other hand, if you have a chronic or much more extreme condition, a longer duration might be necessary to achieve wanted outcomes.

It’s also important to consider your general wellness, lifestyle, and also any drugs or supplements you may be taking. These aspects can affect how your liver reacts to milk thistle and the moment it requires to experience its benefits.

  • General Liver Health And Wellness: If you have a healthy and balanced liver and are aiming to sustain its cleansing processes, a shorter duration of milk thistle supplementation, such as 4-8 weeks, may be adequate.
  • Liver Damages or Condition: If you have actually a diagnosed liver problem, it is suggested bec a vision precio guatemala to talk to a healthcare professional for customized advice. The period of milk thistle supplements might vary based on the severity and kind of liver illness.
  • Drugs as well as Supplements: Specific medications as well as supplements can connect with milk thistle, affecting its efficiency. If you are taking any medicines or supplements, seek advice from a health care specialist to figure out how much time you need to take milk thistle.
  • Way of living Variables: Way of life factors such as alcohol intake, cigarette smoking, and exposure to toxins can affect liver wellness. If you participate in habits that can potentially damage your liver, a longer period of milk thistle supplements may be beneficial.

Research study as well as Proof

While milk thistle has a lengthy background of standard use, clinical research study on its effectiveness in liver detoxing is ongoing. Some research study suggests that milk thistle might have hepatoprotective residential or commercial properties as well as can assist sustain liver function.

However, the optimal duration of milk thistle supplements for liver detoxing is not yet reputable or standard. Studies have actually made use of differing periods, ranging from a couple of weeks to a number of months, with different dosages as well as formulas of milk thistle essence.

It is essential to note that private feedbacks to milk thistle might differ. Some individuals may experience benefits within a reasonably short time, while others may need a more extensive supplementation period. Keeping an eye on liver enzyme degrees and consulting with a medical care professional are critical in assessing the effectiveness of milk thistle and also establishing the ideal duration for your details situation.

  • Study Example 1: A research released in the journal Phytomedicine located that participants with non-alcoholic fatty liver illness who took milk thistle remove for 90 days experienced improvements in liver enzymes as well as lipid accounts.
  • Research Instance 2: Another study released in the journal Liver International explored the results of milk thistle on people with persistent hepatitis C. The research study participants took milk thistle essence for one year, and the results came along in liver function tests.

These studies highlight the possible benefits of milk thistle in particular liver conditions. Nevertheless, more research is needed to determine the optimum duration of milk thistle supplements for cleansing the liver and its lasting results.

Verdict

Milk thistle is a preferred organic treatment understood for its potential liver-protective residential or commercial properties. While it is frequently made use of for liver cleansing, the duration of milk thistle supplementation can differ based upon individual aspects such as liver wellness, existing liver problems, drugs, and also lifestyle. Consulting with a medical care specialist is suggested to establish the proper period for your details scenario.

Scientific research study on milk thistle’s effectiveness in liver detoxification is still advancing, as well as the ideal duration of supplementation has actually not been definitively developed. It is necessary to monitor liver enzyme degrees as well as job carefully with a healthcare professional to evaluate the efficiency of milk thistle and also readjust the period of supplementation if required.

Permethrin Cream: A Versatile Therapy for Different Skin Disease

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 3:02 pm

Permethrin lotion is a topical drug that is extensively made use of for the treatment of numerous skin problem. It belongs to a class of drugs called pyrethroids, which are synthetic versions of a naturally occurring insecticide located in chrysanthemum flowers. This potent medicine is highly effective against a variety of parasites and bugs, making it a vital tool in the area of dermatology.

Permethrin lotion is mostly used to treat scabies, a very infectious skin problem caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. Scabies is characterized by intense itching, breakout, and also small burrow marks on the skin. This problem can conveniently spread out via close physical call or sharing individual things such as apparel or bedding. Permethrin cream works by disabling as well as killing the termites and also their eggs, supplying relief from the signs as well as protecting against further transmission.

How to Use Permethrin Hanker Scabies

This drug is normally used from the neck down, leaving it on for a details period before cleaning it off. The exact instructions might vary depending upon the focus of permethrin lotion recommended by your healthcare provider. Normally, the cream is related to tidy, dry skin and also left on for 8 to 14 hours before being cleaned off completely. It is important to follow your healthcare provider’s directions thoroughly to make sure ideal outcomes.

It is suggested to repeat the therapy after one week to ensure that all the mites and eggs have actually been gotten rid of. Furthermore, it is essential to wash all clothes, bedding, and towels in hot water and also dry them on high warmth to further prevent reinfection. Close contacts, such as member of the family or sexual companions, may likewise need treatment, also if they do not have signs and symptoms.

Sometimes, permethrin lotion might also be utilized to deal with other problems such as head lice or pubic lice. The application process for these conditions might vary, so it is vital to consult with a medical care professional for particular directions.

Possible Negative Effects of Permethrin Cream

Like any kind urotrin doctor simi of medicine, permethrin lotion can cause side effects, although they are usually unusual and also moderate. The most generally reported negative effects include itching, soreness, burning, or hurting at the site of application. These negative effects are generally short-term as well as vanish soon after the lotion is cleaned off.

In uncommon cases, some individuals might experience an allergic reaction to permethrin cream. Indicators of an allergic reaction might include breakout, hives, itching, swelling, lightheadedness, or problem breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is necessary to seek clinical interest quickly.

It deserves keeping in mind that permethrin cream is generally considered secure for use while pregnant and also while breastfeeding, although it is always suggested to consult with a health care specialist before using any kind of drug throughout these periods.

Safety measures and also Factors to consider

While permethrin lotion is typically keramin krem safe and also well-tolerated, there are particular safety measures as well as factors to consider to remember. It is important to educate your doctor concerning any kind of well-known allergies, medical problems, or medications you are currently taking previously beginning therapy with permethrin lotion.

Furthermore, it is important to follow the guidelines supplied by your healthcare provider and utilize the lotion just as directed. Making use of more than the advised amount or applying it much more often than prescribed does not boost its efficiency and also may increase the threat of adverse effects.

Moreover, permethrin cream is for outside use just and needs to not be put on the eyes, mouth, or inside the vaginal area. In situation of unintentional call with these areas, it is suggested to wash completely with water.

It is also important to keep in mind that while permethrin cream is highly effective against scabies and also various other bloodsuckers, it does not secure versus future invasions. Taking safety nets such as avoiding close physical contact with infected people as well as on a regular basis cleaning individual items can help in reducing the threat of reinfection.

Finally

Permethrin lotion is a versatile and also reliable therapy for different skin conditions, specifically scabies. With its capacity to target and get rid of bloodsuckers and bugs, it provides remedy for itching as well as various other signs and symptoms, ultimately improving the lifestyle for those affected by these conditions.

Just like any type of medication, it is important to adhere to the directions provided by your doctor and understand any type of potential negative effects. By using permethrin lotion correctly as well as taking required preventative measures, you can properly take care of these skin conditions as well as prevent more spread or reinfection.

May 19, 2024

Online Slots – No Deposit Poker

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Online slot games attract a high number of gamers because they can be played for fun or for profit. A lot of people who’ve never been involved in the online casino gambling scene are attracted by the chance to win big sums of money with little effort required рулетка игра онлайн on their (more…)

May 18, 2024

Play no-cost slots at online casinos

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Have you always dreamed of lucky jet playing slot machines for free and making money from them? Now you can do that – at home. Yes, you can play free slot machines right on your computer or cell phone without risking your very personal money. It is legal to play online no-cost slots, with or (more…)

May 16, 2024

How to Pick the Best Bitcoin Casino

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How can you know what’s your best Bitcoin casino site for gambling and how much does this cost? This is a challenging question to answer since we’re only starting to comprehend what it means to become”great” in this climate of extreme price and risk aversion. Best of all, we do not yet have a best-known quality which we can point to as being (more…)

May 13, 2024

Leading Ranked Online Online Casino: A Comprehensive Overview

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When it involves on the internet gaming, choosing the appropriate online frank casino aplicatie casino site is essential. With the variety of choices offered, it can be frustrating for players to decide which system to trust fund with their hard-earned money and personal info. In this article, we will explore the functions and standards that make a top-rated on-line casino. We will certainly also supply you with a listing of the very best online gambling enterprises that meet these requirements, guaranteeing a safe and enjoyable betting experience. So, allow’s get started!

What Makes an Online Casino Top Rated?

Before we dive into the list of top-rated online gambling enterprises, it’s important to understand the criteria that contribute to their position. Below are some key functions to watch out for:

1. Licensing and Regulation: A premier on-line casino site operates under a valid betting certificate from a trusted jurisdiction. This guarantees that the gambling enterprise abides by rigorous policies, supplying a reasonable and secure video gaming environment for gamers.

2. Game Selection: A considerable collection of top quality games is vital for a top-rated on the internet casino site. Search for systems that offer a wide array of slots, table games, live supplier games, and more, from trustworthy game developers.

3. Bonus offer and Promotions: Charitable welcome bonuses, routine promotions, and a satisfying loyalty program are indicators of a premier on the internet casino. These rewards boost the player’s pc gaming experience and supply more chances to win.

4. Repayment Choices: A premier on-line casino site will certainly supply a series of safe and hassle-free settlement methods for down payments and withdrawals. Look for systems that sustain popular options like credit/debit cards, e-wallets, bank transfers, and cryptocurrencies.

5. Safety and security and Fairness: Premier on-line casino sites use state-of-the-art protection measures to protect gamers’ individual and monetary information. They likewise make use of licensed random number generators to guarantee reasonable gameplay.

6. Client Assistance: A responsive and well-informed client support team is crucial for a premier on-line gambling establishment. Search for systems that provide 24/7 assistance through numerous networks, such as real-time conversation, e-mail, and phone.

7. Mobile Compatibility: With the increase of mobile pc gaming, a premier on the internet casino site should have an user-friendly and fully optimized mobile platform. This allows gamers to enjoy their preferred video games on the move, anytime and anywhere.

  • Since we have developed the high qualities of a top-rated online casino, allow’s introduce you to a few of the best systems readily available.

Top Rated Online Gambling Establishments

1. Gambling Enterprise X: Casino X is a reputable online gambling enterprise that ticks all packages for a premier system. It holds a legitimate gaming certificate, uses a huge selection of video games, provides tempting benefits and promos, and ensures secure and reasonable gameplay. With its easy to use user interface and exceptional consumer assistance, Casino X is a top selection for both beginner and experienced players.

2. Spin Palace Online Casino: Spin Palace Gambling Enterprise has been in the on-line gaming sector for several years, earning its location as a premier on-line fenikss kasiino casino site. It boasts a diverse video game library, charitable bonus offers, and a loyalty program that compensates players for their commitment. With its mobile-compatible system and trusted client support, Spin Royal residence Casino site ensures a pleasurable gaming experience.

3. Pot City Casino Site: Known for its enormous modern jackpots and thrilling casino site games, Pot City Gambling enterprise is another top-rated online gambling establishment. It holds a reputable permit, makes sure justness in gameplay, and offers appealing benefits and promotions. The casino’s intuitive interface and efficient customer support make it a preferred selection amongst gamers worldwide.

Final thought

When it involves choosing an on the internet casino, it’s important to focus on safety and security, fairness, and an enjoyable gaming experience. The premier online casino sites pointed out in this short article have verified their worth in these locations, making them excellent alternatives for both new and skilled gamers. Remember to always gamble sensibly and enjoy!

Please note:

This post is for educational purposes just and does not promote or endorse on the internet gaming. It is essential to check the gaming legislations and policies in your jurisdiction before taking part in any type of type of online betting.

May 12, 2024

Finest Online Gambling Establishment Reviews: Your Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Right Gambling Enterprise

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Invite to our extensive overview to discovering the most effective online casino reviews. With the ever-growing number of on the internet casino sites readily available today, it can be frustrating to pick the best one. This article intends to provide you with all the details you need to make an enlightened choice about your on the internet betting experience.

Whether you are a seasoned player or a newbie, finding a trustworthy and credible on-line casino site is paramount. With the increase of on-line gambling, there has actually been an unfavorable boost in the number of fraudulent and unethical operators. This is where on the internet gambling establishment testimonials can be found in convenient. They offer valuable understandings into the different facets of an on the internet gambling establishment, consisting of video game choice, perks, settlement techniques, consumer support, and a lot more.

The Importance of Online Gambling Enterprise Reviews

Online casino reviews function as a vital device for gamers searching for a risk-free and satisfying betting experience. They offer an unbiased analysis of different on-line casinos, aiding gamers make informed choices and stay clear of potential frauds. Below are some key reasons that online casino site evaluations are vital:

1.Online reputation and Trustworthiness: Reviews permit you to determine a casino site’s track record by taking into consideration the experiences of various other gamers. It assists identify trustworthy and trustworthy online casinos that prioritize player safety and fair video gaming techniques.

2.Video game Selection: Online casino testimonials offer understandings right into the range and quality of video games provided by an on the internet casino. This details aids you choose an online casino that matches your choices and uses the games you delight in.

3.Rewards and Promos: Reviews highlight the bonuses and promos used by various on the internet gambling enterprises, consisting of welcome bonuses, loyalty programs, and continuous promotions. This permits you to maximize your playing experience and potentially increase your winnings.

4.Payment Techniques: Online casino site evaluations provide crucial details about the offered repayment approaches, including their integrity, safety and security, and processing times. This assists you choose a gambling enterprise that supplies practical and protected settlement alternatives.

5.Client Support: Evaluations analyze the responsiveness and efficiency of a casino site’s consumer assistance team. This ensures that you get prompt assistance and have a favorable experience in case you run into any kind of concerns or have inquiries.

  • Currently, let’s dive deeper right into Mostbet Aviator the key elements you need to consider when reviewing on-line casino site evaluations:

Variables to Take Into Consideration When Reading Online Gambling Establishment Reviews

1.Licensing and Regulation: Make sure that the online casino holds a valid license from a reliable regulative authority. This ensures that the casino site operates within a legal framework and promotes rigorous criteria for player security and reasonable gaming.

2.Video game Choice: Assess the variety and quality of games offered by the online casino. Seek a diverse range of ports, table video games, live supplier games, and specialty video games from industry-leading software program companies.

3.Benefits and Promotions: Inspect the online casino’s perk policy to comprehend the conditions related to incentives. Look for appealing welcome perks, ongoing promos, and commitment programs that use worth for your money.

4.Payment Approaches: Evaluate the available down payment and withdrawal options. Try to find gambling establishments that support protected and practical repayment methods, such as credit/debit cards, e-wallets, and bank transfers.

5.Security and Justness: Make certain that the casino uses innovative protection steps to secure your personal and financial details. Furthermore, respectable gambling enterprises use Random Number Generators (RNGs) Aviator Game to ensure reasonable and honest game end results.

Kinds Of Online Casino Site Reviews

Online online casino testimonials can be found in various forms, dealing with different requirements and choices. Here are the most common types:

  • Professional Testimonials: These testimonials are conducted by market professionals that evaluate on-line gambling establishments based upon numerous elements. They offer comprehensive evaluation and referrals.
  • Individual Evaluations: User evaluations offer beneficial understandings from real players that have actually experienced the gambling enterprise firsthand. They offer an authentic perspective on the gambling establishment’s efficiency, customer care, and total experience.
  • Associate Reviews: Affiliate reviews are often created by people or firms affiliated with the online casino. While they can give beneficial information, it is very important to take into consideration possible prejudice due to their affiliation.

Please note that the reliability and credibility of online casino evaluations vary. It’s essential to check out testimonials from multiple resources and think about the general agreement.

Conclusion

Picking the ideal online gambling establishment can considerably improve your betting experience. By utilizing on the internet casino site reviews, you can get useful insights right into a casino’s track record, game selection, perks, payment approaches, and consumer assistance. Bear in mind to think about aspects like licensing, safety and security, and fairness when reading reviews. Eventually, finding a credible and credible online gambling establishment will make sure a risk-free and delightful pc gaming experience. Best of luck!

Free Slot Gamings Offline: Unlimited Enjoyable at Your Fingertips

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Port video games have actually become a staple worldwide of on-line casinos, providing home entertainment and the chance to win huge. While playing on the internet offers benefit and ease of access, some gamers like the experience of playing slot games offline. Whether it results from restricted internet gain access to or simply wishing to take pleasure in a video game without jetx-ru.top distractions, offline port games give an unique and immersive gaming experience. In this short article, we will check out totally free port video games offline and how you can enjoy them without a web connection.

What are Cost-free Slot Gamings Offline?

Free slot video games offline are digital one-armed bandit video games that can be played without an internet connection. They provide all the excitement and functions of conventional on the internet port games, but with the included advantage of being able to play anytime and anywhere, even without an internet connection. These video games are usually readily available as downloadable applications on mobile devices or as software program for desktop.

Offline slot video games usually include a wide array of motifs, consisting of prominent selections like slot machine, adventure-themed slots, and also flick or TV show-inspired video games. They come with various paylines, bonus attributes, and unique gameplay auto mechanics, catering to the preferences of every gamer.

One of the benefits of playing cost-free port games offline is that you can appreciate them without the risk of shedding genuine cash. This makes them a wonderful alternative for players that intend to enjoy without economic commitments. Furthermore, offline port video games are an amazing method to practice your skills and test various methods before having fun with genuine money online.

  • Play anytime and anywhere, even without a net link
  • Variety of motifs and 777slot-vn.top gameplay technicians
  • No risk of losing genuine cash
  • Possibility to practice skills and test approaches

Just How to Play Free Slot Games Offline

Playing free port video games offline is easy and simple. Right here’s a step-by-step overview to get you began:

  1. Search for a respectable online casino that supplies free offline port games.
  2. Download and mount the software or application on your device.
  3. Launch the video game and check out the offered options.
  4. Select your preferred bet amount and adjust various other video game setups if necessary.
  5. Rotate the reels and take pleasure in the enjoyment of playing offline.

It’s important to note that while totally free port games offline enable you to play without an internet link, some features may require an internet connection to operate properly. These features may include in-game purchases, leaderboard updates, or access to special occasions. However, the core gameplay and satisfaction of the video game will certainly still be available offline.

The Benefits of Playing Free Port Games Offline

There are numerous benefits to playing totally free slot games offline:

  • No internet connection required: You can appreciate your favored slot video games anywhere, even in locations with restricted or no web accessibility.
  • Continuous gameplay: Say goodbye to disruptions triggered by poor web connectivity or ads. Offline slot games supply a smooth and continuous video gaming experience.
  • No financial threat: Playing offline slot video games enables you to discover various video games and techniques without risking your hard-earned money. It’s a secure and risk-free way to have a good time.
  • Practice and boost your abilities: Offline port games offer an excellent system to practice and improve your gameplay methods. Examination various betting patterns, explore reward attributes, and come to be a far better gamer.
  • Personal privacy and anonymity: Offline slot games provide a degree of personal privacy and privacy that online video games might not offer. You can enjoy your favorite games without stressing over your on the internet existence or personal details.

Popular Free Slot Games Offline

There is a variety of popular totally free port games offered offline. Below are a few widely known titles:

  • 1.”Huge Moolah”: This progressive prize port video game is understood for its huge payouts and African safari motif. It uses exciting bonus offer features and the possibility to win life-changing amounts of cash.
  • 2.”Book of Ra”: Motivated by old Egypt, this slot video game takes gamers on an adventure looking for covert treasures. It features cost-free spins, broadening icons, and an awesome atmosphere.
  • 3.”Cleopatra”: Traveling back in time to ancient Egypt with this prominent slot game including the iconic Queen Cleopatra. Discover riches with totally free spins, multipliers, and immersive graphics.
  • 4.”Buffalo”: This animal-themed slot video game brings the wild west to life with its buffalos, eagles, and wolves. Appreciate totally free spins, piled signs, and the chance to win big in this traditional game.
  • 5.”Wheel of Fortune”: Based on the well-known television video game show, this slot game uses excitement and the opportunity to rotate the legendary wheel. With bonus offer rounds and multipliers, it’s a favorite among lots of players.

These are simply a couple of instances, and there are numerous other cost-free port video games offline to discover and appreciate.

In Conclusion

Free port games offline give limitless fun and amusement for gamers who like the offline video gaming experience. With a large range of motifs, gameplay mechanics, and the capacity to play without an internet connection, these video games supply a special and immersive pc gaming experience. Whether you wish to practice your skills, delight in undisturbed gameplay, or just have a good time without financial danger, cost-free slot video games offline are a great option. Download your favored offline port game today and embark on a thrilling pc gaming adventure.

Online Gambling Establishments That Pay Actual Cash PayPal: A Guide to Winning Huge

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Invite to the globe of online gambling establishments that pay genuine cash money through PayPal. If you are a person who delights in the thrill of betting and intends to have the comfort of receiving your profits with a safe bet tiger fortune and widely approved payment platform, then you’re in the appropriate place.

In this thorough overview, we will certainly stroll you with everything you need to find out about on the internet casinos that offer actual money payments through PayPal. We will cover the benefits of utilizing PayPal as a payment method, how to select the right online gambling enterprise, and give you with some tips and approaches to maximize your chances of winning large.

The Benefits of Making Use Of PayPal for Online Gambling Enterprise Payouts

PayPal, founded in 1998, has actually become one of one of the most preferred on-line repayment systems worldwide. It is widely recognized for its safety and security, simplicity of use, and fast deals. When it comes to on-line casinos, PayPal offers numerous advantages:

1. Safety and security: PayPal is understood for its robust safety steps. When you utilize PayPal to deposit or take out funds from an on the internet gambling enterprise, your personal and monetary info is encrypted, giving you with an added layer of protection.

2. Speed: PayPal deals are typically refined instantly, allowing you to have prompt access to your funds. This implies you can start playing your preferred gambling enterprise video games or withdraw your winnings without any hold-ups.

3. Wide Approval: PayPal is widely approved by on the internet gambling enterprises all over the world. This indicates you can enjoy playing at credible and controlled online casinos that offer actual money payouts through PayPal.

4. Relieve of Use: Setting up a PayPal account is quick and straightforward. You can link your checking account or credit card to your PayPal account and quickly transfer funds in and out of your on-line gambling enterprise account.

5. Added Protection: PayPal offers customer security, which can be beneficial if you come across any problems with an on the internet casino. This included layer of safety and security can give you assurance while betting online.

Choosing the Right Online Casino

Now that you understand the advantages of making use of PayPal for on-line casino site payouts, allow’s dive into the important facets to think about when picking the right online casino site:

1. Track record and Licensing: It is important to select an on the internet casino with global bet app a great track record and proper licensing. Look for gambling enterprises that are managed by trustworthy video gaming authorities to make sure a reasonable and safe and secure gaming experience.

2. Game Selection: Examine the game selection supplied by the on the internet casino. Ensure they use a variety of video games, including your favorites, such as ports, texas hold’em, blackjack, and roulette. A varied video game option ensures you have a lot of alternatives to select from.

3. Bonus offers and Promotions: Search for on the internet casino sites that use tempting rewards and promotions. These can consist of welcome benefits, totally free spins, and loyalty programs. These perks can considerably enhance your opportunities of winning and enhance your total pc gaming experience.

4. Repayment Choices: Make certain that the on the internet casino supports PayPal as a settlement approach for both down payments and withdrawals. It’s additionally beneficial to check if they use other convenient and safe and secure repayment choices to deal with your requirements.

5. Client Assistance: Reliable consumer assistance is important when it involves online gambling establishments. Try to find gambling establishments that supply multiple networks of customer assistance, such as online conversation, e-mail, and phone assistance. Motivate and useful client assistance can significantly enhance your total pc gaming experience.

Tips and Strategies to Maximize Your Profits

Now that you have actually selected a trusted online casino that provides real cash payouts through PayPal, right here are some suggestions and techniques to maximize your chances of winning:

  • 1. Handle Your Bankroll: Set a budget for your gaming activities and adhere to it. Stay clear of chasing losses and never ever gamble with money you can’t afford to lose.
  • 2. Practice Accountable Gambling: Set limits for your having fun time and the quantity of money you invest. Gambling needs to be seen as home entertainment, and liable gaming makes sure that it remains enjoyable.
  • 3. Understand the Games: Take the time to learn the policies and methods of the gambling enterprise video games you choose to play. This knowledge will certainly raise your possibilities of making educated decisions and winning.
  • 4. Capitalize On Bonus Offers: Use the bonuses and promotions offered by the on the internet gambling enterprise. These can provide you with extra funds to play with and increase your chances of hitting a big win.
  • 5. Play Progressive Jackpot Games: Progressive jackpot games offer the chance to win life-changing amounts of cash. These games collect a portion of each wager to produce an enormous reward, and winning it might change your life forever.

Final thought

On-line casinos that pay genuine cash money via PayPal supply a hassle-free and secure way to appreciate your preferred gambling establishment video games while having the capacity to receive your earnings straight into your PayPal account. By picking a respectable online gambling enterprise and carrying out the pointers and approaches stated, you can increase your possibilities of winning large and optimize your general gaming experience. Remember to always bet responsibly and have fun!

Discover the Adventure of Free Slot Machine Offline

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If you’re a fan of casino video games and enjoy the enjoyment of spinning slot reels, you’ll be pleased to understand that you can now take pleasure in complimentary slots even when you’re offline. Gone are the days when you needed to be attached to the net to play your favorite port video games. With the advancement in modern technology, offline ports have ended up being progressively prominent, offering a convenient and entertaining method to enjoy your preferred video games anytime, anywhere.

Whether you get on a lengthy flight, commuting to work, or just prefer to play without an internet link, complimentary ports offline supply a wonderful choice for casino site fanatics. In this post, we’ll discover the advantages of offline ports and overview you via the procedure of searching for and playing these games.

The Advantages of Offline vulkan vegas Slot Machines

Offline slots provide a number of benefits that make them a favored choice for many gamers. Below are some vital benefits of playing complimentary slots offline:

1. Play Anytime, Anywhere: Maybe the most significant benefit of offline ports is the capacity to play whenever and wherever you want. Unlike online slots that need a secure net connection, offline ports can be accessed with no network needs. This indicates you can enjoy your favored games also in remote locations or during a trip where web gain access to might be limited or inaccessible.

2. No Web Costs or Disruptions: Playing offline slots eliminates the demand to fret about information usage or the cost of web accessibility. You can indulge in continuous gaming sessions with no disruptions as a result of slow internet links or unanticipated disconnections. This guarantees a smooth and convenient gaming experience.

3. Practice and Approach Development: Offline slots are an exceptional system to establish your pc gaming skills and test different strategies. Since you’re not playing with real money, you can trying out different wagering patterns and see which method functions ideal for you. This permits you to gain useful experience without the danger of losing any kind of funds.

  • 4. Diverse Video Game Choice: Free ports offline been available in a wide range, providing an extensive selection of video games to match every player’s choices. Whether you delight in timeless three-reel ports, modern video clip slots, or themed games based upon motion pictures or TV programs, you’ll find a huge selection of alternatives to choose from. The diverse range makes sure that there is something for everyone.
  • 5. No Enrollment or Account Development: Unlike on the internet gambling establishments where you usually need to sign up and produce an account, offline ports permit you to jump straight right into the action with no time-consuming processes. Simply download the video game, and you’re ready to spin the reels!
  • 6. No Financial Threat: Playing cost-free ports offline gets rid of the danger of shedding cash. You can take pleasure in the excitement of spinning the reels without bothering with your money. This makes offline slots a suitable selection for those looking to have fun without any economic dedications.

Just how to Discover and Play Free Slot Machine Offline

Since you know the benefits of offline slots, allow’s stroll you via the actions to locate and play these exciting video games:

1. Try To Find Respectable Software Application Providers: To make sure a high-grade video gaming experience, look for trustworthy software program service providers that supply offline slot video games. Some popular companies consist of Playtech, Microgaming, and NetEnt. Visit their main sites or trusted app stores to browse through their option of offline ports.

2. Download the Game: Once you have actually identified a video game you wish to play, download it onto your device. The majority of software program carriers offer downloadable variations of their games for different operating systems, consisting of Windows, iphone, and Android. Comply with the botemanis directions given to finish the download process.

3. Install and Introduce the Game: After the download is total, install the game on your tool. Once set up, launch the video game to begin your offline port adventure.

Popular Offline Slot Gamings

Here are some preferred offline port video games that you can enjoy at your convenience:

  • Cleopatra: Embark on an old Egyptian experience with Cleopatra, a classic port video game featuring famous icons like pyramids, scarabs, and the attractive queen herself.
  • Wheel of Ton Of Money: Spin the renowned wheel and test your good luck in Wheel of Fortune. This exciting port game uses a chance to win large rewards and delight in incentive rounds.
  • Starburst: Immerse yourself in a planetary experience with Starburst, a visually spectacular slot game with dynamic gem symbols and fulfilling gameplay.
  • Monopoly: Step into the globe of Monopoly and roll the dice to cause amazing functions and bonus offers. This port video game brings the traditional parlor game to life on the reels.
  • Huge Moolah: Sign up with the African safari and quest for substantial prizes in Huge Moolah, a dynamic port video game known for its record-breaking payouts.

Verdict

Free ports offline offer a convenient and pleasurable means to experience the thrill of online casino video gaming without the requirement for a web connection. With a wide choice of video games readily available, players can select their favorite titles and play anytime, anywhere. Whether you’re a skilled player aiming to practice strategies or an informal player seeking amusement, offline ports accommodate all preferences. So, go on and discover the globe of complimentary ports offline to find a brand-new degree of excitement!

Slot Online: A Comprehensive Overview to Online Slot Games

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Whether you are a seasoned casino site gamer or a newbie wanting to check out the world of on-line gaming, on the internet slot video games are undoubtedly among one of the most popular kinds of entertainment in the virtual gambling enterprise world. With their easy-to-understand gameplay, thrilling graphics, and the capacity for good fortunes, it’s no wonder that slot video games have actually come to be the best choice for several online casino site lovers.

In this extensive overview, we will take you with every little thing you need to find out about port online. We will study the various sorts of on the internet slot games, clarify the mechanics behind them, supply pointers and techniques to optimize your chances of winning, and check out the benefits of playing slots online. So, allow’s begin!

What are Online Slot Games?

Port games, likewise known as slot machines or fruit machines, are gambling enterprise games that include spinning reels with different symbols. The goal is to align a combination of signs on the reels to win prizes. Online slot games are the digital version of these traditional Bier haus slot slot machines, allowing gamers to take pleasure in the excitement of spinning the reels from the convenience of their own homes.

Online ports are powered by arbitrary number generators (RNGs), ensuring reasonable and objective outcomes. The RNGs establish the outcome of each spin, guaranteeing that every spin is independent and uncertain.

There are different kinds of on the internet port games offered to satisfy different player preferences. Allow’s take a closer check out a few of one of the most popular types:

  • Traditional Ports: These are evocative the conventional fruit machine with three reels and basic symbols such as fruits, bars, and lucky sevens. They provide a basic and sentimental video gaming experience.
  • Video clip Slots: These include sophisticated graphics, animations, and benefit rounds. With five or even more reels and a wide variety of styles, video clip slots supply immersive gameplay and improved enjoyment value.
  • Modern Slots: These are the huge cash games that can supply life-altering prizes. A portion of each wager is added to the prize, which maintains expanding till a lucky gamer strikes the winning mix.
  • Branded Slot machines: These slots are based upon popular movies, television shows, and celebs, providing an unique and acquainted gaming experience.

How to Play Online Port Gamings

Playing online port games is extremely uncomplicated and doesn’t require any type of special skills or strategies. Here’s a detailed overview to get you started:

  1. Select a reputable online gambling establishment: Choose an accredited and controlled online gambling establishment that uses a wide range of port games.
  2. Produce an account: Register for an account with the on the internet gambling enterprise and finish the essential enrollment process.
  3. Make a deposit: Fund your account using one of the offered payment approaches.
  4. Pick a port game: Check out the port game library and select a video game that catches your rate of interest.
  5. Establish your bet: Readjust the bet dimension according to your preference and budget.
  6. Spin the reels: Click the “Spin” button to begin the video game and enjoy the reels rotate.
  7. Check for victories: If you line up a winning combination, the game will instantly attribute your account with the particular prize.
  8. Try bonus offer attributes: Several slot video games offer different benefit features, such as free spins, multipliers, and bonus offer rounds. Make use of these features to boost your jackpots.
  9. Know when to stop: Set a spending plan and stick to it. Remember that playing port video games should be an enjoyable and enjoyable experience, and wagering sensibly is crucial.

The Advantages of Playing Slot Machine Online

Playing slots on-line deals various advantages over going to a physical online casino. Below are a few of the key advantages:

  • Comfort: Online port video games enable you to play anytime and anywhere without the demand to take a trip to a land-based casino site.
  • Wide variety of video games: Online casino sites use a vast option of port games, with various motifs, paylines, and incentives to suit every gamer’s choice.
  • Better payment percentages: Online port games normally have greater payout portions compared to their land-based counterparts. This implies that you have a higher chance of winning when playing online.
  • Attractive bonuses and promos: Online casinos usually provide tempting bonus offers and promos for slot gamers, consisting of welcome bonuses, totally free rotates, and commitment rewards.
  • Personal privacy and security: Playing online allows you to preserve your personal privacy and makes sure safe and secure deals, thanks to innovative encryption innovation.
  • Practice mode: Many on-line gambling enterprises supply a “Play for Fun” setting, permitting you to experiment with brand-new port video games and exercise your skills without risking genuine money.

Tips and Techniques for Playing Online Port Games

While winning in online slot games is greatly based on good luck, there are a couple of ideas and approaches that can assist enhance your overall pc gaming experience:

  • Recognize the game rules and paytable: Familiarize on your own with the video game guidelines, paylines, and signs prior to playing. This will assist you make notified betting choices.
  • Handle your bankroll: Establish a budget for your port video game sessions and adhere to it. Avoid chasing losses and bet within your ways.
  • Capitalize on bonus offers: Watch out for gambling enterprise incentives and promotions. They can offer you with extra funds or complimentary spins, increasing your opportunities of winning.
  • Try different video games: Do not restrict on your own to a single port video game. Check out different video games and variations to discover the ones that suit your preferences and have far better chances.
  • Bet enjoyable: Remember that on the internet slot video games are mainly made for enjoyment objectives. Appreciate the gameplay and don’t only concentrate on winning.

Verdict

Online port video games provide an interesting and immersive gambling establishment experience right at your fingertips. With their easy gameplay, magnificent graphics, Plinko Game and the potential for good fortunes, they have actually ended up being a favored among both laid-back and skilled gamers. By comprehending the different kinds of slot video games, adhering to standard strategies, and playing responsibly, you can make one of the most out of your online slot video gaming sessions. So, pick a respectable online gambling enterprise, spin the reels, and let the excitement start!

Discover the Excitement of Free Gambling Establishment Port Gamings

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Are you all set to experience the adventure of playing gambling enterprise port video games without investing a cent? Look no further! In plinkogame-ph.click this post, we will certainly explore the globe of free casino site port video games and exactly how they can give you with hours of enjoyment and the possibility to win large. Whether you are an experienced casino player or a beginner to the gambling establishment scene, these cost-free games are perfect for everyone. So, let’s dive in and check out the terrific globe of totally free gambling establishment port games!

What are Cost-free Casino Site Port Games?

Free online casino slot video games are on the internet fruit machine that can be played without the need to bet genuine money. These games offer all the exhilaration and features of typical gambling establishment ports, including different motifs, sensational graphics, engaging sound effects, and fascinating gameplay. The only difference is that you do not require to risk your hard-earned money to enjoy the fun and adventure of playing.

These games are generally readily available on online casino site systems, video game programmers’ web sites, and numerous mobile applications. They can be accessed on your computer system, mobile phone, or tablet, giving you with the best comfort of playing anytime and anywhere.

Whether you favor traditional three-reel ports or more modern-day video clip ports with numerous paylines and bonus features, the world of complimentary gambling enterprise slot games has something for every person. You can choose from a wide variety of motifs, such as journey, folklore, fantasy, sporting activities, and a lot more. With hundreds of games available, you will certainly never lack choices!

  • Traditional three-reel ports
  • Video ports with several paylines
  • Gamings with appealing reward features
  • Various motifs to suit every gamer’s choice

Playing free gambling establishment port video games is not only a fantastic way to have fun, but it likewise permits you to exercise and fine-tune your port pc gaming abilities. Whether you are new to ports or want to experiment with various approaches, these games supply a risk-free environment where you can discover and expand as a gamer.

Benefits of Playing Free Casino Port Games

Playing cost-free casino site port games offers numerous advantages that make them a popular choice amongst gamers worldwide. Allow’s take a look at some of the advantages:

1. Risk-Free Entertainment: Perhaps the most substantial benefit of playing cost-free casino port games is the ability to appreciate hours of amusement without risking your money. You can rotate the reels, trigger perk rounds, and experience the enjoyment of winning without the fear of losing any type of actual cash money.

2. Method and Learn: Free gambling enterprise port video games are a best system for newbies to find out the ropes of slot pc gaming. You can comprehend the video game auto mechanics, test various wagering methods, and obtain a feeling for just how the slots work– all without spending a dime.

3. Variety and Choice: With a large array of complimentary casino site port games offered, you will certainly never ever lack options. From classic fruit machines to elaborate video slots, the selections are countless. Each game uses a distinct motif, functions, and payouts, making certain that you’ll locate something that suits your preferences.

4. Convenience: Free casino slot video games can be accessed from the comfort of your own home or on the move. Whether you like playing on your computer system, smartphone, or tablet, you can enjoy these video games anytime and anywhere, as long as you have a web connection.

5. No Enrollment Required: kittyglitter-slot.top Unlike genuine cash slots, complimentary casino slot games usually do not call for any registration or sign-up procedure. You can just see a website or open up an app and begin playing quickly. This easy experience enables you to concentrate on the fun and exhilaration of the game.

Just How to Play Free Casino Port Gamings

Playing totally free casino site slot games is extremely simple and straightforward. Below’s a detailed guide to obtain you began:

Step 1: Pick a System: Start by selecting a relied on online casino site platform, game developer’s website, or mobile application that uses a large selection of complimentary casino port games.

Step 2: Browse the Gamings: When you have selected a system, browse through the readily available games and pick the one that catches your rate of interest. You can filter the games by theme, features, or appeal to find the ideal suit.

Step 3: Click and Play: Click the game you wish to play, and it will certainly load in your internet internet browser or application. Most cost-free online casino slot games do not need any type of downloads or installations, allowing you to start playing immediately.

Step 4: Set Your Wager: Before spinning the reels, you will have the choice to change your wager dimension. You can select the variety of paylines to turn on and the total up to bet per line. Some video games also offer added betting options, such as bet level and coin worth.

Tip 5: Rotate and Appreciate: Once you have actually established your wager, click the spin switch, and enjoy the reels come to life. Relax, relax, and appreciate the thrilling experience of cost-free gambling establishment slot video games. If you’re fortunate, you might even cause a reward round or hit a huge pot!

Action 6: Try Various Games: Don’t be afraid to discover various other free casino site slot games. With a lot of alternatives available, you can attempt various video games and find new faves. Each video game provides an one-of-a-kind gameplay experience and the possibility to win exciting rewards.

Verdict

Free online casino port games are a wonderful method to experience the enjoyment and thrills of playing slots without any monetary danger. Whether you intend to bet fun, exercise your skills, or discover different video game options, these free video games have got you covered.

With a variety of motifs, magnificent graphics, and interesting gameplay, free casino port video games offer hours of amusement for gamers of all levels. So why wait? Dive into the globe of cost-free online casino port games today and start a remarkable gaming experience!

May 5, 2024

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Legal Questions Concerning Gambling Online in The United States

Gambling online can be described as any kind of gambling carried out on the Internet. This includes casinos online, virtual poker , and sports betting among many other types. In 1994, lottery ticketing for the German International Lottery was the very first online gambling site to be made available to the public. In fact, the first gambling event that was ever played in Las Vegas was a draw for 2 million tickets , which was won by an individual named of Anna Kiehn.

Gambling online is legal in the United States as long as it remains within the confines of a state that has legalized gambling. While this isn’t something that most Americans are aware of that online gambling is legal in certain countries which include India, China, and Las Vegas. One of the main reasons gambling online is legal in certain regions of the world but illegal in the United States is because of the danger that gambling online poses for the gambler. Gambling online exposes players to risks they might not be aware of. This could be a reason why online gambling is less strict than traditional gambling.

The U. S.government recognizes the danger that gambling 1xbet apk poses to society and has taken steps to counter this risk. The federal laws that govern internet gambling are considered 1xbet malaysia gambling in violation of the Wire Act. The Wire Act states that wire fraud is committed by anyone who “transacts money, property or a course or action using an electronic communication system.” A wire act is defined as having three elements. These elements include a take or receive monetary benefit and the need for direct or indirect communication and the transaction or conduct between a foreign and American person.

The Wire Act does not permit the taking of cash rewards because the Internet and all kinds of electronic communications are not considered to be either money or property. There are some concerns regarding online gambling. It should be noted that all states have their own laws regarding gambling, including those pertaining to state-owned gambling casinos. Because states have different definitions of gambling and the types of bets a player can bet on, it’s crucial that gamblers check their state’s laws prior to placing any bets or deposits. Consulting state laws is an excellent way to be completely up to date and informed of the latest legal issues that surround the internet.

Because all of the major casino companies are legally required to put in place safeguards against the theft of a casino deposit for gambling websites on the internet, a majority of states do not apply their own laws pertaining to casino deposits or wire transfers. This makes it a little more difficult for a player or gambler to determine whether they are in violation of the law by participating in internet gambling online. It is essential to speak with an attorney when dealing with online gambling and whether they should be participating.

The main issue is the legality and regulation of online gambling websites. All 50 states in the United States have established some form of internet gambling regulation. However only three states (Delaware, Nevada, and Oregon) have passed full laws regarding gambling online. The states have different definitions of what online gambling websites are and how they are monitored by a lawyer, so consulting with a lawyer before participating on any gambling website online is always a good idea.

Another important thing to remember is that while many states have created rules for internet-based gambling websites, each state is free to develop its own unique set of laws and regulations for its citizens. In this regard, it is always best to speak with a gambling attorney who is well familiar with gambling laws in all of the states. There is no better way to obtain an expert’s opinion about which internet gambling sites are secure than asking among colleagues who are involved in gambling online. Gambling attorneys specialize in ensuring that their clients’ online casinos are operating in accordance with established gambling law and that they are not in violation of any state’s laws on gambling online.

It is essential to comprehend the difference between central and decentralized gambling. Decentralized gambling is permitted only within the online jurisdiction of individual states. Centralized gambling is carried out both within and outside the borders of these states. Examples of centralized offshore gaming would include World Wide gambling, the Euro slot machine, and other online casinos across the world. Decentralized gambling is commonplace within the individual states where casinos are located. To participate in legal issues pertaining to gambling online in the United states, one must consult a gambling lawyer who is well versed in the various legal issues that surround gambling online.

Free Blackjack Gamings for Fun: Learn, Practice, and Appreciate the Excitements of Blackjack

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Welcome to the globe of 1xbet complimentary blackjack games for fun! If you’re wanting to discover the ins and outs of blackjack, exercise your skills, or just delight in the exhilaration of the game without risking your cash, you’ve pertained to the ideal location. In this article, we will discover the interesting globe of free blackjack video games, their advantages, and how to take advantage of your video gaming experience.

Blackjack has been one of the most popular gambling enterprise games for centuries. Its simpleness, tactical components, and appeal of beating the dealer have brought in players from all walks of life. Now, with the introduction of on-line gambling enterprises and pc gaming systems, you can take pleasure in the adventure of blackjack from the convenience of your very own home, without investing a dollar!

The Benefits of Playing Free Blackjack Gamings

Playing free blackjack video games provides several advantages, whether you’re a novice or an experienced gamer:

  • Understanding the Rules: If you’re new to blackjack, playing the game absolutely free permits you to learn the regulations and familiarize on your own with the gameplay. You can take your time, explore various methods, and recognize the subtleties of the game with no pressure.
  • Exercising Techniques: Even if you’re a knowledgeable player, free blackjack video games give an exceptional opportunity to exercise and improve your methods. You can examine new methods, method card counting, and experiment with various wagering patterns without risking your hard-earned cash.
  • Improving Decision-Making Abilities: Blackjack is a video game that needs quick decision-making under pressure. By playing cost-free blackjack games, you can improve your decision-making skills and develop a much deeper understanding of when to strike, stand, split, or double down.
  • Discovering Video Game Variations: Free blackjack games frequently supply a wide variety of game variants. By playing for cost-free, you can explore different variants such as Standard Blackjack, Spanish 21, Pontoon, and much more, to find the one that suits your preferences the best.
  • Enjoying Pure Amusement: Above all, playing cost-free blackjack games is a great way to have fun and enjoy the exhilaration of the game. Whether you’re playing alone or with close friends, the adrenaline thrill and the triumph of a winning hand can provide hours of amusement.

Tips for Optimizing Your Free Blackjack Gaming Experience

To make the most of your complimentary blackjack pc gaming experience, consider the adhering to tips:

  • Pick Credible Online Casinos: When choosing a platform to play totally free blackjack games, opt for reliable on-line gambling enterprises that supply a safe and reasonable pc gaming environment. Try to find platforms with positive reviews, proper licensing, and a wide choice of game variants.
  • Review and Comprehend the Regulations: Before diving right into a free blackjack video game, make sure to read and recognize the policies of the specific variant you’re playing. Acquaint on your own with terms like “surrender,” “insurance,” and “press” to stay clear of complication during gameplay.
  • Practice Basic Strategy: Basic strategy is a collection of regulations that overviews your decisions in blackjack. Make use of complimentary blackjack games to exercise and fine-tune your fundamental strategy skills. Concentrate on understanding when to strike, stand, increase down, or split based upon your hand and the supplier’s upcard.
  • Explore Various Betting Systems: Free blackjack video games permit you to try out different wagering systems, such as the Martingale, Paroli, or Fibonacci system, without any monetary threat. Examination different methods and discover the one that matches your playing design and bankroll monitoring.
  • Sign Up With Online Blackjack Communities: Engaging with online blackjack neighborhoods, forums, and social media groups can supply valuable insights, pointers, and strategies from knowledgeable gamers. Join discussions, ask inquiries, and learn from others to improve your gameplay.

Explore the Exciting World of Free Blackjack Gaming Today

Now that you’re armed with all the info about free blackjack video games, it’s time to study the interesting globe of online gaming. Capitalize on the countless platforms using cost-free blackjack ready enjoyable, learn the regulations, exercise your approaches, and delight in the adventure of blackjack with no economic threat. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned gamer, complimentary blackjack games are the best means to boost your skills, delight yourself, and experience the excitement of the casino site right within your reaches.

Keep in 1xbet live mind, it’s everything about enjoying, boosting your abilities, and taking pleasure in the video game of blackjack in a safe setting. So, what are you waiting on? Start playing free blackjack games today!

Disclaimer: Gaming entails threat. Please gamble properly and just have fun with cash you can manage to lose.

Free Gambling Enterprise Games: An Overview to Home Entertainment and Practice

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Are you seeking a method to experience the excitement of gambling establishment video games without investing a dollar? Free casino games provide the perfect option. Whether you’re a beginner intending to find out the ropes or a seasoned player looking for some risk-free fun, these video games provide a practical way to delight in your favored online casino leisure activities without any financial commitment.

In this article, 1xbet вход we will discover the world of cost-free gambling enterprise video games, their benefits, and just how to begin. From classic table games to interesting slots, you’ll find a large range of alternatives to fit your preferences. So, let’s dive in and explore the exciting globe of complimentary casino site games!

The Advantages of Free Gambling Enterprise Gamings

Playing online casino games for complimentary offers numerous advantages. Right here are a few of the crucial benefits you can take pleasure in:

1. Safe Fun: Free gambling enterprise video games enable you to take pleasure in the adventure of betting without any danger to your wallet. You can experience the exhilaration and entertainment without bothering with losing cash.

2. Practice and Skill Advancement: Whether you’re brand-new to gambling establishment games or want to hone your skills, totally free games supply an excellent platform for practice. You can learn the guidelines, examination techniques, and understand the ins and outs of each video game without any pressure.

3. Accessible Whenever, Anywhere: Free gambling establishment video games are offered online, making them easily accessible anytime and anywhere. You can enjoy your favored games from the comfort of your home or on the go, via your mobile phone or tablet.

4. Range of Gamings: Free gambling establishment video games offer a wide variety of choices to pick from. You can explore different video game kinds, styles, and variants, ensuring there’s always something new and exciting to attempt.

5. Intro to New Gamings: Free games permit you to try brand-new video games and try out various methods. This way, you can increase your horizons and uncover video games you might not have thought about playing before.

  • Roulette
  • Blackjack
  • Ports
  • Casino poker
  • Baccarat
  • Craps
  • Bingo
  • and a lot more!

These video games come in numerous layouts, including online variations of traditional table video games and innovative video ports with captivating graphics and reward attributes. With a vast selection available, you make certain to locate something that suits your preferences.

Exactly How to Begin with Free Online Casino Gamings

Getting going with cost-free casino site games is a straightforward and simple procedure. Follow these steps to start your interesting trip:

1. Pick a Trustworthy Online Online Casino: Try to find a trusted online gambling enterprise that supplies a wide range of free video games. Guarantee the gambling establishment is qualified and regulated by a trustworthy authority to guarantee fair game and gamer security.

2. Create an Account: Enroll in an account on the online gambling establishment’s internet site. This 1x bet login will typically need providing some standard individual details and choosing a username and password.

3. Discover the Video Game Selection: Once you’ve created an account, check out the gambling enterprise’s video game collection to locate the complimentary video games section. Right here, you’ll have accessibility to a large selection of video games to pick from.

4. Select a Video Game: Choose a game that catches your interest. You can begin with familiar games or venture right into something new. Take your time to review the guidelines and understand the gameplay before diving in.

5. Bet Free: Click the video game of your selection and pick the “Play for Free” option. This will permit you to delight in the game with no financial commitment. Take your time to discover the features, try out strategies, and have fun!

Tips for Maximizing Your Free Online Casino Video Gaming Experience

While playing totally free gambling establishment video games, maintain the adhering to suggestions in mind to boost your experience:

1. Set Restrictions: Just like in real-money gaming, it’s vital to establish restrictions when playing complimentary casino video games. Select a time frame or a details number of games to play to guarantee you do not get lugged away.

2. Experiment with Techniques: Free games supply an outstanding possibility to check various techniques and methods. Take advantage of this and try new techniques to enhance your gameplay.

3. Read Video Game Reviews: Before trying out a new game, checked out testimonials and gamer testimonials. This will provide you understandings right into the game’s features, payouts, and total player experience.

4. Join Online Communities: Engage with fellow players by joining online casino site online forums or communities. You can trade ideas, share experiences, and discover new games or strategies.

Verdict

Free gambling enterprise video games supply an amazing means to experience the thrill and excitement of gambling with no financial danger. Whether you’re a newbie wanting to discover or a knowledgeable player wanting to delight in some risk-free home entertainment, these games supply something for everybody.

By selecting reputable on-line casino sites, checking out the large game collections, and taking advantage of the totally free play alternatives, you can embark on an amazing trip via numerous online casino video games.

So, why wait? Beginning checking out the world of complimentary casino games today and allow the fun begin!

The Very Best Ports Casino Online: A Comprehensive Guide for Gamblers

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Are you a fan of on-line betting? Do you appreciate the adventure and enjoyment of playing slot games? If so, then you remain in luck! In this write-up, we will discover the world of on-line casinos that provide the best ports for you to enjoy. Whether you’re a novice or a knowledgeable casino player, this overview will give you with all the information you require to make the most of your online gambling enterprise experience.

Online gambling enterprises have become significantly preferred recently, using players the ease of playing their один х бет favorite casino site video games from the convenience of their own homes. With a lot of options readily available, it can be challenging to locate the most effective online gambling establishment that offers a considerable selection of high-quality slot games. Nonetheless, by following our referrals and pointers, you’ll be well on your means to discovering the best ports online casino online.

What Makes a Terrific Slots Casino Online?

Before we dive into our listing of the very best slots gambling establishment online, let’s first discover what qualities make a fantastic online casino site. These aspects should be thought about when reviewing different systems.

Variety of Gamings: A wonderful on-line casino site ought to offer a wide variety of slot games to match every player’s choices. From timeless slot machine to modern video clip slots, a varied option of games ensures there’s something for every person.

Software Providers: The reputation and high quality of the software application carriers that power an online gambling establishment are extremely important. Seek gambling enterprises that companion with popular and trusted service providers like Microgaming, NetEnt, or Playtech.

User-friendly User interface: An user-friendly interface is essential for an enjoyable online casino experience. Seek gambling establishments with intuitive navigation, easy-to-understand game designs, and smooth gameplay.

Mobile Compatibility: In today’s electronic age, mobile compatibility 1xbet apk download latest version is a must. Ensure that the on-line casino you choose can be accessed on your recommended smart phone, permitting you to play your preferred ports anytime, anywhere.

Bonuses and Promotions: Charitable rewards and promotions can dramatically enhance your online gambling experience. Look for gambling enterprises that use luring welcome perks, totally free spins, and recurring promotions for faithful players.

  • A broad choice of high-grade port games
  • Collaborations with credible software program carriers
  • An easy to use user interface
  • Mobile compatibility
  • Appealing rewards and promotions

Now that we recognize what makes a terrific ports casino online, allow’s explore our top recommendations for online casinos that fulfill these standards.

Recommended Slot Machines Casinos Online

1. Online casino X:

Gambling enterprise X is a prominent online gambling establishment that provides a substantial selection of port video games from leading software application providers. With a sleek and user-friendly user interface, players can easily navigate through the site and discover their preferred games. Casino X is likewise totally compatible with mobile phones, enabling gamers to enjoy their slots on the move. Additionally, Online casino X supplies attractive bonus offers and promos, including a charitable welcome bonus offer and routine complimentary rotates.

2. Rotate Palace:

Spin Royal residence is an additional top-rated on the internet gambling enterprise recognized for its exceptional slot video games. Powered by Microgaming, Spin Royal residence provides a huge array of slot video games, ranging from traditional 3-reel slots to immersive video clip ports. The casino’s straightforward interface guarantees a smooth pc gaming experience, while its mobile compatibility permits gamers to appreciate their preferred slots on their smart devices or tablet computers. Rotate Royal residence likewise uses a financially rewarding loyalty program, satisfying loyal gamers with exclusive benefits and promotions.

3. Royal Vegas:

Royal Las vega is an extremely trustworthy on the internet casino that provides an impressive selection of slot video games. Powered by Microgaming, Royal Las vega uses gamers a wide array of slot games with spectacular graphics and immersive gameplay. The casino’s sleek and contemporary interface makes it easy for players to navigate the site and locate their recommended games. Royal Las vega is likewise completely maximized for mobile play, ensuring gamers can enjoy their favorite ports on their mobile phones. The gambling establishment’s generous welcome bonus offer and continuous promos make it a leading choice for slot fanatics.

Verdict

When it concerns locating the best slots gambling establishment online, it’s vital to take into consideration aspects such as game selection, software companies, easy to use user interface, mobile compatibility, and attractive benefits. By following our recommendations and discovering casino sites like Gambling establishment X, Rotate Palace, and Royal Vegas, you can boost your on-line gambling experience and appreciate hours of thrilling port gameplay. Keep in mind to always gamble properly and enjoy!

Disclaimer: Gaming can be habit forming. Please gamble properly and only bet what you can pay for. This short article is for educational purposes only and does not advertise or support on-line gambling.

Free Slot: A Comprehensive Guide to Online Gambling Enterprise Games

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If you appreciate the excitement of casino site video games but choose not to spend your hard-earned money, totally free slots are the best option. Whether you’re a novice player wanting to practice your abilities or a seasoned bettor looking for some home entertainment, totally free slots provide a convenient and risk-free way to appreciate your preferred casino video games.

In this article, we will certainly explore the world of complimentary slots, exploring exactly how they work, where to locate them, and how to make the most of your experience. So, allow’s dive in and find the exciting world of online gambling enterprise games!

What are Complimentary Ports?

Free ports are on-line casino site games that enable players to spin the reels without betting any genuine money. They are essentially the online equivalent of traditional fruit machine located in brick-and-mortar casino sites. You can enjoy the exact same thrilling gameplay, exciting graphics, and engaging audio effects without the risk of economic loss.

Unlike actual money slots, free slots are designed for fun and amusement functions. They supply an outstanding system for players to familiarize themselves with different slot video games, learn the mechanics, and examination various strategies. Free slots also offer a great opportunity to explore new game launches and uncover covert treasures in the huge world of on the internet gambling establishments.

It is very important to keep in mind that while you can’t win genuine cash on complimentary slots, several on the internet casino sites use the choice to change to actual cash mode if you make a decision to take your video gaming to the next level.

  • Benefits of Playing Free Slot Machines:
  • Absolutely no financial danger
  • No need to develop an account or offer individual details
  • Chance to exercise and boost video gaming abilities
  • Explore a variety of port games
  • Experience the excitement of gambling establishment gaming without investing money

Searching For Free Port Gamings

With the increasing popularity of online casino sites, finding free slot video games is much easier than in the past. Several trustworthy on the internet casino sites use a large range of complimentary slots as component of their video game selection. Furthermore, there are various devoted websites and mobile apps that offer a substantial collection of complimentary slot video games from 1xbet android apk different programmers.

To discover complimentary slot games, merely search for “cost-free slots” or “bet cost-free” on your preferred internet search engine. You will certainly exist with a variety of choices to pick from. It’s important to keep in mind that some websites may need you to produce an account to access their complimentary port video games, while others allow immediate play with no enrollment.

When choosing a platform to play complimentary slots, it’s crucial to ensure that the site or app is credible and trustworthy. Seek user reviews, scores, and licenses to verify the authenticity of the system and guarantee a secure gaming experience.

Tips for Optimizing Your Free Slot Experience

While playing cost-free slots may not entail real cash, there are still techniques and tips you can employ to enhance your 1xbet pc gaming experience. Below are some useful pointers to assist you make the most of your totally free port sessions:

  • 1. Try Different Video Game Providers: Check out complimentary slot games from different developers to experience various gameplay designs and themes. Each video game carrier provides unique features and graphics, including variety and exhilaration to your video gaming experience.
  • 2. Utilize Trial Modes: Make use of trial settings used by on the internet casinos and video game developers. These settings allow you to play cost-free slots with virtual debts, offering you the opportunity to evaluate different strategies and recognize the video game technicians.
  • 3. Establish Limitations: Even though complimentary ports do not include genuine money, it’s important to set limitations on your gameplay. Allocate a certain time and allocate your totally free port sessions to guarantee responsible video gaming.
  • 4. Read Video Game Reviews: Prior to diving right into a brand-new free slot game, checked out testimonials from various other players to get a concept of the video game’s attributes, payouts, and general gameplay. This will certainly assist you choose video games that line up with your choices and optimize your satisfaction.
  • 5. Remain Informed: Maintain to date with the current promos and free port offerings from on the internet gambling enterprises. Many online casinos supply routine rewards and totally free spin promotions, permitting you to prolong your video gaming time and possibly win real cash.

The Future of Free Slots

The globe of online casino site gaming is frequently evolving, and complimentary slots are no exemption. As modern technology breakthroughs, we can anticipate much more innovative attributes, immersive graphics, and engaging gameplay in complimentary port video games. Additionally, with the expanding appeal of online fact (VR) and boosted fact (AR), we might quickly see free slots accepting these modern technologies to supply a much more immersive and reasonable pc gaming experience.

In Conclusion

Free ports use a superb possibility to enjoy the thrill of casino site pc gaming without any monetary risk. Whether you’re a laid-back player looking for some enjoyment or a major bettor sharpening your abilities, free ports give a convenient and satisfying platform to please your video gaming yearnings. Keep in mind to discover a range of totally free slot games, established restrictions on your gameplay, and stay informed concerning promotions to enhance your cost-free port experience. So, why not provide it a spin and uncover the fascinating world of cost-free ports today?

May 4, 2024

Gambling Establishments Approving Neteller: An Overview to Convenient Online Gaming

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On-line casinos have become significantly preferred in the last few years, supplying players the opportunity to delight in a range of video games from the comfort of their own homes. Nonetheless, when it involves transferring and taking out funds, lots of players seek hassle-free and safe settlement approaches. This is where Neteller comes into play. In this write-up, we will certainly explore the benefits of utilizing Neteller for on the internet betting and supply a listing of trustworthy gambling establishments that accept this popular e-wallet.

What is Neteller?

Neteller is an e-wallet solution that allows individuals to move cash to and from online vendors, consisting of on the internet gambling establishments. Developed in 1999, Neteller promptly obtained appeal in the online gambling area due to its easy to use user interface, security attributes, and fast transaction processing.

Making use of Neteller, gamers can deposit funds right into their online casino accounts without exposing their delicate monetary info. This not just includes a layer of safety and security however also makes certain that players can maintain their personal privacy while enjoying their favorite gambling establishment video games.

Developing a Neteller account is a straightforward procedure. Customers can register for totally free on the Neteller web site, provide their individual information, and connect their checking account or bank card to their Neteller account. As soon as the account is set up, customers can begin depositing funds right into their Neteller purse and transfer them to their preferred online gambling enterprises.

  • Advantages of Using Neteller for Online Gambling:

1.Safety: Neteller employs the most up to date security innovation to protect customer info and purchase information. This ensures that players can appreciate a safe on-line gaming experience without worrying about their financial information being compromised.

2.Convenience: Depositing and withdrawing funds from online gambling establishments through Neteller is a quick and hassle-free process. Gamers can conveniently handle their funds, check out deal background, and move money to their casino site accounts with simply a few clicks.

3.Personal privacy: As pointed out previously, utilizing Neteller permits players to keep their economic info exclusive. When depositing funds into a gambling enterprise account, only the Neteller account information are shared, making sure that personal financial or charge card information continues to be personal.

4.Global Availability: Neteller is approved by a a great deal of on the internet gambling establishments worldwide. This suggests that players from different x files mania countries can utilize Neteller as their preferred repayment technique, making it a versatile choice for online betting enthusiasts.

Trusted Gambling Enterprises That Accept Neteller

When selecting an on the internet casino that approves Neteller, it is important to take into consideration elements such as online reputation, game option, benefits and promos, customer assistance, and general individual experience. To help you limit your alternatives, we have assembled a checklist of very concerned on the internet gambling establishments that accept Neteller:

  • Casino site 1: This top-rated casino site supplies a large selection of video games from leading software application companies. With a generous welcome incentive, normal promos, and superb client support, Gambling enterprise 1 guarantees a top notch online gambling experience.
  • Gambling enterprise 2: Recognized for its streamlined layout and easy to use interface, Gambling establishment 2 offers gamers with a substantial series of games, including ports, table video games, and live gambling enterprise choices. Their commitment to fair play and safe transactions makes them a popular choice among online casino players.
  • Online casino 3: Gambling establishment 3 stands apart for its varied game collection and immersive pc gaming experience. They use a seamless mobile system, making sure that players can appreciate their favorite video games on the move. With quick withdrawals and receptive consumer support, Casino site 3 is a trustworthy option for Neteller users.

Verdict

Neteller is an exceptional choice for online gamblers seeking a safe and hassle-free repayment technique. Its personal privacy functions, quick purchases, and widespread acceptance make it a popular option among gamers. By choosing a reputable online gambling enterprise that approves Neteller, players can boost their on-line ibet gambling experience and delight in a seamless and pleasurable gaming atmosphere.

Remember to constantly gamble sensibly and establish limitations on your own to guarantee a favorable and enjoyable online gambling establishment experience.

Discover the Excitement of Free Spin Gambling Establishments

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Are you a fan of on-line casino sites? If so, you’ll love the adventure and exhilaration that includes complimentary spin gambling enterprises. These virtual gaming platforms offer players the opportunity to enjoy their favored online casino games without spending a penny. With a wide range of games and the possibility to win actual money, cost-free spin casino sites have come to be significantly popular among on-line gaming fanatics. In this article, we’ll discover what makes totally free spin casinos so special and why you should give them a shot.

What are Totally Free Spin Casinos?

Free spin gambling establishments are on-line platforms that offer gamers the chance to play preferred gambling enterprise video games with no expense. Instead of calling for players to make a down payment or wager real cash, these gambling enterprises provide a particular variety of complimentary spins on picked vending machine or table video games. Players can make use of these rotates to win actual money, permitting them to experience the exhilaration of betting with no economic threat.

Free rotate casinos normally need players to produce an account, but the enrollment procedure fasts and uncomplicated. When signed up, gamers can access a large range of games and enjoy the complete gambling enterprise experience without spending a cent.

It’s important to note that while totally free spin online casinos supply the chance to win genuine cash, there are normally conditions connected. These conditions may consist of wagering demands, which require players to bet a certain amount before being eligible to withdraw their payouts. It’s important to aviatoroyn.top review and understand the conditions of each complimentary spin gambling enterprise before playing to make certain a positive video gaming experience.

Advantages of Dipping Into Free Spin Gambling Establishments

Since we understand what complimentary spin online casinos are, allow’s have a look at several of the benefits they provide:

  • No Financial Danger: Among the most substantial advantages of totally free spin gambling enterprises is the absence of financial threat. Players can explore different games, create methods, and enjoy the thrill of gaming without fretting about shedding cash.
  • Try New Games: Free spin gambling enterprises often present new games to their system. This gives players the opportunity to try these games with no price. It’s a wonderful means to find new favorites and increase your pc gaming repertoire.
  • Win Real Cash: While betting totally free, gamers can still win actual money at totally free spin casino sites. This includes an additional layer of enjoyment and enjoy the video gaming experience.
  • Practice and Boost: Free rotate casinos are excellent for exercising and improving your gambling abilities. Whether you’re a novice finding out the ropes or a seasoned gamer seeking to refine your techniques, complimentary spin gambling enterprises offer a safe environment to hone your abilities.
  • No Time Limitation: Unlike some aviatorgame-kenya.top test variations of gambling enterprise games, complimentary spin casino sites do not impose at any time constraints. Gamers can take pleasure in the games as long as they want, permitting a relaxed and immersive gaming experience.

Popular Games at Free Spin Casinos

Free spin gambling enterprises use a wide range of video games to cater to every player’s preferences. Some of the most popular games you can locate at these online casinos consist of:

  • Port Machines: Slots are a staple in any kind of gambling enterprise, and cost-free spin gambling establishments are no exemption. Gamers can delight in a selection of port video games, varying from traditional three-reel ports to modern video clip slots with captivating motifs and bonus offer functions.
  • Table Gamings: Free spin gambling enterprises also use an option of table video games such as blackjack, live roulette, online poker, and baccarat. These video games supply an even more conventional gambling establishment experience and are perfect for gamers who appreciate technique and skill-based pc gaming.
  • Live Gambling Establishment Games: For those looking for a much more interactive and immersive experience, totally free spin gambling enterprises frequently supply online gambling enterprise video games. These games allow players to engage with real-life dealerships and other gamers, bringing the adventure of a land-based casino straight to their screens.

Exactly how to Locate the Best Totally Free Spin Casinos

With the enhancing popularity of cost-free spin casino sites, it’s necessary to select a trusted and reliable platform for your video gaming requires. Right here are a few aspects to consider when searching for the most effective free spin gambling enterprises:

  • Licensing and Policy: Guarantee that the casino site holds a legitimate betting permit and operates under a reliable governing body. This makes certain that your gameplay is reasonable and your individual info is secure.
  • Video game Option: Try to find a complimentary spin casino site that provides a varied range of video games to fit your preferences. Whether you enjoy slots, table video games, or live gambling enterprise video games, make sure the gambling enterprise has a selection of choices readily available.
  • Software application Providers: Examine which software application carriers power the games at the totally free spin gambling establishment. Trustworthy companies such as Microgaming, NetEnt, and Playtech guarantee top notch graphics, smooth gameplay, and fair results.
  • Client Assistance: A reputable complimentary spin gambling establishment need to use outstanding consumer support to help you with any type of inquiries or issues. Try to find platforms that give multiple support networks, such as live conversation, e-mail, and phone support.
  • Bonus offer Provides: While free spin gambling enterprises offer the opportunity to bet totally free, it deserves trying to find platforms that give enticing perk offers. These incentives can boost your video gaming experience and raise your opportunities of winning.

Conclusion

Totally free spin casino sites supply an interesting and safe means to enjoy the thrills of on-line gambling. Whether you’re an experienced gamer looking to improve your approaches or a newbie wanting to explore different games, free spin casinos give a wealth of possibilities. With the chance to win genuine cash without any economic threat, these casinos have become a preferred amongst online betting lovers. So, why not give them a shot and experience the excitement on your own?

Gambling enterprises On-line con Mastercard: A Convenient and Secure Settlement Choice

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Mastercard is rajabets legal in india just one of one of the most widely accepted and acknowledged repayment techniques in the world. With its worldwide network and credibility for security, it has actually come to be a prominent choice for on the internet gambling establishment players. Numerous online casinos now provide the alternative to down payment and take out funds using Mastercard, supplying gamers with a hassle-free and convenient settlement experience.

In this short article, we will discover the benefits of making use of Mastercard at online gambling enterprises, exactly how to make down payments and withdrawals, and some vital considerations to remember when using this payment method.

The Advantages of Using Mastercard at Online Gambling Enterprises

When it involves on the internet betting, safety and benefit are of utmost value. Mastercard uses a variety of advantages that make it a superb option for on-line gambling establishment gamers.

Worldwide Acceptance: Mastercard is accepted by the large bulk of online casino sites worldwide. Whether you’re playing at a neighborhood casino site or a worldwide gambling website, possibilities are they will certainly approve Mastercard as a repayment approach.

Comfort: Utilizing Mastercard at on-line gambling enterprises is incredibly practical. The procedure is simple and simple, enabling you to make down payments and withdrawals with simply a few clicks. You can conveniently handle your gambling enterprise deals within your Mastercard account.

Rate: Down payments made with Mastercard are generally refined instantaneously, enabling you to begin playing your preferred online casino games without any hold-up. Withdrawals may take a little longer because of the verification process, but on the whole, Mastercard supplies reasonably fast purchases.

Safety and security: Mastercard is understood for its durable safety and security steps. When making transactions at on the internet gambling enterprises, your monetary info is secured to make sure that it remains secured from unauthorized accessibility. In addition, Mastercard offers fraudulence protection and dispute resolution solutions, providing you peace of mind when playing at on the internet gambling establishments.

Making Down Payments and Withdrawals with Mastercard

Utilizing Mastercard to down payment and take out funds at on the internet gambling enterprises is an uncomplicated process. Right here are the basic steps to follow:

  1. Subscribe or log in to your selected on-line casino.
  2. Navigate to the cashier or banking section of the casino site site.
  3. Select Mastercard as your favored settlement approach.
  4. Enter your card details, including the card number, expiry day, and CVV code.
  5. Pick the quantity you desire to deposit or take out.
  6. Confirm the transaction and wait on it to be processed.

It is very important to keep in mind that some on the internet gambling establishments might call for extra confirmation steps, such as giving evidence of identity or address, before refining withdrawals. This is a standard procedure to ensure the safety of your funds.

Essential Considerations when Making Use Of Mastercard at Online Casino Sites

While utilizing Mastercard at on the internet gambling establishments uses various benefits, there are a few important factors to consider to keep in mind:

  • Accessibility: Not all online casinos approve Mastercard as a repayment approach. Before registering at a gambling enterprise, ensure they sustain Mastercard purchases.
  • Fees: Some on-line gambling enterprises might bill costs for making use of Mastercard for down payments or withdrawals. It is very important to examine the casino site’s terms to determine if any type of fees use.
  • Withdrawal Limitations: Online casino sites may enforce minimum and maximum withdrawal limitations, which can vary relying on the gambling establishment and your player standing. Know these limitations prior to making a withdrawal.
  • Money Conversion: If you’re dipping into an on-line gambling enterprise that operates in a different money than your Mastercard account, money conversion charges might apply. Check with your financial institution for details on these charges.
  • Liable Gaming: It’s important to constantly bet sensibly and establish limits on your spending. Utilizing Mastercard can make it much easier to track your purchases, but it’s important to keep self-discipline and not surpass your spending plan.

Conclusion

Using Mastercard at ekbet app on the internet gambling establishments offers a hassle-free and safe and secure repayment option for gamers. With its worldwide acceptance, speed, and robust safety procedures, Mastercard is a relied on selection for on the internet casino site transactions. Nevertheless, it is essential to think about the availability of Mastercard at your selected casino site, potential charges, withdrawal limits, money conversion, and liable gaming techniques. By keeping these considerations in mind, you can enjoy a seamless and delightful online gambling enterprise experience with Mastercard.

Online Free Casino Gamings: A Comprehensive Overview

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For gambling establishment pc gaming lovers, the surge of on the internet complimentary gambling establishment video games has opened an entire new globe of home entertainment. These video games enable players to appreciate the adventure of gambling establishment gaming without needing to wager actual cash. Whether you’re a novice looking to find out the ropes or a seasoned player seeking some laid-back fun, on-line free gambling establishment video games supply a large range of options to fit your choices.

In this write-up, we will certainly discover the globe of on-line complimentary casino games, reviewing their advantages, popular game kinds, and ideas for maximizing your video gaming experience. So let’s dive in and uncover the interesting globe of on the internet cost-free gambling enterprise games!

The Advantages of Online Free Online Casino Games

Online complimentary gambling establishment games use countless benefits to gamers. Below are some vital advantages that make these video games so attractive:

1.No Threat: Unlike traditional gambling enterprise video games, online free gambling establishment games call for no genuine cash wagers. This gets rid of the economic threat entailed and allows players to appreciate the video games with no tension or stress.

2.Skill Growth: Free casino video games offer an excellent system for novices to discover and develop their gaming abilities. Whether it’s finding out the guidelines of a particular video game or exercising approaches, gamers can sharpen their skills without the fear of shedding cash.

3.Amusement: Online free gambling enterprise video games provide a fun and entertaining experience for gamers. They offer a means to loosen up and appreciate casino site gaming without the requirement to spend cash.

4.Range: Free casino games come in a substantial selection of choices, varying from traditional ports to table video games like blackjack and roulette. With a lot of options offered, players can try various games and find their favorites.

  • Slots: The most popular classification of on the internet free casino site video games is slots. These video games are simple to play and use exciting visuals, motifs, and bonus features. Some preferred slot game motifs consist of journey, fantasy, and mythology.
  • Table Gamings: Table video games like blackjack, roulette, and online poker are likewise commonly available in free online casino sites. These video games require method and skill, making them a favored among gamers seeking a challenge.
  • Video Poker: Video clip texas hold’em combines the aspects of conventional casino poker and fruit machine. It supplies players a possibility to Aviator test their online poker skills against the computer system.
  • Bingo and Lotteries: Online cost-free casino site games additionally consist of bingo and lottery-style games. These games are very easy to play and supply an informal gaming experience.

Now that we have actually discovered the different sorts of on-line totally free casino games, let’s talk about some ideas to enhance your video gaming experience.

Tips for Optimizing Your Online Free Gambling Establishment Gaming Experience

1.Try Different Games: Do not restrict on your own to simply one type of game. Discover different alternatives and uncover what you delight in one of the most. It’s an excellent means to keep your pc gaming experience fresh and interesting.

2.Understand the Policies: Make the effort to familiarize on your own with the rules of each video game prior to you start playing. This will help you make notified choices and raise your chances of winning.

3.Exercise Strategies: If you want table video games like blackjack or poker, take advantage of the complimentary games to practice your methods. This will certainly give you an edge when you decide to have fun with actual money.

4.Establish Limits: Although totally free casino site games don’t include real money, it’s still vital to set limitations on your own. Establish just how much time and money you want to spend on gaming and stay with those restrictions.

The Future of Online Free Gambling Enterprise Games

As innovation continues to development, online cost-free casino site video games are anticipated to become even more immersive and interesting. With the intro of online fact, gamers might quickly have the opportunity to experience the adventure of a real casino site environment from the convenience of their homes.

Finally, on-line totally free casino site video games provide a practical and satisfying means to experience the exhilaration Plinko France of casino gaming without the danger of shedding actual cash. Whether you’re seeking to discover, practice, or merely have a good time, these games provide unlimited enjoyment choices. So why not provide a try and join the numerous players that have already uncovered the happiness of on the internet free online casino gaming!

Online Slot Games – How To Win Huge Jackpots

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Playing online slot games with real money can be a lot of fun. However, there are certain guidelines you must to adhere to when you make bids on certain online machines. You must be aware of the fundamentals of online slot games and what you’re getting yourself into. It is often recommended to refer to slot machine manuals when you’re first learning (more…)

Free Blackjack Gamings for Enjoyable: Find Out, Method, and Enjoy!

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Are you luckyjet-tr.click a follower of online casino games? Do you take pleasure in the thrill of playing blackjack? If so, you’re in luck! In this short article, we will explore the world of cost-free blackjack games for fun. Whether you’re a newbie seeking to learn the ropes or an experienced player looking to luckyjet1winkz.top enhance your abilities, these totally free video games are the best system to take pleasure in the video game without running the risk of any kind of genuine money. So, let’s dive in and find the exciting world of complimentary blackjack!

What is Blackjack?

Blackjack, likewise known as twenty-one, is a popular card game played in casino sites worldwide. The objective of the game is to defeat the supplier by attaining a hand total that is more detailed to 21 than the supplier’s hand, without going beyond 21. It is a video game of skill, technique, and a little good luck, making it a favored amongst players.

In a conventional game of blackjack, gamers are dealt 2 cards and can request extra cards (“hits”) to improve their hand’s overall. The supplier also gets 2 cards, with one card face up and the other face down. Gamers then decide to either “hit” or “stand” based upon their hand’s total and their evaluation of the supplier’s noticeable card.

Blackjack provides numerous winning mixes, including obtaining an all-natural blackjack (an Ace and a 10-value card) or having a hand complete higher than the dealership’s without surpassing 21. The game’s simpleness, incorporated with the possibility to utilize approach, makes blackjack a preferred amongst both informal and serious gamers.

  • Practice Makes Perfect: One of the best methods to improve your blackjack skills is with method. Free blackjack video games supply an exceptional opportunity to practice without the risk of shedding money. By playing these games, you can acquaint on your own with the policies, examination various strategies, and fine-tune your decision-making capacities.
  • Learn the Guidelines: If you’re brand-new to blackjack, complimentary games are the perfect way to find out the game. You can take your time to understand the policies, the value of each card, and the various activities you can take during a video game. Without genuine cash on the line, you can try out different techniques and see just how they play out.
  • Attempt Different Methods: Blackjack offers numerous methods that players can employ to increase their possibilities of winning. By playing complimentary blackjack video games, you can examine these methods with no economic risk. Whether you wish to try card counting, standard approach, or other techniques, cost-free games allow you to get confidence and refine your skills.

Where to Play Free Blackjack Games?

Since you prepare to dive into the world of complimentary blackjack games, you might be wondering where to find them. The good news is, there are a number of on-line platforms that supply complimentary blackjack ready fun. These systems are easy to use, supply a wide variety of game variants, and supply a reasonable gaming experience.

When searching for cost-free blackjack games, try to find reputable on-line gambling establishments that offer a totally free play option. These websites commonly have a dedicated section totally free games, allowing gamers to delight in the thrill of blackjack without investing any cash. Additionally, you can discover totally free blackjack applications for your smartphone or tablet, using hassle-free access to your favored game any place you go.

Some online casino sites require you to develop an account to access their cost-free video games, while others allow you to play without registration. Select the option that fits you ideal and begin playing blackjack for enjoyable!

The Advantages of Free Blackjack Gamings

Playing blackjack free of cost offers numerous benefits beyond just having fun. Let’s check out some of the advantages of playing cost-free blackjack video games:

  • No Financial Risk: The most evident advantage of playing free blackjack games is that you don’t take the chance of losing any type of genuine cash. This enables you to play without any economic stress and emphasis solely on taking pleasure in the game.
  • No Time At All Constraints: Free blackjack games allow you to dip into your own speed. There are no time at all limitations or pressure to make quick choices. You can take your time to evaluate the game, check out different approaches, and make educated choices.
  • No Pressure: In a live gambling enterprise, playing blackjack with other gamers can be frightening, particularly if you’re a beginner. With complimentary games, you can practice and obtain self-confidence without worrying about judgment from others. It creates a kicked back environment where you can focus on improving your abilities.
  • Ease of access: Online platforms using complimentary blackjack games are conveniently obtainable. Whether you prefer using your computer system, mobile phone, or tablet computer, you can delight in the video game from the convenience of your home or on the move.
  • Selection of Game Versions: Free blackjack games come in various variations and variants. You can explore traditional blackjack, European blackjack, Spanish 21, or various other interesting variants. This allows you to find different guideline collections and gameplay technicians, maintaining the video game fresh and interesting.

Verdict

Free blackjack ready enjoyable are a superb method to discover, technique, and appreciate the excitement of blackjack. Whether you’re a novice or a skilled gamer, these video games supply a safe system to improve your abilities, try various techniques, and have a pleasurable pc gaming experience. With the various on the internet platforms providing totally free blackjack games, you’re just a couple of clicks far from experiencing the excitement of the video game. So, what are you awaiting? Begin playing complimentary blackjack games for enjoyable and take your skills to new heights!

Disclaimer: Gambling involves threat. Play properly and within your limitations. The info given in this write-up is for educational purposes only and does not constitute legal or professional recommendations.

April 20, 2024

5 Secrets to Revitalizing Your Enjoy Life at home Sexual

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Intercourse is a huge component of every union and passionate relation. It’s a day to friendship and link, but it https://www.insider.com/cam-girls-are-filming-erotic-content-in-socially-distanced-pods-2020-8 also provides sexual health rewards, including a boost to your immune method. Do n’t give up if you’ve found that your sex life is getting a little stale; there are plenty of ways to ignite the passion and give the bedroom new life. There are many things you can do at home to enhance your lovemaking and sex life, in addition to the expert sexual professionals and treatments that can aid.

1. Find out what appeals to you.

It’s up to you and your mate to figure out what really gets your juices flowing because fine intercourse means different things to different people. Do n’t be afraid to experiment until you find what works best for you because the right words and body language can mean a lot.

Try turning off the Tv https://medium.com/hookupguru/introduction-to-tantra-sex-the-most-effective-tantric-sex-tips-and-tricks-857039cff2d7 and playing some attractive tunes while touching each other in a way that both of you find satisfying. For instance, if your lover finds a particular fragrance or sound appealing. Try some foreplay activities that engage the senses, such as oral play and sluggish hand motion. Try leaving love notes around the house, playing with feathers, or taking a bubble bath with someone else for more sexy fun.

2. Be truthful about your sensations.

Fine sex requires both physical and emotional closeness. To be able to agree on what each of you wants and needs from each other, you and your partner must feel at ease discussing attractive subjects. This may be challenging, particularly when there are problems or conflicts that area. However, it’s crucial to the health of your sexual lifestyle because it lays the foundation for excellent communication and trust.

3. Schedule intercourse.

Consider scheduling some foreplay in the morning if you and your partner frequently leave intercourse until the evening.” It’s more likely that both partners will be in the mood for sex in the morning, which can have a really beneficial impact on sexual urge and efficiency”, says Sherman. You can also explore new ways of satisfaction, such as oral, sublingual perform or trying out new intercourse toys, suggests Millheiser.

4. Respect each other’s limitations.

Although it may be tempting to make your partner explore sexual territory they are n’t yet ready for, you both need to have a healthy dose of respect and refrain from offending one another.” Even if someone is not prepared for certain activities, they should never be pressured into it”, Sadaty says. ” They may generally claim,’ I’m no feeling it today.'”

5. Inform yourself.

Reading about sex can be an productive sex- enhancing strategy, but it’s important to pick a guide or asset that is n’t on your employer’s approved checklist. Because your firm has access to company desktops, your Web exercise can be monitored.

April 9, 2024

Salas de juego en la tierra del vino

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Los casinos en línea en esta hermosa nación son una fantástica alternativa para que los chilenos disfruten de una auténtica diversión de juego sin tener que salir de casa. Los principales proporcionan plataformas de software de excelencia, medidas de seguridad sólidas y una amplia selección de juegos. Diversos también proporcionan bonos de bienvenida competitivos y promociones permanentes para sus jugadores. Algunos de estos incluyen giros gratis, programas de fidelización y bonos sin depósito. Superintendenta de Casinos de Juego los más destacados sitios también aceptan el peso chileno, lo que garantiza que los jugadores puedan realizar depósitos y retiros sin dificultad.

Los sitios web de casinos virtuales chilenos cuentan con una gran variedad de métodos de pago, y la mayoría brindan opciones locales e internacionales. Además de las tarjetas de crédito y débito tradicionales, la mayoría de los sitios aceptan billeteras electrónicas populares como Skrill y Neteller. Son especialmente prácticas porque permiten mantener un saldo en línea que se puede utilizar en diferentes sitios de juego, lo que minimiza la necesidad de llevar consigo grandes sumas de dinero. En general, los monederos electrónicos también proporcionan tiempos de depósito y retiro más rápidos que las transferencias bancarias.

Independientemente del tipo de casino en línea que elija, es importante confirmar los requisitos de apuesta antes de registrarse. Esta es la cantidad de veces que debes jugar con los fondos de bonificación antes de poder retirarlos como ganancias. En general, cuanto más bajo sea este requisito, mejor. Algunos operadores también pueden no tener ningún requisito de apuesta, lo que es ideal para los jugadores que buscan una alternativa rápida para comenzar.

Los juegos de póquer siempre son un gran encanto en los mejores casinos en línea, y los chilenos parecen gustarles especialmente. Muchos sitios de excelencia ofrecen una docena o más de variaciones de este juego clásico, incluidos Caribbean Stud y Deuces Wild. Los jugadores https://www.scoopearth.com/2024-vision-the-future-of-online-casinos-in-chile/ chilenos también pueden probar suerte en la ruleta, el bacará y otros juegos de mesa.

Como valor añadido, la mayoría de los sitios web de portales de apuestas en línea más populares de Chile también tienen buenas opciones de servicio de asistencia al jugador. Esto incluye chat en vivo y correo electrónico, y la mayoría de los sitios tienen representantes en español para los jugadores que prefieren hablar su idioma nativo. Además, la mayoría de los más destacados sitios tienen versiones móviles, que permiten a los jugadores acceder a sus juegos favoritos mientras viajan.

Además de estos beneficios, la industria de los casinos en línea está creciendo rápidamente en Chile. De hecho, el primer casino online legal del país abrió sus puertas en 2012. Sin embargo, todavía hay varios obstáculos que deben superarse antes de que la industria pueda prosperar. Por un lado, el gobierno debe regular el mercado y garantizar que todas las actividades de juego se realicen legalmente. También debe promover el juego responsable, lo que significa limitar el acceso al sitio y ofrecer alternativas a los jugadores problemáticos. También debería proporcionar protección a los operadores monopolistas actuales y establecer un marco legal para los nuevos sitios. Además, debe garantizar que el diseño y la maquetación del sitio web sean fáciles de usar.

October 10, 2023

Guru Nanak visited Lucknow

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In the bustling lanes of Naka Hindola, a historic neighbourhood of Lucknow, stands a majestic edifice that bears witness to the glorious legacy of the Sikh faith in the city of Nawabs. This is the Guru Singh Sabha Gurdwara, also known as Bada Gurdwara, the first and the foremost Gurdwara of Lucknow. It is not only a place of worship but also a cultural centre, a social service provider, and a symbol of communal harmony.

The Gurdwara has a special significance for the Sikhs, as it is believed to be the place where Guru Nanak Dev, the founder and the first guru of Sikhism, spent a night during his first ‘Udasi’, or spiritual journey, between 1497 and 1509. He was travelling from Haridwar to Ayodhya, and also visited Kakori, where he met Bhagat Bikhan, a medieval saint whose hymns are enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of the Sikhs. This Gurdwara in Lucknow was built in 1898 by Rai Bahadur Sardar Saligram Singh, who came to know about this historical fact and bought the land to honour the guru. The records that documented the history of the Gurdwara were lost in the flames of Partition, but the oral tradition has kept the memory alive.

The Gurdwara is also the only one in the state, if not the country, where all the festivals and events of the Sikh community are celebrated with fervour and devotion. It is here that the tradition of Nagar Kirtan, a religious procession with hymns and music, was started in the city. On the eve of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the birth anniversary of the guru, the Gurdwara is thronged by devotees who pay their respects and seek blessings. The Gurdwara is adorned with lights and flowers, and the air is filled with the fragrance of incense and the sound of prayers.

The Gurdwara has also been a refuge for many during the turbulent times of history. It provided shelter and solace to the Sikhs who faced persecution and violence during the Partition and the 1984 riots. It also organised several inter-faith conferences to promote peace and harmony and uphold the Ganga-Jamuna culture of Awadh.The Gurdwara has also been a benefactor of the poor and needy and has made significant contributions in the fields of education and healthcare. During the first lockdown due to Covid-19, it tirelessly helped the migrant workers and ensured that no one went hungry.

The Guru Singh Sabha Gurdwara Naka Hindola is thus a shining example of the Sikh spirit of service, sacrifice, and solidarity. It is a beacon of hope and faith for the people of Lucknow and beyond. It is a testimony to the rich and vibrant heritage of the Sikh community in the city of Nawabs.

October 9, 2023

How to locate a Nearby Sugar Daddie in the Sugardaddy Meet

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Sugardaddymeet is a well-liked option for glucose babies https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=5258&context=dissertations with tens of members. It promotes honest discussion of aspirations and has a strict representative validation procedure to deter con artists.

Its free sign-up for honey infants makes it a convenient gateway into the alluring world of sugar ties. Security measures are improved by the project’s rigorous picture verification system. For prime and diamond individuals, it likewise offers a credit program.

A nearby glucose mommy is what, exactly?

Generally speaking, a” sugars baby” is an older person who provides donations or financial support to opportunistic children. Presents and cash can take the form of everything, including autos, vacations, shopping trips, and expensive jewellery.

While some agreements are Ppm ( pay per meet ), others begin with a monthly allowance that can be paid in cash or via e-commerce platforms like Venmo. Although some relationships do n’t, the majority of the time they are mutually beneficial.

Luxury Date, in contrast to other sweets dating websites, conducts a thorough verification process to confirm the sincerity of users’ identities and purposes. This improves the general experience for consumers and helps maintain the neighborhood safer. Additionally, sugars children can make their information private and only share pictures with a select group of people. In addition to giving them more privacy control, this gives them a sense of mystery that is n’t present on many other sugar dating sites.

Where can i find a honey daddy in my area?

In the sugars dating model, attractive young women known as sugars babies receive financial support from older men, who are frequently prosperous businessmen. In return, sugars babies might get pricey presents like cars, trips, and clothes. While some people might find the process to be immoral, others see it as a joy way to meet potential romantic colleagues.

Although there are numerous sweets daddy websites, not all of them are created equal. For those who value judgment, some websites are a good option because they have an extensive identification operation and place an emphasis on protection. Additional websites, like Sugar Daddy Meet, give an intuitive user interface and a wide range of seek frames.

An exemplary sugars daddy web with a special riches verification have is Sugar Search. This reduces the risk of swindlers and guarantees that all members are genuine. Additionally, the website has a fantastic customer service team and makes it simple to end your membership if you decide it’s not right for you.

Where can i find a glucose papa in my area?

Numerous sugar daddy websites link wealthy men to young girls, also referred to as” sugar children.” It’s crucial to thoroughly research a site before joining it and read assessments to make sure it is legitimate. To reduce ripoffs, it is also a good idea to request identification from potential sweets mommies and to talk via picture skype as frequently as you can.

Sugardaddy Meet, one of the top sugar daddy apps, is well-known for its user-friendly interface and dedication to security. It is a great option for people looking to find mutually beneficial relationships because of its large user base and unique concentrate on the richest nations.

Meet a Sugar Momma in Hastings, Hawke’s Bay use your portable device to search for like-minded lovers, swipe correct to like, skype, and more. To begin receiving messages in minutes, create an account. Additionally, verify your photograph to increase status interest. To safeguard your privateness, every member is screened.

How can i find a neighborhood honey daddy?

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October 3, 2023

The Best Foreign Brides

Filed under: Uncategorized — admins @ 12:06 pm

Picking a wedding from a diverse nation is review a fascinating prospect. However, it is crucial to comprehend cultural differences and whether your values are consistent with those of females from various locations.

For example, Russian ladies are known for their charm and feminity, but even their loyalty and dedication go to this site to their people. Furthermore, girls from Latin America and Asia are enthusiastic and household- oriented.

Korea

The most cutting-edge and well-educated weddings you can find on professional dating sites are click here for more Korean women. They are fully committed to their future marriages, and they do n’t look for casual relationships or just a quick hookup.

A Korean mail order bride will always put her familys needs first and never wastes time on unnecessary arguments. They also respect their husbands and don’t take them for granted. They’re a great choice for men seeking stable and caring relationships.

Philippines

Females who are Filipino are renowned for their unwavering support for their men. They frequently manage families well, taking care of both the kids and the money.

A usual Filipino bride is bright and adept at enjoying lifestyle no matter what difficulties she encounters. They are inventive and also enjoy singing; many of them start their own businesses using recycled materials or even baked arts!

Eastern Europe

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Vietnam

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Japan

5. Japan

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Thailand

Thai weddings are renowned for their elegance and beauty. They are also renowned for their passion to their households, making them a fantastic choice for someone looking for a diverse society and a rich tradition.

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September 13, 2023

Lucknow in Bollywood Films

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:09 am

Remember Raj Kumar in Mere Huzoor (1968), shot in Lucknow, where he pronounces powerfully and skillfully: “Kaun se aise sheher mein kaun si aisi Firdaus hai jisey hum nahin jaante!”

Then came Palki’s opening song (1967), sung by Mohammad Rafi for Rajendra Kumar, “Aye sheher e Lucknow tujhe mera salaam hai” praising the historic city.

And who doesn’t know that Guru Dutt shot Chaudhvin ka Chand in 1960 in Lucknow. The movie begins by lauding Lucknow at least five times in the song: “Ye Laknau ki sar-zameen, ye rang roop ka chaman, ye husn-o-ishq ka watan, yehi to wo muqaam hai.”

The lyrics by Shakeel Badayuni, who is closely associated with the city, conclude with the words:  “Nibhaye apni shaan bhi, Badhaye dil ki shaan bhi, Hain aise meherbaan bhi, ye Lakhnau ki sar zameen.”

In Dedh Ishqiya, the Begum Para of Mehmoodabad was brought to life by Madhuri Dixit. Begum Para, extremely beautiful, poised and graceful, meets Naseeruddin Shah, the nawabi poet to dissolve into the sublime cultural richness of the city where people of different religions have been living side by side for centuries, speaking the common language of love. Many a tehzeeb shown on the silver screen is inspired by the rich sophistication of people from different walks of life.

Lucknow is said to be one of the world’s most noteworthy cities for Muslim culture, but hasn’t the culture of Hindus blended and amalgamated customarily so well? It is this most alluring blended way of life that interests the world and is more than once captured and highlighted in Hindi motion pictures time and again. One of the reasons of the profound fascination to the way of life in Lucknow is the incredibly respectful and polished way of talking of the individuals which cannot be ignored by film creators. Have you heard Agha in Sansar from 1951 say, Lucknow chalo ab rani, Bambai ka bigda paani sung by Geeta Dutt and G.M. Durrani?

Could Bollywood become what it is nowadays without the Lakhnavi touch? Customarily Lucknow has impacted Bollywood’s movies in different ways be it shooting, scriptwriting or story background. Lucknow is a city praised by Mirza Ghalib. It is the domestic of Mir Taqi Mir, Mir Anees, Mirza Dabeer, Begum Akhtar, Naushad Ali, Talat Mehmood, Kaifi Azmi, Javed Akhtar, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Sudhir Mishra, Amrit Lal Nagar, Amitabh Bhattacharya, Wajahat Mirza, Birju Maharaj, Nadira Babbar and Atul Tiwari among others. Theatre bunches have moreover been dynamic within the city playing a significant role in bringing Bollywood to its center. 

Lucknow had a huge impact on the Hindi film industry. This is evident from the fact that Pakeezah’s song ‘Chalo Dildar Chalo, Chaand ke Paar chalo’ (1972) was shot against the backdrop of the Gomti River. In the same year, a film called Gomti Ke Kinare starring Meena Kumari was also released.

Muzaffar Ali, also from Lucknow, shot one of the most famous Hindi films here, “Umrao Jaan” (1981). Recalling those days of shooting in Lucknow with Rekha, Farouque Sheikh, Naseeruddin Shah for the iconic classic, Muzaffar Ali said, “I am reminded of a Persian couplet of Emperor Akbar: ‘In the petals of the rose are not dew drops…But tears fallen from the eyes of the nightingale’ What goes into a lens is the pure heartfelt emotion; it is this that makes us stop to think what makes film worthy of a city…or cities worthy of a film and Lucknow certainly is the latter”

Satyajit Ray’s Shatranj Ke Khiladi (1977) was also shot in Lucknow and unlike most of his films in Bengali, the dialogue in this film was in Urdu and Hindi.

Interestingly on some instances, Lucknow has also been used to depict some cities of Pakistan as well, like in Gadar: Ek Prem Katha and recently in the blockbuster sequel of the franchise, Gadar 2.

Other notable movies in the city have been Ashok Kumar’s Najma (1943), Rajendra Kumar and Sadhna’s Mere Mehboob (1963) and Anwar (2007).

A range of films have also depicted the musical tradition of Lucknow and glamorized the city’s courtesans, Muslim nobility and its provincial history. Lucknow is the perfect setting for a rustic gangster movie or a serene period drama set in the early 1900s. Lucknow easily provides the backdrop for both these genres and more. The many centuries-old cultures, the fusion of art and technology, and the history behind this picturesque city make Lucknow the epitome of India that no other city can match. A particularly beloved historical drama, the hit, Shootout at Lokhandwala was filmed in Lucknow as it still conveys the Mumbai feel of the 80s.

The list of Bollywood movies shot in Lucknow over the last few years is extensive with many more in the pipeline. Some actors believe it is due to the lush greenery and hassle free shooting environment. Director Habib Faisal shot his movie called Daawat-e-Ishq with Aditya Roy Kapoor and Parineeti Chopra here (even though the story of the movie is based in Hyderabad). The movie might have chosen Lucknow as a destination so to showcase the luscious food items that are available exclusively in the lanes of Lucknow. Tanu weds Manu along with its sequel, Tanu Weds Man Returns, a popular film franchise starring Kangana Ranaut and R Madhavan was also shot here. There are many other movies in the recent years that have been shot here and every other month, continuous shooting keep on happening and with the advent of web series, Lucknow remains a favorite for shooting destinations in India.

It is widely known that Uttar Pradesh’s capital city, Lucknow, is a magnet for Hindi films, and the city’s inhabitants are equally fanatical in their admiration for the stars. Bollywood films often feature the cast and crew in Lucknow, and the local cuisine, such as biryani and Chaat, is often the most popular dish on the set. The combination of enthusiastic audiences, scenic locations, delectable cuisine, and a fusion of traditional Indian culture are some of the reasons for the enduring popularity of Bollywood in Lucknow.

 

August 13, 2023

Kitchens of Lucknow Travel to Calcutta

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:06 am

Manzilat, who is a great-grandchild of the Nawab of Lucknow (Wajid Ali Shah) and the Begum of Hazrat Mahal (Begum Hazrat), runs a house-restaurant that serves a variety of royal dishes, particularly Kolkata biryani, which he believes has its roots in the Lucknow region of India.

The last Nawab of Lucknow was forced to flee the city by the British in 1856. He was taken to a small town outside Calcutta, which is now Kolkata. He was heartbroken to have to leave the city he loved so much, so he decided to set up a mini Lucknow (chota) in Metiaiabruz. This helped him stay connected to the city and his memories of it. This decision will have a huge impact on the local culture of Calcutta.

Wajid Ali Shah introduced the region to various sports like kite flying, cockfighting, poetry, etc. One of the most important contributions to the local culture is food, and biryani is one of them. So what we now call Kolkata Biryani is actually Biryani from Lucknow, the city of the Nawabs.

Manzilat Fatima, the king’s great-granddaughter, explained the nature of the signature dish: “You have the Awadh biryani in Kolkata. They are like cousins ​​in a family.” For the past five years, the 55-year-old has run Manzilat’s, a family restaurant that aims to continue the royal culinary legacy.

Royal Cousins

Wajid Ali Shah was a patron of the arts, music, poetry, theatre, and gastronomy, the art of cooking and enjoying good food. “Although he was no longer a Badshah (Emperor), Wajid Ali Shah was born a Nawab. His love of gastronomy has shaped Lucknowi Biryani since he came to Kolkata, the biryani became what we enjoy today as Kolkata Biryani,” said Manzilat.

At the time, potatoes were considered a delicious nayab (exotic). Although common mortals could not afford to buy this vegetable, this vegetable was introduced into the royal kitchen. “Because it has the ability to absorb all the aroma of spices, it adds more flavor when added to dishes. This proposal was easily accepted by the king and the people. After his death, when his mulazims (workers) were unemployed, they went to the cities and this biryani spread in Kolkata became popular,” explained Manzilat.

She explained what makes Awadhi and Kolkata biryani different from other places. “Since Nawab was of a nazuk mizaz (fragile nature) spicy food was not to their taste. This makes Awadhi food delicate and light, as well as extremely aromatic and rich, compared to Hyderabadi, Muradabadi and other Southern biryanis. Others use more spices and buttermilk. We feel full even after eating one or two pieces of lukma (mouthfuls). There is a class in Awadh food!” she said with pride.

Speaking about the unique species and cooking methods she uses to cook Kolkata biryani, Manzilat explained that firstly she prepared Korma, which was added as a layer to the utensil. After that, she added a layer of boiled potatoes, savored with ghee, salt, and spices. Lastly, she added a layer of boiled rice and flavored it with ghee and saffron. She also exclaimed that when cooked in logs and matkas (clay utensils), it gave a smoky flavor.”

She went on to reveal that she cooked biryani with regularly used spices like kebab chini, nutmeg, shah jeera, mace, cardamom and cloves. And in some Awadhi specialties, she used special Awadhi spices and herbs like paan ki jad, khas ki jad, patthar ke phool (herbs). They are known to be more fragrant and strong. The only trick she said about the cooking was the ratio of spices used, it made a huge difference.

Learnt Cooking Through Letters

Manzilat recalled that when she started cooking at the age of 10, she was not interested at first. She was living with her father in Aligarh and at that time, ordering food from outside was not as relevant as it is today. So she had to cook along with a helper and would serve kacha pakka (half-cooked) food to her father. “Sometimes, there would be more water in khichdi and sometimes rice would be half-cooked. I would fail to make a perfect meal,” she said with a laugh.

Often, her mother would come to her rescue. She would write letters to Manzilat and those letters had different recipes and their cooking method written in Urdu. During vacations when they were home, Manzilat used to learn from her. “The first thing I learnt from her was shami kebab. My father relished it,” she recalled.

After marriage, Manzilat settled in Kolkata. She loved to have guests of her husband and friends of her children. Through her cooking, she developed a keen interest in food over the years. But she never thought she would make a career out of it.

In a bid to keep the legacy of royal delicacies alive, she set up Manzilat’s home diner in Kasbah of Kolkata in 2018. Manzilat expressed that, “All the Nawabs were very fond of food and Awadhi cuisine is very popular but not so popular outside Lucknow. People even in Lucknow and Metiabruz do not know the history associated with the food. I wanted to contribute towards carrying the legacy of my family before the world forgets our lineage and the relevance of food.”

With the help of four employees, Manzilat runs her home restaurant, serving gourmet food from around the world, including Japan, China, Abu Dhabi, Toronto, New Jersey and Singapore.

Her mission, as eloquently put by her is, “not to earn from a commercial set up, but to spread awareness on the history of Awadh, its last King Wajid Ali Shah, freedom fighter Begum Hazrat Mahal, and our family history. For this, I get immense love, honor, and respect, which is priceless. That is my real earning,”

July 13, 2023

Aromatic & Tasteful Bread of Lucknow – ‘Sheermal’

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:05 am

Sheermal is the go-to flatbread for iftar during Ramadan, and it’s probably why it’s most popular in Muslim-populated areas.

It’s believed to have come from Persia and made its way to India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan via Silk Street. Some say it was created as a result of an experiment by a local baker named Mahmood, who’s also known for his invention of Nihari.

The Mughals brought it with them when they visited India, and they used it to fill Galouti-style kebabs for the toothless ruler of Lucknow. It’s made of all-purpose flour with saffron and is softened with milk. It has a delicate taste and pairs perfectly with fiery Nihari or Salan.

 Different Indian cities have their own unique forms of Sheermal, and it is most commonly found in the older regions. In India, Sheermal is traditionally rounded, with saffron strings, but in Bhopal it is rectangular in shape. Buffalo milk, a natural sweetener, is used to prepare a gentler dough form for Sheermal. Some chefs add kewra to it, and cloves are also used in Bhopal.

Lucknow is also home to Sheermal Wali Gali, which was set up amid the rule of the Nawabs and is an entire street filled with bakeries that let out the smell of freshly baked bread. The road is additionally home to other sorts of flatbread like naan, baqar khani and taftan. There’s a Persian saying which goes, “Nan-e-Lucknow, shireen ast”. It interprets to “Lucknow’s Sheermal is the sweetest bread”. 

Kinds of Sheermal…

Sheermal Gali is a Sheermal pardise, home to a variety of flavors, shapes as well as sizes. Some of the varieties you will find there are:

The most popular Sheermal is the slightly sweetened Everyday Sheermal, which is the most basic Sheermal available.

Baqar khani Sheermal: This is your everyday Sheermal in XL size. This Sheermal has a diameter of 10 inch or more. Saffron Sheermal is commonly used in marriages.

Hazri Sheermal: The thinnest variety available, this is mostly used as giveaways during Muharram.

The Sheermal of Zafrani is the most potent of the Sheermals, with a mild saffron flavor and a pale to dark yellow color. It is an ideal addition to kebabs.

Sheermal is a traditional Indian bread that can be customized to one’s liking, with the addition of color, saffron, and size.

Nowadays, it is baked commercially, and various recipes have been developed in various parts of India. In some cases, baking soda is used as a leavened to make the bread tenderer. Despite the inclusion of ingredients that were not included in the original recipe, such as baking soda and cardamom, and the addition of other spices, Sheermal remains a nostalgic reminder of the noble days of the Nawabs.

Ali Hussain Sheermal is known for being Lucknow’s oldest Sheermal shop. It started as ‘Mohammadu’s Jaanashin’ in the year 1830. Today, the shop is managed by the 6th-generation of this family, and the workers have been associated with it for generations.

According to legend, during the reign of the Nawab of Lucknow (Nasiruddin Haider), a man named Mahmood opened a small restaurant at the foot of the Mahal. It was here that Nihari became the star of the show. He apparently cooked a new version of paratha along with Nihari and it came to be called Sheermal. The head chef at the time was Ali Hussain who later established his own stall. From that moment on, Sheermal became an integral part of the city’s life.

July 4, 2023

A trustworthy mail-order wife website is Theluckydate.

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A search engine will return a number of dating sites legitimate mail order brides where men can connect with foreign women for union by entering the term”mail order bride.” This custom is not brand-new; in fact, it originated in Jamestown in 1614.

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June 13, 2023

The Gutsy Begum Hazrat Mahal Challenged the British

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:02 am

On 6 March 1858, under the command of the British commander-in-chief, Colonel Colin Campbell, the last British assault on the ancient city of Lucknow took place. The army was composed of a mixture of Englishmen, Scottish men, Sikhs, Bengali men, and even Nepalese men.

The city, loved by successive Nawabs of India, was full of walled gardens and palaces, mosques and tombs, and tightly packed houses. Many of these fine gardens, mosques and palaces were in ruins. Some places, like Secundra bagh, which the Highlanders stormed on 6 November 1857, still bore the corpses of hundreds of defeated rebels’ sepoys.

The survivors of the rebels and the guards, the remnants of the rebellious sepoy troops from all over Northern India, the common people of the city, the warriors and the mercenaries from the surrounding hills, fought that day as fiercely as they had fought since the day they captured the city and encircled the British battalion at their Residency on the 30th of June, 1857.

 Delhi and Kanpur were under British control. The armed forces marched towards Jhansi and Gwalior. And the wild and unruly Lucknow did not seem to last much longer. By the 21st of March, it was all over.

Yes, the British did conquer many things that summer, great lands, cities, unimaginable wealth, and an empire, but there will never be anyone to claim, tame, or diminish the many gems of India that were despoiled during those scorching months.

Her name was Begum Hazrat Mahal, and this is her story…

This is a story that sounds like a best-selling novel or a big-budget movie. The poor girl who became a courtesan. The bespectacled Nawab who made the courtesan, his lover. The Begum who never gave up, even after everyone else did.

Hazrat Mahal’s birth and early life are lost to history. But what we do know is that it was a painful and tragic time. The most popular version of the story states that Hazrat Mahal was born on an undetermined date and her name was Muhammed Khanum. Her parents converted her into a dancer and sold her to the harem of the Awadh ruler.

Her life began there as a ‘Khawasin’ (maid) before she was ‘elevated’ to ‘Pari’ (fairy), and finally ‘Begum’ after she became ‘Wajid’ Ali Shah’s ‘mistress’. When she bore him a son, ‘Birjis’ Qadar,’ the ‘Tajdaar’ of the ‘Awadh’ was so delighted that he married her first to produce a legitimate successor, naming her ‘Hazrat Mahal’, the name she would go down in history to be known as.

The life of Hazrat Mahal was quite different from that of many such begums. In fact, the Nawab later divorced her as other wives came into his life. However, the real turning point in the history of Awadh and the life of the Begum occurred in 1856. That year, the East India Company took over the entire state of Awadh.

In February 1856, Awadh and many other states were annexed. The annexation itself was easy. At that time, the Awadh army was in a state of mutiny. The Nawab consented to be retired to the city. He left for Calcutta on the first day of May 1856. He arrived there on the second day of the month. He spent the remainder of his life in the city. He built a’mini Lucknow’ in exile. Hazrat Mahal along with her son did not accompany him. She was a brave and charismatic woman. She was determined to fight for her son’s rights and that of Awadh. She had the backing of courtiers, leaders, and people.

But passions alone don’t change nations’ destiny. Revolution does. And that’s exactly what was happening in North India at that time. Millions of ordinary Indians were beginning to resent the British. More than that, tens of thousands were joining the Indian army as sepoys or sahibs (soldiers) to fight for their cause. The resentment was fueled by the British’s highhandedness. It was a powder keg waiting to explode.

We all know that it all began in Meerut when a sepoy, named Mangal pandey, objected to the new cartridges for his rifle and refused to fire it. On March 29th 1857, Pandey was put to death. But the rebellion spread from there to Kanpur, to Delhi, and by June, thousands of rebellious sepoys were marching on Awadh.

Up until then, Hazrat Mahal, and her followers, including the Awadh nobility, had remained relatively silent. But, seizing the moment, they organized themselves and swept British rule from the state. They did so with the help of the local landlords, the nobility, and even the common peasants who flocked under the banner of the begum – a feat that may have surprised those who thought the fighting days of Awadh were over.

On the 5th of June, Begum Hazrat Mahal crowned her son, Birjis Qadar as the rightful king of Awadh and Raja jai Lal was named as his military commander.

The battle of chinhat, fought in a small village on the banks of a mango tree on the 30th of June 1857, saw the defeat of the British, who were roundly defeated and retreated to their fort, the Residency, in Lucknow. From that day, Awadh was declared free from British rule.

William Howard Russell’s much-quoted line from My Indian Mutiny Diary sums up his feelings at the time – “This Begum exhibits great energy and ability. She has excited all Oudh to take up the interests of her son, and the chiefs have sworn to be faithful to him. The Begum declares undying war against us.”

Hazrat Mahal assumed power for a period of ten months as her son’s regent. She was supported not only by her supporters but also by the people of Awadh and even the late Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Jafar acknowledged her rule from Delhi. She would become a popular administrator, and many Indian and British accounts attest to the fact that she was not afraid of battle. According to some accounts, the Begum would go from one camp to the next, to boost morale with fiery speeches and to take part in battles.

An 1858 issue of The Times of London said, “She is a woman of greater strategic genius and courage than any of her generals.”

To put it another way, many British histories of the battle at Musa Bagh, in Lucknow, mention that the Begum personally fought and rallied the 9,000 rebels who were fighting there. She was also sometimes seen on an elephant in battle.

Over a century and a half later, it is difficult to summarize the Begum’s leadership and inspiration. But to give you some context – at the time – the Begum controlled the largest area of the rebel lands, commanded the largest rebel army of the war, and endured the longest against the invading British, who would bring powerful imperial forces to destroy Lucknow.

There were a number of factors that worked against her. The main one was the lack of unity among the rebels. The British, on the other hand, had a single commander whose sole objective was to eliminate every single rebel force before moving on to the next one. They had unhindered supply lines, advanced technology, and much more money and raw materials than the Begum. They had support from many Indian kingdoms as well as from Nepal. The Begum had her own will, limited supplies, disparate allies, and, ultimately, a lack of firepower.

On 18 March 1858, Lucknow fell to the British. The begum had been offered pensions, rule under British rule and mercy by the British, but she had refused them all. For her, it was all or nothing. She would remain that way until the end. She escaped from Lucknow before the fall of the city, and made her way into the Himalayan forests of the north, fighting fiercely against the pursuit of the British, before seeking sanctuary in Nepal.

The British protested with the Nepali ruler, but the Nepalese ruler refused to give her up. The British offered a pension to her to return as their regent in Lucknow, but she refused. Hazrat Mahal lived in Kathmandu for 16 years, slowly losing all of her wealth. She refused to return in surrender, and when she died on 7 April 1879, she had no money for a grave.

She is buried in a tiny grave in an encircled corner of Kathmandu’s Jama Masjid – undefeatable till the end. In a small victory, her son Birjis Qadar was allowed to return to Kathmandu with a pardon after his mother’s death. Warm memories that contrast starkly with the rest of the country seems intent on ignoring this brave begum, while others such as Rani Lakshmi bai and Mangal Pandey continue to be glorified in songs and movies. A postage stamp and an offering at her grave were issued by the government, who also made a documentary about her. It hardly seems enough to pay tribute to a woman who could have lived an opulent life, but instead chose an incredibly difficult but free life.

May 13, 2023

Hanuman – the most revered God in Lucknow

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Even in the scorching heat of summer, the love story of Lucknow with Hanuman goes on. Pawan Putra fans still flock to Bada Mangal to see the monkey king. In Lucknow, Jyeshth is celebrated as the month of Hanuman (Jyeshth being the third month in the Hindu calendar) with the hymns to the king of monkeys. Bada Mangal is dedicated to the Pawan Putra we all know and like Lucknow; there are various theories about how it came to be.

Even before Superman was born, there was a god who knew that we Indians had the power to fly without wings, and that god was none other than the king of monkeys, Hanuman. If Ganesha is worshiped as vigna-harta in India, then Hanuman is also known as sankat mochan who helps people in their time of need.

Hanuman is one of the Hindu gods and an ardent devotee of Rama, who is one of the main characters in the Hindu epic Ramayana, and in various versions of the Ramayana. He is also mentioned in several other Hindu texts, including Mahabharata and various Puranas and Jain texts. In the Ramayana, Hanuman, who is a Vanara (monkey), participated in Rama’s war against Ravana, the demon king. Some texts portray him as an avatar of Lord Shiva. It is said that Hanuman is the son of the gods Anjana, Kesari, and Vayu, the God of the wind, and according to some stories, Vayu played a part in his birth.

Hanuman’s Day is celebrated every Tuesday in the month of Jyeshth. Over the years, Hanuman’s Day has come to be celebrated as a feast for the people of Lucknow, and the surrounding areas. What began as a simple affair of poori sabji and a few coolers during the summer months has now evolved into a full-fledged festival.

With over 5000 kiosks located in every village and locality of the city, the menu of Hanuman’s Day can be enjoyed by the people of all walks of life.

The menu ranges from poori-sabzi to chola bhatura and kadi-chawal. It also includes boondi, ice cream, laddoos, coldrinks, juices, halwa and kheer.

Despite the scorching heat in the city, scores of people indulge in prasad and worships on Bada Mangal. Hanuman devotees flock to temples every Tuesday during the holy month of Jyeshth in Lucknow. In a show of brotherhood and amity, both Hindus and Muslims take to the streets to celebrate the life of Hanuman. The echoing of the Hanuman Chalisa and the soothing sounds of the Sundarkand paath begin from the early morning. Some people walk for miles on their bare feet while others lie down on the roads to reach the temples to see their beloved deity.

Purana Hanuman Mandir in Aliganj is one of the finest examples of communal harmony of Awadh as it has a crescent over its dome which symbolizes the Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb of Lucknow.

The festival coincides with the months of May or June in the Gregorian calendar.

All major temples in the city – Dakshinmukhi Hanuman temple in Hazratganj, Purana and Naya Mandir in Aliganj, Chachi Kuan temple in Lal Kuan, Hanuman Setu temple and the Khatu Shyamji temple on the university road are decked up with flowers and lights.

Century old traditional fairs are organized around Hanuman temples; the idol is embellished with vermillion, chameli oil, scent and flowers. A special 51-kg besan ka laddu is prepared at the Aminabad Hanuman Temple.

The police have taken special measures to ensure that traffic is not disturbed at different places. As the temperature is rising, voluntary organizations have installed water and cold drinks kiosks for the devotees. Bhandaras cost anywhere between Rs 35000 to Rs 300000.

According to the priests, the festival begins with the traditional offering of a chola to the deity. Nowadays, with the help of technology, people are able to watch darshan via webcam in some temples.

There are very few rituals in the festival, but the tradition of writing a letter to Lord Hanuman persists. The priests continue the tradition of reading these letters to Lord Hanuman in the night.

The origin of Bada Mangal is one of the most fascinating aspects of the festival. There are many fascinating stories behind the origins of the festival. The first of these stories is about the plague in Lucknow. The then Nawab of Lucknow, Asaf ud daullah, prayed for the prosperity of the people from the Monkey King. Therefore, he declared the first Tuesday of Jyeshth month as Lord Hanuman’s day.

In the second version of the legend, Lord Hanuman was accidentally shot by Bharat while attempting to procure Sanjeevani booti for Lakshman in the vicinity of Lakshmanpur, now known as Lucknow. Consequently, Hanuman fell to the ground, and the festival has been commemorated and celebrated ever since.

The most well-known theory that has found its way into books and newspapers is the one that revolves around the triumph of the Hindu god Hanuman. Bada Mangal is a festival that celebrates the birth of a child. The festival is associated with the second wife of the Nawab Shuja ud-Duallah. She had no children. She was devoutly religious to Hanuman and built a temple to him. Soon after that, she gave birth to a child and declared this festival.

April 13, 2023

Love for Lord Krishna makes Wajid Ali Shah organise a play in Lucknow

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Janmashtami is celebrated in Lucknow on Lord Krishna’s birth anniversary, and it is not uncommon to think of Wajid Ali Shah on this day. After all, Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of the city, loved the concept of Krishna as the supreme lover, and his love affair with Radha symbolizes the ultimate union of the lover with the beloved and the creature with the creator.

Lyrical songs with a strong sense of intimacy and praise for Krishna were Wajid Ali shah’s favorite. Today, these songs are an integral part of Kathak, the dance form that was performed and patronized by the last ruler of Lucknow.

Wajid Ali Shah was first captivated by the tales told by professional Kathaks about Krishna’s adventures in Mathura where it is said the Hindu god grew up with a family of cattle-breeders.

Wajid Ali Shah was dethroned by the British in 1856, an event that led to a mutiny against colonial power a year later.

The King was not born with the capacity to rule. He did not ascend to the throne until he was fifteen years old. Prior to his accession to the throne, he spent his time indulging in his hobbies of music, dancing, and reading. When tutors returned home to instruct the young prince in Persian and Arabic, they would find him tapping his foot to the tune of an unseen orchestra rather than focusing on the lessons.

During his years as the heiress, he continued to write poetry and direct plays. His first play was performed in 1843 at a private function, which was about Radha and Krishna’s love story. A troupe of Brahmin artists from Mathura were cast as the main characters, with his favorite wives playing the roles of milkmaids.

 “This was an important moment in the history of Indian theatre. For the first time a Muslim monarch was directing a play about Lord Krishna and his amorous affairs, an event which could only please his many Hindu subjects,” writes Rosie Llewellyn-Jones in The Last King in India.

According to the historian, this king was entranced by the tale of Krishna. The great lover was in love with the romantic hero who loved women. Hence, the king is also called Kanhaiya. One of Krishna’s many names is Kanhaiya.

Wajid Ali Shah’s love for Krishna adds to his reputation as the syncretic monarch who celebrates Hindu festivals and traditions with pride. It also explains Wajid Ali Shah’s affection for most of his subjects.

According to John Shakespeare, a British Resident at the time, “the heir apparent temper is fickle and capricious. This makes him an unsuitable successor to the throne in the eyes of the British, even before he assumed the throne.”

The British hated him mainly because he was loved by the people of the city, which made it even more difficult for them to conquer this rich region of South Asia, home to 92 palaces; countless gardens; hundreds of temples; mosques; hundreds of markets filled with silk, satin, and grains; and above all, a culture where ‘you’ always came before ‘me’                                          

Despite his popularity with the population, there were still other grievances against him, such as his spending of his days and nights in apartments only accessible to women, and his apparent acceptance of debauchery, extravagant expenditure, and immoral activities.

When he assumed the throne in the year 1847, he wrote two lengthy and highly romantic poetry collections, entitled River of Love and the Ocean of Love, which he adapted into a musical theater performance, a highly popular folk theater tradition in the region that also tells and recreates the story of Krishna.

Kenize Mourad wrote an imaginative account of one of the performances in his book The City of Gold and Silver: “At the end of the show, Wajid Ali Shah arrived amid hoots and hollers. Waving a white muslin handkerchief in front of him, her long white hair cascades past her shoulders, and her whole body is streaked with blue powder of fine-ground turquoise, pearls, and emeralds. All around him, dressed as gopis were his beautiful fairies decked out in their finest jewels”.

At the same show, he wrote an Urdu poem in which Krishna falls in love with Radha, only to be rejected by Radha’s family, who sees Krishna as nothing but a cattle-herd. They resist their love, and Krishna is arrested. Desperately, Krishna turns away all the milkmaids, and dances the dance of despair.

An invigorating Kathak dance performance is the gift of the King to the people in the city today. He places a long silk scarf on the floor and the dancers dance along with him. His speed is incredible. He is fat, but he looks as if he is flying. He sketches figures with his feet. When the music ends, the audience is surprised to see that the cloth crumpled on the floor has the initials of the ruler.

Then, the fireworks and the celebrations follow where people from all over the city come to the Qaiserbagh Palace or the gardens of Caesar’s Palace in their finest attire. There is a long-standing relationship between the rulers and the ruled. Again they hear the king say that all evil comes from the ignorance of the people and that only by understanding each other’s culture will the people value and respect one another. This was a practice he nearly mastered in Lucknow over a century ago, but there are still those who insist on trying to define what patriotism means to us.

March 13, 2023

Delectable Lucknow Biryani

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Awadhi Biryani is a culinary delicacy born in Lucknow, India’s social capital. It is renowned for its pith, which is the delicate meat that melts in the mouth and evokes a sense of taste, typically saffron. Its prestige transcends mere food; it is a symbol of a rich history, a grand transformation, and an embodiment of delicate flavors.

It is believed that the origin of the name “Awadhi biryani” can be traced back to the establishment of the Nawab of Awadh, which took place in 1722 under the command of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah. The Nawab, a Persian nobleman of immense discretion and military prowess, accepted the administration of the area. Under his rule, Awadh prospered as a prosperous and independent state, and Lucknow prospered as its vibrant social hub. The combination of the city’s social atmosphere and prosperity provided the ideal environment for the development of the beloved Awadhi biryani.

The region had already been introduced to biryani during the time of the Mughals; however, the quality of biryani from that period is inferior to the refined biryani from Awadhi. The Awadh Nawabs had a desire for a dish that was full of flavors and aromas; however, it had to be delicately adjusted in flavor. The challenge lay in incorporating the flavors of spices into the dish without overpowering the senses with each bite.

The Awadhi chefs created an ingenious arrangement by wrapping the entire spice list in cheesecloth. This allowed the spices to penetrate the food without overpowering it. This ingenious adaptation became the signature of the Awadhi biryani, an orchestra of spices that sang rather than shouted.

Awadhi Biryani, masterfully cooked in pakki fashion, is a masterpiece of culinary skill. This dish involves the cooking of the meat and rice separately, before joining them together and slowly cooking them to perfection. Unlike other biryani, the Awadh version does not involve the addition of whole spices, but rather concentrates on the subtle flavors. This method ensures that each grain of rice and each piece of meat is imbued with the essence of the spice, resulting in a harmonious combination of flavors.

Awadhi Biryani is delicate and one-of-a-kind. It stands out from other biryani like Hyderabadi Biryani or Thalassery Biryani because it uses sweet ingredients sparingly. It’s a mix of sweet and savory flavors without losing the authenticity of the biryani. It’s a reflection of the Nawabs’ taste and how they wanted their biryani to be delicate and not too spicy.

Biryani is a dish consisting of a rich broth composed of carefully selected meat, carefully selected for its tenderness, and a combination of fragrant spices, counted in the presence of garlic, ginger glue, and ruddy chili. When the meat is simmered for a while, its pith is incorporated into the broth, resulting in a generous base of flavor. The chefs’ skill shines through as they delicately combine garlic, ginger, and spices to create a beautiful Yakhni broth, a symphony of flavors that evokes convention and heritage. The combination of spices culminates in a waltz, with cardamom and mace intertwining to form a complex blend of flavors that epitomizes Awadhi cooking.

The quintessence of the biryani is created through the subtleties of cooking. The yakhni marinated rice is laden with flavors, drained, and topped with cream. It could be described as an orchestra of fragrances as each ingredient is presented to create a harmonious adaptation. The rice that retains its flavors and aromas is then placed in the pot where it undergoes the process of dum cooking, transforming it into a magnificently memorable work of art.

Awadhi Biryani is an integral part of the intricate embroidery of the culinary landscape of Lucknow. The journey of this delicacy would not be complete without mentioning the remarkable establishments that have elevated it to the highest level of craftsmanship. Notable names such as ‘Lalla’ and ‘Idris’ Biryani have carved their names into the annals of the city’s culinary history, offering a glimpse into the noble tastes of the Nawabs and the legacy of the city’s patronage.

Biryani is a dish that has a long history of being a delicious food. It is a testament to the noble taste of the Nawabs, the ingenuity of the chefs, and the wealth of Lucknow’s history. It is a dish that embodies the spirit of solidarity, as it brings people together to enjoy not a fair dinner, but an unforgettable experience. The delicate flavors, meticulous preparation, and the rich history of Lucknow have made Awadhi biryani more than just a fair dish; it is a social gem that continues to spread its magic across India and beyond.

February 13, 2023

THE CHESS MATCH – By Munshi Premchand

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 8:51 am

The short story (rather a play in Urdu/Hindi) originally by a great author of his times, Munshi Premchand translated and explained by Derek Davis was published in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Volume 25, Part 2, April 2015, Cambridge University Press. (The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland was established on 15th march 1823 by the famous Sanskrit scientist, Henry Thomas Colebrooke. The society was given its royal charter on 11 August 1824 by King George IV. The charter stated that the society was to investigate matters relating to Asia and to promote science, literature, and the arts. Some of the famous members of the society were: Sir Richard Burton (from 1821-1890), the explorer, writer, and translator of ‘One Thousand and One Nines’ and the ‘Kama Sutra’. Sir Aurel Stein, the famous archaeologist, explorer, and explorer of the Silk Road. Rajendra Nath Tagore, the famous Bengal writer and poet, was a member of the society.)

About Munshi Premchand : Premchand was an Indian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. He is considered to be one of the greatest writers of modern Hindi literature. He is known for his novels, short stories, essays, and translations of foreign literature into Hindi. Premchand was born Dhanpat Rai on 31 July 1880. His pen name was Nawab Rai, but he changed it to Premchand. He is known as the “Emperor among Novelists” among Hindi writers. He wrote over a dozen novels and several short stories in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is well-known for his modern Hindi literature. He was a pioneer in the field of social fiction in India and wrote several collections of short stories in the early 20th century. Some of his best-known works are: Godaan (1907), Karmabhoomi (1908), Gaban (1909), Mansarovar (1910), Idgah (1911), and Soz-E-Watan, (1912).

Introduction

The Chess Players (1924) is one of Premchand’s best known stories. Elegantly constructed and beautifully written, it was published like most of his work in two versions, his Urdu combining rich tradition with mastery of European form, his Hindi compelling in its sudden literary assurance. Satyajit Ray, a childhood visitor to Lucknow was so struck by a Bengali translation that he returned years later to make his film classic Shatranj ke Khiladi (1977)

THE CHESS MATCH (URDU)

It was Nawab Wajid Ali Shah’s time. Lucknow was sunk in a riot of luxury. Everyone, small and great, pursued pleasure. If dance spectaculars were staged in one place, the next man was relishing a haze of opium. In every walk of life revelry prevailed. In government, literature, social style, craftsmanship, commerce, everyone busied themselves with gratification. Pillars of the realm were slaves to wine-bibbing, poets were intoxicated with dalliance, craftsmen with turning out precious thread and fine embroidery, soldiers with partridge-fights, trades people with buying and selling eye -shadow and mouth-dye, perfume and oil, in a word the whole nation was caught in the shackles of self-indulgence. The daze of the drinking-cup clouded everyone’s eyes. No one knew what scholarly and scientific innovations were in train, where the peoples of the west were advancing by land and sea. Quail fought. Bets were being placed on partridge. Somewhere chausar was in play; the cry pau barah went up. Elsewhere battles had broken out at chess. Armies were being up-ended. The Nawab’s case was worse still. There was innovation at court in song and dance. New tricks, ever new routines were thought up to delight the spirit. So much so that, when holy men obtained charity instead of buying bread, they treated themselves to opium-blend or pure opium. Magnates’ sons studied under entertainment stars to gain proficiency in ready wit and repartee. Chess was an accepted nostrum for quickening powers of reason, acquiring presence of mind and sharpening the intellect. Even today one finds everywhere a class of persons who press the case vigorously. So if Mirza Sajjad Ali and Mir Roshan Ali spent the better part of their life sharpening their minds, no discerning person had occasion to object. As to ignoramuses, let them think what they wanted. Both gentlemen held hereditary land. They were free of concern about earning a living. What else were they to do? At daybreak the two gentlemen breakfasted and sat down at their chess-mat. They laid out the pieces and set about sharpening their minds. They were then beyond knowing when it was midday, mid-afternoon or evening. Time and again someone would come from inside the house to say food was ready. The answer was, “Right, we’re coming. Layout the spread.” But the delights of qorma and pulao” paled beside chess. Eventually, the cook was reduced to serving the food in the room and the two friends juggled the two activities in tandem, demonstrating their consummate dexterity. Sometimes the food was left untouched. It had been forgotten. Mirza Sajjad Ali’s establishment had no senior resident, so relaxed battles took place in his drawing-room. But that did not mean that the rest of Mirza’s household was happy with his pursuit. On the contrary, in the quarter, among the servants, women, maids alike a carping critique was kept up;” Very ill-fated game. Leaves a house ruined. Heaven forbid anyone form the habit, he’s no use to God, no use to man. It’s the washer man’s dog all over again: no place at home or work. “Dreadful disease”. The real bugbear was that the Begum Sahiba too increasingly raised her voice in protest at the pursuit. Her opportunities, though, were hard come by: She was still asleep when the game got underway. At night she had gone to sleep by the time the Mirza re-entered the house. She certainly vented a mindless, abusive anger. She snapped at the servants: “Master ordered betel. Has he? Tell him to come and get it himself. Lost the use of his feet. Has he?! Says he has no time now for food? Go and tip the food over his head, for him or the dogs. Who is here going to wait for him?” But the pièce de résistance was that she complained not so much about her husband as Mir Sahib. She awarded Mir Sahib Names like Loafer, Calamity or Scrounger. Possibly, in his protestations of innocence the Mirza had heaped all blame on Mir Sahib’s head.

One day the Begum Sahiba bad a headache, so she told the maid, “Go and call the Mirza. He needs to fetch medicine from the doctor’s.” “Run, be quick. My head’s splitting.” The maid went, the Mirza said: “Right, I’m just coming”. The Begum Sahiba was livid that she should have a headache and her husband is busy playing chess. Her face flushed and she told the maid to go and tell him to come at once, or she would go to the doctors herself. There was something untoward about her eyes. The Mirza was playing a gripping game. Two moves more and Mir Sahib would be checkmate. He said: “Is it that dying gasp? Can’t she show a little forbearance? Is the doctor going to dispense a magic spell to cure her headache?”

Mir Sahib ruled: “Go on, go and listen to her for a bit. Women are delicate creatures.”

Mirza: “Sure, why not go? You’re mate in two moves.”

Mir: “Don’t you count on it, my dear Sir. The move I’ve come up with will set your pieces reeling, and mate you, but go and listen. Why, pray, upset her unnecessarily over such a trifle?”

Mirza: “That’s just it. I mean to mate you.”

Mir: “I shan’t play. You go and listen first.”

Mirza: “Come on, old man. It’ll mean going to the doctor’s. There’s no headache at all. It’s a dodge to harass me.”

Mir: “Even so, you’ll have to humor her.”

Mirza: “Alright, one move and I’ll go.

Mir: “Absolutely not, until you go and listen I shan’t touch the pieces.

Mirza Sahib was forced to go inside where a groaning Begum Sahiba said: “You’re so in love with your poxy chess that you wouldn’t bestir yourself if one was dying Chess has become the other woman. Save us from initiates like you.”

Mirza: *What could I do, Mir Sahib wouldn’t let me go. I’ve only just torn myself away with great difficulties.”

Begum: “Just because he’s a loafer, does he think others are? He has a family himself, or has he disposed of them all?”

Mirza:”He’s a thoroughly bad lot. When he comes, he rides roughshod over me; I’m forced to play him.”

Begum: “Why don’t you chase him off, like a dog?”

Mirza: “Good God. He’s my equal in age, a notch or two ahead of me in rank. I have to show him consideration.”

Begum: Then I’ll chase him off. If he takes offence, so be it. Who’s keeping me in bread? Queen takes amiss, forget about bliss. (To the maid) Abbasi, go and fetch the chessboard. Tell Mir Sahib the master won’t be playing; he should kindly leave and not show his face again

Mirza: “Just the outrage we need! Why disgrace me? Stop, Abbasi. Where are you running to, wretch?”

Begum: “Why won’t you let her go? Stop her, drink my blood! You’ve stopped her, stop me, shall we see? So saying, the Begum started with a shriek for the drawing room. The Mirza’s face paled. It became a picture. He began imploring his wife: “For God’s sake. As you revere the Martyr of Karbala! See my corpse, if you set foot inside!” But the Begum Sahiba heeded not a word. She approached the drawing-room door, yet all of a sudden at the prospect of facing a strange man with no niqab, her feet failed her. She peered inside. Happily the room was empty. Mir Sahib, counsel of necessity, had rearranged a few pieces and to establish his innocence was out on the terrace at the time taking forty paces. At that, the Begum Sahiba obtained her sought-after wish. Entering, she up-ended the game sent some pieces flying under the sofa, others outside, then pulling the door shut threw the bolt. Mir Sahib was at the door, saw the pieces come flying out, then hearing the clink of bangles realized that the Begum Sahiba had run riot. He quietly went off home.

Mirza said to the Begum Sahiba: “You’ve committed an outrage.”

Begum: “If that dumbo” comes here again, I’ll throw him out on the spot. It hardly bears saying this is not a bawdy house.” If you showed as much devotion to God, you’d be a saint.” While you people are playing chess, I’m bothering my head minding hearth and household grind. Do you take me for a servant? Are you off to the doctor’s or still making up your mind?”

The Mirza left the house, going not to the doctor’s but to Mir Sahib’s house where in apologetic tones, heart brimming with anguish, and he recounted the whole story. Mir Sahib laughed and said: “I realized as much when the maid brought news of a headache, that today’s signs were not good. She seems very intemperate. I mean to say, what high-handedness! You’ve over-indulged her, it’s not right. What business is it of hers what you do elsewhere? Her job is managing the home. What right has she to interfere in men’s affairs? Take my house, no one ever objects.”

Mirza: “Fair enough. But tell me, where are we going to meet?”

Mir: “What’s the problem now? There’s an ample house to hand. Settled, our venue’s here.”

Mirza: “But how am I to win the Begum Sahiba round? She was angry enough when I was at home. If l’m away, she might not leave me alive.”

Mir: “My dear Sir, let her rail. She’ll come round of her own accord in a few days. And do be a little firmer yourself.

(2)

Mir Sahib’s Begum Sahiba for some reason approved of Mir Sahib’s invisibility about the house. She made no complaint, therefore, at all over his leisure pursuit Rather if he was sometimes late setting off or a little dozy, she would prove to him that “When the master meditates, a reminder is in order.”      For these reasons Mir Sahib was under the impression that his Begum Sahiba was extremely civil, patient by temperament and faithful but when his chess-mat was laid out in their drawing room and the Begum Sahiba’s freedom from Mir Sahib’s continuing presence was first curtailed, great anguish took hold of her. Daily she longed to peer out of the door She began deliberating how to rid herself of the affliction!

Then the mutterings started among the servants. Until now they had spent all day in idleness snoring. Coming and goings at the house were none of their business or concern. At most they had to make a few visits to the bazaar. Now it was oppression round the clock. Sometimes the order was for betel, sometimes water, sometimes ice, and sometimes replenishing tobacco. The hookah glowed perpetually like some lover with a burning heart. They all approached the Begum Sahiba: “Ma’am, the master’s chess has become the bane of our lives. We’re getting blisters on our feet from running about all day. This is a game that goes on from morning to night. A game takes half-an-hour or an hour. Over and done with, and then you know, ma’am, what an ill-fated game it is. Anyone who forms the habit never recovers. Some disaster or other is bound to fall on the house. Whole quarters are known to have been destroyed by it, one after the other. The neighbors constantly turn on us. We’re ashamed to go out of the house.” The Begum Sahiba said: “1 don’t approve of the game myself at all. But what can I do?” “What influence do I have?”

The neighborhood’s few old timers began spreading all sorts of suspicions: “Now there can be no prosperity.” If this is the plight of our notables, then God preserve the realm. Chess will be the ruin of this kingdom. The omens are dire.”

In the kingdom weeping and wailing broke out. Farmers were robbed in broad daylight. But there was no one to hear their claims for redress. All the wealth of the villages was drained away to Lucknow and spent there on procuring trappings of extravagance. Jesters, mimes, kathak dancers and entertainment stars did brisk business. Gold coins rained down in serving-wenches parlors. Grandees’ sons would toss a gold coin with each puff of the hookah. At this rate of expenditure indebtedness to the English Company grew by the day. No one was concerned to repay it, to the point where not even the annual service charge could be paid. Time and again the Resident wrote pressing letters, issued threats. But the headiness of indulgence had the local population in harness. No one lent an ear.

Well, several months went by playing chess in Mir Sahib’s drawing-room. Ever new tricks were solved, ever new defences thrown up and laid low. Sometimes as they played a private fight would develop. Recourse would be had to name-calling.” But these sweet griefs were very soon healed. Sometimes even, an offended Mirza would depart home. Mir Sahib would take up the chess-mat, go and sit inside his house and swear oaths never to touch chess again. But come morning, the two friends were back together at their places. Sleep had banished all ill-feeling.

One day, as the two friends sat negotiating the quagmire of chess, a royal cavalryman called, complete with uniform and arms, asking for Mir Sahib by name. Mir Sahib froze, his self-possession deserted him. Heaven knew what woe had befallen him. He had the house doors secured and told the servants: “Say I’m not at home.”

The cavalryman asked: “If he’s not at home, where is he? He must be hiding somewhere!”

Servant: “I don’t know. That’s your answer from the house. What’s your business?

Cavalryman: “Why should I tell you my business? He’s been summoned to His Majesty. Maybe some soldiers are wanted for the army. He’s a landholder, what a lark!”

Servant: Right, kindly go. He’ll be told.”

Cavalryman: “This isn’t pass-the-parcel. I’ll be back early tomorrow and, after I’ve

searched him out, I’ll take him with me. My orders are to present him.”

The cavalryman departed. Mir Sahib’s spirit expired. Quailing, he said to the Mirza: “What happens now?”

Mirza: “It’s a great misfortune. I trust there’s no summons for me.”

Mir: “The wretch has said he’ll be back tomorrow.”

Mirza: “lt’s quite simply the judgment of Heaven. When soldiers are called up, one might as well be dead.” In my case, the mere sound of the word war brings on a fever.”

Mir: “In my case, reckon food and water off-limits as from today.”

Mirza: “Right, here’s a plan for avoiding him. Both of us will disappear. He can scour the whole city. Starting tomorrow we’ll cross the Gomti and the game can play out in some ruin. There. Who’s to know? The great man will turn up and go back with his tail between his legs.

Mir: “Right you are! Brilliant idea! By God, we’ll cross the Gomti tomorrow and install ourselves there.

Elsewhere, the Begum Sahiba was telling the cavalryman: “You took the part magnificently!” He answered: “I make fools like that dance with a click of the fingers. Chess has consumed all his brains and bravado. Watch him hang about the house now. He’ll be off in the morning and not back till dark.”

(3)

From that day on the two friends were out of the house before dawn and, a little rug underarm, a box stuffed with betel, crossed the Gomti and settled in an old ruined mosque, perhaps a relic of Mughal times. On the way they obtained bowl, tobacco and pipe and proceeded to the mosque. They spread the rug, filled the hookah and sat at the chess-mat. They were then lost to this world and the next. “Check”, “King en prise”. With the exception of these terms, not a word escaped their lips. Even a fasting ascetic would not be seated in such a state of immersion. At midday when hunger gnawed the two great men, keeping to the lanes, would eat at a baker’s stall and, after smoking a hookah-bowl, once again, obliterated in chess, savor defeat. Sometimes, the thought of food never occurred to them.

The country’s political tangles were now becoming daily more tangled. The Company’s forces were massing on Lucknow. Commotion broke out in the town. People, each taking their children, were fleeing off to the villages. But our two chess-playing friends were untouched by cares of office or loss of property. Leaving home they kept to the Lanes, so that no eye might fall on them. Even the neighbors caught no glimpse of them. Finally, the English troops reached the outskirts of Lucknow.

One day the two friends were sitting playing, Mir Sahib’s game was faltering. Mirza Sahib had him continually in check, when suddenly the Company’s army appeared advancing up the road ahead. The Company had decreed the occupation of Lucknow. On pretext of debt, it wanted to devour the kingdom. This was a moneylender’s move which today has all weak nations hobbled by the foot.

Mir Sahib: “The English troops are coming.”

Mirza: “Let them. Get out of check. Check!”

Mir: “I want to watch a moment. Let’s look from the ridge. What towering young men. My chest trembles at the sight.”

Mirza: “You have all the time in the world. What’s the hurry? Check again!”

Mir: “There’s artillery too. There must be five thousand of them. Red faces like monkeys.”

Mirza: “My dear sir, don’t beat about the bush. That’s check!”

Mir: “You’re pretty amazing yourself. Do figure out, now the town’s surrounded. How we’re going to get home.

Mirza: “When the moment comes, we’ll see. That’s check and mate.

The army had passed. The friends laid out another game. The Mirza said: “What do we do about food today?”

Mir: “I’m fasting today. Do you fancy a bite?”

Mirza: “Not me. I’m not sure what’s happening in the city”

Mir: “Nothing will be happening in the city. People will have finished their food and be taking their case. His Majesty Jan-e Alam will also have declared a rest. Or the wine-cup may be passing round.”

This time when the two friends sat down to play it was three o’ cock. This time the Mirza’s game was faltering. Meanwhile, sounds of the returning army were heard. Nawab Wajid Ali Shah had been deposed and the army was taking him off captive. In the city there was no uproar, no massacre, not even one desperado shed a drop of blood. The Nawab took leave of his home like a weeping breast-beating girl going off to her father-in-law’s house. The Begums cried, the Nawab cried, the matrons and the maids cried and that was that. The kingdom was at an end. Never in all time had the king of any country been deposed so peaceably, so un-forcibly. At least history held no precedent. This was not the non-violence in which the angels rejoice. It was abject. It left a name at which goddesses wept. The ruler of Lucknow had been carried off captive and Lucknow was floating in a dream-world of extravagance. It was the ultimate in political collapse.

Mirza: “The tyrants have taken His Exalted Majesty prisoner.”

Mir: “May be so. You’ll be the judge. Take that, check!”

Mirza: “Do pause a moment, my good Sir. Just now my mind is not on the game. His Exalted Majesty will be weeping tear of blood. The light has gone out in Lucknow.

Mir: “He should weep. Where’s such luxury to be had in European clink.” That’s check!”

Mirza: “Nobody’s luck lasts forever. What grievous misfortune. It’s a trial from heaven”

Mir: “Yes it is. Check again. That’s it, next check is mate. You can’t escape.”

Mirza: “You’re very hard-hearted, by god. You can witness a life-diminishing catastrophe like this and feel no shock. Alas for His Majesty Jan-e-Alam! Now there’s no one left to appreciate talent. Lucknow too is now a desert.

Mir: “First save your own king’s life, and then flail yourself for His Luminous Majesty. That’s check and mate! Your hand on it!”

The army with the captured Nawab passed from view. As they went, the Mirza laid out a new game. The hurt of defeat rankles. Mir Sahib said “Come, let’s chant a marsiya on the Nawab Sahib’s pitiful plight But the Mirza’s loyalty and poetic devotion had faded with his defeat. He was impatient to avenge the loss.

(4)

It was dusk. In the mosque’s ruins bats started sounding the call. Swallows, each stuck to its nest, began the evening prayers. But the two players were locked in the game like two bloodthirsty champions jousting with death. The Mirza had managed to lose three games running and this fourth game was not looking good. Each time, vowing to win, rallying finely, he gave of his very best but move after move turned out wrong until the whole game miscarried. At this point Mir Sahib recited ghazals, sang thumris, threw out jibes and innuendos, and predicted doom in double-entendre and puns. He was as pleased as if hidden treasure had come his way. Mirza Sahib listening to these fine flourishes grew irritated and frowning repeatedly said: “Do not change your move, Sir. How can you move and immediately alter it? Think through carefully what you need to do and do it once. Why, Sir, have you been keeping your finger on my piece? Kindly let go of the piece. Until you’ve made your mind up about your move, kindly don’t handle a piece. Why, my good Sir, are you taking half-an-hour over each move? It’s not allowed. Anyone taking more than five minutes over one move, counts as mate. You’ve changed your move again? Put the piece back”

Mir Sahib’s queen was in peril. He said: “When did I move?”

Mirza: “Your move? You took it. The best thing is to put the piece back on that square.”

Mir: “Why should I? When did I take my hand off the piece?”

Mirza: “If you don’t let go of a piece till Judgment Day, how can it avoid being a move? You saw your queen was lost and started cheating.”

Mir: “You’re the cheat. Winning or losing is fate. No one wins by cheating.”

Mirza: “You’re mate in this game.”

Mir: “How can I be mate?”

Mirza: “Then put the piece back on that square, where it was before.”

Mir: “Why should I put it back? I’m not going to.”

Mirza: “You’ll have to.”

Mir: “Definitely not.”

Mirza: “Then your angels will. It’s your moment of truth.”

Matters escalated. Both held to their tune. Neither would yield. In dispute, inappropriate, unrelated matters were introduced, the burden of which was to insult and belittle. The Mirza declared: “If any of your ancestry had played chess, you would be conversant with the rules. They always cut grass. How, pray, were you to pick up chess? Status is different. It doesn’t come with the grant of an estate.

Mir: “It must have been your forebears who cut grass. In my family we’ve passed generation after generation playing chess.”

Mirza: “Come of it. Sir. You passed your time working for Nawab Ghazi ud-Din Haidar as a cook. That’s how you got your estate. Now you toy with concocting a gentleman. The making of a gentleman is no laughing-matter.”

Mir: “Why are you blackening your ancestors? They must have been the cooks. Our ancestors sat at the Nawab’s table. We were his boon-companions.”

Mirza: “The impudent know no shame”

Mir “Hold your tongue or you’ll regret it. We don’t brook such talk. Anyone glowers at me, my hand draws. His belly gets slit.”

“Mirza: “You want to see my courage, get ready. We’ll put it to the test, one way or the other.”

Mir: “Right you are! Come at it! Who’s afraid of you?”

The two friends drew sabres from their sashes. Everyone, high and low, carried daggers, knives, guns. Both were captive to luxury but they had their honor. Public spirit was their rara avis but personal courage welled within them. Their political feelings were non-existent. Why die for King, for country, for their people? Why should they interrupt their sweet sleep? But in matters of individual feeling they were utterly fearless. They were, indeed, in their element. They squared up to one another, lunged and parried. Sabres flashed, there was an audible swish, and both fell wounded. Both, writhing on the ground, gave up their lives. Two men who had shed not a teardrop for their King parted with their necks for a chess queen.

Darkness had fallen. The game was laid out. The two kings were resplendent, each on his throne. Grief overcast them, as if flailing themselves for the death of two martyrs.

On four sides there was a world of ominous silence. The ruins’ crumbling walls, broken crenellations and minarets, bowing their heads in prayer, looked on at corpses and lamented the impermanence of human life, lacking even the substance of stone and brick.

January 10, 2023

Wajid Ali Shah’s Complaint Letter to the Governor-General

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 8:48 am

The persistent vandalism of the East India Company’s officers , under Outram and Jackson, was reported to the King, by his Mahals (Queens), agents and Officers-in-charge of the King’s properties at Lucknow. Moved by the repeated reports of wanton destruction of his properties, the King sent the following letter, from Matia Burj (suburb of Calcutta) to Lord Canning, the the Governor-General of India :

“Translation of a letter from the King of Oudh to the Honourable Governor-General dated 30th day of August, 1856.” (after some editing for better understanding and reference)


I beg to inform your Lordship that so many acts of violence, oppression, and indignity have been committed upon me that even one-tenth of them was never exercised upon any of the enemies of the British Government since the establishment of its authority in India.

“ANCESTRAL MONUMENTS PULLED DOWN ” – “FURRAH BUKSH TURNED INTO A KENNEL “

The taking possession of my ancestral Kingdom of one century’s standing is an infringement of solemn treaties. Thousands of my effects have been confiscated and destroyed. While the edifices, the building of which had cost Lacs of Rupees, and which were the monuments of my ancestors, have after they had stood for six generations, been pulled down. The magnificent building “Furrah Baksh” in which the Throne is placed and which had been erected exclusively for the entertainment of the British gentlemen, has been used as a dog kennel, and a stable. Guards have been placed over my private officials, even over the Moonshee Khanah, which contains not a single document related to public affairs, excepting only the Sunuds of the (British) Government, and the correspondence between the two States.

“GODOWNS BROKEN OPEN” – “ANIMALS AUCTIONED AT LOW PRICE”

The doors of my godown which were locked up, have been broken open, and the property contained therein has been spoiled. The animals, such as horses, elephants, and bullocks have been sold by auction at a very low price. Many other acts have been committed, the mention of which would be improper and tedious.

“DISTRESSED CONDITION OF LADIES “

I would never been willing to utter a complaint on the subject, but as independent of the past acts , every day, (since my arrival at Calcutta) witnesses some fresh occurrences or indignity derogatory to me and as I see no means of obtaining redress but by a representation to your Lordship, and as it is not the part of wisdom, to conceal one’s ailments so as to render a remedy impossible, I am compelled to intimate to your Lordship that such communications from my officers employed in Lucknow have reached me, as that a perusal of them has caused me uneasiness beyond description. They are herewith enclosed.

Your Lordship will learn on a reference thereto the distressed conditions of my Mahals (or Ladies). Under these circumstances I hope that your Lordship will (in equity and the true spirit of friendship, and out of respect to the obligation of treaties) be pleased to send an order by the Electric Telegraph directing the authorities at Lucknow to refrain from causing my houses to be vacated, and from committing such acts as may affect my honor and dignity. I beg your Lordship will be pleased to set my mind at ease by informing me of the nature of the answers which your Lordship may receive from those authorities.

Every difficulty may become simple through your attention, whereas every simple one may turn out difficult through your inattention. 

December 3, 2022

Puppetry in Lucknow – ‘Gulabo-Sitabo’

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 8:43 am

A puppeteer, Meraj Alam and Narayan Srivastava carry on the tradition in spite of the tradition perishing and with no audience to appreciate this old tradition of storytelling through puppets incarnated in different characters in Lucknow. The art of Lucknow’s puppetry gained immense popularity with the release of the Amitabh Bachchan starrer Gulabo Sitabo.

‘Putli Mohalla’ was an area near Ayodhya (then a part of Awadh province) where craft persons and story-tellers engaged in crafting puppets and dolls of wood would reside with their families. This traditional art is almost dead and only a very few people are now engaged in this tradition that too, only out of their interest and not anymore as a part of their profession.   

This art form got immense patronage during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah. It was in his times that the women character of Gulabo and Sitabo through whom social causes of those times were touched upon were brought to life.

Puppets worn on gloves always were popular in the region of Awadh, especially in the capital of Lucknow. Papier-mâché and cloth were the main material used to make these puppets and the dolls were made to wear bright colour clothing, many a times traditional finery reminiscent of Awadh. The puppeteers would perform in ‘Mohollas’ (Colonies or cluster of homes) and markets, where groups would stop and gather to watch the performances and related better with the story narrated. The stories were humorous, tragic and often had some element of suspense too but the primary idea was to put across a social message.   

Another form of puppetry was the ‘rod puppetry’ that gained prominence in the seventies but by the nineties this too lost its relevance with the advent of the newer and modern entertainment modes that took not only Lucknow but the entire country by storm.

The earnings of a puppeteer would be dependent on donations that audience would give in appreciation of performances and they were never fixed as emoluments to the performer, thus it was really important for more and more people to stop, watch and be entertained by them. With the modes of entertainment changing the crowd thinned and thus it impacted adversely the earnings of the performers. It was not uncommon for puppeteer to be accompanied by musicians to complement their story and make it more interesting. These groups would also travel to other towns and villages and a few affluent families would especially invite the performers to perform at family and social functions.

Any art form or the survival of any traditional art is dependent on the patronage and in turn if the same is able to sustain the performer’s life and livelihood. “Change is only constant” – this may not be a good thought when we talk about art, art forms, cultures and traditions. Really hope puppetry carries on as a part of a tradition and is not only confined to period films like ‘Gulabo-Siotabo’.   

November 2, 2022

Allahabad, now Prayagraj, was the Capital of India just for a day

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 6:17 am

As the Sangam city celebrates November 1 as the day when Prayagraj (then Allahabad) was made the nation’s capital for a day on November 1, 1858, few would know that it was in 1836 that a proposal was moved to make it the capital of the entire North-West Province the present-day Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

“After suppressing the uprising of 1857, ‘Allahabad’ became the capital for a day on November 1, 1858. The East India Company entrusted the administration of the nation in the city to the British monarchy. Meerut, Agra and Delhi were burning, so Prayagraj, which was under the British rule, was made the capital by the British to announce the transfer of power,” said former head of the department of Medieval and Modern History at Allahabad University, Prof Heramb Chaturvedi.

He added that although 22 years before this, it was in 1836 that the East India Company had planned to make Prayagraj the capital of the entire North-West Province but due to the circumstances, the move was not approved. Due to the Mughal rulers living in Delhi-Agra, the company moved to Agra with equipment.

“The British East India company wanted to have its capital in Delhi but since the place was being ruled by Mughals, the next option was to have the capital in Allahabad. This was mulled over by the company but later on they dropped the idea and chose Agra as the capital of North-West province as it was near to Delhi so it was the ideal place for the company and it remained the capital of North-West province till 1857”, explains Prof Chaturvedi.

Prof Chaturvedi said that the situation in Delhi, Agra and Meerut was very volatile because of the uprising and in such circumstances; it was not possible to read the proclamation about the transfer of power there. “At the same time, Allahabad was completely under the control of British rule. This is the reason why it was chosen as the one-day capital to read the manifesto of Queen Victoria. Viceroy Lord Canning read out the queen’s manifesto at the place where present-day Minto Park is located on the banks of the Yamuna,” he added. He further informed that with this, the rule of the Queen was established in place of the East India Company in India.

Another former HOD of the same department, Prof Yogeshwar Tiwari, said: “The Viceroy read the proclamation of Lord Canning. In its true sense, it was more an apology to the British than a transfer of power, which was done to heal the people’s anger by the company’s atrocities on Indians.”

Prayagraj / Allahabad

October 1, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Indian Units)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:49 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

OTHER INDIAN UNITS:

Gwalior Contingent :

Major Muirson Thrower Blake – 2nd Regt. Gwalior Contingent – killed 15th June 1857
Grave at the Christian Cemetery, Gwalior – “Sacred to the memory of Major Muirson Thrower Blake Comdg 2nd Regt Gwalior Contingt who was shot by the mutineers at Gwalior on entering the lines of the Regt on the night of 15th June 1857 in his … Year. His remains were interred here by some Sepoys of his Regt. This monument is raised by his afflicted widow.”

Captain William Stewart – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 14th June 1857 – 2nd Co. Artillery.
From Ardvorlich, Perthsire. His wife, Jane and young son Robert were also murdered at the same time.

Hodson’s Horse :

Major W. S. R. Hodson – wounded at Begam Kothi, Lucknow – 11th March 1857 – died of wounds

Lieutenant Charles Theophilus Metcalfe McDowell – killed in action at Shumshabad – 27th January 1858. Aged 28. Son of Lieut-Colonel George McDowell, CB, 16th Light Dragoons. Joined the Bengal Army in 1846.

Hyderabad Contingent :

Captain John Sinclair – wounded at Jhansi – 3rd April 1858. died of wounds

Loodiana Regiment :

Lieutenant Patrick Mara – murdered by mutineers at Junapore – 5th June 1857

Malwa Contingent :

Lieutenant Charles John Hunt – murdered by mutineers at Muttragur – 7th June 1857
Aged 27. Son of Revd Thomas Hunt, of West Felton, Salop.

Lieutenant George L. Mills – murdered by mutineers at Mehidpore – 8th November 1857
(attached from the 14th Bombay Native Infantry).

Oude Irregular Cavalry :

Lieutenant Alexander – killed in action at Allahabad – 6th June 1857

Lieutenant Box – killed in action at Lucknow – 22nd December 1857

Oude Irregular Infantry :

Captain George Pratt Barlow – Major of Brigade, Oude Irregular Force – died of wounds at Lucknow – 21st August 1857

Captain E.J. Hughes – wounded at Lucknow – 28th September 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Joseph Cudbert Longueville Clarke – 67th Bengal Native Infantry – murdered by mutineers at Bhyram Ghaut – 13th June 1857. Aged 28. Assistant-Commissary in Oude, serving with the 3rd Oude Irregulars.
Memorial at Harrow School – “Sacred to the memory of Joseph C. Longueville Clarke Lieut in the 67th Bengal Native Infantry & 2nd in Command of the 3rd Oude Infantry who was murdered by the mutineers during the Indian Revolt of 1857 at the age of 28 yrs.”

The Corps of Guides – Infantry :

Lieutenant Alexander William Murray – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857.
Aged 21. Son of Rev. David Murray, of Hereford. Joined the Bengal Army in 1853.
Grave on the Ridge, Delhi – “Sacred to the memory of Alexander William Murray, Lieutenant in the 42nd Bengal NLI and attached during the Siege of Delhi to the Corps of Guides who fell while encouraging his men to follow his own brave example on the 14th September 1857. In admiration of his unvarying gallantry, his Comrades in the Guides erect this tomb.”

Punjab Cavalry :

Major Charles Ayshford Sanford – killed in action at Lucknow – 10th March 1858.
Aged 28. Son of Edward Sanford and Henrietta, of Somerset. Joined the Bengal Army in 1850.

Captain John Peloquin Cosserat – wounded at Koorsee – 23rd March 1858. died 18th April 1858
Aged 33. 1st Punjab Cavalry. Son of Revd. George P. Cosserat, Rector of Drinkstone, Suffolk.

Lieutenant Frederick James MacDonnell – killed in action at Koorsee – 23rd March 1858.
Aged 25. Born in Dublin. Joined the Bengal Army in 1853.

Punjab Infantry :

Lieutenant Thomas Frankland – killed in action at Lucknow – 16th November 1857
Aged 29. Son of Sir Frederick Frankland and Dame Katherine Margaret Frankland. Two other sons also died in service – Midshipman Frederick Roger Frankland, HMS Winchester who died of fever at Sierre Leone, 23 Jan. 1844, aged 20 and Midshipman Harry Albert Frankland, HMS Alarm, died of fever off Vera Cruz, 9 May 1847, aged 17.
Memorial at St. Marys Church, Thirsk – “Sacred to the memory of Thomas Frankland, Lieut 48th Madras Native Infantry and 2nd in Command 2nd Punjab Regt killed in action with the sepoy rebels, leading an assault at the Relief of Lucknow 17th Nov. 1858 aged 29 years.”

Lieutenant H. T. Macqueen – wounded at Lucknow – 16th November 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Frederic Folliott Oldfield – wounded at Lucknow – 16th November 1857. died of wounds
Son of H.S. Oldfield, late Bengal Civil Service.

Lieutenant Eaton Joseph Travers – wounded at Delhi – 3rd August 1857. died of wounds
Aged 32. 32nd B.N.I. Served with 1st Punjab Rifles. Son of the late Major-General Sir Robert Travers, KCB.

Lieutenant E. C. P. Willoughby – killed in action at Rooya – 15th April 1858

Lieutenant George Austen Patterson Younghusband – 5th Punjab Infantry – 2nd January 1858
Memorial at Bamburgh Parish Church, Northumberland – “Lt. George Austen Patterson Younghusband 5th Punjab Infantry Born 18th November 1831 – mortally wounded at Futtehgur during the Indian Mutiny 2nd January 1858.”
Memorial at St. Peters Church, Freshford, Avon – “In memory of Lieut. George Younghusband, Commanding Squadron 5th Punjab Cavalry on the outbreak of the terrible Indian Mutiny of 1857. He was serving on the Afghan border of India then, that renowned body the Delhi Army was formed, his squadron with 2 others of the Punjab Force pressed forward and joined it as the avenging army swept through Delhi on to Agra, to Cawnpore, to Lucknow; their charging cry was heard on every battlefield and never heard but was followed by victory at last, when the campaign was nearly closed, he fell mortally wounded, near Futteghur on 2nd Jany 1858 and died on the second day aged 26 years. He was borne to his grave by grey bearded Sikh warriors who wept when they thought he had led them in his last battle.”
Memorial at St. Aidans Church, Bamburgh, Northumberland – “To the glory of God and in memory of the five sons of Major-General Charles Younghusband Royal Artillery. General Romer Younghusband CB Bombay Staff Corps. Born 10 December 1819, died 12 December 1905. Lieut.gen. Charles Younghusband, CB, FRS, Royal Artillery. Born 20 June 1821, died 28 October 1899. Major-General John William Younghusband, CSI, Bombay Staff Corps. Born 2 January 1823, died 20 July 1907. Lieutenant Edward Younghusband 9th Bombay, born 30 July 1824, killed in action at the siege of Mooltan 27 December 1848. Lieut. George Austen Patterson Younghusband 5th Punjab Cavalry, born 18 November 1831, mortally wounded at Futtehghur during the Indian Mutiny 2 January 1858.”

Seikh Irregular Cavalry :

Captain Frederick Wale – killed in action at Lucknow – 21st March 1858
(att. from 48th Bengal N.I.) Aged 23. Son of General Sir Charles Wale, KCB, 33rd Foot. Commanding Wale’s Horse.

Lieutenant R. A. Hamilton – killed in action at Tonse River, Azimghur – 15th April 1858
(att. from 10th Bengal Light Cavalry).

Lieutenant A. R. Mackenzie – killed in action at Lucknow – 2nd March 1858

Seikh Infantry :

Lieutenant R. J. Grant – killed in action at Jerwah – 30th April 1859.
(att. from 64th Bengal N.I.)

Lieutenant James Yorke – wounded at Delhi – 19th June 1857. died of wounds.
(att. from 3rd B.N.I.)

Bengal Volunteer Cavalry :

Lieutenant L. Hunt – killed in action near Saugur

Bengal Yeomanry Cavalry :

Captain A. Giffard – wounded at Doomureeagunge – 26th November 1858. died of wounds

Cornet Hugh Troup – killed in action at Tilga – 17th April 1858

THE MADRAS ARMY:

4th Madras Light Cavalry :

Captain J.S. Douglas – wounded at Kheri – 7th October 1858. died of wounds

Captain A. Tottenham – wounded at Ramkarra, near Jabalpore – 6th November 1857. died of wounds

5th Madras Light Cavalry :

Captain George Lawrence Herbert Gall – killed carrying despatches from Lucknow to Allahabad – 13th June 1857
Commanding 2nd Oude Irregular Cavalry.

8th Madras Light Cavalry :

Captain George King Newberry – killed in action at Lingasagoor, near Shorapur – 8th February 1858
Son of Thomas Raikes Newberry.

1st Madras Fusiliers :

Memorial at the Residency, Lucknow – “Sacred to the memory of Brigadier General J.G.S. Neill A.D.C. to the Queen. Col J.L. Stephenson c.o. Major S.G.C. Renaud Lieut. W.G. Groom. Lieut N.H. Arnold. Lieut A.A. Richardson. Lieut J.A. Chisholm Liuet F. Dobbs 352 non-commissioned officers, drummers and rank and file of the First Madras Fusiliers who fell during the supression of the rebellion in Bengal 1857-58.”

Lieutenant-Colonel John Stephenson, C.B.- wounded at Lucknow – 5th October 1857. died of wounds 21st October 1857
Aged 47.

Major Syndenham George C. Renaud – wounded at Aong, 15th July 1857. Left leg amputated. died of wounds

Lieutenant Nelson Henry Arnold – wounded at Charbagh Bridge, Lucknow – 25th September 1857. Left leg amputated. died of wounds

Lieutenant H. Francis – killed in action at Lucknow – 16th November 1857

Lieutenant William Tate Groom – wounded at Lucknow – 5th October 1857. died of wounds 21st October
Aged 26. Son of the late Richard Groom, Solicitor to the India Board.

Lieutenant Angelo Richardson – killed in action at Oonao – 29th July 1857

3rd Madras European Regiment :

Lieutenant Clarence Colbek – wounded at Banda – 19th April 1858. died of wounds 20th April 1858

10th Madras Native Infantry :

Captain Francis David Gordon – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 7th June 1857
Assistant-Superintendent, Jhansi District. Aged 35. Last surviving son of Michael Francis Gordon, of Abergeldie, Aberdeenshire. (The Times 5-8-57)

Captain W.G.P. Jenkins – killed in action at Enotah – 14th October 1857

31st Madras Native Infantry :

Lieutenant Charles Marsham Parsons – drowned near Fyzabad – 8th June 1857
Aged 25. Son of the late Lieut-Colonel Parsons, CMG. Drowned while escaping from mutineers of 17th Bengal N.I. while he was serving with the 6th Oude Irregulars.

34th Madras Native Infantry :

Lieutenant John Peloquin Cosserat – wounded at Lucknow, 23rd March 1858 – died of wounds 10th April 1858.

35th Madras Native Infantry :

Lieutenant H.P. Power – killed in action near Sircy – 19th February 1858

39th Madras Native Infantry :

Captain H.D. Hart – murdered by mutineers at Vellore – 12th November 1858

Captain John Sinclair – killed in action at Jhansi – 3rd April 1858
Memorial at Bower cemetery, Caithness – “Erected by officers 39th Madras Native Infantry in memory of Capt John Sinclair, eldest son of Sir John Sinclair, Baronet of Dunbeath, killed in action Jhansi 5.4.1858 aged 35.”

40th Madras Native Infantry :

Captain A.P. Woodbridge – killed in action near Sumbulpore – 12th February 1858
Son of E.C. Woodbridge, of Brighton.

43rd Madras Native Infantry :

Lieutenant R.C.A. Stuart – wounded at Mandwar – 20th January 1858. died of wounds

48th Madras Native Infantry :

Lieutenant Thomas Frankland – killed in action at Lucknow – 17th November 1857
Son of Sir Frederick Frankland (8th Baronet of Thikleby, Yorkshire and Dame Katharine.
Memorial in St. Simon’s Church, Portsmouth – “….. also of their three gallant sons: Fredk. Roger, Midshipman HMS Revenge who died of fever at Sierra Leone Jan 23rd 1845. Thomas, Lieut 48th M.N.I. killed in action at the Secunderbagh Nov 17th 1857. Harry Albert, Midshipman HMS Alarm who died of yellow fever at Vera Cruz May 9th 1847.”

Madras Artillery :

Lieutenant C. W. Crump – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th September 1857

Madras Engineers :

Captain C. Scott – killed in action at Rehora – 23rd November 1858

THE BOMBAY ARMY:

General Brackley Kennett – Bombay Army – wounded at Coonoor 8th October 1857, died 12th.
Ref. The Times (5-12-57). Attacked by an assassin.

1st Bombay Light Cavalry :

Colonel J. Penney – killed in action at Nusseerabad – 28th May 1858

Captain Hugh Spottiswoode – killed in action at Nusseerabad – 28th May 1858
‘Killed while charging at the head of his regiment, a 6 gun battery of the mutineers supported by 2 regiments of infantry’ (The Times 24-7-57)

Lieutenant J. M. Heath – killed in action at Gwalior – 19th June 1858

Cornet William Mills – killed in action at Gwalior – 19th June 1858

Cornet Richard Nicholas Newbury – killed in action at Nusseerabad – 28th May 1858
Aged 20. Shot while assisting to recapture guns from the mutineers. (ref. The Times)

2nd Bombay Light Cavalry :

Captain N. B. Tucker – killed in action at Jeerum – 23rd October 1857

1st Bombay Fusiliers :

Lieutenant G. J. H. Burnes – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 19th November 1857

Lieutenant William Marwood Mules – killed in action at Multan – 31st August 1858.
Aged 33. Son of Philip Mules, of Devon. Joined the Bombay Army in 1844. Served in the Punjab Campaign (1848).
Grave at New Cemetery, Multan – “Sacred to the memory of Lieut. William Marwood Mules late Adjt. 1st Bombay Fusiliers who was killed during the mutiny at Mooltan 31st August 1858 aged 33 years. Erected by his brother officers as a mark of esteem and affection.”

3rd Bombay European Regiment :

Lieutenant James W. Henry – murdered by mutineers at Nandoor – 4th October 1857
Superintendent of Ahmednuggur Police. Son of Arthur Henry, of Lodge Park, Co. Kildare.

1st Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant Charles Bromhead Bannerman – killed in action at Delhi – 8th September 1857
Aged 22. Son of Patrick, of Aberdeen.

9th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant G. Grant – wounded at Lucknow – 26th July 1857. died of wounds 29th July 1857

Ensign E. I Stubbs – murdered by mutineers at Kolapore – 2nd August 1857

10th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant E. C. Willoughby – killed in action at Fort Roodanow – 15th April 1858

14th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant G. L. Mills – murdered by mutineers at Mehidpore – 8th November 1857

23rd Bombay Native Infantry :

Captain Robert Bainbridge – killed in action at Kotah – 1st April 1858
Aged 33. Son of Colonel Bainbridge, of Guernsey. Killed when the magazine was exploded by mutineers.
Memorial at St. Andrews Church, La Route de St. Andre, Channel Islands  – “To the memory of Captain Robert Bainbrigge, 23rd Regt Bombay Native Infantry, second son of Colonel Bainbrigge of the Rohais Manor, in this parish, killed April 1st 1858 in his 34th year in the zealous performance of an important duty, by the treacherous explosion of the enemy’s magazine, after the assault and capture of the fortress and city of Kotah. This excellent and energetic young officer, after an active service with his regiment in India, or in charge of an irregular corps, the Sawant-Warree; obtained leave of absence, joined the Allied Army in the Crimea commanded a Company during the latter part of the siege and fall of Sebastopol. On the breaking out of the mutiny in Bengal, Capt. Bainbrigge returned to his own Presidency and was appointed to the Staff of the Bombay Army as Major of Brigade in the Rajpootana Field Force. This tablet has been erected by his sorrowing parents.”

24th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant Atherton Allan Park – killed in action at Jhansi – 3rd April 1858
Aged 23. Son of Alexander Atherton Park, of Wimple Street, London.

25th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant Wellington Rose – wounded at Gwalior – 19th June 1857. died of wounds

27th Bombay Native Infantry :

Lieutenant J.T. Norris – murdered by mutineers at Kolapore – 2nd August 1857

Ensign Frederick William Heathfield – murdered by mutineers at Kolapore – 2nd August 1857
Son of Richard Heathfield, Sussex Square, Hyde Park, London.
Parents memorial at Christ Church, Harrow – “Frederick William Heathfield, third son, late of the 27th Bombay NI who fell in the Indian Mutiny near Kolhapur Aug 2nd 1857 aged 18 years.”

Scindia Contingent :

Major John Jacob – murdered by mutineers at Agra – 6th July 1857

Bombay Engineers :

Lieutenant William George Douglas Dick – killed in action at Jhansi – 8th April 1858
Aged 22. Son of the late John Campbell Dick, Bengal Civil Service.

2nd Lieutenant Charles Hancock – wounded in explosion at Kotah – 30th March 1858. died of wounds 14th April 1858 Aged 21. Son of Major-General Hancock, Bombay Army.

2nd Lieutenant Hugh R. Meiklejohn – killed in action at Jhansi – 8th April 1858

THE INDIAN MEDICAL SERVICE:

Superintending-Surgeon John Boon Hayes – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 19 August 1826. According to Roll of IMS he died in Calcutta 18 July 1856?

Senior-Surgeon James Graham – murdered by mutineers at Sealkote – 9th July 1857
Born 28 Jan. 1797. Aged 60. Served in the Gwalior (star) and Sutlej (medal & clasp) Campaigns.

Senior-Surgeon Kinloch Winlaw Kirk – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 13th June 1857
Born 24 Dec. 1814. Author of ‘Topography of the Sind’ (1847).
Grave at the Christian Cemetery, Gwalior – “Sacred to the memory of Kinloch Winlaw Kirk M.D. Superintending surgeon Gwalior contingent. Shot by mutinous sepoys on the 15th June 1857 Aged 45 years.”

Surgeon William Robert Boyes – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born October 1816. Serving with 1st Bengal Native Cavalry. Son of William Boyes, of Brixton Hill, Surrey. His wife, Kate, was also killed.

Surgeon Nathaniel Collyer – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 6 August 1806.

Surgeon Christopher Garbett – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 20 June 1806. Served Punjab campaign.

Surgeon Arthur Wellesley Robert Newenham – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 21 August 1812. Served Sutlej campaign.

Surgeon Thomas Smith – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Born 15 July 1809.

Assistant-Surgeon Robert Dallas Dove Allan – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born April 1819. Served Sutlej campaign (medal 2 clasps).

Assistant-Surgeon Robert Henry Bartrum – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th September 1857
Aged 26. Serving with the 3rd Oude Irregular Infantry.

Assistant-Surgeon Henry Thomas Cary – killed in action at Mehidpore – 8th November 1857
Born 27 July 1833.

Assistant-Surgeon Edmund Darby – died of wounds at Lucknow – 27th October 1857
Aged 24. Serving with 10th Oude Irregular Infantry. Son of Sydney Hudson Darby, of Tienga, Bandorah River, Australia. Wounded by a shell and died soon after. His wife, Mary, and child were killed at Lucknow.

Assistant-Surgeon Anthony Dopping – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Born 6 August 1830.

Assistant-Surgeon Hartwell Samuel Garner – murdered by mutineers at Segowlee – 9th July 1857
Born July 1821. Served Sutlej and Punjab campaigns. Serving with the 12th Irregular Cavalry when killed. His wife Susan and one of their two children were also killed.

Assistant-Surgeon John Colin Graham – killed in action at Sealkote – 9th July 1857
Born 24 Nov. 1819 at Bhagalpur. Son of Major-General John Graham, Bengal Army. Served in the Punjab campaign (medal 2 clasps)

Assistant-Surgeon George Hansbrow – murdered by mutineers at Bareilly – 31st May 1857
Born 6 Feb 1823.

Assistant-Surgeon Horatio Philip Harris – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 11 July 1823 at sea, near Ceylon. Son of Henry Harris (Asst-Surgeon Bengal Army).

Assistant-Surgeon John MacDowell Hay – murdered by mutineers at Bareilly – 31st May 1857
Born 2 Feb 1819, son of Surgeon John Hay (Madras Army). Served Gwalior (star).

Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Godfrey Heathcote – killed in action at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born Feb. 1818. Co-author of ‘The Adaman Islands’

Assistant-Surgeon Marcus George Hill – murdered by mutineers at Seetapore – 2nd June 1857
Born 1829.

Assistant-Surgeon William Henry James – murdered by mutineers at Agra – 4th July 1857
Born 9 Nov. 1829.

Assistant-Surgeon Robert Lyell – killed in a riot at Patna – 3rd July 1857
Born 30 May 1825. Served Punjab campaign (medal 2 clasps). Author of ‘Notes on Patna Opium Agency’ (1857).

Assistant-Surgeon Daniel MacAuley – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Born 1 August 1830.

Assistant-Surgeon Samuel Maltby – killed in action at Cawnpore – 15th July 1857
Born Sept. 1820.

Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Moore – murdered by mutineers at Jogeermarah – 17th November 1857
Born 28 Nov. 1819 in America. Appointed to the Gwalior Contingent, served Sutlej campaign. Author of ‘Selections from my Medical Notebooks’ (1852).

Assistant-Surgeon M. Sadler – murdered by mutineers at Kotah – 15th October 1857

Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Hewlett Woodward – killed in action at Delhi – 31st August 1857
Born 5 Dec. 1832. Son of William James, of Tunbridge Wells.

ECCLESIASTICAL DEPARTMENT :

Chaplin George W. Coopland – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 15th June 1857
Eldest son of Revd. George Coopland, Rector of St. Margaret’s, York.
Grave in the Christian Cemetery, Gwalior – “To the memory of Rev. George William Coopland M.A. Late fellow of St. Catherine’s College Cambridge and H.E.I.C.’S Chaplain. He was killed at Gwalior by the Sepoys on the morning of 15th June 1857 in the 30th year of his age. He had been chaplain of Gwalior for 6 months. This monument was erected by his widow after the retaking of Gwalior June 1858.”

Chaplin E.T.R. Moncrieff – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

September 1, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Bengal Commissariat & Ordnance)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:46 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

BENGAL COMMISSARIAT & ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT:

Assistant Commissary Nicholas Reilly – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Conductor William Berrill – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Conductor Geoffrey Coleman – wounded at Allahabad – 22nd June 1857. died of wounds

Conductor J. Nolan – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857

Conductor John Scully – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857.
Aged 42. Born in Dublin. One of the ‘Devoted Nine’.

Conductor George William Shaw – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857.
Aged 46. Born in London. One of the ‘Devoted Nine’.

Conductor W. G. Woods – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857

Sub-Conductor G. Connor – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857

Sub-Conductor William Crow – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857.
Aged 36. Born in Berwick. One of the ‘Devoted Nine’.

Sub-Conductor R. N. Settle – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857

Sub-Conductor William H. West – killed in action at Kotah – 26th March 1858

Sub-Conductor J. White – died of wounds at Lucknow – 23rd August 1857

Sub-Conductor Roger Wood – died of wounds at Lucknow – 19th August 1857

August 1, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Bengal Artillery & Engineers)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:41 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

Bengal Horse Artillery. 1st Brigade:

Lieutenant-Colonel Murray Mackenzie – wounded at Delhi – 2nd July 1857. died at Simla, 5th October 1857. Aged 43. Born in Middlesex. Son of John & Helen. Joined Bengal Artillery 1828. Husband of Emily Watson.
Grave at Simla New Cemetery – “Sacred to the memory of Lt. Colonel Murray Mackenzie, Bengal Horse Artillery, died 5th October 1857 from the effect of wounds received at Delhi, aged 44 years.”

Lieutenant D. C. Alexander – wounded at Lucknow – 16th September 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Henry George Perkins – killed in action at Ghazee-od-deen Nuggur – 31st May 1857. Aged 27. Memorial at Meerut – “In memory of 1st Lieutenant Henry George Perkins ….. of the 2nd Troop, 1st Brigade, Bengal Horse Artillery who fell in action with the mutineers at the Hindan river on the 31st May 1857, nobly doing their duty. This monument is erected by their Commanding Officer Colonel H. Tombs in token of esteem and regret.”

Bengal Horse Artillery. 2nd Brigade:

Lieutenant Augustus Otway Mayne – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th November 1857
Deputy-Asst-Quartermaster-General on the Staff of Brigadier Hope. Aged 28. Son of late Captain Charles Otway Mayne, of the Manor House, Great Stanmore, Middlesex.

Bengal Horse Artillery. 3rd Brigade:

Captain Edward Armstrong Currie D’Oyly – wounded at Sassiah – 5th July 1857. died of wounds 6th July at Agra. Ref The Times (4-9-57) died of a grape-shot wound at Agra 6th July.

Bengal Field Artillery :

Brigadier George Lewis Cooper – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857
Aged 45. Son of Major-General George (Bengal Army) and Jane, of London. Husband of Mary Griffin.

Colonel Francis Ruddle Bazely – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857
Aged 50. Son of Captain Henry (Royal Navy) and Mary, of Dover. Husband of Susan Denson.

Colonel Frederick Brind, CB. – wounded at Sealkote – 10th July 1857. died of wounds. Aged 56. Son of Walter Brind. Born in London. Served in the Gwalior, Sutlej and Punjab Campaigns. Husband of Henrietta Sale.

Colonel Sir Hugh Montgomery Lawrence, KCB. – wounded at Lucknow – 2nd July 1857. died of wounds 4th July 1857. Aged 50. Son of Lieut-Colonel Alexander and Catherine Lawrence. Husband of Honoria Marshall.

Lieutenant-Colonel Hubert Garbett – wounded at Delhi, 9th September 1857. died of infected wound at Simla – 14th January 1858. Aged 53. Son of Rev. James Garbett, of Hereford. Husband of Jessy Campbell.
Grave at Simla, New Cemetery – “Beneath this tomb are deposited the remains of Colonel Hubert Garbett of the Bengal Artillery who died at Simla on the 14th January 1858 from the effects of a wound received at the siege of Delhi where he served as a Brigadier commanding the artillery. Aged 53 years.”

Major George Larkins – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 49. Son of John and Mary. Husband of Emma Carnaghan (she was also massacred at Cawnpore).

Major Alexander Robertson – wounded at Futteghur – 12th June 1857. died of wounds 21st July
Aged 37. Agent for Gun Carriages. Son of George Robertson, Deputy Keeper of Records for Scotland. Hi wife, Elizabeth and their infant daughter were also killed.

Captain Robert Charles Henry Baines Fagan – killed in action at Delhi – 12th September 1857
Aged 34. Son of Major-General Christopher Fagan, CB. Born at Fatehgarh. Served in the Punjab (1848). Husband of Sarah Humphrey.

Captain Alexander William Hawkins – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 15th June 1857
Aged 44. Son of John and Ellen, of Dublin. Husband of Georgina Greene.

Captain Alfred P. Simons – wounded at Chinhut – 30th June 1857. Died at Lucknow 8th September 1857
Aged 33. Served in the Punjab Campaign (medal & 2 clasps).
Memorial at The Residency, Lucknow – “To the memory of Capt. A.P. Simons. Lt D.G. Alexander. Lt E.P. Lewin
Lt J.H. Bryce, Lt F.J. Cunliffe officers of the Bengal Artillery who died of wounds disease & exposure whilst defending the Residency Lucknow during the months of July Aug. and Sept. 1857 erected by their brother officers who survived the siege.”

Lieutenant Burnett Ashburner – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Sixth son of William Page Ashburner, formerly of Bombay.

Lieutenant St. G. Ashe – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Charles Dempster – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Dundas William Gordon – killed in action at Lucknow – 8th January 1858
Aged 24. Son of Adam Gordon, of London.

Lieutenant Edward Hildebrand – killed in action at Delhi – 8th September 1857
Aged 29. Born near Leicester.

Lieutenant John Henderson Lamb – wounded at Agra 5th July – died of wounds 24th August 1857
Aged 29. Assistant-Commissioner at Oraie. Son of David Lamb, of Liverpool.

Lieutenant Edward P. Lewin – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th July 1857
Memorial at The Residency, Lucknow – “To the memory of Capt. A.P. Simons. Lt D.G. Alexander. Lt E.P. Lewin, Lt J.H. Bryce, Lt F.J. Cunliffe officers of the Bengal Artillery who died of wounds disease & exposure whilst defending the Residency Lucknow during the months of July Aug. and Sept. 1857 erected by their brother officers who survived the siege.”

Lieutenant A.O. Mayne – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th November 1857

Lieutenant William Stewart – murdered by mutineers at Gwalior – 15th June 1857
Aged 30. From Ardvorlich, Perthsire. Son of Major W.M. Stewart, Bengal Army. His wife, Lucy, and infant son, Robert, were also killed.

Lieutenant Frederick Henry Turnbull – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 4th June 1857
Son of Montagu Henry Turnbull, late Bengal Civil Service.

Lieutenant George Dobson Willoughby – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Memorial at Bath Abbey, Bath – “Sacred to the memory of George Dobson Willoughby, 1st Lieut. Bengal Artillery and Commissary of Ordnance at Delhi, aged 28 years. As a brave and zealous soldier he stood firm in defence of his post intrusted to him, and when resistance failed blew up the Delhi Magazine on 11 May 1857 to prevent its falling into the hands of the mutineers and rebels. Burnt and wounded he subsequently fell a pray to insurgents. This tablet is erected by his sorrowing relatives.”

2nd Lieutenant F.W. Burney – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

2nd Lieutenant Thomas Eden Dickens – wounded at Delhi – 20th July 1857. died of wounds 27th July.
Fourth son of William Dickens, of Cherington, Warwickshire.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – “In memory of Thomas Eden Dickens. Lieutenant Bengal Artillery, who fell mortally wounded before Delhi on the 20th and died on the 27th of July 1857. Aged 25 years.”

2nd Lieutenant J.A.H. Eckford – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

2nd Lieutenant John Nickleson Martin – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “This tablet in memory of an excellent son, is erected by his afflicted parents, Admiral and Mrs Martin, to John Nickleson Martin Liuet. Bengal Artillery Who, whilst gallanty fulfilling his duties, was treacherously killed by the mutineers in the boats at Cawnpore, on the 27th of June 1857, in his 18th year, respected and beloved by all that knew him.”

2nd Lieutenant William Thornton Somerville – wounded at Delhi – 29th August 1857. died
Third and youngest son of James, of Ross, Co. Meath. Born 7th March 1836 in Ireland. Died of a fever.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – “In memory of Lieut. W.T. Somoerville of the Bengal Artillery who died in camp before Delhi at the age of 21 years and 6 months on the 5th September 1857 of a fever brought on by fatigue and exposure, This monument has been erected by his affectionate friend Major General Huthwaite, CB.”

2nd Lieutenant George M.W. Sotheby – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 17. Only son of Capt. George H. Sotheby, 34th Madras L.I.
Memorial at St. Johns Church, Clifton, Lancashire – “Also to Lieutenant George M.W. Sotherby, Bengal Artillery, son of the above, who was killed in the massacre at Cawnpore June 1857 aged 17 years.”

2nd Lieutenant Somerset Edward Deane Townsend – murdered by mutineers at Nowgong – 19th June 1857
 ‘shot through the heart by a dacoit, near Mahoba. Third son of the late Bishop of Meath.

Assistant-Surgeon R.H. Bartrum – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th September 1857

BENGAL ENGINEERS:

Captain Henry A. Brownlow – wounded at Delhi – 14th September 1857. died of wounds.

Captain E. Fraser – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857

Captain G.W. Fulton – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th September 1857

Lieutenant Elliott Pakenham Brownlow – killed in a powder explosion at Delhi – 17th March 1858
Aged 24. Son of Henry Brownlow, of Bath.

Lieutenant Duncan Charles Home, VC – killed in a powder explosion at Allyghur – 29th September 1857 Aged 29. Son of Major-General Richard Home (Bengal Infantry), he was born at Jubbulpore. Joined the Bengal Army in 1846. Won the VC for blowing the Kashmir Gate before the final assault on Delhi (14th Sept.)

Lieutenant C.D. Innes – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

Lieutenant S.C. Jervis – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant J.R. Monckton – killed in action at Futtehghur – 12th July 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “Futtehgurh Fugitives 10th N.I. Colonel G.A. Smith Wife Child.
Major R. Monro. Major J. Phillott. Lieut C.W. Swetenham. Lieut D. Henderson. Ensign R.S. Byrne. Surgeon T.C. & Mrs Heathcote. Musician W.M. Wrixen. Colonel A. Coldie Wife & Daughters. Lieut J.R. Monckton B. Engr. Wife & Child. Asst-Surgeon S. & Mrs Maltby. Contr. M Roban Ordnance Dept. & Family. School Master Sheils & Family. Sergt. Hammond Gun Agency Dept. & Family. Pensioner Faulknor.”

Lieutenant Philip Salkeld, VC – wounded at Cashmere Gate, Delhi – 14th September 1857. died of wounds, 10th October at Delhi. Aged 26. Born in Dorset. Son of Rev. Robert Salkeld. Joined the Bengal Army in 1848. Won the VC for blowing the Kashmir Gate before the final assault on Delhi (14th Sept.)

Lieutenant Francis Latter Tandy – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857
Aged 23. Son of Edward Tandy, Taxing Master in the Court of Chancery, Ireland. Joined the Bengal Army in 1853. Educated at Addiscombe.

Lieutenant Francis Whiting – killed – 28th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “In memory of Francis Whiting Capt Bengal Engineers who was shot by Mutinous Sepoys on the 28th June 1857 in the 35th year of his age one of the devoted band who defended Cawnpore and who was in command of a boat which escaped about 30 miles and fell while pushing her off a sand bank on which she had grounded.”

2nd Lieutenant Edward Jones – wounded at Delhi, 18th July, died of wounds – 24th July 1857
Aged 22. Mortally wounded by a cannon-shot. Son of Edward Jones, of Liverpool.
Grave in Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Edward Jones, Bengal Engineers, who was mortally wounded on the Ridge before Delhi on the 18th July and died on the 24th July 1857.”

July 29, 2022

Prateek Hira appointed member of Tourism & Medical Value Travel Committee of Govt of UP

Filed under: News — admins @ 8:41 am

https://travel.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/destination/states/government-of-uttar-pradesh-appoints-prateek-hira-as-member-of-tourism-medical-value-travel-committee/93245658

 


 

Prateek Hira appointed as member of ‘Tourism and Medical Value Travel Committee’ of Govt. of Uttar Pradesh

 

Uttar Pradesh govt. has formed a high-level committee for export promotion through tourism and medical value travel under the Department of MSME and Export’s Export Promotion Council headed by the Commissioner of Exports.

Prateek Hira President and CEO of Tornos and Director of River Rhapsody who is a renowned name in the travel industry has been appointed as a member of this committee to provide his expertise in tourism and help the state of Uttar Pradesh augment service exports through tourism and medical travel.

Prateek Hira said, “Uttar Pradesh is taking tourism very seriously and trying to make tourism one of the key drivers to make the state a $1 trillion economy.”

Hira adds, “I am delighted to contribute my bit to the development of my own state and I really hope I would be able to contribute to the vision of our Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.”

 
 

July 1, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Bengal Infantry)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:37 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

THE BENGAL INFANTRY:

1st Bengal European Fusiliers

Memorial at Sadar Bazar, Delhi – “Here repose the following officer, non commissioned officers and men of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers killed in the attack on the enemys fortified position at Kissen-gunge on the morning of the successful assault and storm of Delhi. Captain G.G. McBarnett 55th N.I. (attached)” … (names of 19 men) … “Familiar with the aspect of Death whom they had confonted in so many battles from which they always emerged victorious they met His last inevitable call here with intrepidity Falling on the 14th of September 1857 in the faithful discharge of their duty. This Monument was erected by their Officers and fellow soldiers of the 1st Regiment European Bengal Fusiliers in their remembrance which is part of its glory. The rest remains with the Lord.”

Lieutenant-Colonel John Grant Gerrard – killed in action at Narnool – 17th November 1857
Son of John & Harriet Gerrard. Born in Calcutta, 1808. Joined the Bengal Army in 1825. Served Afghanistan 1842 (medal), Sutlej 1845 (medal). Husband of Mary Bunbury.
Memorial at Meerut –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colonel John Grant Gerrard, 1st Bengal Fusiliers, who was killed in action while gallantly leading on to victory the moveable column which he commanded against the Jodhpur Legion at Narnaul, near Delhi, November 17th 1857, aged 48 years.”

Major George Ogle Jacob – mortally wounded at Delhi – 14th September 1857
Aged 38. Son of Surgeon George Jacob (Bengal Medical Service). Joined the Bengal Army in 1837. Served in Afghanistan (1838), Sutlej (1845). Wounded in the morning and died in camp at 10 pm.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Major George Ogle Jacob, 1st Bengal Fusiliers, who whilst commanding his Regiment fell mortally wounded at the storming of Delhi, on the 14th September 1857, aged 38 years. This monument is erected by his family.”

Captain William Hodson – killed in action at Begam Kothi – 11th March 1858

Captain Etienne St. George – wounded at Chakar Kothi – 9th March 1858. died of wounds

2nd Bengal European Fusiliers

Memorial in St. James’ Church, Delhi – “In defence of the honor of their beloved Queen and country in avenging their murdered countrymen and women, in crushing a mutiny unrivalled for its atrocities and in the final assault and capture of the city of Delhi, the brave soldiers of the 2nd European Bengal Fusiliers in whose memory this tablet is erected fell. Followed to the grave by the sympathies of their nation, and the undying love of their surviving comrades they lie in glorious sacrifice to their country. To perpetuate the memory of Colonel Major General N. Penny CB. Captain E.J. White. Captain R.J. Sanctuary 5th N.I. Lieutenant C.T.M. MacDowell. Lieutenant G.J. Glanville. Lieutenant S.H. Jackson. Lieutenant D.F. Sheriff. Lieutenant O.C. Walters 45th N.I. Lieutenant C.H.E. Gambier 38th N.I. Asst Surgeon W.B. Chavasse.”

Colonel Nicholas Penny, CB – killed in action – Killed in action at Kukerowlee – 30th April 1858.
Aged 69. Son of Robert & Catherine Penny, of Weymouth, Dorset. Joined Bengal Army 1806. Husband of Louisa Gerard.
Grave at Meerut –
 “Sacred to the memory of Major General N. Penny, CB. Commanding the Meerut Division. Born at Weymouth, Dorsetshire on the 12th March 1790, Killed at the head of his column in a skirmish with the enemy near the village of Kukerowlee, in Rolilcund, on the morning of the 30th April 1858 after a service of 51 years. His precious remains were brought to Meerut through the kind exertions of Captain E.J. Simpson Asst Commy Gen.”

Lieutenant Charles Henry Fitzroy Gambier – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857.
Aged 22. When his regiment (38th N.I.) mutineed he was attached to the 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. Killed in the attack on the breach of the Water Bastion 14th September 1857. See 38th Native Infantry.

Lieutenant George Julius Glanville – murdered in the massacre at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857.
Aged 25. Son of Francis and Amabel, of Cornwall.

Lieutenant Stuart Hare Jackson – killed in action at Delhi – 23rd June 1857.
Aged 19. Joined the Bengal Army in 1855. Third son of the late A.R. Jackson, MD of Warley Barracks.
Buried at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Beneath this lies the mortal remains of Lieut. S.H. Jackson 2nd EB Fusiliers killed in action against the rebels on 23rd June 1857 during the siege of Delhi. erected by his brother officers as a mark of deep esteem.”

Lieutenant Charles T. McDowell – killed in action at Shumshabad – 27th January 1858
Aged 23. Second-in-command of Hodson’s Horse. Son of James McDowell, of London and East Bridgeford, Notts.

2nd Lieutenant David Francis Sherriff – killed in action at Delhi – 12th August 1857.
Aged 21. Son of Captain David Sherriff, 48th N.I. Born at Sitapur. Joined the Bengal Army in 1855.
Buried in Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieut. D.F. Sherriff H.M. 2nd E.B. Fusiliers killed in action against the rebels during the siege of Delhi on 12th August 1857 erected by his brother officers as a mark of their esteem and regard for him.”

Ensign Odlarne Coates Walter – killed in action at Delhi – 18th July 1857.
Aged 19. Joined the Bengal Army in 1856.

3rd Bengal European Fusiliers

Major George Powell Thomas – wounded at Agra, 5th July 1857. died of wounds 4th August 1857.
Aged 48. Son of Lewis and Maria Thomas. Born in Bairamghat, near Lucknow. Husband of Albina Andrews.

1st Bengal Native Infantry
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P. 1st Native Infantry. Lieut. Col. John Ewart, Wife & Child. Lieut J.H.C. Ewart, 12th N.I. Captain A. Turner, Wife and Child. Captain E.J. Elms. Lieut. H.S. Smith. Lieut. R.M. Satchwell. Lieut F. Redman. Ensign J.C. Supple. Surgeon A.W.R. Newenman, Wife & Children Sergeant Major C. Hilling, Wife & Child Quarter-Master Sergeant T. Andrews & Family 18 Musicians, 5 Women & 9 Children.”

Colonel John Ewart – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 53. Son of Peter and Marianne, of Manchester. Husband of Emma Fooks. (she and their daughter were also massacred at Cawnpore). Wounded at Cawnpore and killed in the boats.

Captain Edward John Elms – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 33. Son of the late Revd. Edward Elms, of Itchingfield, Sussex.

Captain Athill Turner – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Died of wounds received in the boats. His wife, Ellen, and daughter died of fever at Cawnpore.

Lieutenant Frederick Redman – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 26. Son of George C. Redman, Isle of Thanet, Kent.

Lieutenant Richard Murcott Satchwell – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 28. Adjutant and Quartermaster. Son of the late Major Satchwell, Asst-Comm-General, Bengal.

Lieutenant Henry Sidney Smith – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Godfrey Richard Wheeler – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign G. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt. Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Ensign George Lindsay – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Only son of the late George Lindsay, Bengal Civil Service.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign G. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt. Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Ensign J.C. Supple – murdered at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

3rd Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Robert Waller Alexander – killed in action at Delhi – 19th June 1857
Son of Rev. Robert Alexander.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Robert Waller Alexander 3rd NI. Son of Revd. R. Alexander of Blackheath Ireland who was killed before Delhi on the night of the 19th June 1857 whilst gallantly engaged in repelling an attack made by the mutineers on the British outposts.

Lieutenant James Yorke – wounded at Delhi, 19th June 1857. died of wounds 1st July 1857
Attached to the 4th Sikh Infantry.

6th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain John Plunkett – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Youngest son of William Plunkett, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue.

Lieutenant George Harry Hawes – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Aged 25. Quartermaster and Interpreter. Son of William Hawes, of Plymouth.

Lieutenant Robert Stewart – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Murdered while at mess. Son of late Robert Stewart, formerly of Calcutta.

Ensign Thomas Bailiff – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

Ensign Edward E. Beamont – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

Ensign Arthur M. H. Cheek – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

Ensign George Lloyd Munro – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Eldest son of Lt-Col. O.A. Munro, Bengal Army.

Ensign George Stewart Pringle – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Third son of the late W.A. Pringle, Bengal Civil Service.

Ensign Edward M. Smith – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

7th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Frederick Blackall Boyd – killed in action at Behar – 9th November 1857
Aged 27. Son of Robert Boyd, of Bromley, Kent.

Lieutenant Ralph Mitford Ingilby – murdered by mutineers at Dinapore – 30th July 1857

Lieutenant William Paul – wounded at Lucknow, 16th November 1857. died of wounds 17th Nov. 1857
Aged 29. Born in Elgin.

Lieutenant Charles Henry Lycett Warren – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th September 1857
Son of Joseph Loxdale Warren, of The Towers, Market Drayton, Shropshire. Aged 24.
Memorial at St Mary’s Church, Market Drayton, Shropshire – 
“In memory of Charles Henry Lycett Warren Lieutenant in the 8th Bengal Native Infantry and Adjutant of the 12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry son of Joseph Loxdale Warren of the Towers in this Parish Esquire who fell shot through the heart while advancing with the Army under Major General Sir H. Havelock to the Relief of his countrymen besieged in the Residency at Lucknow on the 25th of September 1857 aged 24 years. This tablet is erected by his friends and fellow townsmen in memory of the zeal and spirit and evinced throuhgout the arduous campign which led to the reconquest of Lucknow and the rescue of the besieged from a savage and merciless foe.”

8th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Charles Frederick Simpson – accidentally killed at Delhi – 19th November 1857
Aged 32. Son of Richard Simpson, of Derby. Joined the Bengal Army in 1845.
Grave at Cashmere Gate Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Charles F. Simpson 8th Regiment NI. Major of Brigade Umballa who died at Delhi the 19th November 1857 aged 32 years. Sincerely and deservedly regretted by his affectionate wife and numerous friends.”

Lieutenant Charles Henry Lycett Warreb – killed in action at Lucknow – 23rd September 1857
Memorial at St. Marys Church, Market Drayton, Shropshire – “In memory of Charles Henry Lycett Warren, Lieutenant in the 8th Bengal Native Infantry and Adjutant of the 12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry, son of Joseph Loxdale Warren of the Towers in this parish, who fell shot through the heart whilst advancing with the Army under Major General Sir H. Havelock to the relief of his countrymen beseiged in the Residency at Lucknow, on the 23rd September 1857, aged 24 years. This tablet is erected by his friends and fellow townsmen.”

9th Bengal Native Infantry

Major Lionel Percy Denham Eld – wounded on the Trunk Road – July 1857. died ‘of wounds’ at Weymouth, 11th December 1863
Aged 55. Son of John and Louisa, of Brighton. Husband of Charlotte Campbell.

Lieutenant Frederick Folliot Oldfield – died of wounds at Secundra Bagh, Lucknow – 17th November 1857. Aged 19. Son of Henry Oldfield (Bengal Civil Service). Born in Mozaffarpur. Joined the Bengal Army in 1855.

10th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel George Acklom Smith – missing in action at July – 26th July 1857
His wife Mary was also killed.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“Futtehgurh Fugitives 10th N.I. Colonel G.A. Smith Wife Child.
Major R. Monro. Major J. Phillott. Lieut C.W. Swetenham. Lieut D. Henderson. Ensign R.S. Byrne. Surgeon T.C. & Mrs Heathcote. Musician W.M. Wrixen. Colonel A. Coldie Wife & Daughters. Lieut J.R. Monckton B. Engr. Wife & Child. Asst-Surgeon S. & Mrs Maltby. Contr. M Roban Ordnance Dept. & Family. School Master Sheils & Family. Sergt. Hammond Gun Agency Dept. & Family. Pensioner Faulknor.”

Captain Frederick D’Oyley Bignell – missing at Futtehghur – 26th July 1858

Captain William George Law – killed in action at Delhi – 23rd July 1857 (attached to the 1st Punjab Infantry). Aged 33. Son of William Law. Joined the Bengal Army in 1841. Served with the 1st Punjab Infantry. Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – “Amongst the brave soldiers who gave their lives for their country at the siege of Delhi in 1857, none more gallant amd true-hearted have here rest from their labours than Captain W.G. Law who was killed at the attack on the rebels’ position in the Metcalfe Garden on the 23rd July.”

Captain William Lindsay – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 18th June 1857

Captain Robert Munro – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857

Captain William Thornton Phillimore – missing at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857
Aged 36. Son of William Phillimore, of Herts. Shot in the leg at Ferruckabad. Killed while in a boat at Konahere Bithoor.

Captain Johnson Phillott – missing at Futtehghur – 11th July 1857
Aged 47. Reported to have drowned in the Ganges while escaping mutineers. Son of Johnson Phillott, of Hereford.

Lieutenant Henry John Fitzgerald – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857

Lieutenant John Robert Simpson – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857
Son of the late Colonel John Simpson, HEICS.

Lieutenant Charles Worsley Swetenham – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857

Lieutenant Edward S. Whish – murdered at Darjeeling – 16th June 1857
Second son of late Lieut-General Whish, of Clifton, Gloucestershire. (ref. The Times)

Ensign R. S. Byrne – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857

Ensign David Henderson – murdered by mutineers at Futtehghur – 26th July 1857
Acting Adjutant, Interpreter and Quartermaster. Son of Capt. Henderson, of Semster, Caithness.

11th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel John Finnis – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Aged 53. Son of Robert and Elizabeth Finnis, of Hythe. Born 28th January 1804. Served Punjab 1848 (medal). The first European officer killed in the Mutiny. Husband of Sarah Roche.
Grave at Meerut –
 “To the memory of John Finnis Colonel 11th Regt N.I. who fell while endeavouring to quell the mutiny in the 20th Regt. N.I. May 10th 1857 aged 53 years.”

12th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain John Dunlop – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 5th June 1857
Aged 34. Son of

Lieutenant James H. C. Ewart – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 31. Eldest son of James S. Ewart, of Fortis Green, Finchley.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P. 1st Native Infantry. Lieut. Col. John Ewart, Wife & Child. Lieut J.H.C. Ewart, 12th N.I. Captain A. Turner, Wife and Child. Captain E.J. Elms. Lieut. H.S. Smith. Lieut. R.M. Satchwell. Lieut F. Redman. Ensign J.C. Supple. Surgeon A.W.R. Newenman, Wife & Children Sergeant Major C. Hilling, Wife & Child Quarter-Master Sergeant T. Andrews & Family 18 Musicians, 5 Women & 9 Children.”

Lieutenant William C. L. Ryves – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 5th June 1857

Ensign James Henry Barber – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 5th June 1857
The Times 22-8-57, states: died 20th June in Bundelcund from sun-stroke while seeking refuge from the mutineers. Eldest son of Capt. Barber, of Merton Abbey, Surrey.

Ensign Stanhope B. Taylor – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 5th June 1857

Assistant-Surgeon William Barker McEgan – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 5th June 1857.
Born 30th May 1817. Served in the Crimea with the Turkish Contingent.

13th Bengal Native Infantry

Memorial in the Residency, Lucknow – “Sacred to the memory of Major C.F. Bruere. Captain R.B. Francis. Lieut G.W. Green. Ensign L. Inglis of the Honble E.I. Company’s 13th Regt N.I. who fell whilst serving with their Regiment in the defence of Lucknow 1857. Also of Capt A. Turnbull who died in the Cawnpore Entrenchment and Lieut E.W. Banwell.”

Captain Robert Bransby Francis – killed in action by round shot at Lucknow – 8th July 1857
Both his legs were blown off by a round-shot.

Lieutenant Edward William Banwell – murdered by mutineers at Hissar – 29th May 1857

Lieutenant G.A.P. Younghusband – wounded at Futteyghur 2nd January 1858. Died of wounds 4th Jan.
Aged 26. Son of Major-General Younghusband, Royal Artillery. Commanding 5th Punjab Cavalry when wounded.

14th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Charles Battine – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 24. Son of Major-General Battine, CB, Bengal Artillery.

Lieutenant Frederick James MacDonnell – killed in action at Lucknow – 23rd March 1857

15th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant James Archibald Campbell – murdered by mutineers at Nusseerabad – 6th May 1857
Aged 24. Killed while commanding the 14th Irregular Cavalry. Eldest son of Lt-Col. John Campbell (retired), Bengal Army.

Lieutenant Osbert D’Abitot Thackwell – killed in action at Lucknow – 20th March 1858
Aged 22. Son of Lt-General Sir Joseph Thackwell, GCB, 16th Lancers.

16th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Frederick Cortland Angelo – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“Sacred to the memory of Frederick Cortlandt Angelo 16th Grenadiers, B.N.I., ..nt of the 4th Division Ganges Canal, who fell in the mutiny at Cawnpore, on the 27th June 1857, in the 32nd year of his age, erected by his sorrowing widow.”

Lieutenant James Fullerton – accidentally killed at Lucknow – 15th September 1857
Aged 27. Son of Lord Fullerton. Fell from a balcony of the Residency.

Ensign H. L. Marsh – killed in action at Maun Sing’s Garden – 24th August 1857

17th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Robert Popkin Homfray – wounded at Delhi, 15th September 1857. died of wounds 16th September 1857
Aged 22. Son of Robert, he was born in Calcutta. Joined the Bengal Army in 1852.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “This monument is erected to the memory of Lieut. Robt Popkin Homfary of the 17th Regt. NI and adjt. of the 4th Punjaub Infantry, by his devoted brothers and sisters. this brave young officer died at the age of 22 years on the 16th September 1857 from wounds received on the preceding day whilst gallantly leading on his men in action.”

Lieutenant Percy George Hutchinson – murdered by mutineers at Azimghur – 3rd June 1857
Quartermaster. Aged 25.

Lieutenant Edward Thomas Kemp – wounded at Sassia Ghat, 15th January 1857. died at Mela Ghat, 16th January. (attached to the Kamaon Levy). Aged 22. Joined the Bengal Army in 1853.

Lieutenant E. D. F. Lewis – wounded at Ghazeepore, 18th July 1857. died of wounds 1st September 1857

18th Bengal Native Infantry

Major Henry Edward Pearson – murdered by ‘villagers’ near Bareilly – 6th June 1857
Aged 46. Son of Rev. Thomas and Sarah, of Worcestershire. Husband of Fanny Williamson.

Captain Hugh Vans Hathorn – murdered by ‘villagers’ near Bareilly – 6th June 1857
Only son of the late Vans Hathorn, of Edinburgh.

Captain Taylor Campbell Richardson – murdered by ‘villagers’ near Bareilly – 6th June 1857

Lieutenant Henry Ross Stewart – murdered by ‘villagers’ near Bareilly – 6th June 1857
Memorial at St. Michaels Church, Melksham, Wiltshire –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Henry Ross Stewart, 18th Regt BNI who lost his life whilst endeavouring to escape from Bareilly after the Mutiny of May 31st aged 26 years.”

Ensign Charles Keith Dashwood – wounded at Lucknow, 23rd November 1857. died of wounds
Died in hsopital at Lucknow, having had both his feet blown off by a round-shot on 4th November. Aged 19. Son of Lt-Col. A.W. Dashwood, of Shenley Grange, Herts.

Ensign John Charles Dyson – murdered by ‘villagers’ at Bareilly – 6th June 1857

19th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Sir Norman Leslie – murdered by mutineers at Rohnee – 12th June 1857
Murdered by men of the 5th Irregular Cavalry with whom he was serving. The murderers were caught and executed.

20th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Donald McDonald – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Fourth son of Capt. Archibald McDonald (RN).
Grave at Meerut –
 “To the memory of Donald MacDonald Captain 20th Regiment N.I. who was killed by his own men on the 10th May 1857. Aged 35 years. and of Louisa Sophia, his wife, aged 30 years. Who was barabarously murdered the same night while trying to make her escape with her three infants from her burning house to the European Lines.”

Captain John Henry George Taylor – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Son of Lieutenant-Colonel John William and Emma Taylor. Born in 1820.
Grave at Meerut –
 “To the memory of John Henry George Taylor Captain Late of the 20th Regiment N.I. Killed during the Mutiny at Meerut on May 10th 1857.”

Lieutenant George Douglas Barbor – killed in action at Lucknow – 1st June 1857

Lieutenant David Henry Henderson – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Only son of Lieut. David Henderson, R.N., of St. John’s Wood, Regents Park.
Grave at Meerut –
 “Sacred to the memory of David Henry Henderson Lieutenant Bengal Native Infantry who was killed during the mutiny at Meerut on the 10th May 1857, aged 31 years.”

Lieutenant Mervyn Archdall Humphrys – killed in action at Delhi – 19th June 1857
(attached to the 1/60th Foot). Aged 26. Son of William and Anna, of Co. Cavan. Joined the Bengal Army in 1850. Grave in Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant M. A. Humphrys of the 20th N.I. who was killed in action on the 19th June 1857.”

Lieutenant William Pattle – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857.
Grave at Meerut –
 “William Pattle Lieutenant. 20th Regiment Native Infantry. Born 21st June 1832 was killed in the Mutiny at Meerut on 10th May 1857.”

21st Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Francis Walker Brodie – murdered by mutineers at Muttragur – 7th June 1857

22nd Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant J.W.H. Anderson – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857
Son of John Anderson, of Ryall Hill, Worcester.

Lieutenant Arthur Bright – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857
Aged 26. Son of Robert Bright, of Abbot’s Leigh, Somerset. Killed by mutineers of the 17th BNI.
Memorial at Holy Trinity Church, Abbots Leigh, Avon  –
 “In memory of Arthur, 6th son of Robert and Caroline Bright, Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 22nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry full of the highest promise he perished by the hands of mutineers from another regment near Fyzabad Oudh on the 9th of June 1857 in the 27th year of his age.”

Lieutenant George Lister Cautley – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857
Aged 24. Son of Lt-Col. George Cautley, 6th Bengal Cavalry.

Lieutenant Augustus Frederic English – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857
Son of the late Sir John English.

Lieutenant Thomas Edward Lindesay – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857

Lieutenant Frederick W. Ripley – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857

Lieutenant Walter Harrington Thomas – murdered by mutineers at Gorukpore – 8th June 1857
Son of Capt. G.H. Thomas, 7th Madras Cavalry.

23rd Bengal Native Infantry

Colonel John Platt – murdered by mutineers at Mhow – 1st July 1857
Aged 55. Son of Rev. Alexander and Charlotte Platt, of Langley, Herts. Husband of Charlotte Atkinson.
Memorial at St. Marys church, Watford – 
“In memory of Lt col. John Platt, Lt Col Charles Chester, Capt. James Fagan, Capt. Thom H. Hilliard all of the XXIII Regt Bengal Native Infantry who fell in the Mutiny and Rebellion in India AD MDCCCLVIII. Erected by their brother officers.”

Captain James Fagan – murdered by mutineers at Mhow – 1st July 1857

Captain Thomas Holyoake Hilliard – murdered at Chatteerea – 31st May 1857
Aged 30. Born in Middlesex. Joined the Bengal Army in 1842. Adjutant of the Hariana Light infantry. When they mutineed at Sirsa he was spared and allowed to depart, but was murdered by villagers soon after.
Grave at Sirsa Cemetery –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieut. J.H. Hilliard, second in command, late Hurrianah battalion and Mr. J.W. Fell, Assistant Patrol, Customs Department, who were both treacherously murdered on the 30th May 1857 by the rebel inhabitants of the village of Chutrayan in the Sirsa District. this tomb was erected over the recovered remains by order of the Government.”

24th Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Marshall Deverall Smith – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Aged 19 years and 4 months. Son of Samuel Smith, of Westbourne Terrace Road, London, late of Calcutta.

25th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Charles George Brodie – killed in action at Mehidpore – 18th November 1857

Ensign Julian Hayter – wounded at Benares, 16th June 1857. died of wounds

26th Bengal Native Infantry

Major Robert Spencer – murdered by mutineers at Mean Meer – 30th July 1857
Aged 44. Born in London. Son of Robert and Anne. Joined the Bengal Army in 1827.
Tablet in St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, Lahore –
 “Sacred to the memory of Brigadier Isaac Handscombe, Bt. Major Robert Spencer and Sergeant Major John Potter who were barbarously murdered by the mutineers when nobly attempting to recall their men to their duty, the first fell at Lucknow on the 31st May and the two last at Meean Meer on the 30th July 1857.”

Lieutenant John Tierney Davidson – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857
(attached to the 2nd Punjab Infantry). Aged 18 years & 9 weeks.
Tablet in St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, Lahore –
 “To the memory of Ensign John Tierney Davidson who was killed at Delhi on 14th Septr 1857.”

27th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain George Thomas Gowan – killed in action in Oude – 8th June 1857
Memorial at St. Pauls Cathedral, Calcutta – 
“To the beloved memory of George Thomas Gowan Captain of the 27th Regiment Bengal Native Infantry and commandant 9th regiment Oude Irregular Force, second son of Major Genl G.E. Gowan Bengal Artillery, Killed at Topore, Oude, June 1857 in the 35th year of his age He fell whilst endeavouring to recall the mutinous sepoys of his own force to order and obedience. And also to the memory of Olivia Grace daughter of Major General James Stuart Bengal Army and wife of Captain G.T. Gowan who with their infant son George Boyce Combe cruelly murdered by the rebels at Tapore June 1857 “

Captain John Nicholson – wounded at Delhi, 14th September 1857. died of wounds 23rd September.

Lieutenant George William Fraser – missing in action in Oude – 8th June 1857

28th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Henry John Guise – killed in action at Benares – 4th June 1857
Attached to the 13th Irregular Cavalry.

Captain Marshall James – murdered by mutineers at Shahjehanpore – 31st October 1857
Killed in church. Aged 37. Only son of Lt-Col. James, HEIC, of Saltford House, Bath.

Captain Cornelius Lysaght – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Captain Mordant M. Salmon – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Captain H. W. L. Sneyd – murdered by mutineers at Shahjehanpore – 31st October 1857

Lieutenant George James Johnston – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Lieutenant Alexander Key – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857
Eldest son of John Key, Grosvenor Place, London. His wife Mary was also killed.

Lieutenant William W. Pitt – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Lieutenant Colin A. Robertson – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Lieutenant George W. Rutherford – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857

Lieutenant Edmund Cadell Scott – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857
Aged 18 years and 2 months. Son of Major G.D. Scott, of Winkfield, Berkshire.

Ensign Thomas John Hope Spens – murdered by mutineers at Mohumdee – 23rd June 1857
Aged 21. Only son of the late Thomas Spens, MD, HEICS.

30th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain John Tower Lumsden – killed in action at Lucknow – 16th November 1857

Lieutenant Jonathan Cape – killed in action at Lucknow – 20th March 1858

31st Bengal Native Infantry

Colonel Alexander Jack – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857.
Aged 51. Son of Rev. William and Grace Jack, of Aberdeen.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign G. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt. Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Captain Thomas Charles Birch – murdered by mutineers at Pophamon – 7th June 1857.
Aged 42. Son of John and Anna Birch, of Calcutta. Born in Bengal. Husband of Caroline Amesbury.

Captain Charles M. Parsons – murdered by mutineers at Oude – 8th June 1857.
Attached to the 6th Oude Irregular Infantry.

Ensign Henry George Wadham Spens – killed in an explosion at Bundlekund – 23rd June 1857

32nd Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Charles Robert George Douglas – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 33. Husband of Louisa Robinson.

Lieutenant Henry C. A. Cooper – murdered by mutineers at Deoghur – 9th October 1857

Lieutenant John Egremont Lee – killed in action in Oude – 21st March 1858
Memorial at Kells Parish Church, Galloway – “Erected by Jane C. Maitland in loving memory of her husband, John Gordon Maitland …. Also of her brother Lieut. John Egremont Lee, 32nd Bengal Native Infantry, during the Indian Mutiny he was killed in an attack on the Fort of Tirowlee, Oude, 21st March 1858, aged 27 years.”

Lieutenant Henry Strickland Lester – wounded at Lucknow – 14th July 1857. died of wounds
Aged 30. Assistant-Commissioner of Seetapore. Son of Lt. J.Y. Lester, 7th Royal Fusiliers. Wounded during a rebel assault on Gubbin’s Post.

Lieutenant Eaton Joseph Travers – killed in action at Delhi – 3rd August 1857
Attached to the 1st Punjab Infantry. Aged 29. Son of Major-General Robert Travers, KCMG, CB (Rifle Brigade). Joined the Bengal Army in 1845. Husband of Harriet Aylmer.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Lieutenant E.J. Travers killed in the advanced trenches at Hindu Rao’s house, on the 2nd August.”

Ensign George Edward Hill – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

33rd Bengal Native Infantry

Major John Sherbrooke Banks – killed at Lucknow, shot in the head – 21st July 1857
Chief Commissioner of Lucknow. Aged 46. Son of Samuel and Lucinda. Husband of Elizabeth Fearon.

Lieutenant John Hugh Browne – killed in action at Delhi – 6th August 1857
Attached to the Kemoon Battalion. Aged 28 years & 5 months. Son of John Browne, of Gray’s Inn (barrister).

35th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Frederick John Salmon Bagshaw – wounded at Jullundur, 7th June 1857. died of wounds 12th June. Aged 30. Fought in the Sutlej Campaign (1846) and Punjab Campaign (1848). Son of Revd. W.S. Bagshaw, rector of Thrapston.

36th Bengal Native Infantry

Brevet Major Thomas Mould Edgar Moorhouse – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 4th June 1857 Aged 49. Son of John and Eliza, of London. Husband of Fanny Fitzgerald.

Lieutenant Arthur Wellesley Craigie – wounded at Narnaul, 16th November 1857. died of wounds, 30th November at Delhi. Aged 24. Son of George, of Perth.
Grave at Cashmere Gate Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Arthur Wellesley Craigie youngest son of George Clark Craigie Esqr. of Dumbarnie, Perthshire, Scotland Lieutenant in the 36th regiment Bengal Native Infantry and doing duty with the Guide Cavalry he was present at the siege of Delhi and was wounded at Narnoul on the 14th Novr. and died on the 30th Novr. 1857. Aged 24. this monument is erected by his brother.”

Lieutenant Octavius Greene – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
2nd-in-command of 9th Oude Irregular Force. Served in Sutlej and Punjab Campaigns.

37th Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Henry Chapman – wounded by mutineers at Benares – 4th June 1857. died of wounds

Ensign Maurice Tweedie – wounded by mutineers at Benares – 4th June 1857. died of wounds

38th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Goldney – murdered by mutineers at Fyzabad – 9th June 1857
Aged 55. Son of Thomas and Charlotte, of London. Husband of Mary Holbrow.

Major George Edward Hollings – wounded by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857. died of wounds.
Aged 47. Son of William Hollings, he was born in Calcutta. Joined the Bengal Army in 1826. Husband of Harriet Boscawen. Memorial at Kasauli – “George Hollings Bt Major who died at Mussoorie 8th May.” According to the date he died 2 days before his Regiment mutinied?

Major John Waterfield – murdered by mutineers near Ferozabad – 14th May 1858
Aged 45. Son of William and Elizabeth, of London. Husband of Helen Blair.

Captain Arthur Gibbings – murdered by mutineers at Fyzabad – 9th June 1857
Aged 33. Son of Rev. Thomas Gibbings, of Co. Cork. Served in Kabul (1842) and the Punjab (1848). (attached to the 15th Irregular Cavalry).
Memorial at Kasauli –
 “Arthur Gibbings Captain, murdered at Seetapore Oude on 9th June.”

Lieutenant Alexander John Anderson – killed in action at Lucknow – 10th March 1858
Aged 31. From Montrane, Fife, Scotland. Attached 2nd Punjab Infantry.

Lieutenant Charles Henry Fitzroy Gambier – wounded at Delhi, 14th September 1857. died of wounds 18th Sept. Aged 22. Eldest son of S. James Gambier, of Ashley Lodge, Cheltenham.
Grave at Delhi –
 “The grave of Lt. C.H.F. Gambier, 38th N.I. who fell mortally wounded in the ranks of the 2nd E.B. Fusiliers at the assault of Delhi and died 18th Sept 1857, aged 22.”

Ensign E. E. Beaumont – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 6th June 1857

39th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain John Sinclair – killed in action at Jhansi – 5th April 1858

Lieutenant Archibald Procter – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 14th June 1857
Son of Revd. Thomas Proctor.
Grave at the Christian Cemetery, Gwalior – 
“Sacred to the memory of Archibald Proctor Lieut. 39th Regt. N.I. Died at Gwalior June 15th 1857 Aged 29.”

Ensign John Chalmers – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857

40th Bengal Native Infantry

Major Charles Aeneas Burton – murdered by mutineers at Kotah – 15th October 1857
Political Agent. Aged 45. Son of Charles and Mary. Born in Dinapore. His 2 sons, Arthur and Francis, were murdered with him.

Captain Andrew A. Beecher – wounded at Lucknow – 26th September 1857. died of wounds 8th October. Attached to the 90th Foot. Aged 35.

Lieutenant Edward John Wild – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857

41st Bengal Native Infantry

Colonel Hugh Sibbald, CB. – murdered by mutineers at Bareilly – 31st May 1857
Aged 66. Son of William and Katherine. Husband of Mary Tichborne. Shot in the chest while riding to the parade ground by one of his orderlies.

Major Frederick William Birch – murdered by mutineers at Seetapore – 9th June 1857
Aged 43. Son of Richard (Bengal Civil Service) and Frances. Born in Bengal. Husband of Jean Walker. The Times states 3rd June.

Captain Matthew Francis Kemble – died of wounds at Lucknow

Captain William Williamson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 33. Deputy-Asst-Commissary-General. Son of the late Major-General David Williamson, Bengal Army Served in the Sutlej and Punjab Campaigns (medals & clasps). His wife, Jesse, and infant daughter, Eleanor also killed at Cawnpore.

Lieutenant John Henry Graves – wounded in head at Seetapore – died of cholera at Lucknow – 7th July 1857
Only son of Brigadier Henry Graves.

Lieutenant Robert Thornton Smalley – murdered by mutineers at Seetapore – 9th June 1857

42nd Bengal Native Infantry

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Dalyell – killed in action at Kukrowlie – 18th September 1857
Aged 51. Son of John and Jane, of Lingo, Fife. Husband of Margaret Andrews.

43rd Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Robert A. Smith – wounded at Mandwar – 21st January 1858. died of wounds

44th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant John Graydon – wounded at Lucknow – 26th October 1857. died of wounds 28th October.
Son of Colonel Graydon, Royal Engineers.

Lieutenant John Smith – murdered by mutineers at Mozuffurnuggur – 21st June 1857

45th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel George Biddulph – killed in action at Lucknow – 18th November 1857
Aged 46. Son of Rev. John and Sophia, of Warwickshire.

46th Bengal Native Infantry

Colonel Andrew Goldie – murdered by mutineers at Fyttehghur – 15th June 1857
(Military Auditor General). Aged 64. Son of Rev. William Goldie. Husband of Mary.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“Futtehgurh Fugitives 10th N.I. Colonel G.A. Smith Wife Child.
Major R. Monro. Major J. Phillott. Lieut C.W. Swetenham. Lieut D. Henderson. Ensign R.S. Byrne. Surgeon T.C. & Mrs Heathcote. Musician W.M. Wrixen. Colonel A. Coldie Wife & Daughters. Lieut J.R. Monckton B. Engr. Wife & Child. Asst-Surgeon S. & Mrs Maltby. Contr. M Roban Ordnance Dept. & Family. School Master Sheils & Family. Sergt. Hammond Gun Agency Dept. & Family. Pensioner Faulknor.”

Captain William Louis Mosheim Bishop – murdered by mutineers at Sialkote – 9th July 1857.
Aged 39. Served in the Punjab Campaign (1848). He was Brigade Major at Sialkote when the mutiny broke out, he was killed while helping his wife escape. In The Times (2-9-57) states ‘shot by a trooper of the 9th Cavalry.’
Grave at the Cemetery near the Fort at Sialkote –
 “In memory of Captain W.L.M. Bishop 46th regt. NI. Killed in the mutiny at Sealkote on 9th July 1857 aged 39 years. Erected by his brother officers.”
A tablet in Holy Trinity Church, Sialkote –
 “To the memory of William Louis Mosheim Bishop, Captain in the 46th regiment NI who was killed by a party of native cavalry, in the mutiny at Sealkote on the 9th July 1857 also of his infant son Florance Louis, who died near Sealkote on the 7th March 1857. A token of affection from a sorrowing wife and mother.”

47th Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Arthur James Scott – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 6th June 1857
Aged 17 years and 4 months. Second son of James Scott, of Cadogan Place, London. Killed while on temp. duty with the 6th N.I.

48th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Henry Garden Burmester – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 1st June 1857

Lieutenant Gilbert Ironside Bax – killed in action at Seetapore – 3rd June 1857
Aged 24. Killed in the sortie from Cawnpore. Third son of John Bax, of Twyford House, Herts.

Lieutenant Alexander J. Dashwood – wounded at Lucknow – 6th October 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Charles Martin Farquharson – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 1st June 1857
Aged 20. Son of R.N. Farquharson, Civil Service.

52nd Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Wiggins – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Serving as Deputy-Judge Advocate General. His 2 youngest children killed with him. His wife died during the siege.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign G. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Lieutenant Francis A.R. MacGregor – murdered by mutineers at Kutungee – 27th September 1857
Aged 33. Detained as a hostage and then murdered. Son of the late General Sir Evar M. MacGregor.

53rd Bengal Native Infantry

Major William Reade Hillersdon – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 39. Son of John Hillersdon, of Barnes, Surrey. Another son, Charles (Magistrate) was also murdered.

Captain Henry Belson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Captain John H. Reynolds – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Captain Frederic Henry Tomkinson – murdered by mutineers at Amaen – June/July (November?) 1857
Escaped to Amaen, where he was betrayed and shot. Son of Capt. Tomkinson (RN) and Frances.
Memorial at All Saints Church, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire –
 “James Tomkinson Esq. Post Captain in the Royal Navy, eldest son of John Tomkinson, of Knightly Hall in the county of Staffordshire, who died at Leamington 18 January 1839 and is buried in the adjoining cemetery. In memory of his only sons, Hill James Tomkinson, Captain Royal Artillery who died at Fishguard Pembrokeshire on 27 July 1858 aged 28 years and is buried at Manor Owen in that county and Frederic Henry Tomkinson, Captain 53rd Regt BNI aged 25 years, who, serving with his regiment in India during the rebellion of 1857, was killed in November of that year by the mutineers of the Gwalior Contingent at Amaen in Oude, in a gallant attempt, alone and unarmed, to explode the enemy’s ammunition.”

Lieutenant (Adjutant) Herbert H. Armstrong – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 27. Son of Archibald Armstrong, of Guernsey.

Lieutenant Oliver Simpson Bridges – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 22. Son of John William Bridges, of 30 Tavistock Square, London.

Lieutenant Frederick G. Jellicoe – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Gilbert Augustus Master – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 25. Son of Lt-Col. R.A. Master, 7th Light Cavalry.

Lieutenant William George Prole – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Ensign Alexander Dowson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Ensign Thomas W. Forman – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

54th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel John Peter Ripley – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 55. Born in Essex. Son of Rev. Thomas and Mary. Joined the Bengal Army in 1819. Husband of Amelia Wilson.

Major Muirson Trower Blake – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 14th June 1857
Serving with the Gwalior Contingent. Aged 47. Born in Berkhampore. Son of William. Husband of Charlotte Ricketts.

Captain Cosby Burrowes – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 31. Son of Liuet. Cosby Burrowes of the 45th Bengal N.I. Born at Dinapore. Served in the Sutlej Campaign. Killed ‘while gallantly defending his Colonel in a skirmish with the mutineers’ (ref. The Times 19-8-57)

Captain Claude William Russell – killed in action at Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857
Aged 36. Joined the Bengal Army in 1840. Son of Charles Du Pre Russell (fomerly Bengal Civil Service)
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Captain C.W. Russell 54th BNI killed in action at Badlee ka Sarai 8th June 1857.”

Captain Rowland Mainwaring Smith – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 32. Son of Charles Smith, of Northampton.
Buried on the Ridge –
 “Sacred to the memory of Captain R.M. Smith, Captain C. Burrowes, Lieut. E.A. Edwards, Lieut. W. Waterfield. All of the 54th Regt. BNI. They were killed by the mutineers of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry on the 11th May 1857 opposite the church in the city of Delhi, this tribute to their memory and merits is erected by their surviving brother officers.”

Captain William Waterfield – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 21. Joined the Bengal Army in 1853.

Lieutenant Charles John Butler – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Ref. The Times 25-8-57: wounded in the head by a stone from a house top and a musket ball in the face, killed on the road to Meerut. Eldest son of Charles Butler, of Stock, Essex.

Lieutenant Ernest Andrew Edwards – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 29. Son of R.V. Edwards, of Clifton. Husband of Elizabeth Leigh.
Grave on the Ridge, Delhi –
 “This tablet is sacred to the memory of departed worth to Lieut. E.A. Edwards 54th regt. BNI eldest son of R.V. Edwards Esqr. of Clifton, Bristol, who with five of his brother officers fell at the head of his regt. in the massacre of Delhi on the 11th May 1857, aged 27 years. As a soldier, ever ready, where Duty called him a dutiful son and kind and indulgent father but most conspicuous in the endearing character of husband, his fond care and affection with the memory of his many sterling qualities will ever be sacredly cherished by her who must mourn his sad and untimely end. This tomb is erected by his bereaved and sorrowing widow, as a trifling mark of love and respect to the memory of a truly kind and most affectionate husband.”

Ensign Alfred Mansell Angelo – murdered by mutineers between Delhi and Meerut – 11th May 1857
Ref. The Times 28-8-57: murdered 13th or 14th of May by villagers after escaping from Delhi. Aged 20. Second son of Colonel Richard Angelo, 34th BNI, formerly Commandant of the Delhi Palace Guard.

Ensign Charles Edward Wheatley – killed in action by a canon ball at Delhi – 17th June 1857
Aged 19. Joined the Bengal Army in 1854.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Ensign C.E. Wheatley, 54th BNI killed before Delhi 17th June 1857.”

55th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain George Gordon McBarnett – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857
(attached to the 1st Bengal European Fusiliers). Aged 34. Son of Capt. Donald McBarnett, of Ballichroan, Inverness-shire. Joined the Bengal Army in 1840.
Grave in Sadar Bazar, Dehi –
 “Here repose the following officer, non commissioned officers and men of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers killed in the attack on the enemys fortified position at Kissen-gunge on the morning of the successful assault and storm of Delhi. Captain G.G. McBarnett, 55th NI (attached)..”
Memorial at the old church, Kingussie, St. Columba’s – “Sacred to the memory of Captain George Gordon McBarnet, 55th Regiment Bengal Native Infantry, who being attached to the 1st Bengal European Regiment Fusiliers, fell at the assault of Delhi on the 14th September 1857, aged 33 years. Few among the many heroes slain on the soil of Delhi will live longer in memory; young, gallant, and gifted with the noblest qualities, mental and personal, he fell when he could least be spared. Could soldier ask a more glorious death? In token of the love they bore their comrade this tablet is erected by his Brother-Officers.”

56th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen Williams – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 52. Son of Henry Williams (Bengal Civil Service). Husband of Mary Blanchard (she was murdered in the massacre at Cawnpore).

Major Walter Roger Prout – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 36. His wife, Lucy, was also killed.

Captain John Weston Delmain – killed in action at Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857
Aged 29. Son of Colonel John Delmain, CB. of the Bengal Infantry. Born at Agra. Served in the Punjab (1848). Ref. The Times (11-9-57) kille ‘while leading a party of the 75th at the taking of the 24-pdr battery on the day of his arrival at Delhi.
Grave at Delhi –
 “Captain Delamain HEICS killed in action June 8, 1857.”

Captain William L. Halliday – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Captain George Kempland – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Quintin Henry Battye – killed in action at Delhi – 10th June 1857.
(attached to the Guides Cavalry). Aged 25. Born at Kishnagarh, Bengal. Son of George Battye. Served in Burma Campaign (1853).
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Quintin Battye, Lieutenant in the late 55th Regiment Bengal Native Infantry and 2nd in command of the Corps of Guides who fell whilst nobly performing his duty against the mutineers before Delhi on the 9th June 1857. this tomb is erected by his brother officers in the Guides as a slight token of their respect and esteem for his many soldierlike and amiable qualities.”

Lieutenant William A. Chalmers – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Hornby Fagan – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Charles R. Goad – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant W. H. J. Gregory – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant William Gordon Morris – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 23. Son of Lt-Commander George Morris, RN.

Lieutenant Henry John Gregory Warde – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 19. Son of Rear-Admiral Warde, KH, of Neath, Glamorganshire.

Ensign Robert Browne – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Ref. The Times: died of cholera at Cawnpore, 22nd August. Aged 26. Son of Robert Brown, of Portland Square, formerly of Calcutta.

Ensign John Wright Henderson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
on of Revd. Robert Henderson, of Stirling. His brother, Robert was killed with the 72nd B.N.I.

Ensign Robert Allen Stevens – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Second son of Revd. Henry Stevens, of Wateringbury, Kent.

Assistant Surgeon John Pierce Bowling – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Youngest son of John Bowling, of Pingsworth House, Hammersmith.

57th Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Edmund Clough – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857

58th Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Lionel Gomez Da Costa – died of wounds at Lucknow – 14th March 1858
Aged 34. Wounded and died same day. 2nd-in-command of the Ferozepore Regt.

59th Bengal Native Infantry

Major James Garner Holmes – murdered by mutineers at Segowlie – 23rd July 1857
(attached to the 12th Irregular Cavalry). Son of Revd. D. Holmes. His wife, Alexandrina (daughter of Major-General Sir Robert Sale) was also killed.

Lieutenant Frederick W. Birch – killed in action at Lucknow – 2nd September 1857

61st Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Edward Thomas Kemp – died of wounds – 16th January 1859
Aged 23. Wounded at Sassia Ghat, 15th January 1859 and died next day in camp at Mela Ghat. See memorial below.

Lieutenant John Powys – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 6th May 1857
Aged 29. Son of Captain Robert Powys, 12th Bengal N.I. Born in Nasirabad. Joined the Bengal Army in 1846. Husband of Caroline Holmes. (she died with their 8 month old daughter in the massacre at Jhansi).
Memorial in St. Luke’s Church, Jullundur –
 “To the memory of Lieutenants John Powys, Edward Kemp, and Ensign Herbert Durnford, of the 61st Regiment N.I. who fell in action whilst serving in the earnest performance of their duty, during the rebellion of 1857-59. This token of esteem and sorrow is placed here by their comrades, the officers of the late 61st regiment N.I.”

Ensign Herbert Durnford – wounded at Jullundur, 7th June. died at Loodianah – 8th August 1857
Son of J.C. Durnford, of Kensington, London.
Aged 19. Grave at Ludhiana Cemetery –
 “To the memory of Herbert Durnford Esqr. 61st Bengal Native Infantry who died at Loodianah on the 8th August 1857 from the effects of wounds received at Jullundur on the 7th of June in defending the bell of arms of his company from the mutineers.”

62nd Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant George Septimus Bradford – died at Allahabad – 18th September 1858
Memorial at St. Peter & Paul Church, Tonbridge, Kent – “Sacred to the memory of George Septimus Bradford, Lieut. 62nd Bengal Infantry, youngest son of Major-General Bradford, C.B. Born 27th August 1832. Died 18th September 1858 at Allahabad during the Mutiny in India.”

Captain Robert B.P. Byng – killed in action at Lucknow – 18th December 1857
Brother of Viscount Torrington.

Captain Fletcher F.C. Hayes – murdered by mutineers near Bhowgong – 1st June 1857
Aged 39. Murdered by men of 2nd Regt Oude Irregular Cavalry, whom he had taken command of a few days earlier. He was serving as Military Secretary and Political Assistant to Chief Commissioner in Oude.

Ensign Charles Way – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857

63rd Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign Robert Loveday Inglis – wounded at Lucknow – died of fever caused by wounds – 27th December 1857. Wounded twice. Son of the late Captain Inglis, 11th Light Cavalry.

64th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant George Snell – murdered by mutineers at Seetapore – 3rd June 1857
Aged 36. Son of Rev. Thomas Snell, of Surrey. Joined the Bengal Army in 1844. Serving with 10th Oude Irregular Infantry. Husband of Helen Davies, of Cheltenham. (she died with their 2 year old daughter in the massacre.)
Tablet in St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, Lahore Cantonment –
 “To the memory of Helen Johnson Snell aged 24 years, youngest daughter of the late S. Davies, MD of the HEICS who, with her husband Lieut. George Snell B.A., of the late 64th Bengal NI, aged 36 years, and their only child Georgina Helen, aged 2 years, fell a victim to the sepoy mutiny at Seetapore, in Oude, on the 3rd June 1857. this monument is erected by her brothers and sisters, to record their love and sorrow.”

65th Bengal Native Infantry

Brevet Major Francis Shirreff – murdered by mutineers at Moorar – 14th June 1857
Fourth son of David Shirreff, of Inverneshire. Commanding 4th Regt. Gwalior Contingent when killed.

Lieutenant Edward Speke – wounded at Delhi 14th September – died 18th September 1857
Attached to the 1st Bengal European Fusiliers. Aged 29. Son of William Speke, of Somerset. Joined the Bengal Army in 1850.
Memorial at St. Andrews Church, Dowlish Wake, Somerset –
 “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Edward Speke, of the 65th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry, aged 29 years, third son of William Speke, Edqre of Jordans, in the parish of Ashill, who died on the 18th September 1857, from the  effects of a wound received on the 14th of the same month, when gallantly fighting in the ranks of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers, at the storming of Delhi. This tablet was erected by his brother officers of the 65th N.I. as a slight token of their esteem for one whose noble character and Christian virtues, had deservedly endeared him to them all.”

66th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Thomas S. Gepp – wounded at Churpoorah – 10th February 1858. died of wounds.

67th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Philip Hawtry Comyn Burlton – murdered by mutineers at Muttra – 30th July 1857
Shot by his men while on treasure-escort. Son of Colonel William Burlton, CB, of Portland Place, formerly Commissary-General of the Bengal Army. Another son, Capt. Francis Moira Hastings Burlton, was killed with the 2nd Cavalry ? Contingent. (ref The Times 8-9-57)

Lieutenant Joseph Cudbert Longueville Clarke – 67th Bengal Native Infantry – murdered by mutineers at Bhyram Ghaut – 13th June 1857. Aged 28. Assistant-Commissary in Oude, serving with the 3rd Oude Irregulars.
Memorial at Harrow School – 
“Sacred to the memory of Joseph C. Longueville Clarke Lieut in the 67th Bengal Native Infantry & 2nd in Command of the 3rd Oude Infantry who was murdered by the mutineers during the Indian Revolt of 1857 at the age of 28 yrs.”

Lieutenant Philip H. Jackson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

68th Bengal Native Infantry

Memorial in St. Paul’s Cathedral, Calcutta – “In memory of Captain Alexander Skene. Bt Major Robert Campbell Barclay. Captain Fiennes Sanderson Miller. Lieut James Augustus Dorin. Lieut Augustus Hay Alexander.
Lieut William Henry Lumsden. Ensign Richard Tucker of the 68th Regt Native Infantry, who died during the mutiny of the native troops and subsequent operations from 1857 to 1859; some on the field of battle; some by the hands of their own followers; others by disease; all doing their duty. This monument has been erected by their fellow officers.”

Captain Alexander Skene – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 8th June 1857
Serving as Superintendent of Jhansi and Jaloun. Fourth son of the late Charles Skene, of Aberdeen. His wife Beatrice and 2 infant daughters, Mary and Beatrice, were killed at the same time.

Lieutenant Augustus Hay Alexander – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Aged 30. Son of Lt-Col. Alexander, 5th Bengal Light Cavalry.

Lieutenant William Henry Lumsden – killed in action at Nujuffghur – 25th August 1857
Attached 1st Punjab Inf. Aged 26. Son of Colonel Thomas Lumsden, CB, (Bengal Artillery). Born at Muttra. Joined the Bengal Army in 1849. Served with the 1st Punjab Infantry.

Ensign Richard G. Tucker – murdered by mutineers at Bareilly – 31st May 1857

71st Bengal Native Infantry

Captain Wellwood George Maclean – killed in action at Chinut – 30th June 1857

Lieutenant Aldourie P. Grant – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 30th May 1857

72nd Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Robert C. O’Dowda – murdered by mutineers at Augur – 4th July 1857
Attached to the Scindia Contingent.

Ensign Robert William Henderson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Son of Revd. Robert Henderson, of Stirling. His brother, John was killed with the 56th B.N.I.

73rd Bengal Native Infantry

Ensign P. S. Codd – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 7th June 1857
Aged 18. Only son of Capt. J.M. Codd, 3rd Light Dragoons.

74th Bengal Native Infantry

Major Sir George Parker – died at Cawnpore – July 1857
Aged 44. Son of Captain Sir William Parker, Royal Navy. Joined the Bengal Army in 1831. Husband of Gertrude Elderton. Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi – “Sacred to the memory of the undermentioned officers of the 74th Regiment N.I. who fell victims to the mutiny in 1857. Bt Major Sir G. Parker Bart. Killed in Sir H. Wheeler’s Entrenchment Cawnpore.”
Memorial at Meerut –
 “Sacred to the memory of Sir George Parker Bart. Captain, 74th Native Infantry, who died of sun stroke in the trenches at Cawnpore in the month of July 1857.”
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign G. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Captain Francis Jacques Burgess – murdered by mutineers at Jhansi – 8th June 1857.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “Captain F.J. Burgess. Killed at Jhansi 8th June 1857.”

Captain Charles Gordon – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857.
Aged 40. Served in Scutari during the Crimean War. Killed at the Cashmere Gate.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “Captain C. Gordon. Killed at the Cashmere Gate Delhi 11th May 1857.”
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “To the beloved memory of Captain Charles Gordon, of the 74th Bengal Native Infantry, who fell at the Cashmere Gate of Delhi, in the mutiny there, of 11th May 1857, aged 41 after 22 years service in the Indian army.”

Lieutenant H. R. Addington – murdered by mutineers while escaping from Delhi – 11th May 1857
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “The Hon’ble H.R. Addington Killed at Delhi 11th May 1857.”

Lieutenant Henry Frith Hyslop – murdered by mutineers while escaping from Delhi – 13th May 1857
Aged 27. Son of Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Hyslop (Madras Artillery). Joined the Bengal Army in 1849.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi – “Lieutenant H.F. Hyslop. Murdered near the Hindun while escaping from Delhi.”

Lieutenant George Henry Monck Mason – murdered by mutineers at Awah – 8th June 1857
Aged 33. Son of Captain Thomas Mason, Royal Navy, and Mary, of Co. Wicklow. Joined the Bengal Army in 1842. Killed by mutineers of the Jodhpur Legion.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “Captain G.H. Monck Mason. Political Agent Joudpore. Killed in Rajpootana.”

Lieutenant Matthew Hugh Reveley – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 27. Son of Algernon (Bengal Civil Service). Born in France. Joined the Bengal Army in 1847.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “Lieutenant M.H. Reveley. Killed at the Cashmere Gate Delhi 11th May 1857.”

Lieutenant James Digby Smith – murdered by mutineers at Delhi – 11th May 1857
Aged 26. Son of John Smith, late a Calcutta merchant, of Lindenown Station, Gipp’s Land, Victoria. Born in Calcutta. Joined the Bengal Army in 1847.
Tablet in St. James’ Church, Delhi –
 “Lieutenant J.D. Smith. Killed at the Cashmere Gate Delhi 11th May 1857.”

Ensign Thomas Lane Bayliff – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 6th June 1857
Youngest son of Revd. Thomas T.L. Bayliff, vicar of Albury, Herts.

Ensign A. M. H. Cheek – wounded at Allahabad – 6th June 1857. died of wounds 17th June 1857

Ensign Edward Morris Smith – murdered by mutineers at Allahabad – 6th June 1857
Aged 18. Fifth son of Noel Thomas Smith, of Spiddall, Galway.

June 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Bengal Light Cavalry)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:22 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

1st Bengal Light Cavalry

Major Alfred Harris – murdered by mutineers at Mhow – 1st July 1857.
Aged 42. A ward of the Earl of Essex. Husband of Elizabeth Darling. Joined the Bengal Army in 1832.

2nd Bengal Light Cavalry
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
2nd Light Cavalry – Major E. Vibart. Capt E.J. Seppings, Wife and Children. Capt R.U. & Mrs Jenkins. Lieut R.O. Quin. Lieut C.W. Quin. Lieut J.H. Harrison. Lieut W.J. Manderson. Lieut F.S.M Wren. Lieut M.G. Daniell. Lieut M. Balfour. Cornet W.A. Stirling. Surgn. W.R. & Mrs Boyes. Vety. Surgn. E.G. Chalwin & Wife. Ridg. Mr. D. Walsh, Wife & Children. Sergt. Major H. Cladwell. Qr. Mr. Sergt. F. & Mrs Tress. Cornet C. Mainwaring 6th L.C. Lieut A.J. Boulton, 7th L.C.”

Major Edward Vibart – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857?
Aged 49. Son of James Vibart, of Taunton. Husband of Emily Coles, (she was murdered in the massacre at Cawnpore along with 4 of their children).
Grave at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – 
“In three graves within this enclosure lie the remains of Major Edward Vibart, 2nd Bengal Light Cavalry, and about seventy officers and soldiers who, after escaping from the massacre at Cawnpore on the 27th June 1857 were captured by the rebels at Sheorajpoor, and murdered on the 1st July.  These remains were originally interred within the compound of Sivada House and were removed to this place in April 1861.”

Captain Robert Urqhart Jenkins – died of wounds at Cawnpore – 29th June 1857
Son of R.C. Jenkins, of Beachley, Gloucestershire.

Captain Edward James Seppings – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
His wife, Jessie, and their 3 infant sons were also murdered.

Lieutenant Melville Balfour – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Murray George Daniell – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Aged 39. Third son of Capt. E.M. Daniell, HEICS, of Gloucester Square, Hyde Park, London.

Lieutenant John Hammond Harrison – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant William J. Manderson – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Charles William Quinn – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Richard Owen Quinn – died at Cawnpore – June 1857
Aged 28. Son of Captain Thomas Quinn (4th Light Cavalry) who died 7th Nov. 1857. Born at Meerut. Joined the Bengal Army in 1846.
Memorial on his father’s grave at Simla –
 “Also of his elder son Richard Owen Quin Lieutenant in the 2nd Bengal Cavalry who died of fever in the Entrenched Camp at Cawnpore June 1857 aged 28 years and 3 months. This tablet erected by the widow and mother of the above.”

Lieutenant Francis Stoneham Montagu Wren – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at Northam church, Devon – “To the memory of Delitia Montagu wife of Major Wren of Lenwood youngest daughter of Admiral Barton Of Burrough, Died 17th June 1836 Aged 42. Also of Henry Conway son of the above Died 12th Aug 1838 Aged 15. Also of Francis Stoneham Montagu, their youngest son Lieut. in the 2nd Regt Bengal Cavalry who fell at Cawnpore during the Indian Mutiny in June 1857 Aged 21.”

Veterinary Surgeon Edmund George Chalwin – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawpore – “Sacred to the memory of E.G. Chalwin 2nd Light Cavaly and his wife Louisa who both perished during the seige of Cawnpore in July 1857.”

Riding Master David Walsh – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857

3rd Bengal Light Cavalry

Captain Charles Ayshford Sanford – killed in action at Lucknow – 10th March 1858
Aged 28. Son of Edward Ayshford Sanford, of Ninehead Court, Somerset.

Lieutenant John Campbell Erskine McNabb – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Aged 19. Fourth son of J.M. McNabb (fomerly Bengal Civil Service).

Veterinary-Surgeon Charles John Dawson – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Grave at Meerut –
 “This tablet was erected by Colonel G. Carmichael Smyth, 3rd Bengal Cavalry, to the memory of his friend Charles John Dawson, Veterinary Surgeon, Bengal Cavalry, and Eliza, his wife, both murdered at Meerut on 10th May 1857.”

Veterinary-Surgeon John Phillips – murdered by mutineers at Meerut – 10th May 1857
Fourth son of the late Capt. Joseph Phillips, 12th Lancers.
Grave at Meerut –
 “Sacred to the memory of John Phillips Veterinary-Surgeon 3rd Bengal Cavalry, murdered during the Mutiny on 10th May 1857. This tomb is erected by George Carmichael Smyth Colonel of the Regiment, in token of affection and regard.”

4th Bengal Light Cavalry

Lieutenant Charles John Hunt – killed in action at Mehidpore – 8th November 1857

5th Bengal Light Cavalry

Lieutenant Frederick Campbell Gostling – killed in action at Nuggeenah – 21st April 1858
Aged 25. Son of W.F. Gostling, of Palace Gardens, London. Serving with the Multanee Horse.

6th Bengal Light Cavalry

Cornet Charles Mainwaring – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
2nd Light Cavalry – Major E. Vibart. Capt E.J. Seppings, Wife and Children. Capt R.U. & Mrs Jenkins. Lieut R.O. Quin. Lieut C.W. Quin. Lieut J.H. Harrison. Lieut W.J. Manderson. Lieut F.S.M Wren. Lieut M.G. Daniell. Lieut M. Balfour. Cornet W.A. Stirling. Surgn. W.R. & Mrs Boyes. Vety. Surgn. E.G. Chalwin & Wife. Ridg. Mr. D. Walsh, Wife & Children. Sergt. Major H. Cladwell. Qr. Mr. Sergt. F. & Mrs Tress. Cornet C. Mainwaring 6th L.C. Lieut A.J. Boulton, 7th L.C.”

Captain Francis Gore Willock – killed at Delhi – 21st August 1857.
Aged 28. Eldest son of Sir Henry Willock. Volunteered for service at Delhi; was attached to the Corps of Guides.
Grave at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi –
 “Sacred to the memory of Captain Francis Gore Willock 6th Bengal Light Cavalry eldest son of Sir Henry Williock, KLS who fell a gallant volunteer at Delhi on the 21st August 1857 in the 29th year of his age.”

7th Bengal Light Cavalry

Captain Charles Wilbraham Radcliffe – wounded at Lucknow – 1st October 1857. died of wounds
Aged 36. Son of Revd. Edmund S. Radcliffe, of Walton-le-Dale, Lancashire.

Captain Charles James Salmond – killed in action near Cawnpore – 6th December 1857
Memorial at St. Andrews Church, Dacre, Cumbria – “Sacred to the memory of Charles James Salmond, Captain 7th Bengal Cavalry, eldest son of James and Emma Isabella Salmond, of Waterfoot in this parish. Born at Nottingham 11th November 1833 of conspicuous gallantry and incessantly engaged during the Indian Mutiny of 1857, present at the Battles of Agra and Cawnpore and at the relief of Lucknow under Sir Colin Campbell, by whom he was on that occasion he was honourably mentioned. Five times previously wounded he fell at Cawnpore while acting as Aide de Camp to Sir James Hope Grant KCB on the night of the victory of the 6th December 1857. His sorrowing parents erect this memorial to their beloved gallant and affectionate son.”

Captain James Stevens Shepherd – killed in action at Lucknow – 26th July 1857
Aged 24. Killed in a sortie from Lucknow. Son of John Shepherd.

Captain John Staples – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 10th June 1857

Lieutenant Leonard Augustus Arthur – killed in action at Lucknow – 19th July 1857
Son of the late Lieut-General Sir George Arthur, formerly Governor of Bombay.

Lieutenant Augustus Boulton – murdered by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
2nd Light Cavalry – Major E. Vibart. Capt E.J. Seppings, Wife and Children. Capt R.U. & Mrs Jenkins. Lieut R.O. Quin. Lieut C.W. Quin. Lieut J.H. Harrison. Lieut W.J. Manderson. Lieut F.S.M Wren. Lieut M.G. Daniell. Lieut M. Balfour. Cornet W.A. Stirling. Surgn. W.R. & Mrs Boyes. Vety. Surgn. E.G. Chalwin & Wife. Ridg. Mr. D. Walsh, Wife & Children. Sergt. Major H. Cladwell. Qr. Mr. Sergt. F. & Mrs Tress. Cornet C. Mainwaring 6th L.C. Lieut A.J. Boulton, 7th L.C.”

Lieutenant Norman Alexander Martin – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 10th June 1857
Aged 19. Son of J.R. Martin, of Grosvenor Street, London.

Cornet W.F.K. Raleigh – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 30th May 1857

Veterinary-Surgeon Forbes A. Hely – wounded at Lucknow – died of wounds

Riding Master James Eldridge – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 15th June 1857

8th Bengal Light Cavalry

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Tudor Tucker – murdered by mutineers at Futtehgur – 8th July 1857
Aged 40. Son of Thomas (Rear Admiral, Royal Navy) and Anne Tucker, of Tenby. Husband of Louisa (she was murdered with her 4 children in the massacre at Cawnpore).

10th Bengal Light Cavalry

Veterinary Surgeon Vincent Nelson – murdered by mutineers at Ferozepore – 19th August 1857
Aged 43. Born in London. Joined the Bengal Army in 1851.
Grave at Ferozepore –
 “Sacred to the memory of Vincent Nelson Esq. Vetry Surgn late 10th B.L. Cavalry killed at the mutiny of that Regiment August 19th 1857. Erected by his brother.”

May 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Royal Artillery)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:14 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

ROYAL ARTILLERY :

Captain Whaley Nicoll Hardy – killed in action at Lucknow – 18th November 1857
Son of the late Colonel Edmund Hardy, Bombay Artillery.

Captain Headly (?) – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857

Captain E.A. D’Oyly – wounded by grape shot at Sassiah, died 23rd July 1857

Lieutenant Richard Moresby – killed in action at Chandaree – 11th March 1858
2/13th Battery.

ROYAL ENGINEERS :

Captain Augustus Jonathan Clerke – killed in action at Lucknow – 17th March 1857
23 Company.

Captain Glastonbury Neville – killed in action at Barodia – 31st January 1858
21 Company.

MILITARY TRAIN :

Captain Henry Mason – killed in action at Kheri – 7th October 1858

Lieutenant William Henry Dawson – killed in action at Chowbeejpore – 20th May 1858
2nd Battalion, Military Train.

NAVAL BRIGADE :

Captain Sir William Peel, KCB. – wounded at the Martiniere, 9th March 1858. died of smallpox at Cawnpore, 27th April 1858. HMS Shannon.

Mate Henry Garvey – killed in action at Lucknow – 11th March 1858. HMS Shannon.

Acting 2nd Mate John Fowler – killed in action at Amorrah – 5th March 1858. HMS Pearl.

Midshipman Martin A. Daniel – killed in action at Lucknow – 16th November 1857. HMS Shannon.

Captain of Maintop Francis Cassidy – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th November 1857

April 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Infantry Regiments)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:09 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

BRITISH INFANTRY REGIMENTS :

1/5th Foot – Northumberland Fusiliers

Major James Egbert Simmons – Killed in action at Lucknow – 29th September 1857
Memorial at St. James Church, Churchill, Avon – “James Egbert T. Simmons, Major 5th Fusiiliers. Killed at Lucknow 5 Sept. 1857. Aged 41.”

Captain Arthur England Johnson – wounded at Lucknow 25th September 1857. died 5th October 1857

Captain Ferdinand William L’Estrange – wounded at Lucknow 26th September 1857. died of wounds 30th October. Aged 31. Son of T.F. L’Estrange, of Lynn, Co. Westmeath.

Lieutenant William Marcon Carter – wounded at Lucknow 29th September 1857. died 18th October 1857
From Northwold, Norfolk.

Lieutenant Edwin Fell Haig – Killed in action at Lucknow – 23rd September 1857

1/8th Foot – King’s Liverpool Regiment

Lieutenant William Hext Mountsteven – Killed in action at Delhi – 9th July 1857
Aged 19. Son of Lieut-Colonel William Mountsteven (late-79th Highlanders).
Memorial at St. Petrocs Church, Dartmouth, Devon – 
“To the glory of God and in memory of William Mountsteven Ensign 8th The King’s Regt killed in action before Delhi 9th July 1857.”

Lieutenant William Waldegrave Pogson – wounded at Delhi 14th September 1857 – leg amputated died 17th September 1857
Aged 30. Joined the army in 1846. Son of the late Colonel Pogson, of Risgram House, Suffolk.

Lieutenant F.M. Vincent (?) – Killed in action at Cawnpore – 7th December 1857

Lieutenant Robert Webb – wounded at Delhi – 14th September 1857. died 15th September 1857

1/10th Foot – Lincolnshire Regiment

Captain Henry Jones Erskine – wounded at Arrah – 30th July 1857. died of wounds

Captain Charles Dunbar – killed in action at Arrah – 30th July 1857

1/13th Foot – Somerset Light Infantry

Captain Wilson Henry Jones – killed in action at Azimghur – 6th April 1858
Aged 27. Son of Wilson Jones, of Hartsheath, Flintshire.

Captain William Robert Moorsom – killed in action at Lucknow – 11th March 1858
Aged 23. Quartermaster-General of Division. Son of Capt. Moorsom, of Rochester.

1/24th Foot – South Wales Borderers

Captain Thomas Maling Greensill – accidentally killed at Delhi – 20th July 1857
Aged 29. Son of John and Eliza, of Co. Waterford.

Captain Francis Spring – killed in action at Jhelum – 7th July 1857
Aged 36. Son of Lieut-Colonel William Spring (57th Foot). Joined the army in 1840. Husband of Sara Day.
Buried at Jhelum Cemetery – 
“Sacred to the memory of Capt. Francis Spring H.M.’s 24th Regt. who died of a wound recd. in action at Jhelum against the mutineers of the 14th N.I. on the 7th July 1857 in the 36th year of his age. Deeply and sincerely regretted by his afflicted widow, brother officers and others who knew him.”

32nd Foot – Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry

Memorial in All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “In memory of the following Officers of the Thirty-second Cornwall Regiment Light Infantry who with Four Hundred and Forty Eight Non Commissioned Officers and Private Soldiers were killed or died in the discharge of their duty during the …. of Lucknow and Cawnpore, and the subsequent Campaign against the Mutineers in the year of our lord 1857. Colonel C.A.F.H. Berkeley, C.B.  Lieut Colonel W. Case. Captains, C. Stevens, J. Moore, J.W. Mansfield, W. Power, B.M. Cabe, Lieuts. E. de L. Joly, J.D. Thomson, F. Wainwright, P.C. Webb, J. Brackenbury, E.C. Hill, W.H. Studdy J.W. Charlton. Also in memory of Mrs Moore, Mrs Wainwright, Miss Wainwright, Mrs Hill, 43 Soldiers Wives and 55 Children of the same Regiment Murdered at Cawnpore in June of the same fatal year. The monument is erected by friends and comrades in token of affection and sorrow.”

Memorial at the Residency, Lucknow – “To commemorate the gallant part taken by H.M. 32nd Foot in the herioc defence of The Residency in 1857 also to the memory of the Officers, Non-commissioned officers, men, women and children of the Regiment who perished here and at Cawnpore.”

Major William Case – killed in action at Chinut – 30th June 1857

Captain Edmond De le Jolly – wounded 26th September 1857. died 29th September 1857

Captain Bernard McCabe – wounded 26th September 1857. died 1st October 1857

Captain James Mansfield – wounded 13th September 1857. died same day.

Captain John Moore – murdered in the Cawnpore Massacre – 27th June 1857

Captain William Power – died of wounds 10th August 1857
Only son of George Power, of Cheltenham.

Captain Charles Steevens – killed in action at Chinut – 30th June 1857
Aged 39. Brother of Lieutenant-Colonel George Steevens, 20th Foot.
Memorial in St. Mary’s Church, Cheltenham – 
“Also of Captain Charles Steevens, HM 32nd Regiment (brother of the above) who was killed in a sortie against the mutineers at Lucknow, Bengal  June 30th 1857, aged 39.”

Lieutenant Joseph Brackenbury – killed in action at Chinut – 30th June 1857
Aged 25. Son of Revd. Joseph Brackenbury, Chaplain of the Magdelen Hospital.

Lieutenant Evelyn Charles Hill – murdered in the Cawnpore Massacre – 27th June 1857
Son of George Hill, late of Calcutta.

Lieutenant William Humphrey Studdy – died of wounds – 9th August 1857
Aged 19. Son of Major J.B. Studdy, late Bengal Cavalry.

Lieutenant James Dugald Thomson – killed in action at Chinut – 30th June 1857
Son of Lt-General Alexander Thomson, CB, of Salruck, Co. Galway.

Lieutenant Frederick Wainwright – murdered in the Cawnpore Massacre – 27th June 1857

Lieutenant Pelham Caryer Webb – killed in action – 26th September 1857
Aged 26. Son of George Webb, of Leicester.

34th Foot – 1st Border Regiment

Memorial in All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Edward Jordan killed in action. Ensign Theophilus G.B. Applegate died of wounds. Ensign Lyndon J. Grier. Cr. Sergeant Charles Feddon. Sergeant Patrick Jones. Corporal James Stock. Corporal William Clarke. One drummer and Twenty Four Privates all of Her Majesty’s XXXIV or Cumberland Regiment who were killed in action or died of wounds received at Cawnpore on the 28th November 1857. This tablet is erected by the officers of the Regiment to mark their esteem and regard for their late youthful and gallant brother officers and to record the sincere sorrow expressed by all ranks at thier early deaths also as a tribute of respect and admiration to the bravery and devotion of their late Comrades, the Non Commissioned Officers Drummers and Private soldiers who fell upon the same occasion.”

Lieutenant Edward Jordan – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857
Aged 21. Son of Revd. Gibbes Walker Jordan, of Waterstock, Oxon.

Ensign Theodore G. Applegate – wounded at Cawnpore, 28th November 1857. died of wounds

Ensign Arthur Gilley – died of accidental wounds – 18th October 1857

Ensign Lyndon John Grier – wounded at Cawnpore 28th November 1857. Died 29th November
Aged 19. Son of Revd. John W. Grier, of Amblecote, Stourbridge.

Ensign Henry Lampden – wounded at Cawnpore, 28th November 1857. died of wounds

35th Foot – 1st Royal Sussex Regiment

Captain Arthur J. Le Grand – killed in action at Judgispore – 23rd April 1858

Lieutenant William Glynne Massey – killed in action at Judgispore – 23rd April 1858

Assistant-Surgeon William George Clarke – killed in action at Judgispore – 23rd April 1858
Born 4th February 1828 at Ballymena, Co. Antrim.

37th Foot – 1st Royal Hampshire Regiment

Captain Louis Henry Bedford – killed in action at Azimghur – 15th April 1858
Aged 38.

Lieutenant George Bagenall – killed in action at Arrah – 30th July 1857

Lieutenant Edward Birkett – killed in action at Arrah – 30th July 1857
Aged 21. Son of the late Revd. James Birkett, Ovingham, Northumberland.

Ensign Edwin Stephen Sale – killed in action at Arrah – 30th July 1857
Son of John S. Sale, of Rugby.

42nd Foot – 1st Royal Highland Regiment

Captain William Lawson – died of wounds – 19th August 1858

Lieutenant Alfred Jennings Bramly – killed in action at Rooya – 15th April 1858
Aged 22. Son of Revd. Thomas Jennings Bramly, of Tunbridge Wells, Kent.

Lieutenant Charles Douglas – wounded at Rooya, 15th April 1858. died of wounds 17th April 1858

52nd Foot – 2nd Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry

Lieutenant James Hill Bradshaw – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857
Aged 20.

Lieutenant Thomas Robinson Gibbons – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857
Aged 26. Served in Burma (1852).

Captain William Robert Moorsom – killed in action at Lucknow – 11th March 1858
Aged 23. Son of Captain William Moorsom (late-52nd Foot). Joined the army in 1852.
Memorial at Harrow School, Harrow – 
“In loving memory of William Robert Moorsom, Harrow School 1847-51, 52nd Light Infantry 1852-8 on Staff of the Armies Havelock & Outram during the Indian Mutiny. He was twice wounded, 12 times mentioned in despatches, thanked by the Government of India & promoted to Capt. on 5 May 1858 six days later giving his life for his Queen at the capture of Lucknow in his 24 year.”

53rd Foot – 1st King’s Shropshire Light Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Powell, CB – killed in action at Kujwa – 1st November 1857

Lieutenant Frederick Brockhurst – shot in abdomen at Meangunge 23rd February 1858. died of wounds 13th April 1858. Aged 25. Son of Revd. J. Sumner Brockhurst, of Sandown, Isle of Wight.

1/60th Foot – 1st King’s Royal Rifle Corps

Captain Francis Andrews – killed in action at Ghazee-od-deen Nuggur – 30th May 1857
Memorial at Meerut – “Erected by the 60th Rifles in memory of Captain F. Andrews ….  who were killed near this spot in action with the mutineers of the Bengal Army on the 30th and 31st May 1857.”

Ensign William Henry Napier – wounded at Ghazee-od-deen Nuggur, 30th May 1857. died of wounds at Meerut, 4th June
Aged 21. Son of Major-General Johnstone Napier (Madras Army). Born in Paris. Joined the army in 1855.
Memorial at Meerut – “Erected by the 60th Rifles in memory of …. also of Ensign W.H. Napier, who was wounded on the 31st May and died at Meerut on the 4th June 1857.”

Ensign Everard Aloysius Lisle Phillips, VC – killed in action at Bank House, Delhi – 16th September 1857 Aged 22. Son of Ambrose Phillips, of Leicestershire. Joined the Bengal Army in 1854. Won the VC for actions during the siege of Delhi.
Buried at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – 
“E.A.L. Phillips Esqr. Ens. H.M. 60th Rifles killed at the siege of Delhi. 17th Sept. 1857, aged 21 yrs. R.I.P. erected by his brother officer H. Le C.M.”

61st Foot – South Gloucestershire Regiment

Lieutenant Thomas Gabett – killed in action at Nujuffghur – 25th August 1857
Aged 27. Son of John, of Co. Clare. Served in the Punjab (1848).
Memorial at Delhi – 
“Sacred to the memory of Captain W. A. Dely H.M. 61st regt. died of cholera Oct. 1st 1857 aged 47 years. Lt. T. Gabbett H.M. 61st regt. killed in action at Nujuffgurh August 26th 1857 aged 27 years Lt. G. S. Tyler H.M. 61st regt. died of cholera in camp before Delhi Sept. 5th 1857 aged 31 years Lt. S.B. Elkington H.M. 61st regt mortally wounded in action at Nujuffgurh and died Sept. 1857 aged 21 years, sincerely regretted by their brother officers by whom this tablet is erected.”

Ensign Samuel Bucknall Elkington – wounded at Nujuffghur, 25th August 1857. died 7th September 1857 Aged 20. Memorial above. Son of Dr. Elkington, of Birmingham.

64th Foot – 1st North Staffordshire Regiment

Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas Wilson – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857
Aged 62. Born 31 March 1795, at Sledagh, Co. Wexford, Ireland. Husband of Anne Holcombe. Served as a Brigadier General.

Major Thomas Stirling – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857

Captain Richard Charles McCrae – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857

Captain William Fletcher Morphy – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857
Aged 32. Son of late Captain James Morphy, 70th Foot.

Lieutenant Rowland Bateman – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857

Lieutenant A. McKinnon – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857

71st Foot – 1st Highland Light Infantry

Lieutenant Wyndham Neave – killed in action at Morar – 16th June 1858
Grave at the Christian Cemetery, Gwalior – “Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Wyndham Neave 71st Highland Light Infantry who was killed in action at Moror Gwalior on 16th June 1858 Aged 23 years and 7 months. This monument is erected by his brother officers.”

75th Foot – 1st Gordon Highlanders

Captain Alexander Chancellor – wounded Delhi, 13th September 1857. Died Kasauli – 4th October 1857
Aged 30. Son of Alexander, of Lanark.
Buried at No.4 Cemetery, Kasauli – 
“Sacred to the memory of Alexander Chancellor Esqr. late Captain in Her Majesty’s 75th Regiment, fourth son of the late Alexr. Chancellor Esqr. of Shuldhill Lanarkshire. Born 29th March 1857. This brave and devoted soldier departed this life at Kussowlee on the fourth day of October 1857. He died from wounds received in action before Delhi, against the Mutineers of India on the 13th Sept. 1857, the night previous to the successful assault by the victorious British Forces. His life was exposed to danger and hardship trial and privation cheerfully endured in a good cause from the 8th June 1857 when the memorable battle of Budle-ki-serai was fought and won to the day of his death.”

Captain Edward William Knox – killed in action at Delhi – 12th June 1857
Aged 37. Son of John and Maria, of Co. Mayo. Joined the Army in 1839. Husband of Charlotte Gardiner. Ref. The Times 28-8-57: ‘before Delhi, while gallantly leading his picket to repel the assault of the rebel army on The Tower Battery, he was shot through the head.’

Captain McDonald – killed in action – 11th March 1858

Lieutenant Edward Villiers Briscoe – killed in action at Delhi – 18th September 1857
Third son of the late Capt. Henry Briscoe, RE.

Lieutenant William Crozier – killed in action at Delhi – 18th July 1857

Lieutenant George Charles Norris Faithfull – wounded at Delhi 14th July 1857. died of wounds at Ambala – 31st October 1857
Buried at Ambala Cemetery – “Sacred to the memory of Lieut. G.C.N. Faithfull H.M.s 75th Regiment. A soldier zealous and true counting his life as nothing so he but discharged his duty to his Country. He died at Umballa Oct. 31st 1857. Aged 26.”

Lieutenant John Richard Sherlock Fitzgerald – killed in action at Delhi – 14th September 1857
Aged 29.

Lieutenant Alfred Harrison – killed in action at Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857
Aged 27.

78th Foot – 2nd Seaforth Highlanders

Captain Robert Bogle – wounded at Lucknow, 26th September 1857. died 19th November 1857

Captain John Fowden Haliburton – wounded at Lucknow, 4th October 1857. died 5th October 1857

Lieutenant Montagu Alexander Kirby – died of wounds – 25th September 1857

Lieutenant John Swanson – wounded at Lucknow, 25th September 1857. died 2nd October 1857
Aged 22. Son of Colonel Swanson, Bombay Army.

Lieutenant Joseph Webster – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857

81st Foot – 2nd The Loyal Regiment

Lieutenant Rothes Hastings Neville – murdered at Pak-Pulton, on the Sutlej – 5th October 1857
Aged 25. He was on his way to Bombay to be married when he was killed by mutineers.

82nd Foot – 2nd South Lancashire Regiment

Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “Sacred to the memory of Captain John Gordon. Lieut. Arthur Platt Hensley H.M. 82nd Regt. who fell in the defence of Cawnpore in November 1857 also of Ensign William Temple Thompson H.M. 82nd Regt. who was killed at the second relief of Lucknow on the 18th November 1857. This tablet is erected by their brother officers.”

Captain John Gordon – died of wounds at Cawnpore – 8th January 1858
Aged 27. Son of Capt. Robert Gordon, late 45th Foot.
Memorial in Farnham Parish Church – 
“Capt. John Gordon 82nd Regiment wounded 28 Nov. 1857 at Cawnpore died of his wound 08 Jan. 58 born at Ashridge House, Aldershot, on 14th March 1830.”

Lieutenant Cecil J. East – killed in action at Cawnpore – 26th November 1857

Lieutenant Arthur Platt Hensley – killed in action at Cawnpore – 29th November 1857

Ensign William Temple Thompson – killed in action at Lucknow – 18th November 1857
Aged 21. Son of J. Thompson, Sherwood Hall, Notts.

83rd Foot – 1st Royal Ulster Rifles

Captain Samuel Read – killed in action at Jeerum – 23rd October 1857

84th Foot – 2nd York & Lancaster Regiment

Memorial at the Residency, Lucknow – “To the memory of Lieut. Col. C. Seymour. Capt. E. Currie. Capt. R. Pakenham. Lieut. B. Sandwith. Lieut. F. Saunders. Lieut. H. Ayton. Lieut. P. Chute. Lieut. A. Gibaut. Lieut. W. Poole. Lieut. R. Maybury. Ensign H. Kenny. Paymaster G. Eddy. Qr.Master H. Donelan of the 84th York and Lancaster Regiment who were killed, died of their wounds, or of disease during the Indian Mutiny campaign nobly performing their duty. To behold the devotion, gallantry and true discipline displayed by the above at all times and on all occasions this monument is erected by the officers of the Regt.”

Captain Eugene Currie – died of wounds at Cawnpore –
Son of Claude Currie, Physician-General, Madras. His brother, Lt. Richard Currie, Bengal Artillery also died in the Mutiny.

Captain Robert Maxwell Packenham – killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857
Aged 22. Fourth son the late Lieut-General Sir Hercules Packenham. His older brother, Lt-Col. Edward, Coldstream Guards, was killed at Inkermann in the Crimean War.

Lieutenant H.A.W. Ayton – wounded at Lucknow, 16th November 1857. died of wounds 29th November 1857. Son of Surgeon Robert Ayton, late 34th Foot. Lost his arm when wounded.

Lieutenant J.J. Nunn (?) – killed in action at Lucknow – 29th September 1857

Lieutenant William Poole – wounded at Lucknow, 25th September 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Benjamin Sandwith – killed in action – 22nd November 1857

Lieutenant Frederick John Saunders – murdered in the Cawnpore Massacre – 27th June 1857
Aged 31. Son of Lt-Col. R. Saunders. Ref. The Times (11-11-57) ‘when brought before that miscreant the Raja Nana Sahib, he pulled out his revolver, shot dead 5 of the guard and missed the Raja with the 6th round.’

86th Foot – 2nd Royal Irish Regiment

Surgeon Thomas Stack – killed in action at Jhansi – 3rd April 1858
Born 19th September 1818. MD at Glasgow, 1843. (Obituary Fermanagh Times 28 August 1902) – “Dr. Stack of the 86th Regiment referred to above as having been killed, was the brother of the present day Bishop of Clogher. He was the surgeon of the regiment, a man of great height, powerful physique and a brave soldier.”

87th Foot – 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers

Lieutenant John Wall – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th March 1858

88th Foot – 1st Connaught Rangers

Captain Henry Hooper Day – killed in action at Cawnpore – 26th November 1857
Ref. The Times: ‘He was previously wounded in the arm, but refused to retire and continued gallantly leading his men, when he fell shot through the head.’ Son of D.J. Day, of Rochester.
Memorial at Memorial Church at Cawnpore – 
“In memory of the Undermentioned officers of the Connaught Rangers. Capt. H.H. Day, killed in action at Pandoo Nuddee, 26 Novr, 1857, aged 20 years.”

Captain John Evans – wounded at Cawnpore – 27th November 1857. died of wounds 5th October 1861
Memorial at Chagford church, Devonshire – “Dedicated to the memory of Captain John Evans late 88th Regiment Connaught Rangers, in which regiment he served in the Crimea during the war with Russia, and was present at the seige of Sebastopol attack on the quarries 7th June and Redan 18th June, 1855 and although badly wounded in the trenches 8th August, he continued with his regiment to India as adjutant, and was severely wounded in action with the mutineers of the Indian Army at Cawnople on the 27th November, 1857, from the effect of which he died at Babbicombe on the 5th October, 1861 at the early age of 23 years and was buried in the churchyard of the parish of St. Mary church in this county. This monument is erected as a tribute of affectionate regret to his memory by his maternal grand uncle E.S. Baily, Esq. of Whiddon Park, in this parish.”

Ensign Fitzgerald Massy Mitchell – wounded at Cawnpore, 26th November 1857. died of wounds 7th December 1857
Memorial at Memorial Church at Cawnpore – “In memory of the Undermentioned officers of the Connaught Rangers… Ensign F.M. Mitchell, died at Cawapore, 7 Decr, 1857, of wounds received in action at Pandoo Nuddee, 26 Novr, aged 36 yrs.”

90th Foot – 2nd Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

Memorial at the Residency, Lucknow – “Erected by the officers of H.M. 90 Light Infantry in memory of their comrades who fell during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 & 1858 and as a tribute to their gallantry. Colonel Robert P. Campbell C.B. died of his wounds at Lucknow 12th November 1857. Major Roger Barnston died of his wounds at Cawnpore 23rd December 1857. Brevet Major James Perrin died of his wounds at Alumbagh 30th September 1857.
Captain Harry Denison died of his wounds at Lucknow 29th October 1857. Lieutenant Nicol Graham killed in action at Alumbagh 23rd Sept 1857. Lieutenant John Joshua Nunn killed in action at Alumbagh 24th Sept 1857. Lieutenant Arthur Moultrie killed in action at Lucknow 26th September 1857. Lieutenant W H L Carleton died of small pox at Lucknow 10th April 1858. Lieutenant R G Synce died of consumption at Lucknow 8th September 1858. Lieutenant N Preston died of his wounds at Alumbagh 27th September 1857. Ensign Arthur Chute died of dyssentry at Calcutta 23rd February 1858. Ensign Hugh Gordon died of coup de soleil at Lucknow 28th May 1858. Assistant Surgeon R Nelson died of fever 18th August 1857. Also to the memory of 271 non-commissioned officers and privates of the Regiment who fell in the gallant performance of their duty at the Relief the Defence and the Capture of Lucknow and during the subsequent campaign in Oudh.”

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Parker Campbell – wounded at Lucknow, 26 August 1857. died of wounds

Major Roger Barnston, CB – wounded at Shah Najaf, 16 November 1857. died of wounds 23 December
Aged 31. Son of the late Roger Harry Barnston, of Crewe Hall, Chester.
Memorial on Chester Road, north of Farndon, Cheshire – 
“Erected in memory of Roger Barnston Esq’re of Crew Hill, Major and Brevet Lieu’t Colonel of Her Majesty’s 90th Light Infantry, CB and Knight of the Legion of Honor and of the Order of the Madjidie; By his tenants and friends. He served in the Crimean War from the 5th December 1854; and was present at the siege and fall of Sebastopol; and also in the Indian Mutiny Campaign in 1857 in which he received a severe wound whilst gallantly leading an assault at the relief of Lucknow on the 16th November 1857, from the effects of which he died at Cawnpore on the 23rd December 1857, aged 31 years, and was interred in the Military Cemetery at that station.”

Captain Harry Dension – wounded at Lucknow, 6th October 1857. right arm amputated. died 29th October 1857.

Captain James Perrin – wounded at Lucknow, 27th September 1857. died of wounds

Lieutenant Nicol Grahame – killed in action at Lucknow – 23rd September 1857
Son of Major Duncan Grahame (6th Foot) and Mary Love, from Ardrossan, Ayrshire. Letters

Lieutenant Arthur Austen Moultrie – wounded at Lucknow – 25th September 1857. died 26th September.
Son of George A. Moultrie, of Aston Hall, Shrosphire.

Lieutenant John Joshua Nunn – killed in action at Lucknow – 24th September 1857

Lieutenant Moyes Preston – wounded at Lucknow, 25th September 1857. died of wounds
Aged 20. Son of Revd. W.M.S. Preston, of Warcop Hall, Westmorland. His brother, Capt. Henry Preston, 90th Foot was killed in the Crimean War.

93rd Foot – 2nd Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders

Lieutenant-Colonel Adrian Hope – killed in action at Rooya – 15th April 1858
(with Staff) Aged 37. Son of General John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun.

Captain James Dalzell – killed in action at Secundra Bagh – 16th November 1857

Captain J. Lumsden – killed in action at Lucknow – 17th November 1857

Captain Charles William McDonald – killed in the assault on Begum’s Palace – 11th March 1858
Aged 22. Son of Lt-General Sir John McDonald, KCB, of Dalchosnie, Pertshire.

Lieutenant Charles Warden Sergison – killed in the assault on Begum’s Palace – 11th March 1858
Aged 23. Son of Revd. W. Sergison, rector of Slaugham, Sussex.

Lieutenant H.C. Sterling – died of wounds – 12th December 1857

95th Foot – 2nd Sherwood Foresters

Captain Evelyn Bazalgette – killed in action at Kotah – 1st April 1858
Aged 22. Son of Colonel Bazalgette, of Regents Park, London. Served in the Crimea, wounded carrying the Colour at the Battle of the Alma. Killed when a magazine was exploded by mutineers. Ref. The Times 26-5-58: ‘His remains were borne to the grave by his companions in arms, covered by the regimental colour with which he had son nobly distinguished himself, and which still bears the marks of his blood, shed in his country’s cause.’

Lieutenant Alexander Fawcett – killed in action at Beejapore – 5th September 1858

97th Foot – 2nd Royal West Kent Regiment

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Onslow Winnington Ingram – killed in action at Lucknow – 14th March 1858
Aged 41. Son of the late Revd. Edward Winnington Ingram, of Ribbesford, Worcestershire and canon of Worcester Cathedral.

Lieutenant Percy Charles Smyth – died of wounds – 4th March 1858
Aged 21. Son of the late Henry Mitchell Smyth, of Castle Widenham, Cork.

2nd Bn. Rifle Brigade

Major Charles John Woodford – killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857
Aged 34, son of General Sir Alexander Woodford.
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawpore – 
“Sacred to the memory of Major C.J. Woodford 2nd Batt Rifle Brigade
killed in action before Cawnpore Nov. 28th 1857. This stone was erected to his memory by his brother officers.”

Captain William Frederick Thynne – killed in action at Lucknow – 11th March 1858

Lieutenant Henry Alexander Scriven – killed in the storming of Nonadee – 20th October 1858

Ensign Lovick Emelius Cooper – wounded at Lucknow, 11th March 1858. died at Dilkoosha 19th March 1858 Aged 20. Son of Revd. Lovick Cooper, vicar of Epingham, Rutland.

March 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Cavalry Regiments)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:04 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

BRITISH CAVALRY REGIMENTS :

2nd DRAGOON GUARDS
 (The Queen’s)

Major John Percy Smith – Killed in action at Nusseraspoie – 6th March 1858


6th DRAGOON GUARDS
 (Carabineers)

Captain George Wardlaw – Killed in action at Gungeree – 14th December 1857

Aged 28. Son of the late Lieut-General Wardlaw, 55th Foot.

Captain German Wheatcroft – Killed in action at Lucknow – 15th November 1857

(att. to the Military Train) Son of David Wheatcroft, of Wingfield Park, Derbyshire.
Memorial at Sedbergh School, Sedbergh, Cumbria – “To the memory of Captain German Wheatcroft of the Inniskilling Dragoons and the 6th Dragoon Guards who charged with the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava and, having offered his services during the Indian Mutiny, was killed at Lucknow on the 14th November 1857 while gallantly leading a squadron of the 9th Lancers.”

Lieutenant John Hudson – Killed in action at Gungeree – 14th December 1857
Aged 25. Son of George Hudson, M.P.

Lieutenant Sydney Vyse – Killed in action at Gungeree – 14th December 1857
Aged 23. Son of Richard Vyse, of Holly Lodge, Luton.

Assistant-Surgeon Stewart Moore – wounded at Hindun River – 31st May 1857. died 2nd June.
Aged 29. Born 11th November 1828 at Tyrone, Ireland. Served in the Crimea 1854 (medal and 3 bars) .
Grave at Meerut – “Sacred to the memory of Stewart Moore, Esq. Assistant-Surgeon H.M’s 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers), who died at Meerut. on the 2nd June 1857, of wounds received in action with the mutineers at Ghazi-ud-din Nagar, on the 31st May 1857, aged 26 year. This tomb was erected by his brother officers.”

7th HUSSARS (Queen’s Own)

Cornet William George Hawtrey Bankes – wounded at Musa Bagh, 19th March 1858. Right arm and leg amputated. Died 6th April 1858. Aged 21. Son of George Bankes.

8th HUSSARS (King’s Royal Irish)

Lieutenant John Reilly – Killed in action at Gwalior – 17th June 1858

9th LANCERS (The Queen’s Royal)

Captain Robert Abercromby Yule – Killed in action at Delhi – 19th June 1857.
Served Ghuzni 1839 (16th Light Dragoons – medal), Sutlej 1845 (medal and bar), 9th Lancers in 1847, Punjab 1848 (medal and 2 bars). Married Margaret Rodgers at Edinburgh, 9th November 1841.

Captain Lucius John French – Killed in action at Agra – 10th October 1857

Captain Thomas Hutchinson – wounded at Lucknow, 19th March 1858. Died 21st March.

14th LIGHT DRAGOONS (The King’s)

Lieutenant Leonard Redmayne – Killed in action at Mundisore – 23rd November 1857

February 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Casualties List (Staff Officers)

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 9:00 am

Indian Mutiny 1857 – 9

STAFF OFFICERS

Major-General Nicholas Penny, CB – Killed in action at Kukerowlee – 30th April 1858. Aged 69. Son of Robert and Catherine Penny, of Weymouth, Dorset. Joined the Bengal Army in 1806. Husband of Louisa Gerard. Grave at Meerut – “Sacred to the memory of Major General N. Penny, CB. Commanding the Meerut Division. Born at Weymouth, Dorsetshire on the 12th March 1790, Killed at the head of his column in a skirmish with the enemy near the village of Kukerowlee, in Rolilcund, on the morning of the 30th April 1858 after a service of 51 years. His precious remains were brought to Meerut through the kind exertions of Captain E.J. Simpson Asst Commy Gen.”

Major-General Sir Hugh Wheeler – Killed by mutineers at Cawnpore – 27th June 1857
Memorial at All Souls Church, Cawnpore – “To the glory of God and in memory of more than a thousand Christian people, who met their deaths hard by, between 6th June & 15th July 1857. These tablets are placed in this the
Memorial Church. All Souls Cawnpore by the Government N.W.P.
Staff. Major Genl. Sir H. Wheeler K.C.B. Lady Wheeler & daughters. Lieut G.R. Wheeler 1st N.I. A.D.C. Lieut Col. E. Wiggens 52nd N.I. D.J.A.G. Mrs Wiggens. Major W. Lindsay A.A.G. Mrs Lindsay & Daughters. Ensign C. and Mrs Lindsay. Brigadier General Jack C.B. Mr Jack. Capt. Sir G. Parker 74th N.I. Cant. Magistr. Capt Williamson 71st N.I. D.A.C.G. Mrs Williamson & Child.”

Brigadier General Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence, KCB. – wounded at Lucknow – 2nd July 1857. Died 4th July. Aged 51. Son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Lawrence (77th Foot) and Catherine. Born in Matura, Ceylon, 28th June 1805. Joined the Bengal Artillery in 1821. Husband of Honoria Marshall.
Grave at the Residency, Lucknow – “Here lies Henry Lawrence who tried to do his duty. May the Lord have mercy on his soul. Born 28th June 1806 Died 4th July 1857.”
Tablet in Holy Trinity Church, Lawrence Military Assylum – “Sacred to the memory of Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence, KCB. Brigadier General, Chief Commissioner in Oudh. He commanded the Garrison of Lucknow at the outbreak of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857; was wounded by a shell on the 2nd and died on the 4th day of July 1857. Aged 52 years. This Institution which he originated, and to which he contributed 87,000 Rupees is his best monument.”
Memorial in St. Paul’s Cathedral, Calcutta – “In memory of the great and good Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence K.C.B. Christian statesman, philanthropist and soldier who in the Punjab, Rajputana and Oudh taught how kindly subject races should be ruled who first in India, founded hill asylums for British soldiers children and who fell in the memorable defence of Lucknow 4th July 1857 beloved and mourned by natives and Europeans.”

Brigadier-General James George Smith Neil – Killed in action at Lucknow – 25th September 1857. Shot in the head at Khas Bazaar. 1st Madras Fusiliers.
Memorial at the Residency, Lucknow – “Sacred to the memory of Brigadier General J.G.S. Neill A.D.C. to the Queen. Col J.L. Stephenson c.o. Major S.G.C. Renaud Lieut. W.G. Groom. Lieut N.H. Arnold. Lieut A.A. Richardson. Lieut J.A. Chisholm Liuet F. Dobbs 352 non-commissioned officers, drummers and rank and file of the First Madras Fusiliers who fell during the supression of the rebellion in Bengal 1857-58.”

Brigadier-General John Nicholson – wounded at Delhi -14th September 1857. Died 23rd September. Aged 34. Son of Dr. Alexander Nicholson and Clara, of Dublin. Joined the Bengal Army in 1839. Served in the Punjab (1848). He was buried at the Cashmere Gate Cemetery, Delhi – “The grave of Brigadier General John Nicholson, who led the assault on Delhi; but fell in the hour of victory, mortally wounded, and died 23rd September 1857; aged 35.’

Brigadier Isaac Henley Handscombe – murdered by mutineers at Lucknow – 30th May 1857. Aged 52. Born in Buckingham. Son of Isaac and Anne Handscombe. Served in Burma War (1825), Ghuzni (1839), Kabul (1842), Sutlej War, Burma (1853). Tablet in St. Mary Magdalenes Church, Lahore Cantonment – ‘Sacred to the memory of Brigadier Isaac Handscombe, Bt. Major Robert Spencer and Sergeant Major John Potter who were barbarously murdered by the mutineers when nobly attempting to recall their men to their duty, the first fell at Lucknow on the 31st May and the two last at Meean Meer on the 30th July 1857.’

Brigadier-General Nicholas Wilson – Killed in action at Cawnpore – 28th November 1857. Aged 62. Born 31 March 1795, at Sledagh, Co. Wexford, Ireland. Husband of Anne Holcombe. Lieutenant-Colonel 64th Foot.

Colonel Charles Chester – Killed in action at Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857. Aged 53. Son of Sir Robert Chester and Eliza. Born in Suffolk. Served in Burma (1825), Punjab (1848). Husband of Margaret Mundy. He was buried at Rajpura Cemetery, Delhi – ‘To the memory of Colonel Chester Adjutant General of the army, who fell mortally wounded at the battle of Badlee Suraie. This monument is erected by his brother officers of the General Staff in token of their affectionate regard and esteem. his remains were here interred on the 8th June 1857.’

Lieutenant-Colonel George Biddulph – Killed in action at Lucknow – 16th November 1857. Aged 46. Son of Rev. John and Sophia Biddulph, of Frankton, Warwickshire.

Brevet-Major W.P. Jenkins – Killed in action at Kuttunge – 14th November 1857

Captain Neville – Killed in action at Barodia – 31st January 1858

Lieutenant John Wall – Killed in action at Lucknow – 14th March 1858

February 3, 2022

Tourism Industry Sidelined in Union Budget – Prateek Hira speaks to The Pioneer

Filed under: News — admins @ 9:11 am

Uttar Pradesh Chairman of IATO and FICCI’s Tourism Committee, Prateek Hira, said the tourism industry was once again sidelined in the Union budget as no direct benefit was passed on to it, in spite of the fact that this was the most ailing of all sectors due to the pandemic.
Hira added, “The extension of ECLGS through 2023 is a welcome step and allocation of additional Rs 50,000 crore dedicated to tourism would bring in some relief for the industry.”Prateek Hira is quite upbeat about the announcements regarding multi modal transport for convenient travel, introduction of new Vande Bharat trains and detailed projects of five river systems.

In addition to that, the eight ropeways and integrated connectivity between train stations and expansion of 25,000 kilometres of highways in the country is a thrust on creating a tourism ecosystem for the long term growth of tourism in India, he feels. E-passport by 2023 would
be a step that would place India among the developed nations and create a seamless foreign travel for Indians, Hira said, adding that this
would also enhance the credibility of the Indian passports. “The renewed thrust on the development of infrastructure in the North-East given in this budget will also boost tourism in this highly potential region that has been neglected for quite some time,” he said.

Hira added: “As a business person we have to be greedy and always wanting more from the budget so it is justified to say that we were expecting much more, at least in direct benefits which we did not get”.

 

February 1, 2022

Defining luxurious tourism (TravTalk 1st Feb Issue)- Prateek Hira at Dubi Expo

Filed under: News — admins @ 11:18 am

TravTalk 1st February 2022 issue carries a report on Prateek Hira’s address on ‘Luxury Tourism in India’  at Dubai Expo….


Defining luxurious tourism

India has a lot to offer as tourism destination with its rich heritage, culture and tradition. The country has also evolved into a luxury travel destination that is globally recognised.

TravTalk-1st Feb IssueIn the past decade, India has evolved as a tourism destination and the transformation continues in the form of luxury travel. Historical palaces, forts and boutique hotels in the country are full of stories and offer unique experience for guests, and adding to this is the luxury travel.

Speaking at the India Pavilion at Expo2020 Dubai about luxury tourism in India, Prateek Hira, President and CEO – Tornos, and Director, River Rhapsody, said, “In the past, luxury travel was understood to mean opulence, ultra-comfort and high-end services, but the definition has evolved. Authenticity and meaningful journeys are now at the heart of luxury travel.”

He added, “There was a time when there was a scarcity in India and in many other places, but not so now. Getting a deeper understanding of and immersion into local cultures are the main benefits of luxury travel. People like to travel, participate and learn, and that’s what luxury travel has become. Due to the increase in purchasing power and evolving lifestyles of consumers, what was considered a luxury yesterday has become a necessity today for most of us, a necessity for travel, and is available in abundance in this market.”

India has some of the best luxury properties for experiencing opulence and luxury stays.Homegrown brands such as Taj, Oberoi and Lalit have established themselves in the luxury conscious market. Globally, the market has fairly realised the potential India has in luxury. “India is a country where every 50 miles the history, the language, the culture, the cuisine and the crafts change, and each of them offers something unique. Today, luxury travel is about understanding the destination and being able to access places that are not as touristy or not readily available to mass tourists,” Hira said.


Full magazine available to download as PDF on : http://travtalkindia.com/pdf/2022/TTFeb1st22.pdf

 

 

 

January 28, 2022

Indian Mutiny Event Dateline

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 8:39 am

Important Events 1857 – 1858 – 1859 – 1860

1857

22 January
The sepoys at Dumdum become uneasy about the new cartridges.
January- March
Unrest among the sepoys on the greased cartridge question; outbreaks at Berhampore and Barrackpore, the chapaties pass from village to village.
24 April
Meerut 3rd Light Cavalry; rebellious conduct followed by court-martial.
10 May
Meerut 3rd Light Cavalry, 11th N.I. revolt. Rebels kill officers and other Europeans and burn bungalows, set off for Delhi.
11 May
Rebels arrive Delhi; proclaim Bahadur Shah Zafar as Emperor, murder Europeans, Delhi troops, 5th Light Fd Battery Foot Artillery, 3rd Bn 2nd company,38th N.I. and 54th N.I. all Revolt. Magazine blown up by Lt. Willought by and handful of British, European survivors retreat first to Flagstaff Tower, and then Karnal. Delhi and surrounding area in the control of the rebels.
20 May
At Aligarh a portion of the 9th N.I revolt, followed at Mainpuri and Bulandshahr on the 22nd and Etawa on 23rd, by the remainder of the regiment.
30 May
Revolt at Lucknow, 7th Light Cavalry, and (portion of ) the 13th N.I., 48th N.I. amd 71st N.I. Outbreak at Mathura; rebels march to Delhi. Battle of the Hindun River.
31 May
Bareilly, 18th N.I. , 68th N.I. , 15th Light Fd Battery, and 8th lrreg,Cavalry revolt. Khan Bahadur Khan , a government pensioner takes the lead, and is proclaimed ruler under the King of Delhi. At Shahjahanpur the 28 th N.I. revolts and attacks the Christians. At Agra the native regiments are disarmed; Moradabad in open revolt.
1 June
At Morababad the 29th N.I. revolts. Sepoys at Mathura shoot officers and march for Delhi Outbreak at Budaon.
2 June
5th N.I. revolts at Saharanpur.
3 June
At Neemuch the entire force revolt viz. 1st Light Cavalry, 4th Troop 1st Brigade horse artillery,15th Light Fd Battery,72nd N.I. N.I. At Azamgarh the 17th N.I. revolts. At Sitapur the 41st N.I. revolts with particular ferocity against the European officers civilians Abbas Ali proclaim himself the ruler in Moradabad.
4 June
Partial revolt at Benares by 37th N.I. General Neill arrives and disarms some troops. Revolt at Kanpur by 2nd light cavalary, 1st N.I. ,74th N.I. , and 56th N.I. First Group of Europeans leaves Fatehgarh.
5 June
53rd N.I. Joins the revolt at Kanpur, General Wheeler calls all Europeans and Christians into his entrenchments
6 June
Siege of Wheeler’s entrenchment at Kanpur begins. Nana Sahib joins the rebels and is proclaimed Peshwa,12th N.I. at Jhansi revolt, and massacre of the European follows; 4th company 9th Bn Artillery at Azamgarh revolt. Nawab of Rampur visits Moradabad take charge.
8 June
The Battle of Badle ki serai in Delhi; British troops occupy the Ridge, and the ‘siege’ of the Delhi begins. At Phillour the 3rd N.I. revolt. At Faizabad the 22nd N.I., and the 13th Lt. Fd Battery 5th Bn 2nd company revolt.
11 June
Brigadier General James Neill arrives at Allahabad. Jhansi rebels leave for Delhi.
12 June
Massacre by Nana Sahib of 130 Europeans fugitives from Fatehgarh at Bithur.
15 June
Wajid Ali Shah, ex-king of Awadh and chief councillors imprisoned in Fort William in Calcutta. Bareilly Brigade reaches Moradabad en route for Delhi.
16 June
Maulvi Liaqat Ali files from Allahabad. Nawab’s rule proclaimed at Fatehgarh.
18 June
At Fatehgarh the 10th N.I. (previously loyal) eventually break into revolt. Mewati and pathan
villages in Allahabad district attacked and destroyed by the British.
25 June
At Kanpur The Nana Shahib offers terms to Wheeler in the entrenchment. Revolt at Malthone.
Sack of Delhi.
27 June
Massacre at Satichaura Ghat, Kanpur.
28 June

Fatehgarh Fort besieged by rebels. Nagode gaol. Broken into.
30 June
British defeated at Chinhat ; Lucknow Residency surrounded and besieged. Bulandshahr captured by Walidad Khan.
2 July
Bakht Khan arrives in Delhi with the Bareilly brigade. Pearson’s Battery and Cavalry revolt at Agra.
4 July
Massacre at Rampore on Ganges of European fugitives from Fatehgah / Farrukhabad. Sir Henry Lawrence, dies in the Lucknow Residency.
7 July
General Havelock leaves Allahabad en route for Kanpur.
12 July
Fatehpur occupied by Havelock.
15 July
Action at Anog ( Renaud killed), And at Pandu Nadi. Massacre of the Ladies i.e. Bibighur massacre at Kanpur.
16 July
Nana Sahib defeated by Havelock at Fatehpur, and First Battle of Kanpur. Nana Sahib orders all Bengali Babus to be apprehended.
17 July
Havelock enters Kanpur and Nana Sahib retreats to Bithur.
25 July
The Danapur Brigade revolts, i.e. The 7th N.I., 8th N.I. & 40th N.I.
27 July
Siege of Arrah House Begins.
28 July
Parade Ground Massacre at Farruckhabad (Fatehpur). Azimgarh evacuated by the British.
29 July
Havelock defeats rebels at Unnao.
31 July
The large rebel force from Mhow and Indore arrives at Gwalior, leaving Scindia helpless to prevent their onwards march towards Agra.
3 August
Arrah house relived by Major Eyre.

5 August
Havelock defeats the rebels at Bashiratganj. Kunwar Singh reported to have proclaimed himself King of Shahbad.
8 August
Khan Bahadur Khan’s forces from Bareilly reported as advacing to attack Nainital. Rebels’ gunpowder factory in Delhi blown up.
11 August
Eyre burns Kunwar Singh’s palace at Jagdishpur.
12 August
Havelock defeats Awadh rebels in the third battle of Bashiratganj
13 August
Havelock defeats Awadh rebels in the third battle of Bashiratganj
14 August
Havelock Column under John Nicholson arrives at Delhi. Kunwar Singh arrives at Sassaram.
16 August
Havelock defeats the forces of Nana Sahib at Bithur.
17 August
Sir Colin Campbell takes over duties as British Commander-in- Chief.
19 August
At Ferozepur the 10th Light Cavalry revolt Kunwar Singh at Akbarpur. Amar Singh threatens to
burn Dehri.
20 August
Kunwar Singh at Rohtasgarh.
25 August
Firoz Shah, Shahzada, placed on the musund at Mandsaur.
26 August
Outbreak at Mandsaur.
29 August
At Peshawar the disarmed 51st N.I. revolts. Many are slaughtered. Kunwar Singh arrives in
Ramgarh and plunders Ghorawal.
7 September
Kunwar Sngh closes road to Rewa.
8 September
Kuwar Singh marches through Mirzapur and reported to have arrived in Rewa. Jung Bahadur’s Gurkhas arrive at Jaunpur.

14 September
British begin the assault on Delhi.
19 September
Havelock and Outram set out for Lucknow from Kanpur.
20 September
After a fierce fighting, Delhi finally conquered by the British.
21 September
Captain Hodson claims to have captured the King of Delhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar at Humayun’s Tomb.
22 September
Hodson murders the Mughal Princes.
25 September
Lucknow Residency relieved by Havelock, Neill and Tytler Killed, together with 600 other British casualties.
29 September
Kunwar Singh reaches Banda. Said to be accompanied by 1800 of Danapore rebels.
5 October
Walidad Khan reaches Bareilly with 500 followers. Greathed’s Column meets opposition at Aligarh.
8 October
Nawab of Banda attacks fortress of Ajaigarh.
13 October>
Mirza Bakhtwar Shah and Mirza Mendu, sons of the king of Delhi, tried by the British and shot beside the Jumna.
15 October
Gwailor Contingent join the rebels. Outbreak at Kotah.
19 October
Kunwar Singh with the 40th BNI reaches Kalpi via Banda.
29 October
Tatya Tope with Gwalior Contigent arrives at Jalaun.
7 November
Gwalior Contingent and 40th BNI (with Kunwar Singh) join in and begin advancing to Kanpur.
17 November
Sir Colin Campbell relieves and evacuates the Lucknow Residency, leaving Outram at the Alambagh; rebels see his withdrawal from Awadh as a great victory.

24 November
Havelock dies of dysentery; buried in the Alambagh.
27 November
Gwalior Contingent attacks Nawabganj (Unnao) and forces the British to retire into entrenchments.
3 December
Campbell dispatches all the ladies and sick, ex Lucknow Residency, to Allahabad.
6 December
Campbell defeats Tatya Tope in the third battle of Kanpur.

1858

6 Janurary
Campbell re-occupies Fatehgarh. Sir Hugh Rose begins Central India Campaign.
7 Janurary
Trial of Bahadur Shah Zafar begins in The Red Fort,Delhi. (ends on March 9th)
14 Janurary
Rani of Jhansi issues a proclamation against the British “Victory of religion”
23 January
Rebels mustering again at Kalpi.
28 Janurary
Fortress of Rahatgarh taken by Rose.
3 February
Sir Hugh Rose relieves Sagar.
5 February
Action at Ayodhya between rebels Jung Bahadur’s Gurkhas.
7 February
General Whitlock with Madras troops arrives in Jabalpur.
10 February
Nana Sahib at Naubatganj.
12 February
Kunwar Singh reported to be arriving at Ayodhya.
18 February
Proclamation issued by Firoz Shah at Bareilly.
25 February

Nana Sahib reported to be at Kalpi.
1 March
Tehri troops beaten by Rani’s forces. Charkhari captured.
2-21 March
Campbell retakes Lucknow ; drives out the rebels led by the Maulvi of Faizabad and the begum of Awadh. Lucknow stormed on 14th.
16 March
Nana Sahib reported to be at Shahjahanpur.
17 March
Brigadier Stuart takes Chanderi by storm. Battle of Atraulia, Victory for Kunwar Singh.
18 March
Nawab of Farrukhabad and Banda, Raja Tej Singh of Mainpuri, Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly, Walidad Khan specifically excluded from the benefit. (i.e. Free pardon etc.) of British Proclamation offering a reward of rupees one lakh to rebel betraying Nana Sahib.
21 March
Rose arrives at Jhansi.
22 March
Millman besieged in Azimgarh by Kunwar Singh.
23 March
Investment of Jhansi begins.
24 March
Explosion in Khan Bahadur Khan’s gunpowder factory at Bareilly. Nana Sahib arrives at Bareilly.
26 March
Kunwar Singh occupies Azamgarh.
1 April
Battle of Betwa River. Rose defeats Tatya Tope.
3 April
Jhansi captured and sacked.
5 April
Jhansi fort taken by the British. Rani, with her step-son, reaches Kunch.
6 April
Lord Mark Kerr relieves Azamgarh.
15 April

General Walpole defeated at Royah; Brigadier Adrian hope killed.
16 April
Kunwar Singh driven Azamgarh by General Lugarh.
17 April
Rao Sahib issues proclamation to Chiefs of Bundelkund. Kunwar Singh attacked by Brigadier
Douglas near Azamgarh.
18 April
Battle of Banda.
21 April
Kunwar Singh crosses the Ganges at Sheopur Ghat and is mortally wounded while doing so.
22 April
Princes Firoz Shah reaches Moradabad.
23 April
Kunwar Singh defeats the British under Le Grand at Jagdishpur. Rose captures Kalpi.
24 April
Forces of Nawab of Rampur drive Firoz Shah from Moradabad.
26 April
Death of Kunwar Singh.
28 April
Rao Sahib encamped at Jalalpur to oppose Whitlock Gukha army reaches Faizabad and Ayodhya.
3 May
Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah, with large force comes from Mohammadi to Shahjahanpur.
6 May
Battle of Bareilly, included the famous change of the Ghazis of whom 133 were bayoneted.
Bareilly taken but rebel leaders escaped.
8 May
Battle of Kunch, Rose defeats Tatya Tope.
10 May
General Lugard occupied Jagdishpur.
11 May
Amar Singh defeated by Corfield near Piru but manages to escape. Battle of Shahjahpur.
13 May
Rebels Menace British position and camp at Jagdishpur.

15 May
Rebel leaders including Nana Sahib, Khan Bahadur Khan and Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah all in vicinity of Shahjahanpur.
22 May
Battle of Kalpi, Rose captures the arsenal of Kalpi.
24 May
Second Battle of Shahjahanpur rebels defeated by Campbell and driven back to Mohammadi but followed up; British occupy Mohammadi.
25 May
Hamirpur occupied by the British.
1 June
Rani of Jhansi, Rao Sahib and Tatya Tope capture Gwalior. Nawab of Banda also present. Lushkar and Gwalior fort occupied. Madho Singh captured by Rose.
12 June
Battle of Nawabganj; Sir Hope Grant defeats 16000 rebels in final decisive battle In Awadh. Amar Singh returns to Buxar. Khan Bahadur Khan attacks Shahjanpur.
15 June
Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah attacks Pawayan, and is killed.
16 June
Battle of Morar. Raja of Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah to the British at Shahjahanpur to claim the rewards.
17 June
Battle of Kota-Ki- Serai; death of Rani of Jhansi.
19 June
Battle of Gwalior. City is occupied.
20 June
Gwalior fort captured by Rose. Battle of Jaora. Alipur Scindia returns to Gwlior.
5 July
Banpur Raja surrenders to the British.
9 July
Tonk occupied by rebels, Firoz Shah reported to be with them.
10 July
Shahgarh raja surrenders. Rebel force reaches Rampur.
11 July
Ramnagar occupied by the rebels.

26 July
Pawayan and Shahjahanpur reported as ‘seriously threatened’ by Awadh rebels.
27 July
Force besieging Shahganj breaks up.
31 July
Sir Hope Grant relieves Raja Man Singh besieged by rebels.
1 November
Queen Victoria’s proclamation abolishing the rule of the East India Company in India and instituting her own.
12 November
Battle of Shankarpur Beni Madho driven northwards, reported as joining up with Bala Rao.
25 November
Raja of Gonda defeated by Sir Patrick Grant, Gonda occupied.
5 December
Nana Sahib was reported was reported as crossing the Ganga between Fatehgarh and Kanpur.
6 December
Firoz Shah and Walidad Khan reported at Aroul.
17 December
Firoz Shah’s brief encounter with British force under Napier.
23 December
Bala Rao driven from Tulsipur and retreats into Nepal.
December
Bihar rebels finally dispersed.

1859

7 January
The rebellion in Awadh officially declared at an end.
9 January
Prince Firoz Shah cuts his way across Awadh and the Ganges; joins Tatya Tope temporarily.
29 January
Nawab of Farrukhabad arrives at Fatehgarh, under arrest.
28 March
Nana Sahib, Begum of Awadh reported to be at Butwal.
7 April

Khan Bahadur Khan, Begum of Awadh, Nana Sahib and Birjis Qadr reported to be in the fort of
Niacote in Nepal.
8 April
Tatya Tope betrayed and captured.
18 April
Tatya Tope hanged.
20 April
Nana Sahib sends Ishtiharnama to Queen Victoria. Petition to the English from Bala Rao.
8 July
State of peace officially declared throughout India.
24 September
The death of the Nana Sahib reported.
December
Amar Singh captured in the Terai by Jung Bahadur’s troops and handed over to the British.
9 December
Capture of Khan Bahadur Khan by Jung Bahadur reported.
7 December
Khan Bahadur Khan and Mammu Khan lodged in Lucknow Gaol.

1860

24 March
Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly hanged on the spot where he had raised the flag of revolt.
3 May
Jwala Prasad hanged at the Satichaura Ghat.

January 22, 2022

Ayodhya-Deepotsav

Filed under: Home Product Box,Wow — admins @ 6:58 am

Deepotsav (also spelt as ‘Deepotsava’) in Ayodhya – An event that was planned and conceptualized by Tornos in 2016 is now a landmark event of Government of Uttar Pradesh since 2017. Ceremonial lighting of record number of earthen lamps is the highlight and then there is laser show and projection mapping detailing the return of Lord Rama along with his wife Mata Sita and younger brother Lord Laxmana mark the celebrations. 

Deepotsav celebration falls a day earlier than the actual Diwali (also called Deepavali) celebration and is a must visit. Tornos as a part of this package organises two days of tour to Ayodhya. The first day is about the visit to the temples of Ayodhya, curated lunch and stay at Ayodhya at a semi luxury home-stay and next day is for a morning visit of the Ghat, boating on the sacred river Saryu and finally privileged participation in the celebration Deepotsava. This includes VVIP access to our cars and guests and seating in an exclusive “Tornos Guests’ Enclosure” for best view and photography.             

Cost :

On request (info@tornosindia.com)

Starting Time :

2 days before Diwali or a day before, if not opting for tour of Ayodhya and stay there. Pickup is from Lucknow at 9 am (a bit of flexibility in leaving time from Lucknow)

2023 – 11 November

2024 – 30 October

2025 – 20 October

2026 – 5 November

2027 – 28 October

Expected Duration :

2 Days (44 hours) / 1 Day (12 hours)

Remarks :

This tour can also be taken only for Deepotsav participation eliminating the night stay and tour of Ayodhya.

Driving time from Lucknow to Ayodhya is 2 hours. 

January 21, 2022

Ayodhya Tour (Excursion Ex Lucknow)

Filed under: Home Product Box,Wow — admins @ 10:46 am

(same day return trip from Lucknow to Ayodhya. 11-12 hours, including driving time, visits and activities)

Post early breakfast we will leave Lucknow for Ayodhya (150 km / 2 hrs). En route a bio-break at an identified facility. (ideal time to leave is by 0730 hrs but we can shift it to another option with a bit of changes in the programme if we intend to leave at 1000 hrs) 

Upon arrival we will be met by our Ayodhya Tour Manager who will now lead the tour and get us a privileged access into the temples.

We will visit Hanuman Gari – the seat of Lord Hanuman who sits on a hilltop to guard the holy city of Ayodhya. We will later visit Kanak Bhawan where we will attend the forenoon temple closure aarti. 

We will then reach a 150 year old temple where we will lunch with the head priest. A special prayer will be performed at this temple and after the offering of Bhog (lunch to the deity), we will be served lunch in the temple on a floor level setting and on a dry-leaf plate (pattal) and earthen-pottery. This lunch has been prepared hygienically under supervision our expert team and is a very privileged and a blessed meal. Later spend some time with the priest to understand the ethos of Ayodhya, its people, lifestyle and connect spiritually with the city where Lord Rama was born.  

Post lunch we will visit Ram Janam Bhoomi, the place of birth of Lord Rama. Later we drive to the temple workshop where stones are being carved to be placed in the under-construction Rama Temple. 

Also visit Saryu Ghat and enjoy a short joy-ride on the sacred river Saryu. Tea will be served on the boat while you get to see Ayodhya’s temple facade and listen to the stories connected to River Saryu.

As an option visit a few temples at the Ghat and then if you wish you may attend the evening Saryu Aarti (this takes place at the sunset and time is subject to change based on the season which effects the sunset). This Aarti too is a privileged experience as not only it will give you a chance to perform Aarti but also that it will be for your well-being.   

ADD-On OPTION: Kanchan Bhawan the starting point of our Mokshdayani Walk. Walking through the stretch by the side of Saryu river we will finally reach Nageshwarnath temple, from here we reach the river-ghat to board our boat. – For an ADD-ON SPECIAL Cost INR 1000 per person (if along with this package)

We will now board our car and return to Lucknow, to reach by late dinner time.

Highlights : In Ayodhya visit of Ram Janam Bhoomi, A short motor boat ride on Saryu river and diya-offering (earthen lamps); Lunch at the temple with the priest.

Cost :

INR 13,500 per person (operates on minimum 2 guests) – SPECIAL PRICE (Limited Offer)

Starting Time : 

7:30 – 8:30 am (Flexible)

Expected Duration : 

11-12 hours

Remarks : 

This is an exclusive tour.

*Pickup time from city hotels.  Timings are flexible and may be altered after prior discussion.

Expect to return by dinner to Lucknow.

 

January 18, 2022

Expectations from budget-2022 – Prateek Hira tells TravTalk for its January Issue

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:07 am

“This financial year will pave the way for better times ahead. I hope for a three-pronged budget, focused on the revival of inbound tourism by way of free or low-cost tourist visas, short-term tourist visas on arrival (not e-visas) for select countries, and a temporary exemption of GST for inbound travellers. On another front, I wish to get a window of income tax exemption on businesses for three years to rebuild working capital and restart the businesses. At the policy level, I wish for a larger budgetary allocation for the MOT for a well-planned, researched, and structured marketing plan to revive the tourist traffic. The tourism industry, for the third time, is pinning its hope on the annual budget.” – Prateek Hira (President & CEO – Tornos).Prateek Hira talks on budget

January 17, 2022

Travel Trends – 2022 by Prateek Hira published in TravTalk

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:30 am

(TravTalk – 2nd Fortnight Issue – Jan’22. Prateek Hira’s inputs )

Watch out for travel trends in 2022 – “The exploration of lesser known places will be a dominant trend, with the kind of knowledge today’s travellers have gained” – Prateek Hira


TravTalk Interview of Prateek HiraPeople have learnt to spend on holidays much more and make it a part of their annual budget, which is encouraging for the industry. Prateek Hira, IATO Chapter Chairman, Uttar Pradesh; President & CEO, Tornos and Director, River Rhapsody said, “Indian travellers who were till now spending large amounts only on their foreign travel (outbound) have learnt to spend similarly large amounts within India too, thus domestic travel is no more a budget travel business. I foresee this trend growing further in 2022. This will make our travel economy more stable, self-reliant and also attract a lot of high-end travel businesses in the domestic travel segment”.

He further added, “Small and personalised travel companies will gain ground as travellers will have many more questions than they ever had and this new

class of travellers may not be so happy dealing with large tour companies that, in spite of their best efforts, may not be able to cater to this demand so well.” And the same will apply to B2B dealings in terms of dealings with large DMCs. This trend will bring regional players and small operators more prominently into the mainstream market.

The travel industry saw a change in 2021 when people went to places that were less crowded and less popular. This will continue in 2022 as people explore new destinations, which is one of the most expected trends. “Travel till now has been quite unevenly distributed in India. With the kind of knowledge that travellers of today have gained, the exploration of lesser-known places will be a dominant trend, and thereby, lesser known destinations will see an upsurge of tourists, “said Hira.

He continued, “The distinction between travel businesses such as inbound, domestic, outbound, and so on will become diluted, and the new-age tour operator will mean the ‘one who offers tours to travellers’ rather than in the area of descriptive geographical boundaries. “Operators will reinvent themselves and get into new travel verticals that otherwise they were resisting to ramp up their revenue sources.”

January 8, 2022

Prateek Hira, President & CEO of Tornos speaks at India Expo – Economic Times reports

Filed under: News — admins @ 6:00 am

India is a luxury destination by virtue: Prateek Hira at Tourism Fortnight in Expo 2020 Dubai

Sharing his thoughts on luxury tourism in India during a session at India Pavilion : https://travel.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/events/international/india-is-a-luxury-destination-by-virtue-prateek-hira-at-tourism-fortnight-in-expo-2020-dubai/88756088

January 1, 2022

The Week – “Fascinating facts about some of the most iconic buildings in Lucknow”

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:40 am

(The Week – https://www.theweek.in/theweek/statescan/2021/12/19/fascinating-facts-about-some-of-the-most-iconic-buildings-in-lucknow.html) – By Puja Awasthi/ Photographs By Salil Bera Issue Date: December 26, 2021 

Monument, memorial, mausoleum or landmark -no building is ever just that. From the depth of their foundations to the sweep of their canopies, buildings are dialogues embracing geographical and human spaces. They tell tales; some forgotten, some readily remembered.

The restoration [of the Constantia] required “a sense of affection” apart from the more practical money and planning, said Carlyle McFarland, principal, La Martiniere College, Lucknow.

And many, like Lucknow’s Husainabad Clock Tower – India’s tallest mechanical clock tower – add to the script of some of the most important stories of the present. In January 2020, this tower became the backdrop to protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act. Standing at a height of around 220ft, it is referred to as the country’s Big Ben—a tenuous connect at best. It has a mix of various styles that influenced its architect Richard Roskell Bayne during his travels through Cordoba, Spain, and Marrakech, Morocco. (The Big Ben is in the Gothic Revival style).
In 2010, two Lucknow residents – Capt Paritosh Chauhan, who is serving in the merchant navy, and Akhilesh Agarwal, a mechanical engineer – volunteered to get the long-dead clock running again. They discovered that the original movement was gone; the bronze and gunmetal used in its six foot long and three foot wide clockwork was stolen. There were no original drawings and manuals to help. The best guide was the bench on which the clock rested, with holes for where the shafts of the movement had gone in.

Chauhan and Agarwal describe it as the “DNA of the clock”, from which they had to piece together a dinosaur-like being.

Since 2012, when it started ticking again, the machine has been patchily managed. It works only intermittently. The duo says that the upkeep requires “the right attitude, commitment and skilled craftsmen”—which they cannot ensure, as they are not part of the Husainabad Trust that manages the tower and other properties.

Somewhat better preserved is the Rumi Darwaza, a public gateway, which is the symbol most often used to depict Lucknow in travel literature. There is speculation that it is similar to a portal in Constantinople (now Istanbul)—in recognition of which the Darwaza was called Kustuntunia in the 19th century. Others have seen in it a resemblance to the Sublime Porte of the Ottomans. Regardless of its foreign references, behind the Darwaza’s construction by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula lay a humane story. In 1784, as a great famine swept through the land, the Darwaza was conceived to give employment to some 20,000 people.

Some monuments have a better chance of speaking for themselves. The Constantia, one of the homes of Lucknow’s most popular European resident Claude Martin, is one such landmark. A Frenchman, Martin became a major general in the British East India Company’s Bengal Army. The French Baroque building today houses La Martiniere College, one of India’s best-known schools for boys, and is a popular destination for movie shoots and magazine spreads.

The centrepiece of this two-century-old structure is a tower crowned by a dome. Under this dome is a chapel, adorned with figures and frescoes in the Wedgwood style. In 2013, the school’s current principal, Carlyle McFarland, initiated a restoration, driven more by urgent concerns such as crumbling walls. On a property that was originally around 400 acres, repairs were not new. However, the triumph of this restoration lay most visibly in its ornamental aspects and staggering attention to detail.

McFarland said the stucco work was as close to the original as available information revealed. Gone, for instance, were the mango leaves that had replaced the original acanthus leaves of the decoration, simply because artisans who made the interim repairs had no ready references for original Greek ornamentation.

The restoration required “a sense of affection” apart from the more practical money and planning, said McFarland, who is an alumnus. In 2016, these efforts were recognised by the French government, which conferred a medal of honour for distinguished service on Ansaruddin, the painter who led the repairs.

The Château de Lyon, another home owned by Martin, has been put recently on the tourist map after the larger building it is part of was thrown open to the public. This Lucknow mansion is named after Martin’s birthplace in France.

Prateek Hira, the president of Tornos, a company that describes itself as an ‘experiential travel company’, said that the residence offered a “fuller experience” of the evolution of Martin’s architectural style, which was perfected over several structures in and around Lucknow. It is thus a template from which Lucknow can be better understood.
The wonders of the structure, better known as Kothi Farhat Baksh, are still being unravelled. Its unique feature was rooms that were submerged in the waters of the Gomti River; these rooms functioned as an automatic cooling system for the floors above.

Meanwhile, conversations about the schoolboys who walked Constantia’s hallways are carried on in one of Lucknow’s most visited landmarks—the Residency. The building was the official home of the British resident general at Awadh, and was besieged for more than five months during the revolt of 1857. It was here that the British suffered their worst losses, before recapturing the city on November 17, 1857.

This siege, the stuff of military folklore, also saw schoolboys being called upon to serve the British army—for the first time ever. The original Residency was a complex of 28 buildings, of which only six remain intact.
Its importance however remains unchanged.

“It is as significant to the besieged and the besiegers,” said Vipul B. Varshney, the convenor of the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, Lucknow.

Varshney, who has organised heritage walks around the complex, said that if there was just one monument in Lucknow that the British tourists had on their must-visit list, it was the Residency—especially its cemetery.
A different connection to the world is found at the Rauza-e-Kazmain, a replica of the mausoleums of the seventh and ninth Imams in Iraq. Unlike the city’s other, perhaps better known Imambaras, this one has two large minarets and four domes covered in brass—as opposed to the more commonly found stone. The ones in the original shrine are covered in gold.

Completed during the reign of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah in 1852, its building was initiated by one Jagganath Agarwal, a Hindu who upon conversion had taken the name Sharaf-ud-daullah. It is thus a fitting tribute to the city’s past of rich communal amity.

Athar Abbas, a maulana who serves at the mausoleum, said that the replica in Lucknow, too, had wish-granting powers like the originals in Baghdad. “It is faith which makes it so beautiful,” he said. Faith being just one element of the rich dialogues that these buildings symbolise and sustain.

(The Week – https://www.theweek.in/theweek/statescan/2021/12/19/fascinating-facts-about-some-of-the-most-iconic-buildings-in-lucknow.html) – By Puja Awasthi/ Photographs By Salil Bera Issue Date: December 26, 2021 

Tornos sees potential in Kushinagar – Prateek Hira’s interview in Rashtriya Sahara

Filed under: News — admins @ 6:29 am

Kushinagar is being seen as a tourist destination with a huge potential. A place where Lord Buddha attained ‘Mahaparinirvana’ has much more than just the main excavation site and the main temple. A lot of work has been done by the District Administration under its District Magistrate Mr. Rajalingham and the Joint Magistrate Mr. Purna Borah. President & CEO of  Tornos recently visited Kushinagar for the second time and took stock of all the development work along with Mr. Tarit Roy and Mr. Himanshu Shekhar who are assisting Tornos to understand Kushinagar as an immersive destination and work around it to develop it as a minimum two to three nights destination. Prateek also gave an interview to Rashtriya Sahara on this visit….

  

December 31, 2021

Immense work done for Tourism in Uttar Pradesh – Prateek Hira addresses Times Conclave

Filed under: News — admins @ 10:14 am

“The kind of work that has been done to develop Uttar Pradesh as a tourist destination is commendable. The biggest example is Kashi Vishwanath Dham. Earlier, excuses were made that not much can be done for the uplift of Kashi Vishwanath temple as there were hygiene issues in the narrow lanes leading to the temple. The construction of Kashi Vishwanath Dham has proved that nothing is impossible,” said chairman, tourism committee, FICCI UP state council, Prateek Hira.

“Kashi Vishwanath Dham has broken all previous records of tourist footfall. Ayodhya and Vindhyachal corridors will also be developed on similar lines,” he said.

December 21, 2021

‘Incredible India’ has become passé (Prateek Hira’s comments to TTJ)

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:48 am

Prateek Hira, Chairman, IATO Uttar Pradesh Chapter, shares his thoughts: “This is the most apt topic in the present times. Two years have been really bad and so bad that the brand India has almost diluted. I personally feel that the term ‘Incredible India’ has become passé in the travel world in the past two years even more. Not only that India as a brand has to rebuild and reaffirm its image, but also each one of us in the tour business has to rebuild from scratch. I have always advocated to my industry brethren, to think like a startup, taking baby steps, realigning and re-engineering businesses to re-establish them in the changed environment.” “If there has been a setback because of COVID-19, the positive side is that every country has to restart from zero. Whichever countries are able to market first and maintain all Covid protocols and safety measures successfully will get the benefit, and be able to capture good tourism business. Under the same endeavor and to build up the campaign, ‘BRAND INDIA – The Road to Recovery’ theme was chosen as the theme for IATO Convention,”

TTJ carries Prateek's interview

https://traveltradejournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/TTJ-December-2021.pdf

UP devising new avatar for Ayodhya?

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:27 am

TravTalk (December-2021 issue) interviews President & CEO of Tornos Mr. Prateek Hira on the subject:

Prateek Hira, Chairman, IATO Uttar Pradesh Chapter and President & CEO, Tornos, Director,River Rhapsody, stated that Uttar Pradesh, being a big state, has many lesser known destinations that till now have not been brought forth or valued by the industry. COVID-19 gave a lot of time to tour operators to rediscover the state and replan tours with new flavours, so coming up with new itineraries will be an evolution and a welcome one. Speaking of changes in the travel itinerary of Uttar Pradesh, he said, “‘Changed’ in my opinion is a wrong word; a better word would be ‘evolved’. Just as products get redundant after a time when they reach their optimum sales, so does an itinerary. Law of diminishing returns very much applies here too,” said Hira.

He added, “Ayodhya is the newest, so it obviously requires much more focus and investment, which the government is doing in order to bring it at par with other developed tourist destinations in the state. Agra is one of the inbound feeder destinations, not only for the state of Uttar Pradesh but also for many other states in India, so it has been and will always be at the top of the chart.”

He further added, “Agra is one such destination that in itself is the crown of India’s tourist destinations, what with a robust and well-developed tourist infrastructure that is constantly growing. The Agra metro is one example of it. The introduction of multiple flights to Agra is another. The smart city project in Agra is yet another example of the ongoing development of Agra, which will benefit Agra’s tourism industry. The Government of Uttar Pradesh has also taken up the mammoth task of training guides in Agra and Fatehpur Sikri, which is a welcome step as it wants to revive Fatehpur Sikri as a must-do excursion from Agra. similarly, Bateshwar is being taken up with all seriousness and so is Chambal Sanctuary and the Lion Safari, which are now a part of the eco–tourism circuit of Uttar Pradesh where the state forest department is doing a lot of work. All these places fall in close proximity to Agra and will surely help Agra to increase the average length of stay and offer much more than just the Taj Mahal.”

Prateek Hira's interview on Ayodhya in TravTalk - December'21

http://travtalkindia.com/pdf/2021/TTDec2nd21.pdf

 

 

TravTalk carries Prateek Hira’s opinion about 2021

Filed under: News — admins @ 7:16 am

The year 2021 is not a business year, but a better way to call it would be to call it a year of “rebuilding business”. We have been through rebuilding, realigning, and re-engineering in a bid to create a strong foundation that was on a sabbatical during the pandemic. The objective is to lower our accumulated losses as soon as possible, re-breakeven, and grow again. Practically speaking, not only our business but other businesses in the sector, I hope, will take as many as three years in order to come to the pre-pandemic level. To reduce our pain and suffering, we have started to think and behave like a start-up, analysing the changed business environment. The re-gestation period will be based on new benchmarks rather than the pre-pandemic (2019-20) benchmarks. It has been a year of hope, optimism, rediscovery and learning for us!

TravTalk carries Prateek Hira's interview

http://travtalkindia.com/pdf/2021/TTDec2nd21.pdf

December 11, 2021

Ayodhya an example of Hindu Muslim Unity

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 7:09 am

Long before the bitter Babri Masjid-Ram temple issue began to cause social fissures and trigger sectarian violence in India, Muslim rulers of Avadh region built, patronised and protected Hindu temples, a powerful Hindu priest and historians told Gulf News.

One of the 12 provinces under the Mughal empire, the Avadh region included Ayodhya and was ruled by Nawabs from 1722 onward from capital Faizabad. During the rule of Shuja-ud-Daula, the third ruler of Avadh, relations between Hindus and Muslims were harmonious and official gazettes and history books have recorded examples of rich bonding between the two communities. At a time when the dominant narrative seeks to widen fissures in the society, researchers and writers told Gulf News that the glorious history of Avadh Nawabs must be retold to fight attempts to divide people.


Credits (Originally published in Gulf News) : ‘Ayodhya flashback: When Muslim Nawabs built Hindu temples’ – by : Bobby Naqvi, Gulf News UAE. 


Mahant Gyan Das, the head of priest of Hanumangarhi, Ayodhya’s most important temple, is a strong proponent of Hindu-Muslim harmony. As the head of the temple since 1962, Das is widely respected by residents and his opinion and guidance is sought by politicians and high ranking officials on several issues. “This temple was built in 1774 on the 52 bigha [over 20 acres] land gifted by Shuja-ud-Daula,” he told Gulf News in an interview at his house on Monday evening.

“The nawab had once fallen ill and his representative Tikait Rai requested him to take blessings of Hindu saint Baba Abhay Ram Das. The Nawab recovered from his illness after the saint visited him for eight days. Shuja-ud-Daula then gifted the land and built a fortress-type temple that you see here today,” says Das. Later, his son Mansoor Ali also visited the temple on many occasions and donated generously, he says.

This donation was recorded in royal documents to avoid any disputes in future. Das presses a buzzer to summon an aid: “Bring the Taamra Patra.” “The documents were being damaged by termites so we have made copies to preserve them,” he says while fondly posing for photographs holding the copies of royal decrees written in Persian language.

Harmonious tradition

Since then, the temple has continued a tradition of promoting harmony between the two communities. “There is an old mosque built over the land owned by Hanumangarhi temple. Since a Muslim ruler had built the temple, a piece of land was given to Muslims to build a mosque. Two years ago, I received a notice from Ayodhya municipality asking us to demolish the mosque as the structure had become weak. I refused to demolish the mosque and offered to have it renovated. At that time, I faced resistance from some Muslim hardliners who said the mosque would become impure if Hindus’ money is spent for renovation. I asked them whether the mosque had become impure when we built it,” says Das recalling the events.

“Then I asked my friend Sadiq Ali to take charge of the renovation and I offered to pay for it. Still, when some Muslims continued to object, Sadiq Ali told me that he would get the mosque renovated by collecting funds from the community. Today, a grand mosque exists at the site,” he adds. The temple management remains the legal owner of the mosque.

“A few years ago during Ramadan, I organised an iftar for Muslims at my house. I invited 100-150 people but more than 1,000 Muslims showed up at iftar.”

The Muslims broke fast and prayed at the house located inside the temple compound. “Soon after, some Hindu politicians and hardliners accused me of violating the sanctity of the temple by inviting Muslims. I said you had no objections from accepting a temple from a Muslim Nawab,” adds Das. Not satisfied with his logic, some hardliners then dared Muslims to organise a Hanuman Chalisaa at the mosque. Sadiq accepted the challenge and organised a prayer chanted by hundreds of Sadhus at the mosque.

“I am a Sadhu who left his home, loved ones and I have remained a staunch opponent of hardliners and strongly believe in humanity,” he says, adding, “You call Him Khuda, I call Him Ishwar.”


Credits (Originally published in Gulf News) : ‘Ayodhya flashback: When Muslim Nawabs built Hindu temples’ – by : Bobby Naqvi, Gulf News UAE. 


I cried when Saddam died

Mahant Das is well traveled and visited Dubai, New York, Washington and other cities. But he has a lot to say about his visit to Saudi Arabia and Iraq. He fondly remembers a meeting with Saddam Hussain in 1992. “He warmly hugged me and when I presented him a copy of Ramayana, he kissed it,” says Das. “I was very upset when Americans caught Saddam Hussain and cried when he was hanged.” Das also recalled his visit to Saudi Arabia and Brunei.

What historians say

Gulf News spoke to Lucknow based historian Roshan Taqui who said the Avadh Gazette is replete with instances of Muslim Nawabs building and donating money for upkeep and repairs of Hindu temples. “The Hanumangarhi still has a Persian plaque proclaiming that the temple was built by Shuja-ud-Daula who ruled Avadh region from 1754 to 1774,” says Taqui. “The history of Avadh is replete with examples of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb and all the Nawabs had Hindu administrators for smooth governance,” he says.

“During my research on conservation of old buildings, I had seen the royal decrees kept in Uttar Pradesh state archives. The royal decree recorded gifting of the land and construction of Hanumangarhi temple,” he says. “Moreover, during the rule of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, an attempt to take over Hanumangarhi and Sita Rasoi by some Muslim hardliners was crushed by the Avadh ruler’s soldiers. The hardliners led by a Muslim cleric Amir Ali were killed by the Nawab’s Muslim soldiers during an assault in Bhelsar, near Rudauli. Over 300 Muslim soldiers of the Nawab also died in the assault,” he says, emphasising that Avadh rulers provided protection to Hindu temples.

Author and researcher Yogesh Pravin says Shuja-ud-Daula’s father Saadat Ali Khan also patronised Hindu temples. “All these examples are well recorded in government archives and libraries and available for reference,” says Pravin. “The rulers of Avadh worked for harmonious relations between the communities and their work is well recorded in history,” he adds.

November 28, 2021

Nihari in Lucknow

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 8:52 am

When Umrao Jaan was being shot in the early 1980s, the cast and crew of the Rekha-starrer film would visit Raheem’s regularly. “I was too young then, so I don’t have any memory, but my father told me that the entire cast ate at our restaurant on more than one occasion and Farooq Shaikh had loved the nihari,” says Bilal Raheem Ahmad, one of five brothers who run the restaurant now.

At 8 pm in old Lucknow’s Chowk area, Raheem’s hotel is one of the busiest spots in the area. Most customers thronging the restaurant, in a basement near the Tehseen mosque, are there for the nihari kulcha — meat stew with baked flatbread. The nihari, which is traditionally a breakfast dish, is available all day at Raheem’s. In the alley leading to the restaurant, one can smell the kulchas being baked on the tandoor from a distance. After entering the basement, the aroma changes to that of slow-cooked meat.

Bilal says the delicacy has always been the bestselling item at his restaurant, which was started by his great grandfather Haji Abdul Ghani in around 1920. The family belongs to old Lucknow’s Chowk area. The restaurant started selling the nihari kulcha in the 1940s under Haji Abdul Ghani’s son and Bilal’s grandfather Haji Abdul Raheem, after whom the restaurant is named. “It was Raheem sahab who invented the ghilaf kulcha which is served with the nihari,” says Bilal, 48, who generally sits at the restaurant’s counter every day from 5.30 pm to 11 pm.

After Haji Abdul Raheem, who ran the restaurant till 1983, the restaurant was taken over by Raheem’s father Fakruddin, who managed it till 2000, after which Bilal and his four brothers — Manzoor Ahmad (60), Mohammed Usama (47), Mohammed Shuaib (40) and Zaid Ahmad (37) — run it.

“The word ghilaf means a cover. The ghilaf kulcha has two layers which makes it so special. The upper layer has flour, ghee and creamy milk, while the lower layer has flour and yeast which makes the kulcha rise. The nihari is cooked overnight, for 6-7 hours, on very low heat over wood,” says Bilal.

He says, one of the most important aspects of his restaurant is the tehzeeb (etiquette). “We never return a customer without serving them. There are several madrasas for the poor near our restaurant. My grandfather Haji Abdul Raheem had written two points in his will — one was that we must always serve the poor and, second, that we will never ever compromise on the quality of the food. We are doing everything to follow his orders and hence, did not open a single branch,” says Bilal with a smile, while he returns change to 14-year-old Owais, who studies at the Furqania madrasa next to the Tehseen mosque.

The madrasa student says he comes to the restaurant almost every second day. “I get my own tiffin box and get one kulcha and some nihari for Rs 20,” says Owais, who belongs to neighbouring Barabanki district and stays at the residential madrasa.

The mutton nihari and two kulchas are priced at Rs 148, while the buffalo nihari and two kulchas for Rs 83. The paaya nihari, both mutton and buffalo, comes for an additional Rs 20. In between serving the evening crowd karara (crispy) kulchas, Habib Ahmad (62), who has been working at Raheem’s for the last 45 years, says, “The paaya nihari is mostly made with meat from the calf area.” The restaurant also sells mutton biryani for Rs 300 with four “big” pieces of mutton. Another bestseller is pasanda. A plate of nihari and two kulchas used to be sold at Rs 1.40 in the early 1980s when Habib started working there.

Bilal says, till date, the restaurant buys raw spices and uses them only after getting them cleaned and ground. “Our nihari has around 95 types of spices. We put them in a potli (bundle) and drop them into the nihari when the cooking starts. The recipe was given to us by our father, who got it from his grandfather Haji Raheem sahab,” says the co-owner. The meat used to make the nihari is bought daily. No artificial ingredients are used, and “it is only cooked in a copper deg (cauldron) with kalai (a layer of tin) on the outside. The kalai is a must for slow cooking. It doesn’t let the food burn,” he says, with a wry smile, before adding, “I can’t tell you what our spices are.”

Waiting for their “wholesome meal” at the restaurant are childhood friends — Umar Raza (44) and Azam Hussain (42) — both tailors. but Raza is getting annoyed by the delay, their order — two plates of steaming hot paaya nihari with a sprinkling of green coriander and chilli on top and one kulcha each — finally arrives and they start guzzling the food. They say they have been coming together to the restaurant for the past 15 years. “It is a filling meal which is the secret to our great health,” says Hussain, pointing to Raza’s bulging tummy.

Bilal says, people from “far-off” places come during Ramzan, when the restaurant remains open from iftar (meal eaten to break the fast) to sehri (pre-dawn meal before the fast). “Ramzan is when Lucknow and Chowk has the highest number of visitors. All the tables are occupied through the evening and nights,” says Bilal, adding that the next generation will continue to serve the food the way it has been served for almost a hundred years.

November 25, 2021

Prateek Hira hosts Thai Delegation

Filed under: News — admins @ 11:22 am

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/ficci-discusses-indo-thai-biz-ties/articleshow/87877036.cms

The UP State Council of FICCI organised a programme to host minister counsellor (commercial affairs), royal Thai embassy, and hold an extensive discussion on bilateral trade, export-import and Indo-Thailand business opportunity.

Saithong Soiphet, director of Thai Trade Centre, New Delhi, an overseas office of the Department of International Trade Promotion (DITP) under the Ministry of Commerce of Thailand, spoke about the cultural connect between India and Thailand and how the two countries go back in age of Buddhism and the Ramayana.

Chairman, tourism-sub committee, FICCI, Prateek Hira spoke about the tourism potential of Thailand and UP. “To encourage Thai companies to invest in UP, FICCI must host a virtual webinar initially and invite progressive exporters and sector-specific entrepreneurs to meet with the industry base in Thailand and discuss opportunity areas,” he said.

Sarvesh Goyal, representing the construction sector, enquired about best practices and environment-friendly construction practices from the Thai representatives.

Assistant director, FICCI UP State Council, Divjot Singh Anand spoke about UP’s strengths and business-friendly policies in various sectors. He also spoke about various statistics that make UP the best investment destination.

Hassan Yakoob, who represented e-commerce sector, said like ODOP in UP, there was the concept of OTOP in Thailand.


Report in Hindustan Times….

Mr. Prateek Hira being honoured by Thai Embassy Delegation

November 17, 2021

Ayodhya Tour for Govt of Uttar Pradesh Curated by Tornos on Deepotsav

Filed under: News — admins @ 5:42 am

Travel Trade Journal (November 2021 issue) covers Ayodhya Deepotsav Familiarization tour hosted by Government of Uttar Pradesh in travelogue style :  https://online.fliphtml5.com/opbnh/qnro/

Quote by Prateek Hira (President & CEO – Tornos)

“Tornos was delighted to curate this familiarisation tour of Ayodhya for the Government of Uttar Pradesh on the occasion of Deepotsav and run it quite closely on the lines of what it offers to its guests in Ayodhya including the welcome chants by children of gurukul and privileged access to the temples. Having our industry colleagues over and being able to serve them on this tour was a blessing of sorts in itself and what better way to send out a message that we are in Ayodhya too and in a big way,” 

 

Tornos Curates Ayodhya Familiarization Tour on Deepotsav

Filed under: News — admins @ 5:35 am

Travel Newsy Reports : https://travelnewsy.com/2021/11/10/with-mega-development-projects-underway-ayodhya-preparing-to-evolve-as-a-major-tourism-destination/

With the construction of Ram Temple and UP governments mega-development plans, Ayodhya is well on its track to be developed as a Vedic and cultural heritage city.

Also known as Ram Janam Bhoomi, the city has been hosting pilgrims for centuries, however, with the state government’s renewed efforts to bring it to the world map for tourism, it is seeing increased interest not just within India, but from all around the world.

The recently organised Deepotsav was attended by Ambassadors of Kenya, Vietnam and Trinidad and Tobago.

On this occasion, the Tourism department of Uttar Pradesh invited 50 prominent tour operators, travel writers and bloggers from all over India on a familiarisation tour of the city. The group visited Kanak BhavanHanumangarhiRam Janam Bhoomi, and Saryu Ghaat to experience the city first hand.

In his interaction with media, Mr Mukesh Kumar Meshram (I.A.S.), Principal Secretary, Department of Tourism, said that in addition to the infrastructure development projects such as luxury hotels, well-connected roads, river cruise and caravans etc.. the state government is also working on projects like setting up of “Ayodhya Research Institute”, developing “Cultural Centres” to promote and generate employment for regional folk artists, “Development of Riverfront” and “Planting of Trees” that find a mention in Ramayan.

Elaborating on the programme, “Discover Your Roots” he mentioned that under this programme, we welcome people from all over the world who have their roots in India. They can visit the state, and authorities will track their records and assist them in locating their villages or homes where their forefathers had once lived before migrating to different parts of the world. 

He also shared that there are plans to develop a world-class theme park inspired by Ramayana and its characters.

Prateek Hira, CEO Tornos, said that although there is a lot of hype created with the building of Ram Temple, Ayodhya has always been a  tourists destination. People visit the city with a lot of devotion. The city has great potential, with places like  Maharishi Patanjali’s Birthplace Gonda which is not far from the city, and the presence of  Swaminath Temple in Chhapaiya, Birthplace of Swaminarayan, Guru Nanak also is believed to have visited Ayodhya. The city also has a famous Mazaar.

Ravi GosainVice president of the Indian Association of Tour Operators said “We have been promoting Ayodhya for a long time now, Once the quality infrastructure is ready, the city will start getting more tourists from all over the world.  It is important that the charm of the old city is maintained. Any old shops, houses & structures must be retained in their original form, that’s what tourists would love to experience”.

November 16, 2021

Prateek Hira’s Comments on Ayodhya in Times of India

Filed under: News — admins @ 5:46 am

Times of India News Ayodhya

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/hotels-better-connectivity-will-propel-ayodhya-tourism/articleshow/87496360.cms

Neha Lalchandani reports / TNN / Nov 3, 2021 Lucknow:

The construction of the Ram Temple has generated immense interest in the ancient city of Ayodhya but it may take a few years before it joins the league of heritage and spiritual destinations like Varanasi, Prayagraj and Mathura. Tour operators visiting the city at the behest of the state government ahead of the Deepotsav have pointed out that the development of hotels, better connectivity, regulated temple visits and sanitation are crucial in propelling Ayodhya as a city of repute on the tourism map.

On Tuesday, a team of 40 tour operators and travel bloggers visited Hanumangarhi, Ramjanmabhoomi, Kanak Bhawan and Saryu Ghat to get a sense of what Ayodhya has to offer to tourists. The state government has elaborate plans of developing the city as a major tourist attraction.

“We have already been promoting the sector among tourists for a while now. Till now it was a city for pilgrims and devotees but now tourists also want to visit. However, it is important to retain the old world charm of the city. Old structures should not be demolished to modernise the city. People don’t want to just visit the temple but also experience the old world charm, the local culture, its people,” said Ravi Gosain, the vice-president of the Indian Association of Tour Operators.
RK Arora of Sona Travels in Delhi said that several more hotels were needed in the area, since people had to otherwise stay in Lucknow and travel 2.5 hours to visit Ayodhya. Proposing that Ayodhya should be made into a two-night destination, Arora said that a sector incorporating Lucknow, Ayodhya, Varanasi and Prayagraj should be developed, especially as Varanasi and Prayagraj are also linked to Khajuraho.

Relating how a lot of queries regarding Ayodhya had started pouring in from south India, from where a massive number of donations have also come for the construction of the temple, Ramananda of Hammock Leisure Holidays from Bengaluru said that it did not matter to people that the Ram Temple was still under construction as they believe in the sanctity of the city. Manoj Matta of Oriental Vacations and Journeys Pvt Ltd said that stepping foot in the Ramjanmabhoomi was more important than actually seeing the temple since there were several temples already present in the city.

Prateek Hira, CEO of Tornos, said that Ayodhya has always been a tourist destination and not dependent on the Ram Temple. A festival is celebrated in the city, he said, 365 days of the year. “Now because of the hype around the temple, even normal tourists and not just devotees are getting attracted to it. There is massive scope around here like the presence of Chhaapia, the birthplace of Swami Narayanan of the Swaminath Temple, which is 40km away. Patanjali was born in neighbouring Gonda. There is a famous mazaar here and Guru Nanak is believed to have visited Ayodhya. Swami Vivekanand has also stayed here,” he said.

October 17, 2021

Baghs of Lucknow

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 7:47 am

Ever wondered how there seem to be no end to the baghs in Lucknow? We bring to you the untold stories behind some of the city’s landmarks.

Wander through the streets of Lucknow and you are bound to find a number of areas with a suffix bagh meaning garden, attached to its name. Though the suffix may have no relevance today but there was a time when the city of nawabs was known to be home to no less than 400 such royal gardens.

Says city based historian Anwer Abbas, “In those days huge gardens and orchards dotted the city’s landscape. It was customary to name areas by flora that grew there.

For example Martinpurva used to be known as Lakhpeda as it had more than a lakh trees of guava and mango. Similarly, Hussainabad area was formerly called Jamuniya Bagh as this area was covered with jamun trees.”

Avers Yogesh Praveen, another historian, “Lucknow was called the city of palaces and gardens. A number of these localities were erstwhile residential colonies for the royalty, with kothis and huge gardens.

Once stripped of their titles it became difficult for the nawabs to maintain such huge gardens, so most sold them off. But the names remained.”

SECUNDER BAGH: Nawab Wajid Ali Shah fell in love with a lady named Secunder Begum but married her only when she was on her death bed, suffering from an incurable disease. He constructed a palace, a masjid and garden pavilion for the begum in the area which is now with the National Botanical Research Institute. The garden extended till the Gomti banks and was called Secunder Bagh.

MUSA BAGH: Huge gardens laid by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulah existed in this area located near Hardoi road. Legend says that the nawab killed a rat (mushik) here hence the name. Some also believe it took its name from a French word Monsieur during Lord Martin’s period.

ALAM BAGH: This garden was named after Alam Ara, the first wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. The young couple harboured a love for ghazals, and used to compose couplets sitting in these gardens.

CHAR BAGH: The area got its name from the four huge Mughal style gardens here during the time of Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulah. A garden called Bagh Sher Jung named after his uncle Sher Jung, Governor of Kashmir, existed where the city station stands now, built along with Buland Bagh laid near Rakabgunj.

KAISER BAGH: Set up by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, it was a huge complex with small gardens dotting the area. It got its name from Urdu word qaiser meaning king, hence Qaiser’s Bagh.” Another story goes that the nawab was besotted with a beautiful lady, who was referred to as qaiser pasand (the king’s choice). He laid the garden for her and called it Kaiserbagh.

BADSHAH BAGH: Laid by Nawab Naseer-ud-Din Haider for his wife Kudsia Begum, it was a ladies garden, where even the gardeners were all women. The nawab visited this garden on a steamer which cruised from Chatr Manzil (CDRI) to Badshahbagh (Near Kailash Hostel). It was the badshah’s garden hence its name.

VILAYATI BAGH: Historians believe this garden, situated near Dilkusha gardens in present day cantonement area, got its name because of the two foreign wives, one of whom was a Christian and another, an Armenian (vilayati begums) of Nawab Ghazi-Ud-Din Haider. According to another story, the varieties of flower planted here were of foreign origin, hence the moniker Vilayati Bagh.

September 17, 2021

Things you hear when you tell someone you are from Lucknow.

Filed under: Lucknowledge — admins @ 7:38 am

I belong to Lucknow. Thats where I have spent most of my childhood. I did my school and college from Lucknow. I stepped out of Lucknow to persue my career in technology. When I joined work there were people from all over India. After a badinage you often end up asking the other person “Where are you from ?” I have faced this question too and I have had a variety of responses to my answer which is “Lucknow”.

Things you hear when you tell someone you are from Lucknow:

  • Lucknow mein “MAIN” nahi “HUM” kehte hai, hai na ? : This is most common thing that you would hear the moment you tell that you are from Lucknow. Till the time I was in Lucknow I never realised this but this is true, we do say “HUM”instead of “MAIN”. Coming from the city of tameez and tehzeeb it came from within we never really worked towards speaking “HUM” in place of “MAIN”.
  • Lucknow ka chicken toh bahut famous hai : After empahasizing on your choice of words they would straight jump to the craftsmanship of Lucknow. When I say chicken I meant Lucknow’s famous embriodery not the edible chicken. Initiallly I used to think what is this fuzz all about. I have grown up seeing chicken all aruond me so it wasn’t a big deal for me but now I realise the beauty of it. If you are from Lucknow you must have definitely bought chicken clothings for your friends atleast once in your lifetime. If you haven’t yet, you will soon.
  • Tum toh Tunde mein roz khati hogi: Lucknow is the undisputed king of kebabs and Tunde has a reputation worth bragging. Being a vegetrian I have never had a kabab from Tunde. Yes go ahead Judge me. But I still know it must be sumptuous and mouthwatering courtsey all my non vegetarian friends and their love for Tunde. It has happened time and again that I have been asked to get Kebabas from Tunde but so far nobody has been that privileged.
  • Mayawati has made a Marine Drive in Lucknow, is it true ?: There is huge transformation done by Mayawati near the Gomti Nagar area. It has been very artistically desgined and it’s beauty is worth watching for hours. You would happily visit this place almost everyday. Nowadays it has become a popular destination for photography. So the answer is “Yes” we do have a Marine Drive in Lucknow.

If you are from Lucknow I am sure you must have heard at least one of the above from your friends or colleagues. Say yay if you have. I am sure you must have smiled reading this post. Do comment if I have missed anything which is worth mentioning here. Would love to hear your views on this, so drop your comments below.

January 22, 2021

Sightseeing Tour of Lucknow

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– that we call ‘sightexperiencing

Lucknow is indeed a city of many splendours, that promises a rich dose of history, culture and cuisine. It is our endeavour to show you Lucknow like no one does and pack it all in a day. At Tornos we do not call it a Sightseeing tour, but rather term it as ‘sightexperiencing’ where our expert guides tell our guests more than just the history and take you back in time when actually the monument was built or used.

We pick you up in the morning at 0900/1000 hrs from your hotel (time can be tweaked, based on personal requirements) and take you on a city tour in an exclusive car with an English speaking guide. Go around the fabled monuments that include :-

  • Satkhanda

Monuments of Lucknow

Cost :

INR 4000 per person 

Starting Time :

Winters / Summers – 9 am (flexible start time though)

Expected Duration :

5-6 hours (flexible duration)

Remarks :

Min 5 hour tour, but can be altered to specific requirements. Drop off at the hotel/airport/railway station after the tour is included. (Except for Hotel Ramada).

Please check monument inclusions, as that may change from time to time, depending on what is closed on the day when this tour is being availed.

On a few days may not operate as a full tour(covering all mentioned places) due to monument closures during a few festivals.

January 28, 2020

Evening Culinary Walk

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Lucknow as a city has carved a niche by attracting gastronomes, for the want of discovering and re-discovering the Awadhi Cuisine. Till date Lucknowites spend the most of their earnings and time on their kitchens. Lucknow is one place that has a full colony of chefs called, ‘Bawarchi Tola’ and then there is a full street, where one can find the best from Lucknow’s very own traditional kitchens.

We take you for this evening walk and make you hop-in, hop-out of the traditional roadside eateries, making you try the best that is on the menu. This is a guided tour with our own set of cutlery and basic dining essentials. It allows you to experience the best of the best, at the unpretentious eateries, without having to worry about how to eat without a fork or to wipe your hands clean after you are done.

Cost :

INR 3500 per person (Shared Walk)

INR 14,000 (Up to 4 persons – Exclusive Walk)

Starting Time : 

Winters (Nov-Feb) – 7 pm

Summers (Mar-Oct) – 7:30 pm

Expected Duration : 

2 hours

Remarks : 

You got to be a foodie to appreciate this walking tour – do not expect regular pretentious restaurants on this tour. The surroundings may not look clean and area is cluttered but be sure, you are eating the freshest of fresh as these age-old eateries only cook in small quantities, serving diners of the day and have no concept of storage. This tour is essentially for meat eaters. To enjoy this walk, let your lunch be light as it will involve a lot of eating. 

Basic Hygiene standards are taken care by the Walk Leader, by way of hand-sanitiser, wet-wipes, paper napkins, bottled-water and even disposable cutlery sets at each eatery.  

If you still are not convinced with hygiene-practices, just indulge in tasting and listening to the food history and stories of the eateries you visit. 

Does not operate on Thursday, Sunday and a few Islamic festivals. Also 15 days after Eid this walk remains suspended. 

Awadhi Murg Tikka

January 27, 2020

Heritage Walk

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Lucknow is not just any other city, but a chapter that unfolds itself each time one visits this epicenter of culture. At Tornos we have exclusively designed a Heritage Walk, discovering the lanes and the by-lanes of Chowk. On this walking tour we explore the unexplored and explain the inexplicable. Understand how vast a history, this city of superlatives holds. History in Lucknow, stretches beyond the concrete walls of its monuments, spreads into the lanes of Lucknow and has many more nuances that can only be understood and appreciated in the lanes and by-lanes of Chowk.

Tornos has been discovering and rediscovering this city since its own inception in 1994 and every time we design or redesign our products, we stumble upon a new piece of history that we wish to share with our guests. Heritage Walk is our endeavour of sharing our discoveries and knowledge that make Lucknow look so new and fresh every time. Our expert Walk Leaders take you into the bygone era of this city that is a world unto itself.

Cost :

INR 2800 per person (Shared Walk)

INR 15000 (Up to 6 persons – Exclusive Walk)

Starting Time : 

Winters (Nov-Feb) – 4:30 pm

Summers (Mar-Oct) – 5 pm

Expected Duration : 

1.5 – 2 hours

Remarks : 

This tour covers a heritage lane and explains the culture, people and lifestyle of Lucknow within just a span of 2 hrs. No heritage monuments are a part of this walk.

Does not operate on Thursdays, National Holidays and a few festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Eid & Mohorram.

January 26, 2020

Lucknow Mutiny Tour

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Revisiting Lucknow of 1857-58

Lucknow on the west of river Gomti, 42 miles east of Cawnpore and 610 miles from Calcutta, was the capital of the province of Oudh. It was annexed, in 1856, and this very fact became the root cause of the mutiny here. If the British rule were flexible and if at all it respected the local sentiments, the course of history would have been quite different. Oudh had been the nursery of the company’s infantry. Its population was armed, militarised and it provided soldiers for more than just British interests. Nawab’s extensive court and his army had been disbanded. Some 200,000 men, all the supporting services, the armourers alone numbering 12000, as well as dispossession of many landowners & talukdars of their rights & powers, happened to be the worst mistake of the British. This threw still more armed men out of employment, but skilled to fight against the perpetrators of their misery the British. While the arrival of Sir Henry Lawrence as the Chief Commissioner of Oudh in time would have been a game changer and could have made the people of Oudh fall in line with the British, but this happened late and by this time the air in Oudh was all charged up to lay an all out siege in May 1857.

On this very exclusive curated tour – ‘Revisiting Lucknow of 1857-58’, we take you through the routes followed by Henry Havelock, James Outram and Colin Campbell. We visit the areas that were in focus during the siege of Lucknow. We try and understand, how this siege progressed to a conclusive end, but not without sacrifices from both the warring fronts.

Cost :

INR 11000 per person (min 2 guests required)

Starting Time : 

Winters / Summers – 8 am – 9 am

Expected Duration : 

9 hours (Extensive tour)

Remarks : 

Lucknow Mutiny TourThis is an exclusive special interest tour that operates every day, except Friday. Ideal time of starting would be 0800 hrs, though may be altered as per individual requirements, while expect to return to the hotel by 1700 / 1800 hrs.

Does not operate on Friday and national holidays.

January 24, 2020

Victorian Walk

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Why are we calling it a ‘Victorian Walk’ ?

The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain. This was a period of great uprising  of 1857 that changed the way Indians and Britons lived, worked and thought. On one hand it records devastation and on another it is the period of art, literature, culture and style. Hazratganj is a place that has witnessed all of this and yet survived the strong winds that impacted its fabric, changed cultures and lifestyle yet can tell a story that starts from the early years of Queen Victoria and travels through the Edwardian into the second World War and further up till date.

It is said that change is inevitable and welcome, if it were not change, we would have never undertaken this walk to understand the transformation of Hazratgunge into Hazratganj. This is one place that so very conveniently connects history to itself, amalgamates it into the aristocracy of the British in India during the Raj and again moves up to Americanization during the World War, back into an Anglo-Indian culture and then again into a British influenced Lucknow that was very Indian at heart, but with a distinct culture.

One finds striking names and places in this road, which have an exciting story to back them and weave history around it.

About Victorian Walk…

Our Victorian Walk at HAZRATGUNGE (Hazratganj) lets you into its rich history, legacy and of course the marketplace that has evolved with times to cater the cultured and the elite of Lucknow. We take you on this walking tour, that includes a seated session to enjoy a freshly brewed Darjeeling Tea and some tea-time essentials. On this tour you will discover and rediscover Hazratganj of yore and will be able to compare it with the transformed Ganj of today. Understand the checkered history of Hazratganj from the uprising days of 1857 till the second world war in 1939-45 and again till the Indian independence in 1947. Further on, you learn about how Hazratganj plays a pivotal role in people’s life and why the people of Lucknow take pride in being seen here.

You also steel an opportunity to walk in and out of the glitzy showrooms and emporia that entice you with their colour and style. Walkers on this tour will be guided through this street by an expert walk leader, who will give ample time to look around. The commentary on this walk is through an audio guide system, helping you to listen to your walk leader, even when you are not necessarily following him.

We are sure, this is an experience that takes you back in times and lets you travel back again.

Cost :

INR 4000 per person (Shared Walk)

INR 16000 (Up to 4 persons – Exclusive Walk)

Starting Time :

Winters / Summers – 4 pm

Expected Duration :

2 hours

Remarks :

Victorian WalkMost enjoyable for British Travellers. Check schedule with us.

Does not operate on Sunday, national holidays and a few festivals such as Holi, & Diwali.

January 21, 2020

La Martiniere Decoded

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– by permission

A castle that could never be used to live, is a French imprint in Lucknow and narrates a story of how a Frenchman, Claude Martin rose to become Maj General in the British East India Company and all about his marshal deeds and charity that converted it into one of the most prestigious schools of India. This magnificent architecture stands on the banks of river Gomti and has absolutely no equal in India. Believe it or not, this is a school that received many honours, including ‘The Battle Honours’ for the defence of Residency in 1857.

We would explore La Martiniere on this curated tour and we would get a chance to enjoy tea and snacks at the school canteen or a specially arranged session at the school. On this very exclusive tour – ‘La Martiniere Decoded’, we take you on a walk through the campus of La Martiniere, visit the hidden corners to understand not only its history, but also to understand the education and administrative systems followed by the school. Decode La Martiniere with us !

Cost :

INR 5500 per person 

Starting Time : 

9:30 am – 12:15 pm (*1st time slot)

2:45 pm – 5:30 pm (*2nd time slot)

Expected Duration : 

2.45 hours (consider almost 3 hours)

Remarks : 

This is an exclusive and privileged visits and operates daily.

*Visit under this is available in two slots, but timings are flexible and may be altered after prior discussion. 

‘Prasad’ – Ayodhya Dining Experience

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– by appointment

A meal often narrates a lot about the society, its beliefs and the people. In Ayodhya temple culture is most prominent and life revolves around it. Lunch in Ayodhya every afternoon begins with a ‘Bhog’ – offering to the deity with prayers being recited for health and wellbeing and then the distribution of ‘Prasad’, where guests are seated on the floor and a hearty meal which consists of a vegetarian fare without onion and garlic is served on dry leaf (pattal).

Tornos guests can experience this Temple Lunch at a 150 year old temple with the head priest, ‘Mahant’ and his family in Ayodhya. After this blessed lunch the Mahant will engage in conversation with the guest sharing not only some intricate facts about Ayodhya’s ethos but also his interpretation of an episode from the holy Ramayana.

 

Cost :

On request – info@tornosindia.com

Starting Time :

Winters / Summers – 1 pm (Lunch) – time flexible 

Expected Duration :

1 – 2 hours

Remarks :

This is an exclusive and privileged temple dining experience at a temple that operates every day by appointment and pre-booking.

Live dance / Bhajan (devotional songs) performance is at a supplement and not a part of general product (Add half an hour extra if this activity has to be included)

This activity is in a temple thus maintaining decorum and basic religious etiquette is of utmost importance.   

January 20, 2020

Delhi Mutiny Tour

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Revisiting Delhi of 1857

Delhi the capital of the Mughal Empire, was reduced to insignificance over the preceding century. The 82-year old Mughal Monarch Bahadur Shah II (Bahadur Shah Zafar) became the frail figurehead under which Indian rebel forces rallied.

Delhi was taken by Indian rebel troops in May 1857. From June to September 1857, British troops (with reinforcements from the Sikh, Gorkha, Pathan and other regiments) laid siege to Delhi and in a series of attacks, finally won back the city. On September 20th, Bahadur Shah surrendered. The very next day, Bahadur Shah’s sons and grandson were shot by Major Hodson, and the city was declared to be recaptured by the British East India Company. Brigadier John Nicholson, who played a leading role in the siege of Delhi, died of his wounds on September 22nd, one day after taking over of Delhi. Rudyard Kipling has immortalised his death in his famous work, ‘Kim’.

After the fall of Delhi, the Mutiny lost its leadership and broke up into disparate uprisings. It took the British nearly a year of fighting to subdue the uprisings and establish control. This was followed by a horrific programme of purges that became known as the “Devil’s Wind”. Thousands were executed without trial, including an entire village population, to ensure that the Mutiny would not be repeated. Finally in 1858, the East India Company was formally dissolved and its power over India was transferred to the Crown – the beginning of the Raj.

We take you on a very well-researched structural tour of Delhi visiting the places that were under siege and the ones that saw the horrific incidents finally leading to the recapture of the walled city of Delhi. On this exhaustive tour we visit : St James Church,  Nicholson’s Cemetery,  The Telegraph Memorial, Kashmere Gate,  The Mutiny Memorial,  Flagstaff Tower, The Magazine, The Khooni Darwaza (Bloody Gate). This tour is led by a Mutiny Specialist Guide and is a special interest subject based tour. 

Cost :

INR 11000 per person (min 2 guests required)

Starting Time : 

Winters / Summers – 8 am – 9 am

Expected Duration : 

5 hours (Extensive tour)

Remarks : 

This is an exclusive special interest tour that operates every day, except Monday . Ideal time of starting would be 0800 hrs, though may be altered as per individual requirements, while expect to return to the hotel by 1400 / 1500 hrs.

Does not operate on Monday and national holidays.

Kanpur Mutiny Tour

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Revisiting Cawnpore of 1857

Believed to have been settled by an ancient Hindu king, referred as Kanpur, the area was of little significance till about 1765. By the treaty of Faizabad, in 1775, the East India Company engaged to supply a brigade for the defence of the frontier of Oudh, and Cawnpore was selected as the station for the forces, with a subsidy being paid by the protected country (Oude) for the maintenance of the troops. Subsequently, in 1801 Lord Wellesley commuted this payment for the surrender of the district to the company’s territory, thus it gained an important barrier against the threatened invasion of the south, from Kabul and Afghanistan. Cawnpore immediately rose into one of the most important of the company’s garrisons.

Cawnpore Cantonment, that was quite distinct from the native city, was spread over an extent of six miles, in a semicircular form, along the banks of river Ganges. Hundreds of colonial bungalows, residences of British officers, standing midst well laid gardens, interspersed with forest trees. The barracks of the troops, with a separate bazaar for each regiment were a treat to one’s eyes. The breadth of Ganges at Cawnpore, in the dry season, is about five hundred yards, but when the rains filled it up, its bed stretched more than a mile.

On this very exclusive curated tour – ‘Revisiting Cawnpore of 1857’, we take you through the areas that were the focus of the siege. We try and understand how this bloodiest siege progressed to a conclusive end, when General Havelock freed Cawnpore of the shadows of the rebels.

Cost :

INR 11000 per person (min 2 guests required)

Starting Time : 

Winters / Summers – 8 am – 9 am

Expected Duration : 

8 hours (if from/to Lucknow)  |  4 hours (if from/to Kanpur)

Remarks : 

This is an exclusive special interest tour that operates every day.

Ideal time of starting would be 0800 hrs (if from Lucknow) while 1000 hrs (if from Kanpur), though may be altered as per individual requirements, while expect to return to the hotel by 1600 / 1700 hrs if Lucknow, or by 1400 / 1500 hrs if Kanpur.

January 17, 2020

‘Grasse of India’ – Kannauj (Perfume Making)

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Kannauj is a small town between Lucknow and Agra, that has an older history of perfumeries than Grasse in France. Well connected with India’s best expressway, Lucknow-Agra, Kannuaj falls just about 2 hours away from Lucknow and about 2.5 hours from Agra and is a convenient stopover on this route.

Perfumes from Kannauj have a long history and have enjoyed royal patronage – they were worn by the Mughal Emperors for their high quality and unique scents. It is believed that Kannauj has been a perfumery town since more than 1000 years and the traditional perfume making skills of perfumers are passed on from one generation to another within the family. The traditional perfumes are called ‘Itar’ or ‘Attar’ and are usually made from flowers and herbs, but one of the unique varieties here is made from mud, where the scent of first monsoon rain on dry earth is captured to create a perfume. Very few would know, that some of the leading international brands of perfumes pick-up concentrates from here for further production, giving Kannauj perfumes an international reach.

Though a lot of world around Kannauj has changed, but the town of Kannauj still takes pride in producing perfumes in traditional ways and passing on the art within the family of perfumers. One can smell the fragrance even in the drains of Kannuaj, in which the residue from innumerable perfumeries flow.

We have curated a very exclusive experience around the perfume industry of Kannauj, as a great introduction and appreciation of the traditional art of perfume making, that has survived all the modern interventions in this field only to produce the best of fragrances.

Cost :

INR 17,000 per person (operates on minimum 2 guests)

Starting Time : 

8:30 – 9 am (Flexible)

Expected Duration : 

5-6 hours

Remarks : 

This is an exclusive tour.

Guests are picked up from their hotel in the city (Agra or Lucknow) and dropped in any hotel (Agra or Lucknow). The duration of this tour is about 5 hrs.

Best suited for guests travelling between Agra and Lucknow as an en route experience. Though may also be taken as an excursion from any of the two cities.

This tour is not conducted on Tuesday & Sunday and on any National Holiday.

This tour remains suspended for a fortnight after the Indian festivals of Diwali, Holi and Eid.

Programme…

  • Post breakfast pick up from any hotel in Lucknow/Agra and drive to Kannauj (2 / 2.5 hrs drive).
  • Reach Kannauj by 1100 hrs and start your tour by visiting the flower fields to understand the early morning plucking process (plucking of flowers takes place at sunrise, thus it is only possible to see this where an overnight stay is involved).
  • Break for lunch either at a local restaurant or enjoy a packed lunch within the perfumery
  • Later at the perfumery, understand the traditional art of developing the essential
  • After understanding the process, visit a perfume store to enjoy a tea session with a perfumer who will talk about different scents.
  • Tour will end at about 1600 to drive further to Lucknow/Agra (2 / 2.5 hours).

January 14, 2020

Lucknow Plan (LP) -Not EP, not CP, not MAP, not AP

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Experience the Sights, Sounds, Smells and Sapidity of Lucknow on this tour. We take you on the food trail from early hours of the morning till late in the night, include the fabulous monuments and also show you the intangible heritage of this fabled city, all in a day. This is a complete day package that includes all except your hotel stay to show you Lucknow as no one has ever seen.

What you eat ?

  • Mattha : Buttermilk flavoured with black salt and cumin.
  • Jalebi : A popular sweet made from a fermented batter of refined wheat flour, deep fried in pretzels and dunked in saffron-sugar syrup, usually had with plain yogurt, as a breakfast dish.
  • Khasta : Wheat dough stuffed with a fine paste of black lentil and deep fried in ghee, served with a spicy potato preparation.
  • Lassi : Thick whisked sweet yogurt topped with cream.
  • Poori : Flattened deep fried bread, flavoured with carom seeds, served with potato and chick pea preparation.
  • Thandai : A refreshing and a healthy milk based drink having a combination of almond paste and condiments.
  • Paani Batashey : A crispy round hollow semolina canopies filled with tangy and spicy water had as an evening snack.
  • All that is on our Culinary Walk

What you see ?

Botanical Garden Asfi Imambara Husainabad Imambara Residency
Dhobi Ghat La Martiniere Dilkusha Heritage Walk

 

Cost :

INR 11500 per person (min 2 guests)

Starting Time : 

5:30 am

Expected Duration : 

15-16 hours

Remarks : 

This is an exhaustive and a long tour. Guests must be foodies, loving food adventure to fully enjoy this tour.

Does not operate on Thursday & Sunday

January 11, 2020

Death & Beyond (Varanasi Walk)

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Varanasi or Banaras is the oldest living city world over. This is a city where Lord Shiva dwelled and made it his abode. There may be many cities where people migrate to live, but this is the only city where people are known to migrate to die. In Hinduism it is strongly believed that death or cremation in Varanasi surely opens the doors to heaven, no wonder this is a city that celebrates death and truly understands that death is yet another journey into another world and only a cycle of rebirth.

On this walking tour we take you to understand death and all the rituals that follow it from the time of cremation, through the mourning and finally ending the 13 day period of mourning and even thereafter the annual ritual performed in the memory of the dead. Mind you each ritual is with a purpose and has a scientific backing to it. Once you have understood the ‘Death in Varanasi’ the life becomes so easy and meaningful.

An expert walk leader accompanies you detailing each step and answering many of your existential questions. You also get an opportunity to interact with a ‘Dome’ (A community that is entrusted with organizing and helping the family to light the funeral pyre).

This may sound a scary walking tour but if we consider this as a truth of life and understand the rituals it surely is a learning experience.

 

Cost :

On request – info@tornosindia.com

Starting Time :

11 am (Flexible)

Expected Duration :

2 – 2.5 hours 

Remarks :

This is a ritual understanding walking tour and a learning experience. Some times the visuals of burning funeral pyres may not be pleasant and surely not for children below the age of 16. 

Does not operate on a few festivals such as Holi &  Diwali. 

Threads of Banaras (Silk Weaving Walk)

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Varanasi previously known as Banaras (also spelt as Benaras), has been a centre of production of hand-loom silk since centuries. Varanasi silk fabrics have been eulogised in scriptures and ancient texts and India’s traditional wedding trousseau is incomplete without a Banarasi Saree. The artistic ingenuity of the artisans and the changing market trends have resulted in a great variety of the Banaras silk fabrics. No two sarees are the similar in quality, colour, design or pattern. Further reading https://edition.cnn.com/style/article/silk-weavers-varanasi-banarasi-sari-intl-hnk/index.html

Varanasi one of the most ancient cities, abode of Lord Shiva – known for its ghats and temples produces the most exquisite silk sarees called ‘Banarasi’ with intricate motifs and gold and silver metal threads. An Indian woman’s wardrobe is said to be incomplete without having at least one of these and these are considered an Indian wedding essential for the bride.  

On this three hours tour led by an expert we give you an interactive experience, walking through the weavers’ loom village that was got a new lease of life after it was patronized by the leading luxury hotel chain – The Taj Group of Hotels’ which adopted it and since, the looms at this weavers village were back in action, producing hand-crafted silk sarees as uniforms for their lady executives, all through their properties in India and abroad.

This walk gives an opportunity to understand and appreciate the craft, meet the weavers’ families to get the first hand information about their socio-economic condition and the evolution of trade from the olden times to the modern ones. This tour is an opportunity to see the hand-looms and understand the dynamics of weaving, sourcing and types of silk being used. On this tour you also visit a weaver’s family and enjoy a cup of tea with him over an interactive session and possibly try your hands on one of the silk piece on the loom.  

 

Cost :

On request – info@tornosindia.com

Starting Time :

11 am (Flexible)

Expected Duration :

3 – 3.5 hours 

Remarks :

This is a craft appreciation walking tour and often a learning experience (hands-on) of silk weaving looms in Varanasi for special interest groups.

The workshop is held at a weavers studio/home. 

Does not operate on a few festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Eid & Mohorram. After Ramzan this walking tour remains suspended for 15 days.  

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